Notes to the reader:

1. There is no mention in the Koran of “72 virgins in Paradise for the believer” as comedian Bill Maher and others claim.

2. There is not one single verse in the Koran that says  O Believers, do not befriend the Jews and the Christians … ” however in bad translations from Urdu to English you may find such mistranslation. The Arabic verse clearly states “Believers, take neither Jews nor Nazarenes (Christians) for your guides in spirituality, which is understandable.

 

[5.51] Believers, take neither Jews nor Nazarenes (Christians) for your guides. They are guides of one another. Whosoever of you takes them for a guide shall become one of their number. Allah does not guide the wrongdoers.

 

9.23] Believers, do not take your fathers or your brothers for a guide if they love disbelief rather than belief. Whosoever of you takes them for guides are the harmdoers.

 

[4.139] Those who take unbelievers for guides instead of believers, are they seeking might with them? Surely, the Might altogether belongs to Allah.

 

[4.144] Believers, do not take the unbelievers for guides instead of the believers, or do you desire to give Allah a clear authority over you?

 

3. There are several verses in the Koran that refer to killing the unbelievers (worshipers of stones), such verses relate directly to the battle fields of 1500 years ago, when early Muslims were persecuted as the early Christians persecuted. True path of Islam is moderation, therefore Muslims should lead exemplary lives and preach the religion to non- Muslims and not kill them. Over the centuries many non-Muslims choose to live under Islamic protections (i.e. Spain) and were never subjected to persecution.

 

4. The world will continue to suffer until non-Wahabi Sunni Muslims establish a non-Wahabi Sunni spiritual leadership that both the western and the eastern administrations acknowledge, respect and seek its just verdict, thereby replacing the current Wahabi, fanatic and misguided spiritual leadership.

 

5. When pronouns are capitalized they refer to the Creator, Allah. Examples: You, He, Him, His and, Own while pronouns such as Our, Ours, Us and We denote His Greatness not plurality.

 

6. Words occurring between (brackets) are not in the original text, rather, they are inserted to support the translation.

 

7. In this translation of the meaning of the Holy Koran we elected to replace the word “Christians” with the more accurate translation “Nazarenes”. To learn more about the Nazarenes and their roots, as well as the Christians and their roots, please refer to our informative research in the section “Prophet Jesus in the Koran” page 493.

 

8. Subtitles printed in Bold fonts are the translators effort to simplify the reading.

9. Please print and bind your copy, and email this document to your friends and families You are invited to visit our supportive site www.Allah.com

 

THE HOLY KORAN

its meaning rendered into English

 

© 2001 www.Allah.com

The Mosque of the Internet

 

Grand Shaykh, Professor Hasan Qaribullah

Dean of Umm Durman Islamic University

Shaykh, Ahmad Darwish
mosque@mosque.com

 

 

1 The Opener - Al-Fatihah

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

[1.1] In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

Allah praises Himself  [1.2-4]

[1.2] Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds,

[1.3] the Merciful, the Most Merciful,

[1.4] Owner of the Day of Recompense.

Supplication of believers [1.5-7]

[1.5] You (alone) we worship; and You (alone) we rely for help.

[1.6] Guide us to the Straight Path,

[1.7] the Path of those upon whom You have favored, not those upon whom is the anger, nor the astray. (Amen please answer)

 

2 The Cow - Al Baqarah

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

[2.1] AlifLaamMeem.

Koran verified by Allah [2.2]

[2.2] That is the (Holy) Book, where there is no doubt. It is a guidance for the cautious (of evil and Hell).

Characteristics of believers and their checklist  [2.3-5]

[2.3] Who believe in the unseen and establish the (daily) prayer; who spend out of what We have provided them.

[2.4] Who believe in that which has been sent down to you (Prophet Muhammad) and what has been sent down before you (to Prophets Jesus and Moses) and firmly believe in the Everlasting Life.

[2.5] These are guided by their Lord; these surely are the prosperous.

Characteristics of unbelievers [2.6-20]

[2.6] Those who disbelieve, whether you forewarn them or not, they will not believe.

[2.7] Allah has set a seal upon their hearts and ears; their sight is dimmed and for them is a great punishment.

Deception of hypocrites and their example [2.8-20]

[2.8] There are some people who say, 'We believe in Allah and the Last Day, ' yet they are not believers.

[2.9] They seek to deceive Allah and those who believe, but they deceive none except themselves, though they do not sense it.

[2.10] There is a sickness in their hearts which Allah has increased. For them there is a painful punishment because they lie.

[2.11] When it is said to them, 'Do not corrupt in the land,' they reply, 'We are only reformers.'

[2.12] But it is they who are the evildoers, though they do not sense it.

[2.13] When it is said to them, 'Believe as (other) people believe,  they reply, 'Are we to believe as fools believe?' It is they who are the fools, if only they knew!

[2.14] When they meet those who believe, they say, 'We, too believe.' But when they are alone with their devils, they say to them, 'We follow none but you, we were only mocking.’

[2.15] Allah will mock at them and prolong them in sin, blundering blindly.

[2.16] Such are those who barter away guidance for error, their trade did not profit (them), nor are they guided.

An example of those who barter away guidance [2.17-20]

[2.17] Their example is like one who kindled a fire, and when it lit all around him, Allah took away their light and left them in darkness. They could not see.

[2.18] Deaf, dumb, and blind, they shall never return.

[2.19] Or, like (those who, under) a cloudburst from the sky with darkness, thunder and lightning, they thrust their fingers in their ears at the sound of every thunderclap for fear of death, and Allah encompasses the unbelievers.

[2.20] The lightning almost snatches away their sight, whenever it flashes upon them they walk on, but as soon as it darkens they stand still. Indeed, if Allah willed, He could take away their sight and hearing. Allah has power over all things.

Allah tells us to worship Him and reminds us that it is He alone who has created us [2.21-22]

[2.21] O people, worship your Lord who has created you and those who have gone before you, so that you will be cautious.

[2.22] Who has made the earth a bed for you and the sky a dome, and has sent down water from the sky to bring forth fruits for your provision. Do not knowingly set up rivals to Allah.

Allah challenges humanity that if they are in doubt about the authenticity of the Koran to write an Arabic Koran like it [2.23-24]

[2.23] If you are in doubt of what We have sent down to Our worshiper (Prophet Muhammad), produce a chapter comparable to it. Call upon your helpers, other than Allah, to assist you, if you are true.

[2.24] But if you fail, as you are sure to fail, then guard yourselves against the Fire whose fuel is people and stones, prepared for the unbelievers.

Promise of Paradise [2.25]

[2.25] Bear glad tidings to those who believe and do good works. They shall live in Gardens underneath which rivers flow. Whenever they are given fruit as provision they will say, 'This is what we were given before,' for they shall be given in resemblance. Therein they shall have pure spouses, and shall live there for ever.

Parables [2.26-27]

[2.26] Allah is not shy to strike a parable whatsoever a gnat or larger. Those who believe know that it is the truth from their Lord. As for those who disbelieve they ask, 'What could Allah mean by this parable? By it, Allah misleads many and guides many.' But He misleads none except the evildoers,

[2.27] who break the covenant of Allah after accepting it and sever what Allah has bidden to be joined and corrupt in the land. These are the losers.

Challenge of Allah [2.28]

[2.28] How can you disbelieve Allah? Did He not give you life when you were dead, and He will cause you to die and then restore you to life. Then you will return to Him.

Creation [2.29]

[2.29] He created for you all that is in the earth, then, He willed to the heaven, and leveled them seven heavens. He has knowledge of all things.

The angels learn that Allah is going to place a caliph on earth [2.30]

[2.30] When your Lord said to the angels, 'I am placing on the earth a caliph,' they replied, 'Will You put there who corrupts and sheds blood, when we exalt Your praises and sanctify You?' He said, 'I know what you do not know.'

Story of Prophet Adam [2.31-39]

[2.31] He taught Adam (father of humans) the names all of them and then presented them to the angels, saying, 'Tell Me the names of these, if you are truthful.'

[2.32] 'Exaltations to You,' they replied, 'we have no knowledge except that which You have taught us. You are indeed the Knowing, the Wise.'

Allah teaches Adams the names of all things [2.33]

[2.33] Then He said to Adam, 'Tell them their names.' And when Adam had named them, He said, 'Did I not tell you that I know the unseen of the heavens and earth, and all that you reveal and all that you hide!'

Disobedience of satan, father of the jinn and his great sin of pride [2.34]

[2.34] And when We said to the angels, 'Prostrate (to Me) yourselves towards Adam,' they all prostrated themselves except iblis (satan, father of the jinn), who, in his pride refused and became an unbeliever.

[2.35] To Adam We said, 'Dwell with your wife in Paradise and both eat of it as much as you wish and wherever you will. But neither of you should come close to this tree or else you shall both become transgressors.'

[2.36] But satan made them slip there from and caused them to depart from that in which they had been. 'Go down,' We said, 'be enemies to each other. The earth will provide your dwelling place an enjoyment for a while.'

[2.37] Then Adam received Words from his Lord, and his Lord relented towards him. He is the Receiver of Repentance, the Merciful.

[2.38] 'Go down, all together,' We said, 'so if a guidance shall come to you from Me, whosoever follows My guidance no fear shall be on them, neither shall they be saddened.

Companions of the Fire [2.39]

[2.39] But those who disbelieve and belie Our verses shall be the companions of the Fire, and there they shall live for ever.'

 

Covenant with the Children of Israel [2.40-41]

[2.40] 'Children of Israel, remember My favor I have bestowed upon you. Fulfill My covenant, and I will fulfill your covenant with you. Me, you must fear.

[2.41] And believe in what I have sent down confirming what is with you, and do not be the first to disbelieve it. Do not sell My verses for a little price and fear Me.

Check list [2.42-46]

[2.42] Do not confound truth with falsehood, nor knowingly hide the truth while you know.

[2.43] Establish your prayers, pay the obligatory charity, and bow with those who bow.

[2.44] Would you order righteousness on others and forget it yourselves? Yet you recite the Book, have you no sense?

Patience and prayer [2.45-46]

[2.45] And seek help in patience and prayer. For it is heavy, except to the humble,

[2.46] who reckon that they will meet their Lord and that to Him they will return.

The Warning to the Children of Israel [2.47-48]

[2.47] Children of Israel, remember the favors I have bestowed on you, and that I have preferred you (the prophets among you) above the worlds.

[2.48] Guard yourselves against the Day when no soul can avail a thing to another, when neither intercession nor ransom shall be accepted from it, nor will they be helped.

The Children of Israel and Pharaoh [2.49-50]

[2.49] (Remember) how We saved you from Pharaoh's people who had oppressed you cruelly, slaying your sons and sparing your women. Surely, that was a great trial from your Lord.

[2.50] We parted the sea for you, and, taking you to safety, drowned the family of Pharaoh before your eyes.

The disbelieving Children of Israel and their worship of the golden calf [2.51-54]

[2.51] We appointed for Moses forty nights, but in his absence you took the calf, thereby committing harm.

[2.52] Yet after that We pardoned you, so that you might give thanks.

[2.53] And when We gave Moses the Book and the Criterion, so that you might be guided;

[2.54] and when Moses said to his nation, 'My nation, you have harmed yourselves by taking the calf (to worship). So turn in repentance to your Creator and slay yourselves. That will be best for you with your Creator.' And He shall accept you. He is the Receiver of Repentance, the Merciful.

The Children of Israel were struck by a thunderbolt for their disbelief [2.55-56]

[2.55] And when you said to Moses, 'We will not believe in you until we see Allah openly,' a thunderbolt struck you whilst you were looking.

[2.56] Then We raised you from your death, so that you might give thanks.

The Mercy of Allah towards the Children of Israel in His sending down manna and quails [2.57]

[2.57] We caused the clouds to cast their shadow over you and sent down for you manna and quails, (saying,) 'Eat of the good things We have provided you. 'Indeed, they did not harm Us, but they harmed themselves.

The Children of Israel tamper with the Words of Allah [2.58-59]

[2.58] 'Enter this village,' We said, 'and eat wherever you will and as much as you wish. Make your way prostrating through the gates, saying, "Unburdening." We shall forgive you your sins and We will increase the good-doers.'

[2.59] But the harm doers tampered with Our Words, different from that said to them, and We let loose on the harm doers a scourge from heaven as a punishment for their debauchery.

Moses and the miracle of the twelve springs of water [2.60]

[2.60] (Remember) when Moses prayed for water for his nation, We said to him, 'Strike the Rock with your staff.' Thereupon twelve springs gushed from it, and each tribe knew their drinking place. 'Eat and drink of that which Allah has provided and do not act evilly in the land, corrupting.’ 

The Children of Israel become ungrateful to Allah [2.61]

[2.61] 'Moses,' you said, 'we will no longer be patient with one type of food. Call on your Lord to bring forth for us some of the produce of the earth, green herbs and cucumbers, corn, lentils and onions.' 'What!' he answered, 'Would you exchange that which is lesser for what is better? Go down into Egypt, there you shall find all that you have asked.' Humiliation and abasement were pitched upon them, and they incurred the Anger of Allah; because they disbelieved His signs and slew His Prophets unjustly; because they disobeyed and were transgressors.

 

[2.62] Those who believe, Jews, Nazarenes and Sabaeans whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does good deeds shall be rewarded by their Lord; they have nothing to fear nor are they saddened.

The raising up of the mount [2.63-64]

[2.63] And when We made a covenant with you and raised the Mount above you, (saying) 'Take what We have given you forcefully and remember what is in it, so that you will be cautious,'

[2.64] yet after that you turned away, but for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy you would have surely been among the losers.

The unbelievers among the Children of Israel transgress the Sabbath [2.65-66]

[2.65] You have surely known of those amongst you who transgressed the Sabbath. We said to them, 'Be apes, despised!'

[2.66] We made it a punishment for the former times and for the latter, an exhortation to the cautious.

The story of the Children of Israel and the cow [2.67-71]

[2.67] When Moses said to his nation, 'Allah commands you to slaughter a cow,' they replied, 'Are you taking us in mockery?' 'I seek protection with Allah lest I should be one of the ignorant' he said.

[2.68] 'Call on your Lord,' they said, 'to make known to us what she shall be.' He said, "He says she is a cow neither old, nor virgin, middling between both." Therefore, do as you have been ordered.'

[2.69] 'Call on your Lord,' they said, 'to make known to us what her color shall be.' 'Your Lord says, "The cow is yellow, a rich yellow pleasing to the onlookers."'

[2.70] 'Call on your Lord,' they said, 'to make known to us which cow she shall be; to us cows look alike. If Allah wills, we shall be guided.'

[2.71] He replied, 'He says, "She is a cow, neither worn out plowing the earth nor watering the field, one kept secure free from any blemish."' 'Now you have brought us the truth, 'they answered. And they slaughtered her, after they had been reluctant to do so.

The soul that was slain [2.72-73]

[2.72] And when you slew a soul and then fell out with one another concerning it, Allah made known what you concealed.

[2.73] We said, 'Strike him with a piece of it.' Like this, Allah restores the dead to life and shows you His signs in order that you will understand.

[2.74] Yet after that your hearts became as hard as rock or even harder. Indeed among the stones are those from which rivers burst. And others split so that water issues from them; and others crash down through fear of Allah. Allah is not inattentive of what you do.

Allah reminds Prophet Muhammad that the Jews knew and understood the truth but tampered with it [2.75]

[2.75] Do you then hope that they will believe in you, when some of them have already heard the Word of Allah and knowingly tampered with it, after they understood it!

The deceit of the Jews of Madinah and those who tampered with the previous Holy Books of Allah [2.76-81]

[2.76] When they meet those who believe, they say, 'We are believers.' But when alone, they say to their other (chiefs). 'Do you tell to them what Allah has revealed to you so that they will dispute with you concerning it with your Lord? Have you no sense?'

[2.77] Do they not know that Allah has knowledge of all they hide and all that they reveal!

[2.78] And some of them are common (people) and do not know the Book, but only wishful thoughts, and they are only doubters.

[2.79] Woe to those who write the Book with their own hands and then say, 'This is from Allah,' in order to gain a small price for it. So woe to them for what their hands have written, and woe to them for their earnings.

[2.80] They say, 'The Fire will never touch us except for a number of days.' Say, 'Did Allah make you such a promise for Allah never breaks His promise or do you say about Allah what you do not know?'

[2.81] Indeed, he who earns evil and becomes engrossed in his sin, they are the people of the Fire; in it they shall remain for ever.

The Jews who followed Prophets Moses and Jesus [2.82]

[2.82] But those who believe and do good works are the people of Paradise; for ever they shall live in it.

Covenant with the Children of Israel [2.83-86]

[2.83] (Remember) when We made a covenant with the Children of Israel, you shall worship none except Allah. Show kindness to your parents, to kinsmen, to the orphans, and to the needy, and speak of goodness to people. Establish your prayers and pay the obligatory charity. But, except for a few, you all turned your backs and gave no heed.

The behavior of Children of Israel [2.84-86]

[2.84] And when We made a covenant with you, that you shall not shed your blood or turn yourselves out of your dwellings, to this you consented and bore witness.

[2.85] Yet there you are, slaying your own-selves, and turning a number of them out of their dwellings, and helping each other against them with sin and aggression. Although, should they come to you as captives, you would ransom them. Surely, their expulsion was unlawful. Do you then believe in a part of the Book and disbelieve another! What shall be the recompense of those of you who do that, but degradation in the worldly life, and on the Day of Resurrection to be returned to the most terrible punishment. Allah is not inattentive of what you do.

[2.86] Such are they who buy the worldly life at the price of the Everlasting Life. Their punishment shall not be lightened, nor shall they be helped.

The unbelieving Children of Israel belied and killed prophets [2.87-88]

[2.87] To Moses We gave the Book and after him We sent other Messengers. We gave (Prophet) Jesus, the son of Mary, veritable signs, and supported him with the Spirit of Purity (Gabriel). Will you then become proud whenever any Messenger comes to you with that which does not suit your fancies, and you belied some (Prophet Jesus) and killed others!

[2.88] They say, 'Our hearts are covered.' But Allah has cursed them for their disbelief. Little is that they believe.

The Children of Israel recognize Prophet Muhammad from his description in their Holy Book but disbelieve him because although he is a descendant of Prophet Abraham, he is not a Jew [2.89-91] 

[2.89] And when a Book came to them from Allah confirming what was with them, while before that they used to pray for victory over the unbelievers when there came to them what they knew, they disbelieved him. Therefore, the curse of Allah be upon the unbelievers!

[2.90] Evil is that for which they have bartered away their souls, that they disbelieve what Allah has sent down, grudging that Allah should send down from His bounty to whom He chooses from His worshipers! They have incurred wrath over wrath. For the unbelievers there is a humiliating punishment.

The Children of Israel say they believe in the Book Moses brought them but disbelieve in the Koran that confirms it, but if they had really believed in their Holy Book they would not have killed some of their prophets [2.91]

[2.91] When it is said to them, 'Believe in what Allah has sent down,' they reply, 'We believe in what was sent down to us.' But they disbelieve in what is sent after it, although it is the truth, confirming their own Book. Say, 'Why, before did you kill the Prophets of Allah, if you are believers?'

The disbelief of the Children of Israel and the calf [2.92-93]

[2.92] Moses came to you with clear signs, then you took to yourselves the calf after him and you were harm doers.'

[2.93] When We made a covenant with you and raised the Mount above you (saying), 'Take what We have given you forcefully and hear,' they replied, 'We hear, but disobey. 'For their disbelief, they were made to drink the calf into their very hearts. Say, 'Evil is your belief that orders you to (worship the calf), if you are indeed believers.'

Allah refutes the claim of the Jews that the Everlasting Life is for them alone [2.94-96]

[2.94] Say, 'If the abode of the Everlasting Life is with Allah for you especially, to the exclusion of all other people, then long for death if you are truthful.'

[2.95] But they will never long for it (death), because of what their hands forwarded; and Allah knows the harm doers.

[2.96] Indeed, you will find them more eager than other people for this life. And (more than) those who disbelieve. Each one of them wishes to live a thousand years. But his prolonged life will surely not remove him from the punishment. Allah is the Seer of what they do.

Gabriel, the bearer of the Koran and Holy Books [2.97]

[2.97] Say, 'Whoever is an enemy of Gabriel, indeed, he has brought it down by the permission of Allah to your heart, confirming what was before it and a guidance and glad tidings to the believers.

The rejection of the Jews and their disbelief in the Koran [2.98-103]

[2.98] Whoever is an enemy of Allah, His Angels, His Messengers, Gabriel, and Michael indeed Allah is the enemy of the unbelievers.'

[2.99] We have sent down to you clear verses, none will disbelieve them except the evildoers.

[2.100] Why, whenever they make a promise do some of them cast it aside! Most of them do not believe.

[2.101] And now that a Messenger has come to them from Allah confirming what was with them, some of those to whom the Book was given reject the Book of Allah behind their backs, as though they knew nothing 

[2.102] and follow what the devils recited over the Kingdom of Solomon. Solomon did not disbelieve, it is the devils who disbelieved, teaching people magic and that which was sent down upon the angels Harut and Marut in Babylon. They did not teach anyone, until both had said, 'We have been sent as a trial; do not disbelieve.' From them they learned how they might separate a husband and his wife. However, they did not harm anyone with it, except by the permission of Allah. Indeed, they learned what harms them and does not profit them, yet they knew that anyone who buys it would have no share in the Everlasting Life. Evil is that for which they have sold their souls, if they but knew!

[2.103] Had they believed and were cautious, far better for them would be the reward from Allah, if they but knew.

 

Ra’ina and Undhurna [2.104]

[2.104] 'Believers, do not say, 'Observe us (Ra'ina, in Hebrew means evil)', but instead say, "Look after us (Undhurna), and listen” for the unbelievers is a painful punishment.

Resentment towards the believers [2.105]

[2.105] The unbelievers among the People of the Book (Jews and Nazarenes) and the idolaters resent that any good should have been sent down to you from your Lord. But Allah chooses whom He will for His Mercy. And Allah is of great bounty.

Superseded verses [2.108]

[2.106] If We supersede any verse or cause it to be forgotten, We bring a better one or one similar. Do you not know that Allah has power over all things!

[2.107] Do you not know that it is to Allah that the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth belong, and that there is none, other than Him, to protect or help you!

[2.108] Would you rather demand of your Messenger that which was once demanded of Moses! He who exchanges belief for disbelief has surely strayed from the Right Path.

Envy of many of the People of the Book [2.109]

[2.109] Many of the People of the Book wish they might turn you back as unbelievers after you have believed, in envy of their souls, after the truth has been clarified to them. So pardon and forgive until Allah brings His command. Allah is Powerful over everything.

Prayers and obligatory charity are on the check list for Muslims [2.110]

[2.110] Establish your prayers and pay the obligatory charity. Whatever good you shall forward for your soul you shall find it with Allah. He is the Seer of what you do.

The challenge of Allah to the Jews and Nazarenes [2.111]  

[2.111] They say, 'None but Jews and Nazarenes shall be admitted to Paradise.' Such are their wishful fancies. Say, 'Bring us your proof, if what you say is true.'

[2.112] Indeed, whoever submits his face to Allah and does good works shall be rewarded by his Lord; there they shall have nothing to fear nor shall they be saddened.

The dispute between the Jews and Nazarenes [2.13]

[2.113] The Jews say the Nazarenes are not on anything, and the Nazarenes say it is the Jews who are not on anything. Yet they both read the Book. And those who do not know say like their saying. Allah will judge between them their disputes on the Day of Resurrection.

The remembrance of the Name of Allah [2.114-115]

[2.114] Who does greater harm than he who prevents His Name to be remembered in the Mosques of Allah and strives to destroy them? Those, they will not enter them except in fear. And for them shame in this world and a great punishment in the next.

[2.115] To Allah belong the east and the west. Whichever way you turn, there is the Face of Allah. He is the Embracer, the Knower.

Blasphemy [2.116]

[2.116] They say, 'Allah has taken (to Himself) a son.' Exaltations to Him (Allah). For Him is what is in the heavens and the earth, all are obedient to Him.

[2.117] Creator of the heavens and the earth! When He decrees a thing, He only says, 'Be,' and it is.

Similar saying of each generation [2.118]

[2.118] And those who do not know say, 'Why does not Allah speak to us or a sign come to us?' Likewise, those who were before them said similar to their saying. Their hearts are alike. Indeed, We have clarified the signs to a nation who are certain.

The mission of Prophet Muhammad [2.119-121]

[2.119] We have sent you (Prophet Muhammad) forth with the truth, a giver of glad tidings and a giver of warning. You shall not be questioned about the companions of Hell.

[2.120] You will please neither the Jews nor the Nazarenes unless you follow their creed. Say, 'The guidance of Allah is the guidance.' And if after all the knowledge you have been given you yield to their desires, you shall not have, other than Allah, either a guide or a helper.

[2.121] Those to whom We have given the Book, and who recite it as it ought to be read, truly believe in it; those who disbelieve it shall be the losers.

The favor of Allah [2.122]

[2.122] Children of Israel, remember My favor which I bestowed upon you and that I preferred your (prophets among you) above the worlds.

Day of Recompense [2.123]

[2.123] And fear a Day when no soul for another will compensate a thing, and no equivalent will be accepted from it, neither intercession will benefit it, nor shall they be helped.

Appointment of Abraham and his descendants [2.124]

[2.124] And when Abraham was tested by His Lord with certain words and he fulfilled them, He said, 'I have appointed you as a leader for the nation.' (Abraham) asked, 'And of my descendants?' 'My covenant,' said He, 'the harm doers shall not receive it.’

Ka’bah and the covenant with Prophets Abraham and Ishmael [2.125-132]

[2.125] And when We made the House (Ka'bah) a visitation and a sanctuary for the people (saying) 'Make the place where Abraham stood a place of prayer. 'And We made a covenant with Abraham and Ishmael, 'Purify My House for those who circumambulate around it, and those who cleave to it, to those who bow and prostrate.’

Supplication of Abraham [2.126]

[2.126] And when Abraham said, 'My Lord, make this country safe and provide its inhabitants whosoever of them believes in Allah and the Last Day with fruits.' He said, 'And whosoever disbelieves, to him I shall give enjoyment for a while. Then I shall compel him to the punishment of the Fire, how evil an arrival.'

Abraham and Ishmael raise the foundations of Ka’bah [2.127-128]

[2.127] And when Abraham and Ishmael raised the foundations of the House (supplicating), 'O our Lord, accept this from us, You are the Hearer, the Knower.

[2.128] Our Lord, make us both submissive to You, and of our descendants a submissive nation to You. Show us our rites and accept us; You are the Receiver of Repentance, the Merciful.

Abraham and Ishmael supplicate for Prophet Muhammad, the last prophet [2.129]

[2.129] Our Lord, send among them a Messenger from them who shall recite to them Your verses and teach them the Book and wisdom, and purify them; You are the Mighty, the Wise.'

Rank of Abraham [2.130-132]

[2.130] And who has no desire for the religion of Abraham, except he who fooled himself? We chose him in this world, and in the Everlasting world, he shall be among the righteous.

[2.131] When his Lord said to him, 'Submit,' he answered, 'I have submitted to the Lord of the Worlds.’

Abraham’s warning [2.132] 

[2.132] Abraham charged his children with this, and so did Jacob, saying, 'My sons, Allah has chosen for you the religion. Do not die except being submissive (Muslims).'

Death of Jacob and his examination of his children [2.133]

Reverence of Jacob for Abraham, Ishmael and Isaac [2.133]

Jacob and his sons were submissive to Allah [2.133-134]

[2.133] Or, were you witnesses when death came to Jacob! He said to his children, 'What will you worship after me?' They replied, 'We will worship your God and the God of your forefathers, Abraham, Ishmael, and Isaac, the One God. To Him, we are submissive.'

[2.134] That was a nation that has passed away. Theirs is what they earned, and yours what you have earned. You shall not be questioned about what they did.

Sayings of the Jews, Nazarenes and Christians [2.135]

[2.135] They say, 'Be Jews or Nazarenes and you shall be guided.' Say, 'No, rather the Creed of Abraham, the upright one. He was not among the idolaters.'

The prophets are equal in prophethood [2.136]

[2.136] Say, 'We believe in Allah and that which is sent down to us, and in what was sent down to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the tribes; to Moses and Jesus and the Prophets from their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them, and to Him we are submissive (Muslims).'

[2.137] If they believe as you have believed they shall be guided; if they reject it, they shall surely be in clear dissension. Allah will suffice you. He is the Hearer, the Knower.

Sincerity to Allah [2.138-139]

[2.138] The (indelible) marking of Allah. And who marks better than Allah! And for Him we are worshipers.

[2.139] Say, 'Would you dispute with us about Allah, who is our Lord and your Lord? Our deeds belong to us and your deeds belong to you. We are sincere to Him.'

Concealing the testimony of Allah [2.140]

[2.140] Or do you say that Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the tribes, were Jews or Nazarenes! Say, 'Who knows better, you or Allah? Who is more unjust than he who hides a testimony received from Allah? And Allah is not inattentive of what you do.'

[2.141] That nation has passed away. Theirs is what they earned and yours what you have earned. You shall not be questioned about what they did.

Allah instructs Prophet Muhammad to pray towards the Sacred Mosque in Mecca [2.142-150]

[2.142] The fools among the people will say, 'What has made them turn away from the direction they were facing?' Say, 'The east and the west belong to Allah. He guides whom He will to the Straight Path.'

Allah made the followers of Islam to be a median nation, not a fanatical nation [2.143-144]

[2.143] And so We have made you a median nation, in order that you will be a witness above the people, and that the Messenger be a witness above you. We did not change the direction that you were facing except that We might know who followed the Messenger from him who turned on both his heels. Though it was a hardship except for those whom Allah has guided. But Allah would never waste your faith. Indeed, Allah is Gentle with people, the Most Merciful.

[2.144] We have seen you turning your face towards the heaven, We shall surely turn you to a direction that shall satisfy you. So turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque (built by Abraham); wherever you are, turn your faces to it. ' Those to whom the Book was given know this to be the truth from their Lord. Allah is not inattentive of what they do.

[2. 145] But even if you brought those to whom the Book had been given every proof, they would not accept your direction, nor would you accept theirs; nor would any of them accept the direction of the other. If after all the knowledge you have been given you yield to their desires, then you will surely be among the harm doers.

Prophet Muhammad’s description in the original Torah [2.146]

[2.146] Those to whom We gave the Book know him (Prophet Muhammad) as they know their own sons. But a party of them conceal the truth while they know.

[2.147] The truth comes from your Lord so do not be among the doubters.

[2.148] And for everyone is a direction for which he turns. So race in goodness. And wherever you are, Allah will bring you all together. He has power over all things.

[2.149] From wherever you emerge, turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque. This is surely the truth from your Lord. Allah is never inattentive of what you do.

[2.150] From wherever you emerge, turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque, and wherever you are, face towards it, so that the people will have no argument against you, except the harm-doers among them. Do not fear them, fear Me, so that I will perfect My Favor to you and that you will be guided.

The mission of Prophet Muhammad [2.151]

[2.151] As We have sent among you a Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) from yourselves, to recite to you Our verses and to purify you, who will teach you the Book and Wisdom, and teach you that of which you have no knowledge.

Remember Allah and give thanks to Him [2.152]

[2.152] So remember Me, I will remember you. Give thanks to Me and do not be ungrateful towards Me.

Patience and prayer [2.153]

[2.153] Believers, seek assistance in patience and prayer, Allah is with those who are patient.

Martyrs [2.154]

[2.154] Do not say that those killed in the Way of Allah are dead, they are alive, although you are unaware.

Allah tests us [2.155-157]

[2.155] We shall test you with something of fear and hunger, and decrease of goods, life and fruits. Give glad tidings to the patient,

[2.156] who, in adversity say, 'We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return.'

[2.157] On those will be prayers and mercy from their Lord, those are guided.

Pilgrimage to the House of Allah [2.158]

[2.158] Safah and Marwah are the waymarks of Allah. Whoever performs the pilgrimage to the House or the visit, there shall be no guilt on him to circumambulate between both of them. And whoever volunteers good, Allah is Thankful, the Knower.

Concealing the verses of Allah [2.159-163]

[2.159] Those who hide the clear verses and the guidance We have sent down after We have clarified them in the Book for the people shall be cursed by Allah and cursed by the cursers,

[2.160] except those who repent, and mend (their deeds) and clarify. Those I shall accept them. I am the Receiver of repentance, the Most Merciful.

[2.161] But those who disbelieve, and die disbelieving shall incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all people.

[2.162] They are there (in the Fire) for eternity neither shall the punishment be lightened for them; nor shall they be given respite.

[2.163] Your God is One God. There is no god except He. He is the Merciful, the Most Merciful.

Signs for people who understand [2.164]

[2.164] In the creation of the heavens and the earth; in the alternation of night and day; in the ships that sail upon the sea with what is beneficial to the people; in the water which Allah sends down from the sky and with which He revives the earth after its death, and He spread in it from each moving (creation); in the movement of the winds, and in the clouds that are compelled between heaven and earth surely, these are signs for people who understand.

False gods and their followers [2.165-167]

[2.165] And among the people are those who take to themselves rivals, other than Allah, loving them as Allah is loved. But those who believe are more loving to Allah. When the harm doers see, when they see the punishment because the power altogether belongs to Allah, and that Allah is firm in punishment,

[2.166] when those who were followed disown those who followed, and they see the punishment and relationships are broken off,

[2.167] those who followed them will say, 'If only that we might return once, and disown them as they have disowned us.' As such Allah will show them their own works to be regrets for them, and they shall never emerge from the Fire.

Beware, satan is the clear enemy of mankind [2.168-169]

[2.168] People, eat of what is lawful and good on the earth and do not walk in satan's footsteps, because he is for you a clear enemy,

[2.169] he orders you to commit evil and indecency and to assert about Allah what you do not know.

The futility of following baseless traditions rather than the message and warning sent by Allah via His prophets [2.170]

[2.170] When it is said to them, 'Follow what Allah has sent down,' they reply, 'We will follow that which we found our fathers upon,' even though their fathers did not understand anything and they were not guided.

Likeness of the unbelievers [2.171]

[2.171] The likeness of those who disbelieve is as the likeness of he who calls to that which does not hear, except a shout and a voice. Deaf, dumb, and blind, they do not understand.

Food forbidden to Muslims [2.172-173]

[2.172] Believers, eat of the good with which We have provided you and give thanks to Allah, if you really worship Him.

[2.173] He has forbidden you the dead, blood, and the flesh of swine, also that which is invoked to other than Allah. But whoever is constrained (to eat) any of these, not intending to sin or transgress, incurs no guilt. Allah is Forgiving and the Most Merciful.

Concealing the truth of Allah [2.174-176]

[2.174] Those who conceal what Allah has sent down of the Book and sell it for a small price shall swallow nothing but fire into their bellies. On the Day of Resurrection, Allah will neither speak to them nor purify them. Theirs shall be a painful punishment.

[2.175] Such are those who buy error for guidance, and punishment for pardon. How patiently they will be in the Fire.

[2.176] That is because Allah has sent down the Book with the truth; those who disagree about it are in extreme dissension.

Check list for Muslims and those who want to check Muslims [2.177]

[2.177] Righteousness is not whether you face towards the east or the west. But righteousness is to believe in Allah and the Last Day, in the angels and the Book, and the Prophets, and to give wealth however cherished, to kinsmen, to the orphans, to the needy, to the destitute traveler, and to the beggars, and to ransom the slave; who establish their prayers and pay the obligatory charity; who are true to their promise when they have promised. Who are patient in misfortune and hardship and during the time of courage. Such are the truthful; such are the cautious.

Retaliation [2.178-179]

[2.178] Believers, retaliation is decreed for you concerning the killed. A free (man) for a free (man), a slave for a slave, and a female for a female. He who is pardoned by his brother, let the ensuing be with kindness, and let the payment be with generosity. This is an alleviation from your Lord and mercy. He who transgresses thereafter shall have a painful punishment.

[2.179] O owners of minds, for you in retaliation is life, in order that you be cautious.

Make a will for family before death arrives [2.180-182]

[2.180] Written for any of you when death arrives, if he leaves behind goods, is the will for his parents and relatives with kindness. This is a duty incumbent on the cautious.

[2.181] Then, if anyone changes it after hearing it, the sin shall rest upon those who change it. Allah is Hearing and Knowing.

[2.182] He who fears injustice or sin on the part of a testator and brings about a settlement among the parties incurs no guilt. Allah is the Forgiver and the Most Merciful.

The fast of Ramadan is an obligation for Muslims [2.183-187]

[2.183] Believers, fasting is decreed for you as it was decreed for those before you; perchance you will be cautious.

[2.184] (Fast) a certain number of days, but if any one of you is ill or on a journey let him (fast) a similar number of days later on; and for those who are unable (to fast), there is a ransom the feeding of a needy person. Whosoever volunteers good, it is good for him; but to fast is better for you, if you but knew.

The fasting month of Ramadan in which Allah sent the Koran to guide all people of the world [2.185]

[2.185] The month of Ramadan is the month in which the Koran was sent down, a guidance for people, and clear verses of guidance and the criterion. Therefore, whoever of you witnesses the month, let him fast. But he who is ill, or on a journey shall (fast) a similar number (of days) later on. Allah wants ease for you and does not want hardship for you. And that you fulfill the number of days and exalt Allah who has guided you in order that you be thankful.

Allah answers supplications [2.186]

[2.186] When My worshipers ask you about Me, I am near. I answer the supplication of the suppliant when he calls to Me; therefore, let them respond to Me and let them believe in Me, in order that they will be righteous.

Marital relationship during Ramadan [2.187]

[2.187] Permitted to you, on the night of the Fast, is the approach to your wives; they are raiments for you, as you are raiments for them. Allah knows that you have been deceiving yourselves. He has accepted and pardoned you. Therefore, you may now touch them and seek what Allah has ordained for you. Eat and drink until the white thread becomes clear to you from a black thread at the dawn. Then resume the fast till nightfall and do not touch them while you cleave to the mosques. These are the Bounds of Allah, do not come near them. As such He makes known His verses to people so that they will be cautious.

Bribery and cheating [2.188]

[2.188] Do not consume your wealth between you in falsehood; neither propose it to judges, in order that you sinfully consume a portion of the people's wealth, while you know.

The lunar year [2.189]

[2.189] They question you about the crescents. Say, 'They are times fixed for people and for the pilgrimage.' Righteousness does not consist in entering dwellings from the back. But righteousness is he who wards off (sin). Enter dwellings by their doors and fear Allah, so that you will prosper.

Allah does not love aggression [2.190-194]

[2.190] Fight in the way of Allah those who fight against you, but do not aggress. Allah does not love the aggressors.

[2.191] Kill them wherever you find them. Drive them out of the places from which they drove you. Dissension is greater than killing. But do not fight them by the Holy Mosque unless they attack you there; if they fight you, kill them. Like this is the recompense of the unbelievers,

[2.192] but if they desist, know that Allah is the Forgiver and the Most Merciful.

[2.193] Fight against them until there is no dissension, and the religion is for Allah. But if they desist, there shall be no aggression except against the harm-doers.

The sacred months [2.194]

[2.194] The sacred month for the sacred month, prohibitions are (subject to) retaliation. If any one aggresses against you, so aggress against him with the likeness of that which he has aggressed against you. Fear Allah, and know that Allah is with the cautious.

Be charitable to earn the love of Allah [2.195]

[2.195] Spend in the way of Allah and do not cast into destruction with your own hands. Be good doers; Allah loves the good doers.

The rites of pilgrimage [2.196-203]

[2.196] Fulfill the pilgrimage and make the visitation for Allah. If you are prevented, then whatever offering that may be easy. And do not shave your heads until the offerings have reached their destination. But if any of you is ill or suffers from an ailment of the head (scalp), he must pay a ransom either by fasting or by the giving of charity, or by offering a sacrifice. When you are safe, then whosoever enjoys the visitation until the pilgrimage, let his offering be that which may be easy, but if he lacks the means, let him fast three days during the pilgrimage and seven when he has returned, that is, ten days in all. That is for him whose family is not present at the Holy Mosque. And fear Allah and know that He is firm in inflicting punishment.

[2.197] The pilgrimage is in the appointed months. (For) whosoever undertakes the pilgrimage there is no approaching (women), neither transgression nor disputing in the pilgrimage. Allah is Aware of whatever good you do. Provide well for yourselves, the best provision is piety. Fear Me, O owners of minds.

[2.198] It shall be no offense for you to seek the bounty of your Lord. When you surge on from Arafat, remember Allah as you approach the Holy Mountain of Mash'ar. Remember Him as it is He who guided you though before that you were amongst the astray.

[2.199] Then surge on from where the people surge and ask Allah for forgiveness. He is Forgiving and the Most Merciful.

The Everlasting Life [2.200-202]

[2.200] And when you have fulfilled your sacred duties remember Allah as you remember your forefathers or with deeper reverence. There are some who say, 'Lord, give us good in this world.' He shall have no share in the Everlasting Life.

[2.201] But there are others who say, 'Lord, give us a merit in the world and good in the Everlasting Life, and save us from the punishment of the Fire.'

[2.202] These shall have a share of what they have earned. Swift is the reckoning of Allah.

Pilgrimage [2.203]

[2.203] Remember Allah during counted days. Whosoever hastens on in two days, no sin shall be on him. And if any delay, no sin shall be on him, for he who wards off (evil). And fear Allah, and know that you shall be assembled unto Him.

Hypocrites and corrupters [2.204-206]

[2.204] There is he whose sayings pleases you in this worldly life and uses Allah as a witness for what is in his heart, but he is most stubborn in adversary.

[2.205] No sooner does he leave than he hastens about the earth to corrupt there and destroy crops and cattle. Allah does not love corruption.

[2.206] When it is said to him, 'Fear Allah,' egotism takes him in his sin. Gehenna (Hell) shall be enough for him. How evil a cradling!

Allah is Gentle to His worshipers [2.207]

[2.207] But there are among people he who would give away his life desiring the Pleasure of Allah. Allah is Gentle to His worshipers.

satan is the clear enemy of mankind [2.208]

[2.208] Believers, all of you, enter the peace and do not follow in satan's footsteps; he is a clear enemy to you.

Those who disbelieve after they believed [2.209-210]

[2.209] If you lapse back after the clear verses that have come to you, know that Allah is the Almighty, the Wise.

[2.210] Are they waiting for Allah to come to them in the shadows of the clouds with the angels! Their matter will have been settled then. To Allah shall all things return.

Clear signs sent to the Children of Israel [2.211]

[2.211] Ask the Children of Israel how many clear signs We have given them. Whoever changes the Favor of Allah after it has come to him, Allah is Firm in inflicting the punishment.

The world in the eyes of the unbelievers [2.212]

[2.212] For those who disbelieve, the worldly life is decked with all manner of decorations. They scoff at those who believe, but the cautious shall be above them on the Day of Resurrection. Allah gives without count to whom He will.

The mission of all the prophets [2.213]

[2.213] The people were one nation. Then Allah sent forth Prophets to give them glad tidings and to warn them; and with them He sent down the Book with the truth, that He might rule between the people in that which they differ. Only those to whom it had been given differed about it after the clear verses had come to them, transgressing between themselves. Then Allah guided those who believed concerning that which they were at variance in the truth, by His permission. Allah guides whom He will to the Straight Path.

The trial of this life [2.214]

[2.214] Or did you suppose that you would go to Paradise untouched by that endured by those before you! Affliction and adversity befell them; and they were shaken until the Messenger, and those who believed with him, said, 'When will the victory of Allah come?' Is it not so that the victory of Allah is near.

The recipients of charity [2.215]

[2.215] They will question you about what they should spend (in charity). Say, 'Whatever good you spend is for (your) parents, kinsmen, orphans, the needy, and the destitute traveler. Allah is Aware of whatever good you do.'

Islamic state defends an Islamic nation [2.216]

[2.216] (Offensive) fighting is obligatory for you, though it is hateful to you. But you may hate a thing although it is good for you, and may love a thing although it is evil for you. Allah knows, and you do not.

Fighting in the Sacred months is a grave offense [2.217]

[2.217] They ask you about the Sacred Month and fighting in it. Say, 'To fight in this month is a grave (offense); but to bar others from the Path of Allah, and disbelief in Him, and the Holy Mosque, and to expel its inhabitants from it is greater with Allah. Dissension is greater than killing.' They will not cease to fight against you until they force you to renounce your religion, if they are able. But whosoever of you recants from his religion and dies an unbeliever, their works shall be annulled in this world and in the Everlasting Life, and those shall be the companions of Hell, and there they shall live for ever.

The Mercy of Allah [2.218]

[2.218] But those who believe and those who migrate and struggle in the way of Allah, those, have hope of the Mercy of Allah. Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

Alcohol and gambling [2.219]

[2.219] They ask you about intoxicating drink and gambling. Say, 'There is great sin in both, although they have some benefit for people; but their sin is far greater than their benefit.' They ask you what they should spend. Say, 'That which remains.' So, Allah makes plain to you His verses, in order that you will reflect

Treat orphans with kindness [2.220]

[2.220] upon this world and the Everlasting Life. They will question you concerning orphans. Say, 'Doing good for them is best. If you mix their affairs with yours, remember they are your brothers. Allah knows the corrupter from the reformer. If Allah willed He could have brought hardship upon you. He is Almighty and Wise.'

Those permitted in marriage to a Muslim [2.221]

[2.221] Do not wed idolatresses, until they believe. A believing slave girl is better than a (free) idolatress, even if she pleases you. And do not wed idolaters, until they believe. A believing slave is better than a (free) idolater, even though he pleases you. Those call to the Fire; but Allah calls to Paradise and pardon by His permission. He makes plain His verses to the people, in order that they will remember.

Menstruation [2.222]

[2.222] They ask you about menstruation. Say, 'It is an injury. Stay away from women during their menstrual periods and do not approach them until they are cleansed. When they have cleansed themselves, then come to them from where Allah has commanded you. Allah loves those who turn to Him in repentance and He loves those who cleanse themselves.'

Sex [2.223]

[2.223] Women are your planting place (for children); come then to your planting place as you please and forward (good deeds) for your souls, and fear Allah. And know that you shall meet Him. Give glad tidings to the believers.

Oath taking [2.224-225]

[2.224] Do not make Allah a deterrent through your oaths, that you be righteous, cautious, and reform between people. Surely, Allah is Hearing and Knowing.

[2.225] Allah will not call you to account for a slip in your oaths. But He will take you to task for that which is intended in your hearts. Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

Divorce or reconciliation   [2.226-233]

[2.226] For those who swear a wait of four months from their women, if they revert, Allah is Forgiving, the Most Merciful.

[2.227] But if they resolve on divorce, surely, Allah is the Hearer, the Knower.

Divorce with kindness [2.228]

[2.228] Divorced women shall wait by themselves for three periods. It is unlawful for them, if they believe in Allah and the Last Day, to hide what He has created in their wombs, in which case their husbands would have a better right to restore them should they desire reconciliation. And for them similar to what is due from them with kindness. But men have a degree above them. Allah is Mighty and Wise.

[2.229] Divorce is twice, then an honorable keeping or allowed to go with kindness. It is unlawful for you to take from them anything you have given them, unless both fear that they will not be able to keep within the Bounds of Allah; in which case it shall be no offense for either of them if she ransom herself. These are the Bounds of Allah; do not transgress them. Those who transgress the Bounds of Allah are harm doers.

[2.230] If he divorces her (for the third time), she shall not be lawful to him after that until she has wed (not for the purpose of remarrying her former husband) another spouse and then if he divorces her it shall be no offense for either of them to return to each other, if they think that they can keep within the Bounds of Allah. Those are the Bounds of Allah. He makes them plain to people who know.

[2.231] When you have divorced women and they have reached the end of their waiting period, either keep them in kindness or let them go with kindness. But you shall not keep them, being harmful, in order to transgress. Whoever does this wrongs himself. Do not take the verses of Allah in mockery. Remember the favor of Allah upon you, and what He sent down to you from the Book and Wisdom to exhort you. Fear Allah and know that He has knowledge of everything.

[2.232] When you divorce women, and they have reached their term, do not restrain them from marrying their (future) husbands, when they have agreed together with kindness. That is an exhortation for whosoever of you believes in Allah and the Last Day. That is cleaner and purer for you. Allah knows, and you do not know.

[2.233] Mothers shall suckle their children for two years completely, for whoever desires to fulfill the suckling. It is for the father to provide for them and clothe them with kindness. No soul is charged except to its capacity. A mother shall not be harmed for her child, neither a father for his child. And upon the heir is like that. If both desire to wean by mutual consent and consultation, then no guilt shall be on them. And if you desire a wet nurse for your children, then no guilt shall be on you if you hand over what you have given with kindness. And fear Allah, and know that Allah is the Seer of what you do.

Widows [2.234]

[2.234] And those of you who die and leave wives behind such wives shall wait by themselves for four months and ten (nights). When they have reached the end of their waiting period, there shall be no offense for you in whatever they choose for themselves kindly. Allah is Aware of what you do.

Indication of a proposal of marriage to women whose divorce has not yet reached its term [2.235]

[2.235] No guilt shall be on you in the indication of an engagement to women or what you suppress in yourself. Allah knows that you will remember them; but do not promise them secretly unless you speak kind words (only of indication). And do not resolve on the knot of marriage until the writing has reached its term. And know that Allah knows what is in your hearts, so be cautious of Him. And know that Allah is the Forgiver, the Clement.

Divorce in an unconsummated marriage [2.236-237]

[2.236] It shall be no offense for you to divorce your wives as long as you have not touched them or obligated a right for them. Provide for them with fairness; the rich according to his means, and the restricted according to his. A right on the good doers.

[2.237] If you divorce them before you have touched them but after their dowry has been determined, give them half of what you determined, unless they pardon, or he pardons in whose hand is the marriage knot. And if you pardon it is nearer to warding off (evil). Do not forget the generosity between each other. Allah is the Seer of what you do.

Prayers [2.238-239]

[2.238] And preserve the prayers and the middle prayer, and stand obedient to Allah.

[2.239] And if you fear, then (pray) on foot or riding. But when you are safe, then remember Allah, as He has taught you what you did not know.

Provisions for widows [2.240]

[2.240] Those who die and leave wives behind should bequeath to them a year's maintenance without causing them to leave their homes; but if they leave, no blame shall be attached to you in what they do with themselves kindly. Allah is Mighty and Wise.

Divorce with kindness [2.241]

[2.241] Provision should be made for divorced women with kindness. That is a right on the cautious.

[2.242] Like this Allah clarifies to you His verses in order that you understand.

Allah revived a tribe of Jews after He had made them die [2.243]

[2.243] Haven't you seen those who went out from their homes in their thousands cautious of death? Allah said to them, 'Die,' and then He revived them. Surely, Allah is Bountiful to the people, but most people do not thank.

[2.244] Fight in the way of Allah. And know that Allah is the Hearer and the Knower.

Multiplication of a loan lent to Allah [2.245]

[2.245] Who is he that will lend Allah a good loan! He will multiply it many multiples! Allah grasps and outspreads and to Him you shall be returned.

Children of Israel break their word and refuse to fight in the way of Allah [2.246]

[2.246] Have you not seen the congregation of the Children of Israel who demanded of one of their Prophets after (the death of) Moses? 'Raise up for us a king, ' they said, 'and we will fight in the way of Allah.' He replied, 'Might it be that if fighting is written for you, you will not fight?' 'Why shouldn't we fight in the way of Allah,' they replied, 'when we and all our children have been driven from our dwellings?' Yet, when fighting was written for them all except for a few, turned away. And Allah has knowledge of the harm doers.

Children of Israel’s jealousy of Saul’s kingship [2.247-251]

[2.247] Their Prophet said to them, 'Allah has raised Saul to be your king.' But they replied, 'Should he be given the kingship over us, when we are more deserving of it than he and he has not been given abundant wealth?' He said, 'Allah has chosen him over you and increased him with amplitude in knowledge and body. Allah gives His kingship to whom He will. Allah is the Embracer, the Knower.'

[2.248] Their Prophet said to them, 'The sign of his kingship is the coming of the Ark to you, therein shall be tranquility from your Lord, and a remnant which the House of Moses and the House of Aaron left behind. It will be borne by the angels. That will be a sign for you if you are believers.'

[2.249] And when Saul marched out with his army, he said, 'Allah will test you with a river. He who drinks from it shall cease to be one of mine but he who does not drink from it, except he who scoops up once with his hand, shall be of mine.' But for a few of them, they all drank from it. And when he had crossed it with those who believed, they said, 'We have no power this day against Goliath and his soldiers.' But those of them who reckoned they would meet Allah replied, 'Many a small band has, by the permission of Allah, vanquished a mighty army. Allah is with the patient.'

David and Goliath [2.250-251]

[2.250] When they appeared to Goliath and his soldiers, they said, 'Lord, pour upon us patience. Make us firm of foot and give us victory against the nation of unbelievers.'

[2.251] By the permission of Allah, they routed them. David slew Goliath, and Allah bestowed on him the kingship and wisdom, and taught him from that He willed. Had Allah not pushed the people, some by the other, the earth would have been corrupted. But Allah is Bountiful to the worlds.

[2.252] These are the verses of Allah. We recite (them) to you in truth, for you (Prophet Muhammad) are one of the Messengers.

Ranks of prophets and messengers [2.253]

[2.253] Of these Messengers, We have preferred some above others. To some Allah spoke; and some He raised in rank. We gave (Prophet) Jesus, the son of Mary, clear signs and strengthened him with the Spirit of Purity (Gabriel). Had Allah willed, those who succeeded them would not have fought against one another after the clear verses came to them. But they differed among themselves; some believed, and others disbelieved. Yet had Allah willed, they would not have fought against one another. Allah does whatever He will.

Charity [2.254]

[2.254] Believers, spend of what We have given you before that Day arrives when there shall be neither trade, nor friendship, nor intercession. It is the unbelievers who are the harm doers.

The greatness of Allah [2.255]

[2.255] Allah, there is no god except He, the Living, the Everlasting. Neither dozing, nor sleep overtakes Him. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. Who is he that shall intercede with Him except by His permission! He knows what will be before their hands and what was behind them, and they do not comprehend anything of His Knowledge except what He willed. His Seat embraces the heavens and the earth, and the preserving of them does not weary Him. He is the High, the Great.

Unbreakable tie [2.256-257]

[2.256] There is no compulsion in religion. Righteousness is now distinct from error. He who disbelieves in the idol and believes in Allah has grasped the firmest tie that will never break. Allah is Hearing, Knowing.

[2.257] Allah is the Guardian of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness into the light. As for those who disbelieve, their guides are idols, they bring them out from the light into darkness. They are the companions of the Fire and shall live in it for ever.

Abraham and King Nimrod [2.258]

[2.258] Have you not seen he who argued with Abraham about his Lord that Allah had given him the kingship! When Abraham said, 'My Lord is He who revives, and causes to die.' He said, 'I revive, and cause to die.' Abraham said, 'Allah brings up the sun from the east; so you bring it from the west!' Then he who disbelieved became pale. Allah does not guide the nation, the harm doers.

Sign for people, Allah only has to say “Be” and it becomes [2.259]

[2.259] Or of him, who, when passing by the ruined village that was fallen on its roofs, remarked, 'How can Allah give life to this after its death?' Thereupon Allah

caused him to die, and after a hundred years He revived him. He asked, 'How long have you remained?' 'A day,' he replied, 'or part of a day.' Allah said, 'Rather, you have remained a hundred years. Look at your food and drink; they have not rotted. And look at your donkey (that had died). We will make you a sign to the people. And look at the bones (of your donkey) how We shall revive them and clothe them with flesh.' And when it had all become clear to him, he said, 'I know that Allah has power over all things.'

Allah shows Abraham how He raises the dead [2.260]

[2.260] And (remember) when Abraham said, 'Show me, Lord, how You raise the dead,' He replied, 'Have you not believed?' 'Rather,' said Abraham, 'in order that my heart be satisfied.' 'Take four birds,' said He, 'draw them to you, then set a part of them on every hill, then call them, they will come swiftly to you. Know that Allah is Mighty and Wise.'

The example of those who give in charity and its reward [2.261-274]

[2.261] The example of those who give their wealth in the way of Allah is like a grain of corn that sprouts seven ears, in every ear a hundred grains. Allah multiplies to whom He will, Allah is the Embracer, the Knower.

[2.262] Those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah and do not follow their spending with reproach and insults shall be rewarded by their Lord; they shall have nothing to fear or to regret.

Kind words and forgiveness [2.263]

[2.263] A kind word and forgiveness is better than charity followed by injury. Allah is the Clement.

[2.264] Believers, do not annul your charitable giving with reproach and hurt, like he who spends his wealth to show off to the people and believes neither in Allah nor in the Last Day. His likeness is as a smooth rock covered with dust, if a heavy rain strikes it, it leaves it bare. They have no power over what they have earned. Allah does not guide the nation, the unbelievers.

Charity given seeking the pleasure of Allah [2.265]

[2.265] But those who give away their wealth with a desire to please Allah and to reassure themselves are like a garden on a hillside, if heavy rain strikes it, it yields up twice its normal crop, and if heavy rain does not strike it, then light rain. Allah is the Seer of what you do.

Think [2.266]

[2.266] Would any one of you, being well advanced in age with helpless children, wish to have a garden of palm trees, vines and all manner of fruits watered by running streams struck and burned by a fiery whirlwind? Even so, Allah makes plain to you His signs, in order that you give thought.

Charity [2.267]

[2.267] Believers, spend of the good you have earned and of that which We have brought out of the earth for you. And do not intend the bad of it for your spending; while you would never take it yourselves, except you closed an eye on it. Know that Allah is Rich, the Praised.

The promise of satan [2.268]

[2.268] satan promises you with poverty and orders you to commit what is indecent. But Allah promises you His Forgiveness and bounty from Him. Allah is the Embracer, the Knower.

Wisdom [2.269]

[2.269] He gives wisdom to whom He will, and he who is given wisdom has been given a lot of good. Yet none will remember except the owners of minds.

Allah has knowledge of all that we do [2.270-271]

[2.270] Whatever you spend and whatever vows you make are known to Allah. The harm doers shall have none to help them.

[2.271] If you reveal your charity it is good, but to give charity to the poor in private is better and will acquit you from some of your evil deeds. Allah is Knowledgeable of what you do.

Charity is repaid by Allah [2.272-274]

[2.272] It is not for you (Prophet Muhammad to cause) their guidance. Allah guides whom He will. Whatever good you spend is for yourselves, provided that you give it desiring the Face of Allah. And whatever good you spend shall be repaid to you in full, you shall not be harmed.

The poor who are to humble to ask for charity [2.273]

[2.273] (Charity is) for the poor who are restrained in the way of Allah, and are unable to journey in the land. The ignorant take them to be rich because of their abstinence. But you can recognize them by their signs. They do not persistently beg people. Whatever good you give is known to Allah.

[2.274] Those who spend their wealth by day and by night, in private and in public, their wage is with their Lord, and no fear shall be on them, neither shall they sorrow.

Usury [2.275-276]

Trading and Usury [2.275]

[2.275] Those who consume usury shall not rise up (from their tomb) except as he who rises in madness that satan has touched. That is because they say, 'Selling is like usury.' Allah has permitted trading and forbidden usury. To whomsoever an exhortation comes from his Lord then he desists, he shall have his past gains, and his matter is with Allah. But whoever reverts shall be among the people of the Fire and shall remain in it for ever.

[2.276] Allah effaces usury and nurtures charity. Allah does not love any ungrateful sinner.

The value of prayer and charity [2.277]

[2.277] Those who believe and do good works, establish the prayers and pay the obligatory charity, will be rewarded by their Lord and will have nothing to fear or to regret.

Usury [2.278-279]

[2.278] Believers, fear Allah and give up what is still due to you from usury, if you are believers;

[2.279] but if you do not, then take notice of war from Allah and His Messenger. Yet, if you repent, you shall have the principal of your wealth. Neither will you harm nor will you be harmed.

Showing mercy to the debtor [2.280]

[2.280] If he should be in hardship, then a postponement until ease; while if you give charity it is better for you if you know.

The Day of Judgement [2.281]

[2.281] Fear the Day when you shall be returned to Allah. And every soul shall be paid in full what it has earned; and they shall not be harmed.

Contracts [2.282-283]

[2.282] Believers, when you contract a debt for a fixed period, put it in writing. Let a scribe write it down between you with fairness; no scribe shall refuse to write as Allah has taught him. Therefore, let him write; and let the debtor dictate, fearing Allah his Lord, and do not decrease anything of it. If the debtor is a fool, or weak, or unable to dictate himself, let his guardian dictate for him in fairness. Call to witness two witnesses of your men, if the two are not men, then a man and two women from the witnesses whom you approve; so that if one of the two errs, one of them will remind the other. Whenever witnesses are called upon they must not refuse, and do not be weary to write it down, be it small or large, together with its term. This is more just with Allah; it ensures accuracy in testifying and is the least of doubt. Unless it is present merchandise that you circulate between you; then no guilt shall be on you if you do not write it down and take witnesses when you are selling, and let no harm be done to either scribe or witness. If you do, that is a transgression in you. Fear Allah. Allah teaches you, and Allah has knowledge of everything.

[2.283] If you are upon a journey and a scribe cannot be found, then let pledges be taken. If any of you trusts another let the trusted deliver his trust; and let him fear Allah his Lord. And you shall not conceal the testimony. He who conceals it, his heart is sinful. Allah has knowledge of what you do.

Allah knows what is in your heart [2.284]

[2.284] To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. Whether you reveal what is in your hearts or hide it Allah will bring you to account for it. He will forgive whom He will and punish whom He will; He has power over all things.

The messengers of Allah are equal in messengerhood [2.285]

[2.285] The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from His Lord, and so do the believers. Each believes in Allah and His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers, we do not differentiate between any one of His Messengers. They say, 'We hear and obey. (We ask) Your forgiveness Lord, and to You is the arrival.’

Supplication for forgiveness and mercy [2.286]

[2.286] Allah charges no soul except to its capacity. For it is what it has earned, and against it what it has gained. 'Our Lord, do not take us to account if we have forgotten, or made a mistake. Our Lord, do not burden us with a load as You have burdened those before us. Our Lord, do not over burden us with more than we can bear. And pardon us, and forgive us, and have mercy on us. You are our Guide, so give us victory over the nation, the unbelievers.'

 

3 The Family of 'Imran - Aali 'Imran

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

[3.1] AlifLaamMeem.

Allah declares His Oneness [3.2]

[3.2] Allah! There is no god except He, the Living, the Everlasting.

Guidance in the original Torah, Gospel and the unchanged Arabic Koran [3.3-4]

[3.3] He has sent down to you the Book with the truth, confirming what preceded it; and He has sent down the Torah and the Gospel (of Prophet Jesus which has been lost)

[3.4] before, as a guidance for people, and He sent down the Criterion. As for those who disbelieve in the verses of Allah, for them is an intense punishment. Allah is Mighty, Owner of Vengeance.

Nothing is hidden from Allah [3.5]

[3.5] Nothing on earth or in heaven is hidden from Allah.

Pregnancy, the hidden creation [3.6]

[3.6] It is He who shapes you in your mothers' wombs as He wills. There is no god except Him, the Almighty, the Wise.

Those whose hearts swerve with disbelief [3.7-8]

[3.7] It is He who has sent down to you the Book. Some of its verses are precise in meaning they are the foundation of the Book and others obscure. Those whose hearts are swerving with disbelief, follow the obscure desiring sedition and desiring its interpretation, but no one knows its interpretation except Allah. Those who are well-grounded in knowledge say, 'We believe in it, it is all from our Lord. And none remember except those who are possessed of minds.

[3.8] Lord, do not cause our hearts to swerve after You have guided us. Grant us Your Mercy. You are the Embracing Giver.

Allah does not break His promise [3.9]

[3.9] Lord, You will surely gather all the people for a Day that will come in which there is no doubt.' Allah will not break His promise.

The worldly status of those who disbelieve will amount to nothing on the Day of Judgement [3.10-11]

[3.10] Those who disbelieve, neither their riches nor their children shall save them from Allah. They shall become the fuel of the Fire.

[3.11] Like Pharaoh's people and those before them who belied Our revelations; Allah seized them in their sinfulness. Allah is firm in inflicting punishment.

[3.12] Say to those who disbelieve, 'You shall be overcome and gathered into Gehenna (Hell), an evil cradling!'

The encounter at Badr [3.13]

[3.13] Indeed, there was a sign for you in the two armies which met on the battlefield. One was fighting in the way of Allah, and another unbelieving. They (the believers) saw with their eyes that they were twice their own number. Allah strengthens with His victory whom He will. Surely, in that there was a lesson for those possessed of eyes.

The enjoyment of this worldly life [3.14]

[3.14] Decorated for people are the desires of women, offspring, and of heaped up piles of gold and silver, of pedigree horses, cattle, and sown fields. These are the enjoyments of the worldly life, but with Allah is the best return.

The reward of believers [3.15]

[3.15] Say, 'Shall I tell you of a better thing than that? For the cautious with their Lord, theirs shall be Gardens underneath which rivers flow, where they shall live for ever, and purified spouses, and pleasure from Allah.' Allah is watching over His worshipers.

Check list for Muslims and those who want to check Muslims [3.16-17]

[3.16] Those are they who say, 'Lord, we believe in You, forgive us our sins and save us from the punishment of the Fire',

[3.17] who are patient, truthful, obedient, and charitable, and who ask forgiveness at dawn.

The witnessing of Allah and His angels that He is One [3.18]

[3.18] Allah bears witness that there is no god except He, and so do the angels and the knowledgeable. He upholds justice there is no god except He, the Mighty, the Wise.

The religion of Islam [3.19]

Those who disbelieve the verses of Allah [3.19-25]

[3.19] The only religion with Allah is Islam (submission). Those to whom the Book was given disagreed among themselves only after knowledge had been given to them being insolent among themselves. He who disbelieves the verses of Allah indeed Allah is Swift in reckoning.

Invitation to Jews, Nazarenes and Christians [3.20]

[3.20] If they argue with you, say, 'I have submitted my face to Allah and so have those who follow me.' To those who have received the Book (Jews and Nazarenes) and to the ignorant, ask, 'Have you submitted yourselves to Allah?' If they became Muslims they were guided, if they turn away, then your only duty is to warn them. Allah is watching over all His worshipers.

[3.21] Those who disbelieve the verses of Allah and slay the Prophets unjustly, and slay those who bid to justice give them the glad tidings of a painful punishment!

[3.22] Their works shall be annulled in this world and in the Everlasting Life, and there shall be none to help them.

[3.23] Have you not seen those who have received a portion of the Book being called to the Book of Allah, that it might judge between them, and some turned away, swerving aside.

The false claim of the Jews [3.24-25]

[3.24] For they say, 'The Fire will not touch us except for a certain number of days.' And the lies they forged have deluded them in their religion.

[3.25] How will it be when We gather them for a Day in which there is no doubt, when every soul will be given what it has earned and they will not be wronged?

The power and signs of Allah [3.26-27]

[3.26] Say, 'O Allah, Owner of the Kingdom. You give the kingdom to whom You will, and take it away from whom You will, You exalt whom You will and abase whom You will. In Your Hand is good, You have power over all things.

[3.27] You cause the night to enter into the day, and the day to enter into the night. You bring forth the living from the dead and the dead from the living. You provide without reckoning to whom You will.'

Faith first [3.28]

[3.28] The believers should not take the unbelievers as guides in preference to the believers he who does this does not belong to Allah in anything, unless you have a fear of them. Allah warns you to be cautious of Him, the arrival is to Allah.

The knowledge and power of Allah [3.29]

[3.29] Say, 'Whether you hide what is in your hearts or reveal it, Allah knows it. He knows all that is in the heavens and earth and has power over all things.'

The Day of Judgement [3.30]

Allah is Gentle with His worshipers [3.30]

[3.30] The Day that every soul shall find what it has done of good brought forward, and what it has done of evil, it will wish if there were only a far space between it and that (Day). Allah warns you to be wary of Him; and Allah is Gentle with His worshipers.

If you really love your Creator [3.31]

[3.31] Say (Prophet Muhammad), 'If you love Allah, follow me and Allah will love you, and forgive your sins. Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.'

Condition of unbelievers [3.32]

[3.32] Say, 'Obey Allah and the Messenger.' But if they turn away, then truly, Allah does not love the unbelievers.

Prophets from the same lineage [3.33-34]

[3.33] Allah chose Adam and Noah, the House of Abraham and the House of Imran above all worlds.

[3.34] They were the offspring of one another. Allah is Hearing, and Knowing.

The supplication of the mother of the Virgin Mary [3.35-36]

[3.35] (Remember) when the wife of 'Imran said, 'Lord, I have vowed to You in dedication that which is hidden inside me. Accept this from me. You are the Hearer, the Knower.'

[3.36] And when she was delivered of her, she said, 'Lord, I have given birth to her, a female' Allah knew of what she had given birth the male is not like the female 'and I have called her Mary. Protect her and all her descendants from satan, the stoned one.'

Mary is entrusted to the care of Prophet Zachariah [3.37]

Miraculous food sent to Mary [3.37]

[3.37] Her Lord graciously accepted her. He made her grow with a fine upbringing and entrusted her to the care of Zachariah. Whenever Zachariah went to her in the sanctuary, he found that she had provision with her. 'Mary, ' he said, 'how does this come to you?' 'It is from Allah,' she answered. Truly, Allah provides whomsoever He will without reckoning.

Zacahariah supplicates for a son [3.38-41]

[3.38] Thereupon Zachariah supplicated to his Lord, saying, 'Lord, give me from You a good offspring. You hear all prayers.'

[3.39] And the angels called out to him when he was standing in the sanctuary worshipping, saying, 'Allah gives you glad tidings of John, who shall confirm a Word from Allah. He shall be a master and chaste, a Prophet and from the righteous.'

[3.40] He said, 'Lord, how shall I have a son when I am overtaken by old age and my wife is barren?' He said, 'Even so, Allah does what He will.'

[3.41] He said, 'Lord, appoint for me a sign.' He said, 'Your sign is that you shall not speak to people except by signs for three days.' And remember your Lord abundantly, exalt Him in the evening and at the dawn.'

Allah chooses and purifies Mary [3.42-43]

[3.42] And when the angels said to Mary, 'Allah has chosen you and purified you. He has chosen you above all women of the worlds.

[3.43] Mary, be obedient to your Lord, prostrate and bow with those who bow.'

Guardianship of Mary [3.44]

[3.44] This is from the news of the unseen. We reveal it to you (Prophet Muhammad). You were not present when they cast their quills to see which of them should look after Mary, nor were you present when they were disputing.

The miraculous conception of the Messiah, Prophet Jesus [3.45-51]

[3.45] When the angels said, 'O Mary, Allah gives you glad tidings of a Word (Be) from Him, whose name is Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary. He shall be honored in this world and in the Everlasting Life and he shall be among those who are close.

[3.46] He shall speak to people in his cradle and when he is aged, and shall be among the righteous.'

[3.47] 'Lord, ' she said, 'how can I bear a child when no human being has touched me?' He replied, 'Such is the Will of Allah. He creates whom He will. When He decrees a thing, He only says, "Be," and it is.

Mission of Prophet Jesus, who was given his own Gospel [3.48-53]

[3.48] He will teach him the Book, the Wisdom, the Torah and the Gospel,

Jesus, a Messenger sent for the Children of Israel, the lost sheep of Israel [3.49]

Miracles of Prophet Jesus [3.49]

[3.49] to be a Messenger to the Children of Israel, (saying), "I have come to you with a sign from your Lord. From clay, I will create for you the likeness of a bird. I shall breathe into it and by the permission of Allah, it shall be a bird. I shall heal the blind, and the leper, and raise the dead to life by the permission of Allah. I shall tell you what you ate and what you store in your houses. Surely, that will be a sign for you, if you are believers.

Jesus tells the Jews to fear and worship Allah, and to obey him, their prophet [3.50-51]

[3.50] Likewise confirming the Torah that has been before me and to make lawful to you some of the things you have been forbidden. I bring you a sign from your Lord, therefore, fear Allah and obey me.

[3.51] Allah is my Lord and your Lord, therefore, worship Him. This is the Straight Path".'

The disciples of Prophet Jesus [3.52-53]

[3.52] When (Prophet) Jesus felt their disbelief, he said, 'Who will be my helpers in the way of Allah?' The disciples replied, 'We are the helpers of Allah. We believe in Allah. Bear witness that we are submitters (Muslims).

[3.53] Lord, we have believed in what You sent down and followed the Messenger. Write us among Your witnesses.'

The plot to kill Prophet Jesus, the Messiah [3.54-55]

[3.54] They devised, and Allah devised. And Allah is the Best Devisor.

The rank of Prophet Jesus [3.55]

[3.55] Allah said, '(Prophet) Jesus, I will take you to Me and will raise you to Me, and I will purify you from those who disbelieve. I will make your followers (who died before Prophet Muhammad) above those who disbelieve till the Day of Resurrection. Then, to Me you shall all return, and I shall judge between you as to that you were at variance.

[3.56] As for those who disbelieve, I will sternly punish them in this world and in the Everlasting Life, there shall be none to help them.

[3.57] As for those who believe and do good works, He will pay them their wages in full. Allah does not love the harm doers.

[3.58] This, We recite to you of the verses and the Wise Remembrance.

Likeness of Prophet Jesus to Adam [3.59]

Challenge to the Christians [3.59-64]

[3.59] Truly, the likeness of (Prophet) Jesus with Allah, is as the likeness of Adam, He created him from dust then He said to him "Be" and he was.

[3.60] The truth is from your Lord, therefore, do not be among the doubters.

[3.61] Those who dispute with you concerning him after the knowledge has come to you, say, 'Come, let us gather our sons and your sons, our womenfolk and your womenfolk, ourselves and yourselves. Then let us humbly pray, so lay the curse of Allah upon the ones who lie.'

[3.62] This is indeed the truthful narration. There is no god except Allah. It is Allah who is the Almighty, the Wise.

[3.63] If they turn away, Allah knows the evildoers.

Invitation to the Jews and Christians [3.64]

[3.64] Say, 'People of the Book, let us come to a common word between us and you that we will worship none except Allah, that we will associate none with Him, and that none of us take others for lords besides Allah.' If they turn away, say, 'Bear witness that we are Muslims.'

Abraham and the Jews, Nazarenes and Christians [3.65-68]

[3.65] People of the Book, why do you dispute about Abraham when both the Torah and the Gospel were not sent down till after him? Have you no sense?

[3.66] Indeed, you have disputed about that which you have knowledge. Why then dispute about that of which you have no knowledge? Allah knows and you do not know.

[3.67] No, Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Nazarene. He was of pure faith, a submitter (Muslim). He was never of the idolaters.

Those nearest to Abraham [3.65]

[3.68] Surely, the people who are nearest to Abraham are those who followed him, and this Prophet (Muhammad), and those who believe. Allah is the Guardian of the believers.

[3.69] Some of the People of the Book wish to make you go astray, but they lead none astray except themselves, though they do not sense it.

Questioning of the People of the Book, Torah and Bible [3.70-71]

[3.70] People of the Book! Why do you disbelieve the verses of Allah while you are witness?

[3.71] People of the Book! Why do you confound truth with falsehood, and knowingly hide the truth?

Deceit and hypocrisy [3.72]

[3.72] Some of the People of the Book say, 'Believe in that which is sent down to those who believe at the beginning of the day and disbelieve at the end of it, so that they will return.

Guidance [3.73-74]

[3.73] Believe none except those who follow your own religion.' Say, 'The true guidance is the Guidance of Allah that anyone should be given the like of what you have been given, or dispute with you before your Lord.' Say, 'Bounty is in the Hand of Allah.' He gives it to whomsoever He will. Allah is the Embracer, the Knower.

[3.74] He singles out for His Mercy whom He will. And Allah is of abundant bounty.

Honesty and dishonesty [3.75]

Lies against Allah [3.75]

[3.75] Among the People of the Book there are some, who, if you trust him with a Qintar (98,841.6 lbs.), will return it to you, and there are others, who, if you trust him with a dinar will not hand it back unless you stand over him, for they say, 'As for the common people, they have no recourse to us.' They say lies against Allah while they know.

[3.76] Rather, those who keep their promise and fear Allah, Allah loves the cautious.

Promises and oaths [3.77]

[3.77] Those who sell the promise of Allah and their own oaths for a little price shall have no share in the Everlasting Life. Allah will neither speak to them, nor look at them, nor purify them on the Day of Resurrection. Theirs shall be a painful punishment.

Perverting the truth in the Holy Books [3.78]

[3.78] And there is a sect among them who twist their tongues with the Book, so you will think it is from the Book, whereas it is not from the Book. They say, 'This is from Allah,' whereas it is not from Allah. And they knowingly tell lies against Allah.

The mission of all the prophets [3.79-81]

[3.79] No human to whom Allah has given the (Holy) Book, Judgement and Prophethood would say to the people, 'Be worshipers of me, other than Allah.' But rather, 'Be of the Lord, for that you teach the Book, and in that you have studied.'

All the prophets worshipped One God [3.80]

[3.80] Nor would he order you to take the angels and the prophets for lords, what, would he order you with disbelief after you were submitters (Muslims)!

Covenant with the prophets [3.81]

[3.81] And when Allah took the covenant of the prophets, 'That I have given you of the Book and Wisdom. Then there shall come to you a Messenger (Muhammad) confirming what is with you, you shall believe in him and you shall support him to be victorious, do you agree and take My load on this?' They answered, 'We do agree.' Allah said, 'Then bear witness, and I will be with you among the witnesses.'

[3.82] Whosoever turns back after that, they are the transgressors.

[3.83] Are they seeking a religion other than that of Allah, and to Him whosoever is in the heavens and the earth has submitted willingly and unwillingly. To Him they shall be returned.

Muslims believe in Allah and all His prophets [3.84-85]

[3.84] Say, 'We believe in Allah and in what is sent down to us and in that which was sent down to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and the tribes, and in that which was given to (prophets) Moses and Jesus, and the prophets from their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them. To Him we are submitters (Muslims).'

Islam [3.85]

[3.85] He who chooses a religion other than Islam, it will not be accepted from him, and in the Everlasting Life he will be among the losers.

Apostates and the mercy of Allah to those who repent [3.86-91]

[3.86] How shall Allah guide a people who lapse into disbelief after they believed and bore witness that the Messenger is true, and after receiving clear proofs! Allah does not guide the harm doers.

[3.87] Those, their recompense shall be the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people

[3.88] there they shall live for ever. Their punishment shall not be lightened, nor shall they be given respite.

[3.89] Except those who afterwards repent and mend their ways, Allah is Forgiving and the Most Merciful.

[3.90] Indeed those who disbelieve after they have believed and increase in disbelief, their repentance shall not be accepted. These are those who are astray.

The condition of those who die in disbelief [3.91]

[3.91] As for those who disbelieve and die unbelievers, there shall be not accepted from anyone of them, the whole earth full of gold, if he would ransom himself thereby. Those, for them there is a painful punishment, and none shall help them.

Righteousness [3.92]

[3.92] You shall not attain righteousness until you spend of what you love. Whatever you spend is known to Allah.

The food of the Children of Israel [3.93]

[3.93] All food was lawful to the Children of Israel except what Israel forbade himself before the Torah had been sent down. Say, 'Bring the Torah and recite it, if you are truthful.'

[3.94] Those who after this invent lies about Allah are harm doers.

The creed of Abraham [3.95]

[3.95] Say, 'Allah has said the truth. Follow the Creed of Abraham, he was of pure faith, and not an idolater.'

The first House of Worship on earth [3.96]

Pilgrimage [3.96-97]

[3.96] The first House ever to be built for people was that at Bakkah (Mecca) blessed and a guidance for the worlds.

[3.97] In it, there are clear signs; the station where Abraham stood. Whoever enters it let him be safe. Pilgrimage to the House is a duty to Allah for all who can make the journey. And whosoever disbelieves, Allah is Rich, independent of all the worlds.

Disbelief in the verses of Allah [3.98-99]

[3.98] Say, 'People of the Book, why do you disbelieve the verses of Allah? Surely, Allah is witness to all that you do.'

[3.99] Say, 'People of the Book, why do you bar he who believes from the Path of Allah and seek to make it crooked, when you yourselves are witnesses? Allah is not inattentive of what you do.'

[3.100] Believers, if you obey a sect of those who were given the Book, they will turn you into unbelievers after you have believed.

[3.101] How can you disbelieve when the verses of Allah are recited to you and His Messenger is among you! He who holds fast to Allah shall be guided to the Straight Path.

Warning to believers [3.102-106]

[3.102] Believers, fear Allah as He should be feared, and do not die except as Muslims.

[3.103] And hold fast to the Bond of Allah, together, and do not scatter. Remember the Favor of Allah bestowed upon you when you were enemies, and how He united your hearts, so that by His Favor you became brothers. And how He saved you from the Pit of Fire when you were on the brink of it. And so Allah makes plain to you His verses, in order that you will be guided.

[3.104] Let there be one nation of you that shall call to righteousness, ordering honor, and forbidding dishonor. Those are the prosperous.

[3.105] Do not follow the example of those who became divided and differed with one another after clear proofs had come to them. For those, there is a great punishment.

The Day of Judgement [3.106-107]

[3.106] The Day when faces will be whitened and faces blackened. To those whose faces have become blackened it will be said, 'Did you disbelieve after you had believed? Then taste the punishment for that you disbelieved!'

[3.107] As for those whose faces will be whitened, they shall be in the Mercy of Allah for ever.

[3.108] Such are the verses of Allah, We recite them to you with truth. Allah does not want injustice for the worlds.

The Creator of everything [3.109]

[3.109] To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. To Him all matters shall return.

Islam [3.110]

[3.110] You are the best nation ever to be brought forth for people. You order honor and forbid dishonor, and you believe in Allah. Had the People of the Book believed, it would have surely been better for them. Some of them are believers, but most of them are evildoers.

Unbelievers [3.111-112]

[3.111] They will not harm you except a little hurt. And if they fight against you, they will turn their backs. Then they will not be victorious.

[3.112] Abasement shall be pitched upon them wherever they are found, except they are in a bond from Allah, and a bond of the people. They have incurred the

Anger of Allah and have been humiliated, because they disbelieved the verses of Allah and unjustly slew His Prophets and because they disobeyed and were transgressors.

Righteous Christians [3.113-115]

[3.113] Yet they are not all alike. There are among the People of the Book an upstanding nation that recite the verses of Allah (the Koran) throughout the night and prostrate themselves,

[3.114] who believe in Allah and the Last Day, who order honor and forbid dishonor and race in good works. These are the righteous.

[3.115] Whatever good they do, for them it shall not be denied. Allah knows the cautious.

The people of the Fire [3.116-117]

[3.116] As for those who disbelieve, neither their riches nor their children shall help them a thing from Allah. They are the people of the Fire, and there they shall remain for ever.

[3.117] The wealth they spend in this worldly life is like a freezing wind that smites the harvest of a people who have wronged themselves and destroys it. Allah has not wronged them, but they wronged themselves.

The deceit and hypocrisy those who secretly opposed the Prophet in Madinah  [3.118-120]

[3.118] Believers, do not take intimates with other than your own. They spare nothing to ruin you, they yearn for you to suffer. Hatred has already shown itself from their mouths, and what their chests conceal is yet greater. Indeed, We have made clear to you the signs, if you understand.

[3.119] There you are loving them, and they do not love you. You believe in the entire Book. When they meet you they say, 'We, believe.' But when alone, they bite their fingertips at you out of rage. Say, 'Die in your rage! Allah has knowledge of what is in your chests.'

[3.120] When you are touched with good fortune, they grieve, but when evil befalls you, they rejoice. If you are patient and cautious, their guile will never harm you. Allah encompasses what they do.

In Allah put your trust [3.121-122]

[3.121] And when you went out at dawn from your family to lodge the believers in their positions for the battle. Allah is Hearing, Knowing.

[3.122] Two parties of you were about to fail, though Allah was their Guardian, and in Allah believers put all their trust.

The encounter at Badr [3.123-129]

[3.123] And Allah most assuredly helped you at Badr when you were humiliated. Therefore, fear Allah, in order that you will give thanks to Him.

[3.124] When you said to the believers, 'Is it not enough for you that your Lord should reinforce you with three thousand angels sent down upon you?

[3.125] Rather, if you have patience and are cautious, and they suddenly come against you, your Lord will reinforce you with five thousand marked angels.'

[3.126] Allah did not make this to be except as glad tidings for you, so that your hearts might be comforted. Victory comes only from Allah, the Mighty, the Wise.

[3.127] And that He might cut off a part of those who disbelieve or suppress them, so that they will turn back, disappointed.

[3.128] No part of the matter is yours whether He turns towards them or punishes them. They are harm-doers.

[3.129] To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. He forgives whom He will and punishes whom He will. Allah is Forgiving, the Most Merciful.

Usury [3.130]

[3.130] Believers, do not consume usury, doubled and redoubled, and fear Allah, in order that you shall prosper.

Hell [3.131]

[3.131] Guard yourselves against the Fire prepared for unbelievers.

Allah is merciful to those who obey Him and His Messenger [3.132-135]

[3.132] Obey Allah and the Messenger in order to be subjected to mercy.

The love and forgiveness of Allah [3.133-136]

[3.133] And hasten to a forgiveness from your Lord and a Paradise as wide as heaven and earth, prepared for the cautious

[3.134] who spend in prosperity and in adversity, for those who curb their anger and those who forgive people. And Allah loves the charitable

Repentance and forgiveness [3.135-136]

[3.135] and those who, if they commit indecency or wrong themselves remember Allah and ask forgiveness of their sins for who but Allah forgives sins and those who do not persist in what they do while they know.

[3.136] Those, their recompense is forgiveness from their Lord and Gardens underneath which rivers flow, where they shall live for ever. How excellent is the wage of those who labor.

Allah does not love the harm doers [3.137-141]

[3.137] There have been examples before you. Journey in the land and see what was the fate of the liars.

[3.138] This is a declaration to the people, a guidance and an admonition to the cautious.

[3.139] Do not be weak, neither sorrow while you are the upper ones, if you are believers.

[3.140] If a wound touches you, a similar wound already has touched the nation. Such days We alternate between the people so that Allah knows those who believe, and that He will take witnesses from among you, for Allah does not love the harm-doers,

[3.141] and so that Allah will examine those who believe and efface the unbelievers.

This life [3.142-143]

[3.142] Did you suppose that you would enter Paradise without Allah knowing those of you who struggled and who were patient?

[3.143] You used to wish for death before you met it, so you have seen it while you were looking.

Prophet Muhammad is a mortal [3.144]

[3.144] Muhammad is not except a Messenger; Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you turn about on your heels? And he who turns on his heels will not harm Allah a thing. Allah will recompense the thankful.

Reward of this life and the Everlasting Life [3.145]

[3.145] It is not for any soul to die except by the permission of Allah a postponed book and he who desires the reward of this world, We shall give him of it, and he who desires the reward of the Everlasting Life, We shall give him of it. And We will recompense the thankful.

Strength of faith [3.146-148]

[3.146] There has been many a Prophet with whom many of the Lord have fought and they did not faint when they were smitten in the way of Allah, neither did they weaken, nor did they humble themselves, and Allah loves the patient.

[3.147] Their only words were, 'Lord, forgive us our sins and that we exceeded in our affair, make us firm of foot and give us victory over the unbelievers.'

[3.148] And Allah gave them the reward of this life, and the best reward of the Everlasting Life. Allah loves the good-doers.

Seek the guidance of knowledgeable Islamic authorities [3.149-150]

[3.149] Believers, if you obey those who disbelieve they will turn you upon your heels and you will turn to be losers.

[3.150] But Allah is your Sponsor. He is the Best of victors.

Punishment of the unbelievers [3.151]

[3.151] We will throw terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve. For that they have associated with Allah that which He did not send down for a proof. Fire shall be their home, evil indeed is the dwelling-place of the harm-doers.

Events at Uhud [3.152-155]

[3.152] Allah has been true in His promise towards you when you routed them by His leave, until you lost heart, and quarreled about the matter, and disobeyed, after He had shown you that which you loved. Some among you wanted the world, and some among you wanted the Everlasting Life. Then He made you turn away from them in order to test you. But He has forgiven you, for Allah is Bounteous to the believers.

[3.153] And when you were going up, and paid no heed for anyone, and the Messenger was calling you from behind; so He rewarded you with grief upon grief that you might not sorrow for what escaped you neither for what smote you. And Allah is Aware of what you do.

[3.154] Then, after sorrow, He sent down upon you safety. Slumber overtook a party, while another party cared only for themselves, thinking of Allah thoughts that were not true, the guess of ignorance, saying, 'Have we any say in the affair?' Say, 'The entire affair belongs to Allah.' They conceal in themselves what they do not disclose to you. They say, 'If we had any say in the affair we should not have been killed here.' Say, 'Had you stayed in your homes, those of you for whom slaying was written would have come out to their (death) beds so that Allah might try what was in your chests and that He will examine what is in your hearts.' And Allah knows the innermost of the chests.

[3.155] Those of you who turned away on the day when the two armies met must have been seduced by satan on account of some of what they had earned. But Allah has pardoned them. He is Forgiving and Clement.

Everything is in the hands of Allah [3.156]

[3.156] Believers, do not be as those who disbelieve and say of their brothers when they journey in the land or go of to battle, 'Had they stayed with us, they would not have died, nor would they have been killed.' In order that Allah will make that a regret in their hearts. Allah revives and causes to die. He has knowledge of what you do.

The forgiveness and mercy of Allah [3.157]

[3.157] If you should be killed in the way of Allah or die, the Forgiveness and Mercy from Allah would surely be better than all you amass.

Resurrection [3.158]

[3.158] And if you die or are killed, before Allah you shall all be gathered.

Leniency of Prophet Muhammad [3.159]

[3.159] It was by that Mercy of Allah that you (Prophet Muhammad) dealt so leniently with them. Had you been harsh and hardhearted, they would have surely deserted you. Therefore, pardon them and ask forgiveness for them. Take counsel with them in the matter and when you are resolved, put your trust in Allah. Allah loves those who trust.

[3.160] If Allah helps you, none can overcome you. If He forsakes you, who then can help you after Him? Therefore, in Allah let the believers put all their trust.

Fraud [3.161]

[3.161] It is not for a Prophet to defraud, whosoever defrauds shall bring that fraud on the Day of Resurrection. Then, every soul shall be paid in full what it has earned, and they shall not be wronged.

[3.162] Is he who follows the pleasure of Allah like he who is laden with the Anger of Allah, Gehenna (Hell) shall be his shelter. Evil shall be his return!

[3.163] They are in ranks with Allah. Allah sees what they do.

The mission of Prophet Muhammad [3.164]

[3.164] Allah has surely been gracious to the believers when He sent among them a Messenger from themselves to recite to them His verses, to purify them, and to teach them the Book and the Wisdom (prophetic sayings), though before that they were in clear error.

[3.165] Why, when an affliction hits you and that you had yourselves inflicted twice the like of it, you said, 'How is this?' Say, 'This is from your own selves.' Surely, Allah has power over all things.

The encounter at Uhud [3.166-172]

[3.166] What hit you the day the two armies met was by the permission of Allah, so that He might know the believers

[3.167] and that He might know the hypocrites.' When it was said to them, 'Come, fight or repel in the way of Allah.' They replied, 'If only we knew how to fight, we would follow you.' On that day, they were nearer to disbelief than belief. They said with their mouths what was not in their hearts. And Allah knows what they hide.

[3.168] Who said to their brothers and they themselves had stayed behind 'Had they obeyed us, they would not have been killed. ' Say to them, 'Avert death from yourselves then, if what you say is true!'

[3.169] You must not think that those who were killed in the way of Allah are dead. But rather, they are alive with their Lord and have been provided for,

[3.170] rejoicing in the Bounty that Allah has given to them and having glad tidings in those who remain behind and have not joined them, for no fear shall be on them neither shall they sorrow,

[3.171] having glad tidings of a Favor and Bounty from Allah. Allah will not waste the wage of the believers.

[3.172] Those who answered Allah and the Messenger after the wound had afflicted them, for those of them who did good and were cautious there is a great wage.

[3.173] Those to whom the people said, 'The people have gathered against you, therefore fear them,' but it increased them in belief and they said, 'Allah is Sufficient for us. He is the Best Guardian.'

[3.174] So, they returned with the Favor and Bounty of Allah so evil did not touch them. They followed the pleasure of Allah, and Allah is of Great Bounty.

satan frightens those whom he sponsors [3.175]

[3.175] That is satan frightening those whom he sponsored. So do not fear them, and fear Me, if you are believers.

The people of the Fire [3.176-178]

[3.176] Do not let those who race in disbelief sadden you. They will not harm Allah a thing. Allah does not want to give them a share in the Everlasting Life. For them is a great punishment.

[3.177] Those who buy disbelief with belief will not harm Allah a thing, for them there is a painful punishment!

[3.178] Do not let those who disbelieve think that what We delay is better for them. Indeed, We delay for them only that they will increase in sin, and for them a humiliating punishment.

[3.179] Allah will not leave the believers in that which you are till He shall distinguish the evil from the good. Allah will not let you see the unseen. But Allah chooses from His Messengers whom He will. Therefore, believe in Allah and His Messengers, for if you believe and are cautious there shall be for you a great wage.

Greed, we are the custodians of the wealth of Allah [3.180]

[3.180] And do not let those who are greedy with what Allah has given them of His Bounty think it is better for them, but rather, it is worse for them. They will be coiled in that which they were greedy on the Day of Resurrection. And to Allah belongs the inheritance of the heavens and the earth. And Allah is Aware of what you do.

Burnt offerings and the rebelliousness of the Jews [3.181-184]

[3.181] Allah has heard the saying of those who said, 'Allah is poor, but we are rich.' We will write down what they have said, and their slaying of the Prophets without right. And We shall say, 'Taste the punishment of the burning.'

[3.182] That, is for what your hands have forwarded. And Allah is never unjust to His worshipers.

[3.183] Those (the Jews) who say, 'Allah has promised us that we do not believe in a Messenger unless he brings to us an offering that fire consumes.' Say, 'Indeed Messengers have come to you before me with clear proofs and with that of which you spoke. Why did you kill them, if what you say is true?'

[3.184] If they belie you (Prophet Muhammad), indeed other Messengers before you were belied who came with clear proofs, and the Psalms, and the Illuminating Book.

The Day of Resurrection [3.185]

[3.185] Every soul shall taste death. You shall be paid your wages in full on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever is removed from Hell and is admitted to Paradise shall prosper, for the worldly life is nothing but the enjoyment of delusion.

The trials of this life [3.186]

[3.186] You shall be tried in your wealth and yourselves, and you shall hear much hurt from those who were given the Book before you, and from those who are idolaters. But if you are patient and cautious, surely, that is of the firm affairs.

Tampering with the Book of Allah [3.187-189]

[3.187] When Allah took a covenant with those to whom the Book was given, (saying), 'You shall make it clear to the people, and not conceal it.’ But they threw it behind their backs and they bought with it a little price. Evil was what they bought.

[3.188] Do not think that those who rejoice in what they have brought and love to be praised for what they have not done do not think they will be secure from the punishment. And for them there is a painful punishment.

[3.189] To Allah belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth. Allah has Power over all things.

The signs of Allah, think about it [3.190-191]

[3.190] Surely, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are signs for those with minds.

[3.191] Those who remember Allah when standing, sitting, and on their sides, and contemplate upon the creation of the heavens and the earth (saying,) 'Lord, You have not created these in falsehood. Exaltations to You! Guard us against the punishment of the Fire.

Allah never breaks His promise [3.192-195]

[3.192] Our Lord, whomsoever You admit into the Fire, You will have abased, and the harm-doers shall have no helpers.

[3.193] Our Lord, we have heard the caller calling to belief, "Believe in your Lord!" So we believe. Our Lord, forgive us our sins and acquit us of our evil deeds, and take us to You in death with the righteous.

[3.194] Our Lord, give us what You promised us by Your Messengers, and do not abase us on the Day of Resurrection. You do not break Your promise. '

Labor in the Name of Allah [3.195]

[3.195] And indeed their Lord answers them, 'I do not waste the labor of any that labors among you, male or female you are from each other. And those who emigrated, and were expelled from their houses, those who suffered hurt in My way, and fought, and were killed those I shall surely acquit of their evil deeds, and I shall admit them to Gardens underneath which rivers flow.' A reward from Allah, and Allah with Him is the best reward.

Delusion [3.196-197]

[3.196] Do not let the coming and going in the land of those who disbelieve delude you;

[3.197] a little enjoyment, then, their shelter is in Gehenna (Hell), an evil cradling.

Paradise [3.198]

[3.198] But for those who fear their Lord, for them shall be Gardens underneath which rivers flow, there they shall live for ever, a (goodly) hosting from Allah, and that which is with Allah is better for the righteous.

[3.199] There are some among the People of the Book who believe in Allah, and in what has been sent down to you, and what has been sent down to them, humble to Allah and do not buy with the verses of Allah a little price. Those, their wage shall be with their Lord. Allah is Swift at reckoning.

Patience [3.200]

[3.200] Believers, be patient, and race in patience, be steadfast, fear Allah, in order that you will be victorious.

 

4 Women - An Nisa'  

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

The creation of mankind [4.1]

[4.1] O people, fear your Lord, who created you from a single soul. From it He created its spouse, and from both of them scattered many men and women. Fear Allah, by whom you ask one another, and (fear) the wombs (lest you sever its relationship). Allah is ever watching over you.

Treatment of orphans [4.2]

[4.2] Give the orphans their wealth. Do not exchange the evil for the good, nor consume their wealth with your wealth. Surely, that is a great sin.

[4.3] If you fear that you cannot act justly towards the orphans, then marry such women as seem good to you; two, three, four of them. But if you fear that you cannot do justice, then one only, or, those you possess. It is likelier then that you will not be partial.

Marriage [4.4]

[4.4] Give women their dowries freely, but if they are pleased to offer you any of it, consume it good and smooth.

Treatment of orphans [4.5-6]

[4.5] Do not give the (orphaned) fools your wealth with which Allah has entrusted you for (their) support, and provide for them and clothe them from it, and speak to them with kind words.

[4.6] And test the orphans until they reach (the age of) marriage. If you perceive in them right judgment, hand over to them their wealth, and do not consume it wastefully, nor hastily before they are grown. And whosoever is rich let him abstain, if poor, let him consume with kindness. When you hand over to them their wealth, take witness over them; it is sufficient that Allah is the Reckoner.

The distribution of inheritance [4.7-14]

[4.7] Men shall have a share in what their parents and kinsmen leave, and women shall have a share in what their parents and kinsmen leave, whether it is little or abundant, it is an obligated share.

[4.8] If relatives, orphans, or the needy are present at the division (of the inheritance), provide for them out of it, and speak to them in kind words.

[4.9] And let them fear, who, if they themselves left behind weak offspring, would be afraid for them, and let them fear Allah and speak exactly.

[4.10] Those who consume the wealth of orphans wrongfully, only consume fire in their bellies, and they shall roast in the Blaze.

[4.11] Allah charges you concerning your children, for a male like the share of two females. If they are women, above two, they shall have two thirds of what he left, but if she is one, then to her a half. While for his parents, to each one of the two a sixth of what he left, if he has a child. But if he has no child and his heirs are his parents, his mother shall have a third. If he has siblings, to his mother a sixth after any bequest he had bequeathed, or any debt. Your fathers and your children, you do not know which of them is nearer in benefit to you. This is an obligation from Allah. Surely, Allah is the Knower, the Wise.

[4.12] For you half of what your wives leave if they have no child. If they have a child, a quarter of what they leave shall be yours after any bequest she had bequeathed, or any debt. And for them (the females) they shall inherit one quarter of what you leave if you have no child. If you have a child, they shall inherit one eighth, after any bequest you had bequeathed, or any debt. If a man or a woman have no direct heirs, but have a brother or a sister, to each of the two a sixth. If they are more than that, they shall equally share the third, after any bequest that he had bequeathed or any debt without harm. This is an obligation from Allah. He is the Knower, the Clement.

[4.13] Such are the Bounds of Allah. He who obeys Allah and His Messenger, He will admit him to Gardens underneath which rivers flow. That is a great wining.

[4.14] And he who disobeys Allah and His Messenger and transgresses His Bounds, He will admit him to a Fire and shall live in it for ever. For him, there is a humiliating punishment.

Witnessing of indecency [4.15-16]

[4.15] If any of your women commit indecency, call in four witnesses from among yourselves against them, if they testify, confine them to their houses till death overtakes them or till Allah makes for them a way.

[4.16] If two among you commit it punish them both. If they repent and make amends, leave them alone. Allah is the Relenter, the Merciful.

Sins of ignorance [4.17]

[4.17] (Allah accepts) the repentance from only those who commit evil in ignorance and then quickly turn to Him in repentance. Allah will relent towards them. Allah is Knowing, Wise.

Delaying repentance until the time of death [4.18]

[4.18] (Allah will accept) no repentance from those who do evil deeds until death comes to one of them, he says, 'Now I repent!' Nor those who die unbelieving. For those We have prepared a painful punishment.

Women’s rights [4.19-21]

[4.19] Believers, it is unlawful for you to inherit women forcefully, neither bar them, in order that you go off with part of what you have given them, except when they commit a clear indecency. Live with them honorably. If you hate them, it may be that you hate something which Allah has set in it much good.

[4.20] If you wish to take a wife in the place of another wife, and you have given to one a Qintar (98,841.6 lbs.) so do not take from it anything. What, will you take it by way of calumny and a clear sin!

[4.21] How can you take it back when you have reached one another (sexually) and they have taken from you a strong covenant!

Those forbidden in marriage [4.22-24]

[4.22] And do not marry women your fathers married unless it is a thing of the past surely that was an indecency, hated, and a way of evil.

[4.23] Forbidden to you are your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, your paternal aunts and maternal aunts, your brother's daughters, your sister's daughters, your mothers who have given suck to you, your suckling sisters, your wives mothers, and your stepdaughters who are in your care from your wives with whom you have lain, but if you have never lain with them it is no fault in you. (Also forbidden to you) are the wives of your sons who are of your loins, and to take to you two sisters together unless it is a thing of the past. Allah is the Forgiver and the Most Merciful.

[4.24] And (forbidden to you) are married women, except those whom your right hand owns. Such Allah has written for you. Lawful to you beyond all that, is that you can seek using your wealth in marriage and not fornication. So whatever you have enjoyed from them give them their obligated wage. And there is no fault in you in what ever you mutually agree after the obligation. Allah is the Knower, the Wise.

Marry believing women [4.25-26]

[4.25] If any one of you do not have the affluence to be able marry free believing women, (let him marry) from among the believing women that your right hand owns. Allah knows best your belief, you are from each other. Marry them with the permission of their people and give them their wages (dowry) honorably being women in marriage and chaste, not taking lovers. If, after marriage they commit adultery, they shall be liable to half the punishment of a married (free) woman. That is for those of you who fear fornication, but it is better for you to be patient. Allah is the Forgiver, the Most Merciful.

[4.26] Allah wishes to make this clear to you and to guide you along the ways of those who have gone before you, and turns towards you. And Allah is the Knower, the Wise.

[4.27] Allah wishes to turn towards you, but those who follow their lower desires wish you to greatly swerve away.

[4.28] Allah wishes to lighten for you (the jurisprudence), and humans are created weak.

Suicide is forbidden [4.29-30]

[4.29] Believers, do not consume your wealth among yourselves in falsehood, except there be trading by your mutual agreement. And do not kill yourselves. Allah is the Most Merciful to you.

[4.30] But whosoever does that in transgression and wrongfully We shall roast him in the Fire. That is an easy matter for Allah.

Avoidance of major sins [4.31]

[4.31] If you avoid the major sins that are forbidden to you, We shall pardon your evil deeds and admit you by an entrance of honor.

[4.32] Do not wish for the bounty which Allah has preferred one of you above another. For men is a share of what they earn, and for women is a share of what they earn. Ask Allah of His Bounty. Allah has knowledge of all things.

Inheritance [4.33]

[4.33] To everyone we have made heirs of that which parents and kinsmen leave, and those with whom you have sworn an agreement, so give to them their share. Allah is Witness over everything.

Duties of men and women [4.34]

[4.34] Men are the maintainers of women for that Allah has preferred in bounty one of them over another, and for that they have spent of their wealth. Righteous women are obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah has guarded. Those from whom you fear rebelliousness, admonish them and desert them in the bed and smack them (without harshness). Then, if they obey you, do not look for any way against them. Allah is High, Great.

Reconciliation between husband and wife [4.35]

[4.35] If you fear a breach between them send for an arbiter from his people and an arbiter from her people. If both wish reconciliation, Allah will bring success between them. Allah is the Knower, the Aware.

Do not associate anything with Allah [4.36-39]

Kindness [4.36]

Greed, ungratefulness and boastfulness [4.36-38]

[4.36] Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him. Be kind to parents and near kinsmen, to the orphans and to the needy, to your neighbor who is your kindred, and to the neighbor at your far side, and the companion at your side, and to the destitute traveler, and to that which your right hands owns. Allah does not love he who is proud and struts,

[4.37] (or) those who are greedy and order other people to be greedy, who themselves conceal the bounty that Allah has given them. And We have prepared a humiliating punishment for the unbelievers.

[4.38] And those who spend their wealth to showoff to people and neither believe in Allah nor in the Last Day. Whosoever has satan for a companion, he is an evil companion.

[4.39] What (harm) could befall them if they believed in Allah and the Last Day and spent of what Allah provided them with? Allah is Knowledgeable of them all.

Good deeds [4.40]

[4.40] Surely, Allah shall not harm so much as the weight of an atom, and if it is a good deed He will double it, and give from His Own a great wage.

Prophet Muhammad will be a witness against the unbelievers [4.41-42]

[4.41] How then shall it be when We bring forward from every nation a witness, and bring you (Prophet Muhammad) to witness against those!

[4.42] On that Day those who disbelieved, and have disobeyed the Messenger (Muhammad) will wish that the earth might be leveled with them, and they will not conceal a statement from Allah.

Purification [4.43]

[4.43] Believers, do not come close to prayer when you are drunk, until you know what you are saying, nor when you are in a state of impurity, unless you are crossing through the way (prayer area) until you have bathed yourselves. If you are ill or on a journey, or if any of you comes from the toilet or you have touched

women, and you cannot find water, so touch pure dust and wipe your faces and your hands. Allah is the Pardoner, the Forgiver.

The Jews tampered with the Words of Allah [4.44-47]

[4.44] Have you not seen those to whom a portion of the Book was given purchasing error and wishing that you should err from the Path?

[4.45] But Allah knows best your enemies. It is sufficient that Allah is the Guardian, and it is sufficient that Allah is the Helper.

[4.46] Some Jews tampered with the words (altering) their places saying, 'We have heard and we disobey,' and 'Hear, without hearing,' and 'Observe us (Ra'ina, in Hebrew means evil)', twisting with their tongues traducing religion. But if they had said, 'We have heard and obey,' and 'Hear,' and 'Regard us,' it would have been better for them, and more upright; but Allah has cursed them for their disbelief, so they do not believe, except a few.

Warning to the People of the Book [4.47-48]

[4.47] You, to whom the Book was given, believe in that which We have sent down confirming that which you have, before We obliterate faces and turn them on their backs, or curse them as We cursed the people of the Sabbath. And the command of Allah is done.

Allah does not forgive the sin of association with Him [4.48]

[4.48] Allah does not forgive (the sin of inventing an) association with Him, but He forgives other (sins) to whomsoever He will. He who associates with Allah has invented a great sin.

[4.49] Have you not seen those who exalt themselves? Rather, Allah purifies whom He will and they shall not be wronged a single tissue that covers a date stone.

Lies against Allah [4.50]

[4.50] Look how they forge lies against Allah, and it is sufficient for a clear sin.

The Jews tell the Koraysh that their idol worshiping is better than Islam [4.51-53]

[4.51] Have you not seen those to whom a portion of the Book was given believing in (the two statutes of Mecca) jibt and taghout and say to those who disbelieve, 'Those are more guided on the way than those who believe.'

[4.52] Those are they whom Allah has cursed and whosoever Allah has cursed, you will not find any helper for him.

[4.53] Or, will they have a share in the Kingdom? If so, they will not give the people the pit mark of a date stone.

Abraham [4.54]

[4.54] Or do they envy people for the Bounty Allah has given them? We gave the family of Abraham the Book and Wisdom, and a great kingdom.

Punishment for disbelief [4.55-56]

[4.55] There are some of them who believed in him (Prophet Muhammad), and some of them that bar from it, and Gehenna (Hell) is sufficient for a Blaze.

[4.56] Those who disbelieve Our verses We will roast them in a Fire! As often as their skins are cooked, We exchange their skin with another, in order that they taste the punishment. Surely, Allah is Mighty, the Wise.

Reward for belief [4.57]

[4.57] As for those who believe and do good works, We shall admit them to Gardens underneath which rivers flow, they are there for eternity, and for them purified spouses. And We shall admit them into plenteous shade.

Allah orders justice [4.58]

[4.58] Allah orders you all to hand back trusts to their owners, and when you judge between people you judge with justice. Indeed, the best is the exhortation with which Allah exhorts you. Allah is the Hearer, the Seer.

Obey Allah and His Messenger and seek the guidance of Islamic authorities [4.59-60]

[4.59] Believers, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. Should you dispute about anything refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is better and the best interpretation.

Hypocrites [4.60-63]

[4.60] Have you not seen those who claim that they believe in what has been sent down to you and what was sent down before you? They desire to be judged by the idol, although they have been commanded to disbelieve it. But satan desires to lead them astray into far error.

[4.61] When it is said to them, 'Come to what Allah has sent down and to the Messenger,' you see the hypocrites completely barring the way to you.

[4.62] How would it be if some affliction hit them for what their hands have forwarded? Then, they would come to you swearing by Allah, 'We sought only kindness and conciliation!'

[4.63] Those, Allah knows what is in their hearts, so turn away from them, and exhort them, and say to them penetrating words about themselves.

Obey Allah and His Messenger [4.64-70]

[4.64] We did not send a Messenger except that he should be obeyed, by the permission of Allah. If, when they wronged themselves, they had come to you and asked Allah for forgiveness, and the Messenger had asked for forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah the Turner, the Most Merciful.

[4.65] But no, by your Lord, they will not believe you until they make you the judge regarding the disagreement between them, then, they will not find in themselves any discomfort concerning your verdict, and will surrender to you in full submission.

[4.66] Had We written for them, saying, 'Slay yourselves,' or 'Emerge from your houses,' they would not have done so, except a few of them. Yet, if they had done as they were exhorted, it would have been better for them, and stronger in firmness,

[4.67] and then We would surely have given them from Our Own, a great wage,

[4.68] and guided them to a Straight Path.

[4.69] Whosoever obeys Allah, and the Messenger, they are with those whom Allah has favored, the Prophets, the sincere, the martyrs and the righteous, and these are the best company.

[4.70] This is the Bounty of Allah. It is sufficient that Allah is the Knowledgeable.

Caution [4.71]

[4.71] Believers, take your precautions. March in detachments or march all together.

Hypocrites [4.72-84]

[4.72] Surely, there are among you, he who lingers, then, if an affliction hits you, he would say, 'Allah has favored me, that I was not a martyr with them.'

[4.73] But, if the Bounty of Allah reaches you, he would surely say as if there had never been any affection between you and him, 'Would that I had been with them! I should have indeed won a great triumph.'

[4.74] So let those who sell the worldly life for the Everlasting Life fight in the way of Allah, whoever fights in the way of Allah, and is killed or conquers, We shall give him a great wage.

[4.75] So why is it, that you do not fight in the way of Allah, and for the abased among men, women, and children who say, 'Our Lord, bring us out from this village whose people are harm-doers, and give to us a guardian from You, and give to us a helper from You.'

satan [4.76]

[4.76] And those who believe fight in the way of Allah, but those who disbelieve fight in the way of the idol. Therefore, fight against those guided by satan. Indeed, satan's guile is always weak.

[4.77] Have you not seen those to whom it has been said, 'Restrain your hands, establish your prayers and pay the obligatory charity.' Then, as soon as fighting is written for them, there is a party of them fearing people as they would fear Allah, or with stronger fear. And they say, 'Our Lord, why have You written fighting for us, why not postpone us to a near term?' Say, 'The pleasure of this life is little. The Everlasting Life is better for the cautious. You shall not be wronged a single tissue (of the fine skin that covers a date stone).

Your time of death cannot be averted [4.78]

[4.78] Wherever you are, death will overtake you, even if you shall be in the fortified, high towers.' If bounty reaches them, they say, 'This is from Allah,' but when evil hits them, they say, 'This is from you.' Say to them, 'All is from Allah!' What is the matter with this people that they scarcely understand any statement.

[4.79] Whatever good reaches you, it is from Allah, and whatever evil reaches you, it is from yourself. We have sent you (Prophet Muhammad) as a Messenger to humanity. Allah is sufficient for a Witness.

Obedience to Prophet Muhammad is obedience to Allah [4.80-81]

[4.80] Whosoever obeys the Messenger, indeed he has obeyed Allah. As for those who turn away, We have not sent you to be their protector.

Deceit and hypocrisy [4.81-82]

[4.81] They say, 'Obedience,' but as soon as they leave you, a party of them hide other than what they said. Allah writes down what they hide. So turn away from them, and rely on Allah. Allah is sufficient for a Guardian.

[4.82] Will they not contemplate upon the Koran? If it had been from other than Allah, they would surely have found in it many contradictions.

Surrender all matters of religious significance to pious, knowledgeable Islamic authorities who base their judgment upon the Koran and Hadith, do not be tempted to be led by your own less qualified opinion [4.83]

[4.83] When a matter comes to them, be it of security or fear, they broadcast it, whereas if they returned it to the Messenger and to those in authority among them, those of them whose task is to research it would have known it. If it was not for the Bounty of Allah and His Mercy, all but a few of you would have followed satan.

[4.84] Therefore, fight in the way of Allah. You are only responsible for yourself. Urge the believers on, in order that Allah may restrain the might of those who disbelieve. Allah is stronger in might, and stronger in punishment.

Intercession and greetings [4.85-86]

[4.85] Whosoever intercedes with a good intercession shall receive a share of it, and whosoever intercedes with a bad intercession shall receive a portion of it. Allah has power over all things.

[4.86] And when you are greeted with a greeting, greet with better than it, or return it. Allah is the Reckoner of all things.

There is no one truer in statement than Allah [4.87]

[4.87] Allah, there is no god except He. He will gather you to the Resurrection Day, there is no doubt in it. And who is truer in statement than Allah?

Hypocrites [4.88-91]

[4.88] What is the matter with you that you are two parties concerning the hypocrites when Allah has overthrown them for what they earned? Would you desire to guide those whom Allah has caused to be led astray? Whosoever Allah leads astray, you will not find for him a way.

Those who believe and those who do not are not equal [4.89-91]

[4.89] They wish that you would disbelieve as they disbelieve, and then you would be equal. Therefore, do not take a guide from them until they emigrate in the way of Allah. Then, if they turn back take them and kill them wherever you find them. Do not take them for guides or helpers,

[4.90] except those who join to a nation in which there is between you and them a treaty, or they come to you with their chests constricted from fighting you or fighting their nation. Had Allah willed, He would have given them power over you, and then they would have certainly fought you. Therefore, if they keep away from you and do not fight you, offering you peace, then Allah does not make any way for you against them.

[4.91] You will find others desiring to be secure from you, and secure from their own nation. Whenever they are called back to sedition, they plunge into it. If they do not keep away from you and offer you peace, and restrain their hands, take them and kill them wherever you find them. Those, over them, We give you clear authority.

Muslims are forbidden to kill one another [4.92-93]

[4.92] It is not for a believer to kill another believer, except that it is by error. Whosoever kills a believer in error, let him free a believing slave, and ransom is to be handed to his family, unless they forgo being charitable. If he belonged to a people who are your enemies and is a believer then, the setting free of a believing slave. If he belonged to a people in which there is between you and them a treaty, then a ransom is to be handed to his family and the setting free of a believing slave. But, if he does not find (the means) let him fast two consecutive months in repentance to Allah. And Allah is the Knower, the Wise.

The recompense for a Muslim who deliberately kills another Muslim [4.93]

[4.93] The recompense for he who kills a believer deliberately is Gehenna (Hell), he is eternal there. Allah will be angry with him and will curse him and prepare for him a great punishment.

Do not prejudge [4.94]

[4.94] Believers, if you are journeying in the way of Allah, do not say to those who offer you peace, until it has been clarified, 'You are not believers,' seeking the enjoyment of the worldly life, with Allah there are many spoils. You were like that before, and Allah has been gracious to you. Therefore let it be clarified. Surely, Allah is Aware of what you do.

Ranks in this life and the next [4.95-96]

[4.95] Believers who stay behind, having no injury, are not equal to those who fight in the way of Allah with their wealth and their souls. Allah has preferred those who fight with their wealth and their souls a degree above those who stay behind (because of sickness). Yet to each, Allah has promised the most excellent (Paradise). And Allah has preferred those who fought over those who stayed behind with a great wage.

[4.96] Ranks from Him, forgiveness and mercy. Allah is the Forgiver, the Most Merciful.

Migrate from oppression [4.97-100]

[4.97] And the angels who take those who wronged themselves will say, 'In what condition were you?' They will reply 'We were oppressed in the land.' They (the angels) will say, 'Was not the earth of Allah wide enough for you in order that you migrate in it?' Those, their shelter will be Gehenna (Hell), an evil arrival.

[4.98] Except the men, women, and children, who, being abased have no means and they are unable to guide themselves to a way.

[4. 99] Those, Allah may pardon them, He is the Pardoner, the Forgiver.

[4.100] Whosoever emigrates in the way of Allah shall find in the land numerous refuges and abundance. Whosoever leaves his house an immigrant to Allah and His Messenger and then death overtakes him, his wage shall have fallen upon Allah. Allah is the Forgiver, the Most Merciful.

How to pray during times of hostility [4.101-103]

[4.101] And when you are journeying in the land, there is no fault in you that you shorten the prayer if you fear that those who disbelieve will afflict you. Indeed, the unbelievers are a clear enemy for you.

[4.102] When you are with them, and establish the prayer, let a party of them stand with you, and let them take their weapons. After making their prostrations, let them be behind you, and let another party who have not prayed come and pray with you, taking their precautions and their weapons. Those who disbelieve wish that you should be inattentive of your weapons and your baggage, so that they might swoop upon you with one assault. But there is no fault in you if you are harmed by rain, or you are sick to lay aside your weapons, but take your precautions. Allah has prepared a humiliating punishment for the unbelievers.

Check list for Muslims [4.103]

Prayer to be offered during its appointed time [4.103]

[4.103] When you have established the prayer, remember Allah standing, sitting, and on your sides. Then, when you are secure, establish the prayer, surely, prayer is timely written upon the believer.

Hope in Allah [4.104]

[4.104] And do not be weak in seeking out the people. If you are suffering, they are also suffering as you are suffering, but you are hoping from Allah that which they do not hope. Allah is the Knower, the Wise.

Betrayal [4.105-109]

[4.105] Surely, We have sent down to you the Book with the truth, so that you will rule between the people by that Allah has shown you. So do not be an advocate for traitors.

[4.106] And ask the forgiveness of Allah, surely Allah is the Forgiver, the Most Merciful.

[4.107] And do not argue on behalf of those who betray themselves, surely, Allah does not love the sinful traitor.

[4.108] They seek to hide themselves from the people, but they do not hide themselves from Allah for He is with them when they hide the saying that does not please Him. Allah encompasses what they do.

 [4.109] There you are, you have argued on their behalf in the worldly life, but who will argue with Allah on their behalf on the Day of Resurrection! Or who will be a guardian for them?

The merciful forgiveness of Allah [4.110]

[4.110] He who does evil or wrongs himself and then asks forgiveness of Allah will find that Allah is the Forgiver, the Most Merciful.

[4.111] Whosoever earns a sin, he only earns it against himself. Allah is the Knower, the Wise.

Blaming someone else for your sin [4.112]

[4.112] Whosoever earns a fault or a sin and casts it upon the innocent, indeed, he bears the slander and a clear sin.

Allah bears witness that He sent the Koran down to Prophet Muhammad [4.113]

[4.113] But for the Favor of Allah to you (Prophet Muhammad) and His Mercy, a party of them intended to lead you astray, but they only lead themselves astray, and they did not harm you a thing. Allah has sent down to you the Book and the Wisdom and He has taught you what you did not know. The Bounty of Allah to you is ever great.

Seeking the pleasure of Allah [4.114]

[4.114] There is no good in much of their confiding, except for he who bids to charity, honor, or reforms between people. Whosoever does that for the sake of the pleasure of Allah, We shall give him a great wage.

Those who oppose Prophet Muhammad [4.115]

[4.115] But whosoever opposes the Messenger after guidance has been made clear to him and follows a path other than that of the believers, We shall let him follow what he has turned to and We shall roast him in Gehenna (Hell) an evil arrival.

The sin Allah does not forgive [4.116]

[4.116] Allah does not forgive (the sin of inventing an) association with Him, but He forgives other sins to whomsoever He will. Whosoever associates with Allah has gone astray in far error.

The promise of satan [4.117-121]

[4.117] Instead of Him they supplicate to none but females, and indeed they supplicate to none except the rebellious satan,

[4.118] whom Allah has cursed and he (satan) said, 'Indeed, I will take to myself an appointed portion of Your worshipers,

[4.119] and lead them astray. I shall fill them with fancies and order them to cut off the ears of cattle. I shall order them to alter the creation of Allah.' Indeed, whosoever chooses satan for a guide, instead of Allah, has surely suffered a clear loss.

[4.120] he promises them and fills them with fancies, but what satan promises them is only a delusion.

[4.121] Those, their shelter will be Gehenna (Hell), and from it they shall find no refuge.

Reward of the believing good doers [4.122]

[4.122] But those who believe and do good works We shall admit them to Gardens underneath which rivers flow, and there they shall live for ever, the promise of Allah is true. And who is truer in speech than Allah!

Repayment for evil [4.123]

[4.123] It is not by your fancies, nor by the fancies of the People of the Book. Whosoever does evil shall be recompensed for it, and he will not find for himself, other than Allah, a guardian or helper.

Reward of believing good doers [4.124-125]

[4.124] But whosoever does good works of righteousness, whether they be a believing male or female, shall enter Paradise, and not be wronged a pit mark of a date stone.

Creed of Abraham [4.125]

[4.125] And who is better in religion than he who submits his face to Allah, being a good-doer, and follows the Creed of Abraham, pure in faith? Allah took Abraham for a close friend.

Ownership of Allah [4.126]

[4.126] To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. Allah encompasses everything.

Rights of women and children [4.127]

[4.127] They will ask you for a verdict concerning women. Say, ‘Allah decides for you concerning them, and what has been recited in the Book concerning orphaned women to whom you do not give what is written, and yet desire to marry them, and the abased children, and that you secure justice for orphans. Whatever good you do, Allah has knowledge it.’

Martial problems and divorce [4.128]

[4.128] If a woman fears hatred or aversion from her husband there is no fault in them if the couple set things right between them, for reconciliation is better. Avarice attends the souls, but if you do what is good and are cautious, surely, Allah is Aware of what you do.

[4.129] You will not be able to be just between your women, even though you are eager. Do not be altogether partial so that you leave her as if she were suspended. If you reform and are cautious, Allah is the Forgiver, the Merciful.

[4.130] But if they separate, Allah will enrich each of them out from His Vastness. He is the Embracer, the Wise.

Allah is not in need of those who disbelieve [4.131-133]

[4.131] To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and earth. We have charged those who were given the Book before you and you to fear Allah. If you disbelieve, to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. Allah is Rich, the Praised.

[4.132] To Allah belongs all that is in heaven and earth. It is sufficient that Allah is a Guardian.

[4.133] O people, if He will, He could make you extinct, and bring others. Surely, Allah is Powerful over that.

Reward of this life and the Everlasting Life [4.134

[4.134] Whosoever desires the reward of the world, with Allah is the reward of the world and of the Everlasting Life. Allah is the Hearer, the Seer.

Checklist for Muslims and those who want to check Muslims [4.135]

Muslims must be maintainers of justice and witnesses for Allah [4.135]

[4.135] Believers, be maintainers of justice and witnesses for Allah, even though it is against yourselves, your parents, or your kinsmen, whether he is rich or poor, Allah has more rights over both of them. So do not follow desires, so that you are (not) just. If you twist or turn, Allah is Aware of what you do.

Belief and disbelief [4.136-138]

[4.136] Believers, believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad), in the Book He has sent down to His Messenger, and in the Book He sent down before. Whosoever disbelieves in Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last Day, has surely gone astray into far error.

[4.137] Those who believe, and then disbelieve, and then believe, and then disbelieve, and increase in disbelief Allah is not to forgive them nor guide them on a way.

[4.138] Give glad tidings to the hypocrites that for them there is a painful punishment.

Abandoning the Might of Allah by seeking the might of the unbelievers [4.139]

[4.139] Those who take unbelievers for guides instead of believers, are they seeking might with them? Surely, the Might altogether belongs to Allah.

Do not sit with those who disbelieve or mock the verses of Allah [4.140]

[4.140] He has sent down upon you in the Book, ‘When you hear His verses being disbelieved or mocked, do not sit with them until they engage in other talk, or else you will surely be like them. Allah will surely gather the hypocrites and unbelievers altogether in Gehenna (Hell).’

Hypocrisy and the unbelievers [4.141-143]

[4.141] (As for) those who lay in wait for you. If a victory comes to you from Allah they say, 'Were we not with you?' But if the unbelievers get a portion, they say, 'Were we not mightier than you, and did we not defend you from the believers?' Allah will judge between you on the Day of Resurrection. Allah will not grant the unbelievers any way over the believers.

[4.142] The hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, but Allah is deceiving them. When they stand up to pray, they stand up lazily, showing off to the people and do not remember Allah, except a little,

[4.143] wavering between (belief and disbelief), neither to these nor to those, and whom Allah leads astray, you will not find a way for him.

Seek only the guidance of believing authorities [4.144]

[4.144] Believers, do not take the unbelievers for guides instead of the believers, or do you desire to give Allah a clear authority over you?

The hypocrites will be in the lowest place of the Fire [4.145]

[4.145] The hypocrites will be in the lowest place of the Fire, you will not find a helper for them.

Sincere repentance [4.146-147]

[4.146] But those who repent and mend (their ways), who hold fast to Allah, and make their religion sincerely for Allah they are with the believers, and Allah will certainly give the believers a great wage.

[4.147] What, would Allah do with punishing you if you thank and believe! Allah is the Thanker, the Knower.

Unjust evil words [4.148]

[4.148] Allah does not love the shouting of evil words, except by he who has been wronged. He is the Hearer, the Knower.

Goodness and pardoning [4.149]

[4.149] If you display good or hide it, or pardon an evil, surely, Allah is the Pardoner, the Powerful.

Those who claim to follow some of the Messengers of Allah refuse to believe or accept others [4.150-151]

[4.150] Those who disbelieve in Allah and His Messengers, and desire to divide between Allah and His Messengers (by believing in Him without them), and say, 'We believe in some (Prophets Moses and Jesus), and disbelieve in some of them (such as Prophet Muhammad),' desiring to take between this (and that) a way (between belief and disbelief)

[4.151] those in truth are the unbelievers, and We have prepared for the unbelievers a humiliating punishment.

The reward of those who accept each and everyone of the Messengers of Allah [4.152]

[4.152] And those who believe in Allah, and His Messengers and do not divide between any of them; to those, We shall surely give them their wages. Allah is the Forgiver, the Most Merciful.

The contempt of unbelieving Children of Israel for Moses [4.153-155]

[4.153] The People of the Book ask you to bring down upon them a Book from heaven. Of Moses they asked greater than that, they said to him, 'Show us Allah openly.' And a thunderbolt took them for their evil doing. Then they took to themselves the calf, after the clear proofs had come to them, yet We forgave that and We gave Moses clear authority.

The Children of Israel break their covenant with Allah [4.154-155]

[4.154] And We raised the Mount above them, and took covenant with them, and We said, 'Enter in at the gate, prostrating', and We said to them, 'Do not transgress the Sabbath', and We took from them a solemn covenant.

The disbelief of the Children of Israel, their killing of some of their prophets and their slander of the Virgin Mary [4.155-156]

[4.155] So, for their breaking of the covenant, and disbelieving the verses of Allah, and killing their Prophets without right and for saying, 'Our hearts are covered' no, but Allah has sealed them for their disbelief, so, except for a few, they do not believe.

The virgin Mary, mother of Jesus is slandered by the Jews [4.156]

[4.156] Also for their disbelief and their saying about Mary a great calumny,

Prophet Jesus was not crucified [4.157-159]

[4.157] and for their saying, 'We killed the Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger (and Prophet) of Allah.' They did not kill him, nor did they crucify him, but to them, he (the crucified) had been given the look (of Prophet Jesus). Those who differ concerning him (Prophet Jesus) are surely in doubt regarding him, they have no knowledge of him, except the following of supposition, and (it is) a certainty they did not kill him.

[4.158] Rather, Allah raised him up to Him. Allah is Almighty, the Wise.

[4.159] There is not one of the People of the Book but will surely believe in him (Prophet Jesus) before his death, and on the Day of Resurrection he will be a witness against them.

The harm of the Jews [4.160-161]

[4.160] And for the harm-doing of those of Jewry, We have forbidden them the good things that were permitted to them, and also for their barring many from the way of Allah.

[4.161] And for their taking of usury, that they were prohibited, and consuming the wealth of people in falsehood, for the unbelievers among them We have prepared a painful punishment.

The reward of those who believe [4.162]

[4.162] But those of them that are firmly rooted in knowledge, and the believers believing in what has been sent down to you (Prophet Muhammad), and what was sent down before you, and those who establish the prayer and pay the obligatory charity, and those who believe in Allah and the Last Day to those, We surely give a great wage.

Prophets and Messengers [4.163-165]

[4.163] We have revealed to you as We revealed to Noah and to the Prophets after him, and We revealed to (Prophets) Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and the tribes, Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon, and We gave to David the Psalms.

Allah talked to Moses [4.164]

[4.164] And Messengers of whom We have narrated to you before, and Messengers of whom We did not narrate to you. Certainly, Allah talked to Moses.

Mission of the Messengers [4.165]

[4.165] Messengers bearing glad tidings and warning, so that the people will have no argument against Allah, after the Messengers. Allah is the Almighty, the Wise.

Allah bears witness that He sent the Koran to Prophet Muhammad [4.166]

[4.166] But Allah bears witness for that which He has sent down to you. He has sent it down with His Knowledge, and the angels bear witness, it is sufficient that Allah is the Witness.

Disbelievers [4.167-169]

[4.167] Those who disbelieve and bar from the way of Allah have strayed into far error.

[4.168] Surely, those who disbelieve and have done harm. Allah would not forgive them, neither guide them to a Path,

[4.169] except the road to Gehenna, there they are eternal, and for Allah that is an easy matter.

The order of Allah to all people [4.170]

[4.170] O people, the Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) has come to you with the truth from your Lord, so believe, it is better for you. If you disbelieve, to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. And Allah is the Knower, the Wise.

Jesus is the Messiah, the Prophet of Allah not His son [4.171-172]

[4.171] People of the Book, do not exaggerate your religion. Do not say about Allah except the truth. Indeed, the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, is only a Messenger (and Prophet) of Allah, and His Word (Be) which He gave to Mary, and a (created) spirit by Him. So believe in Allah and His Messengers and do not say, 'Trinity.' Refrain, it is better for you. Allah is only One God. Exaltations to Him that He should have son! To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth, it is sufficient that Allah is the Guardian.

Prophet Jesus, the Messiah is the worshiper of Allah [4.172]

[4.172] The Messiah would not despise being a worshiper of Allah, nor would the angels who are near. Whosoever despises worshipping Him, and becomes proud, He will surely assemble them all to Him.

Reward and punishment [4.173]

[4.173] As for those who believe and did good deeds, He will pay them in full their wages, and He will increase them from His Bounty. As for those who despise and became proud, He will punish them with a painful punishment, and they will find neither a guide nor a helper for themselves, other than Allah.

The proof of Allah [4.174-175]

[4.174] O people, a proof has come to you from your Lord, and We have sent down to you a clear light.

[4.175] Those who believe in Allah and hold fast to Him, He will surely admit them to a Mercy and Bounty from Him, and He will guide them to Him on a Straight Path.

The distribution of Inheritance [4.176]

[4.176] They will ask you for a verdict. Say, 'Allah rules for you concerning the indirect heir (al-kalalah which is), if a person dies, having no children, but he has a sister, she shall receive half of what he leaves, and he is her heir if she has no children. If there are two sisters, they shall receive two-thirds of what he leaves, if there are siblings, men and women, for a male like the share of two females. Allah clarifies to you, lest you go astray, Allah is Knowledgeable of everything.’

 

5 The Table - Al Ma'ida

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

Fulfill your obligations [5.1-2]

Hunting, forbidden and permitted meat [5.1-5]

[5.1] Believers, fulfill your obligations. It is lawful for you (to eat the flesh of) the beast among cattle other than that which is recited to you, hunting is forbidden while you are on pilgrimage. Allah decrees what He will.

[5.2] Believers, do not violate the rites of Allah, or the sacred month, or the offerings, or (those hung with) necklaces, nor those whose aim is to the Sacred House seeking from their Lord bounty and pleasure. Once your pilgrimage has ended, you are free to hunt. Do not allow your hatred for a nation who would bar you from the Holy Mosque to lead you to transgress. And cooperate in righteousness and warding off (evil), and do not cooperate in sinfulness and transgression. Have fear of Allah, for Allah is Stern in retribution.

[5.3] You are forbidden (to consume) the dead, blood and the flesh of swine; also flesh dedicated to any other than Allah, the flesh of strangled (animals) and of those beaten, that which is killed by falling, gored to death, mangled by beasts of prey, unless you find it (still alive) and slaughter it; also of animals sacrificed on stones (to idols). (You are forbidden) to seek division by the arrows, that is debauchery. Those who disbelieve have this day despaired of your religion. Do not fear them, but fear Me. This day I have perfected your religion for you and completed My favor to you. I have approved Islam to be your religion. (As for) he who does not intend to commit a sin but is constrained by hunger to eat of what is forbidden, then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

[5.4] They ask you what is lawful to them. Say, 'The good things are lawful to you, as well as that which you have taught the birds and beasts of prey to catch, teaching them of what Allah has taught you. Eat of what they catch for you, pronouncing upon it the Name of Allah. And fear Allah, Allah is Swift at reckoning.'

Permissible food of the Jews and Christians (with the exception of supermarket meat because it the animals are not slaughtered in the Name of the Creator, pork and wine) [5.5]

Spouses permitted to Muslims (Jews and Nazarenes) [5.5]

[5.5] The good things have this day been made lawful to you. The food of those to whom the Book was given is lawful to you, and your food is lawful to them. Lawful to you (in marriage) are the free believing women and the free women from among those who were given the Book before you, provided that you give them their dowries in marriage, neither committing fornication nor taking them as mistresses. Whosoever denies the belief, his labors will be annulled. In the Everlasting Life he is of the losers.

Purification before prayer [5.6]

[5.6] Believers, when you rise to pray wash your faces and your hands as far as the elbow, and wipe your heads and (wash) your feet to the ankle. If you are in a state of impurity, cleanse yourselves. But if you are sick or traveling, or, if when you have just relieved yourselves or had intercourse with women and you cannot find water, touch the clean surface of the earth and rub your hands and faces with it. Allah does not wish to burden you, He seeks only to purify you and to complete His Favor to you in order that you may thank.

Innermost thoughts [5.7]

[5.7] Remember the favor of Allah upon you, and the covenant with which He bound you when you said, 'We hear and obey. Have fear of Allah. Allah is the Knower of the innermost of the chests.'

Obligation of believers to be just [5.8-9]

[5.8] Believers, be dutiful to Allah and bearers of just witness. Do not allow your hatred for other people to turn you away from justice. Deal justly; it is nearer to piety. Have fear of Allah; Allah is Aware of what you do.

[5.9] Allah has promised those who believe and do good works forgiveness and a great reward.

Those who belie the verses of Allah [5.10]

[5.10] As for those who disbelieve and belie Our verses, they shall become the companions of Hell.

Believers put their trust in Allah [5.11]

[5.11] Believers, remember the favor which Allah bestowed upon you when certain people were about to stretch their hands towards you, but He restrained them. Have fear of Allah. In Allah let the believers put their trust.

The Children of Israel break their covenant [5.12-13]

[5.12] Allah made a covenant with the Children of Israel and raised among them twelve chieftains. He said, 'I shall be with you and if you establish the prayers and pay the obligatory charity; if you believe in My Messengers and assist them and give Allah a generous loan, I shall forgive you your sins and admit you to Gardens underneath which rivers flow. Whosoever amongst you disbelieves after that, he indeed has strayed from the Straight Path.'

[5.13] But because they broke their covenant, We cursed them and hardened their hearts. They changed the Words from their places and have forgotten a portion of what they were reminded. Except for a few, you will always find treachery from them, yet pardon them, and forgive; indeed Allah loves the good doers.

The covenant with the Nazarenes [5.14]

[5.14] With those who said they were Nazarenes, We made a Covenant, but they have forgotten much of what they were reminded. Therefore, We stirred among them enmity and hatred till the Day of Resurrection when Allah will inform them of all that they have done.

The Jews, Nazarenes and Christians who knew the truth written in their Books but hid it [5.15-16]

[5.15] People of the Book! Our Messenger (Muhammad) has come to clarify to you much of what you have hidden of the Book, and to forgive you much. A light has come to you from Allah and a Clear Book,

[5.16] with which Allah guides those who seek His pleasure to the Paths of Peace. By His permission He takes them out from darkness to the light, and guides them to a Straight Path.

Allah is not the Messiah [5.17]

[5.17] Those who say that Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary are indeed those who disbelieved. Say, 'Who then could prevent any thing from Allah, if He willed to destroy the Messiah, son of Mary, together with his mother and all the people of the earth? For Allah is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and all that lies between them. He creates what He will and has power over all things.'

The claim of the Jews, Nazarenes and Christians [5.18]

[5.18] The Jews and the Nazarenes say, 'We are the children of Allah and His loved ones.' Say, 'Why then does He punish you for your sins? Surely, you are mortals amongst what He created. He forgives whom He will, and punishes whom He will. For Allah is the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them. All shall return to Him.'

The mission of Prophet Muhammad [5.19]

[5.19] People of the Book! After an interval during which there were no Messengers, Our Messenger (Muhammad) has come to clarify (your religion) to you, lest you should say, 'No bearer of glad tidings or a warner has come to us.’  Indeed, there has come to you a bearer of glad tidings and a warner. Allah has power over all things.

The favors of Allah to the Children of Israel [5.20-5.21]

[5.20] (Remember) when Moses said to his people. 'Remember, my people, the favors which Allah has bestowed upon you. He has raised up Prophets among you, made you kings, and given you that which He has not given to any one of the worlds.

The Children of Israel disobey Moses and Aaron and are condemned to wander in the desert for forty years [5.21-26]

[5.21] Enter, my people, the Holy Land which Allah has written for you. Do not turn back in your footsteps, lest you shall turn to be losers.'

[5.22] 'Moses,' they replied, 'therein is a nation of giants. We will not enter until they depart from it; if they depart from it only then shall we enter.'

[5.23] Thereupon, two pious men whom Allah had favored said, 'Go in to them through the gate, and if you enter you shall surely be victorious. In Allah put your trust, if you are believers.'

[5.24] They said, 'Moses, we will never go in so long as they are in it. Go, you and your Lord, to fight. We will stay here.'

The supplication of Moses [5.25]

[5.25] He said, 'Lord, I have none but myself and my brother. Set a barrier between us and the wicked people.'

[5.26] He said, 'They shall be forbidden this land for forty years, during which time they shall wander (homeless) on the earth. Do not grieve for these wicked people.'

The sons of Adam and the first act of murder [5.27-31]

[5.27] Recite to them in all truth the news of Adam's two sons; how they each made an offering, and how the offering of the one was accepted while that of the other was not. He said, 'I will surely kill you.' (The other) said, 'Allah accepts only from the righteous.

[5.28] If you stretch your hand to kill me, I shall not stretch mine to kill you; for I fear Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.

[5.29] I would rather you bear my sin and your sin and become among the inhabitants of Hell. Such is the recompense of the harm doers.'

[5.30] His soul made it seem fair to him to slay his brother; he killed him and became one of the lost.

[5.31] Then Allah sent down a crow, which dug the earth to show him how to bury the naked corpse of his brother. 'Alas!' he said, 'am I unable to be like this crow and so I bury my brother's naked corpse.' And he became among those who regret.

The unlawful killing a believer is considered the same as killing all mankind [5.32]

[5.32] That was why We wrote for the Children of Israel that who ever killed a soul, except for a soul slain, or for sedition in the earth, it should be considered as though he had killed all mankind; and that who ever saved it should be regarded as though he had saved all mankind. Our Messengers brought them proofs; then many of them thereafter commit excesses in the earth.

Repentance [5.33-5.34]

[5.33] The recompense of those who make war against Allah and His Messenger and spread corruption in the land is that they are to be killed or crucified, or have their hand and a foot cut off on opposite sides, or be expelled from the land. For them is shame in this world and a great punishment in the Everlasting Life;

[5.34] except those who repent before you have power over them. For you must know that Allah is Forgiving, the Most Merciful.

[5.35] Believers, have fear of Allah and seek the means by which you come to Him. Struggle in His Way in order that you are prosperous.

No ransom will be accepted on the Day of Resurrection [5.36-37]

[5.36] As for those who disbelieve, if they possessed all that the earth contains and as much besides to ransom themselves from the punishment of the Day of Resurrection, it shall not be accepted from them. Theirs shall be a painful punishment.

[5.37] They will wish to get out of the Fire, but they shall not, theirs shall be a lasting punishment.

Punishment as a deterrent [5.38-39]

[5.38] As for the man or woman who is guilty of theft, recompense them by cutting off their hands for their crimes. That is the punishment from Allah. Allah is Mighty, Wise.

[5.39] But whoever repents and mends his ways after committing evil shall be pardoned by Allah. Allah is Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Ownership of Allah [5.40]

[5.40] Do you not know that to Allah belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth? He punishes whom He will and forgives whom He will. Allah has power over all things.

Hypocrites and the Jews who tamper with the Words of Allah [5.41-43]

[5.41] O Messenger, do not grieve for those who race into disbelief; those who say with their mouth, 'We believe,' yet their hearts did not believe, and the Jews who listen to lies and listen to other nations who have not come to you. They pervert the words in their places and say, 'If you are given this, accept it; if not, then beware!' Whomsoever Allah wishes to try, you will not own anything with Allah concerning him. For those whose hearts Allah does not will to purify shall be disgrace in this world and a grievous punishment in the Everlasting Life.

[5.42] They are listeners to lies and devourers of the unlawful. If they come to you, judge between them or turn away from them. If you avoid them they cannot harm you in anything; but if you judge, judge between them with fairness. Allah loves the just.

[5.43] But how will they come to you for judgment when they already have the Torah in which is the judgement of Allah? Then they turn away after that; those are not believers.

Torah teaches a life for a life, an eye for an eye etc. [5.44-45]

[5.44] We have sent down the Torah in which there is guidance and light by which the submissive prophets judged the Jews, as did the rabbis and those of their Lord, guarding what they were required to of the Book of Allah, and for which they were witness. Do not fear people, but fear Me. And, do not take a small price for My verses. Those who do not judge with what Allah has sent down are the unbelievers.

[5.45] We have written for them a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds equal retaliation, but whosoever forgoes it as a freewill offering, it will be an expiation for him. Whoever does not judge according to what Allah has sent down are the harm doers.

Prophet Jesus was given his own Holy Book, the Gospel, however, it is remarkable that his Gospel does not appear in the book of the Christians that concentrate on the preaching of Paul [5.46-47]

[5.46] And We sent, following in their footsteps (Prophet) Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which was before him in the Torah, and gave him the Gospel, in which there is guidance and light, confirming that which was before him in the Torah, a guide and an admonition to the cautious.

[5.47] Therefore, let the people of Gospel judge in accordance with that which Allah has sent in it. Those who do not judge according to that which Allah has sent down are the evildoers.

Allah protects the Arabic Koran from those who try to tamper with it [5.48]

[5.48] And to you We have revealed the Book with the truth confirming the Book that was revealed before it, and a guardian over it. Therefore, give judgment among them in accordance to what Allah has sent down and do not yield to their fancies from the truth that has come to you. We have ordained a law and a Path for each of you. Had Allah willed, He could have made you one nation but that He might try you by that which He has bestowed upon you. Race with one another in good works, to Allah you shall all return and He will declare to you what you were at variance.

Judgment is to be determined by Koran and the sayings of Prophet Muhammad [5.49-50]

[5.49] And judge among them in accordance to that which Allah has sent down and do not be led by their desires. Take heed lest they should turn you away from a part of that which Allah has sent to you. If they reject your judgment, know that Allah wants to scourge them for some of their sins. Many of the people are wrongdoers.

[5.50] Is it pagan laws that they wish to be judged by? Who is a better judge than Allah for a nation whose belief is firm?

Seek only the guidance of the believing authorities [5.51-53]

[5.51] Believers, take neither Jews nor Nazarenes for your guides. They are guides of one another. Whosoever of you takes them for a guide shall become one of their number. Allah does not guide the wrongdoers.

[5.52] You see those in whose hearts is sickness racing with one another to come to them. They say, 'We fear lest a change of fortune should befall us.' May Allah bring victory or make known His ordinance, then, they shall regret what they had hidden in themselves.

[5.53] Then the believers will say, 'Are those (the ones) who solemnly swore by Allah that they would stand by you?' Their works will be annulled and they shall be the losers.

Apostates [5.54]

[5.54] Believers, whosoever of you turns from his religion, Allah will bring a nation whom He loves and they love Him, humble towards the believers and stern towards the unbelievers, striving for the Path of Allah and fearless of anyone's blame. Such is the Bounty of Allah; He bestows it on whom He will. He is the Embracer, the Knower.

Your only guides are Allah and His Messenger [5.55-57]

[5.55] Your guide is only Allah, His Messenger, and the believers; those who establish the prayer, pay their obligatory charity, and bow down (in worship).

[5.56] Whosoever takes Allah for a guide, His Messenger, and the believers the party of Allah is the victor.

[5.57] Believers, do not take as guides those who were given the Book before you who have made of your religion a jest and a pastime, nor the unbelievers. Have fear of Allah, if you are believers.

Those who mock the times of prayer [5.58-59]

[5.58] When you call to prayer, they treat it as a jest and a pastime. That is because they are a people who have no understanding.

[5.59] Say, 'People of the Book, do you blame us for any reason other than that we believe in Allah and in what has been sent down to us, and what was sent down before us, and that most of you are evildoers?'

Hypocrites and unbelievers [5.60-63]

[5.60] Say, 'Shall I tell you who will receive a worse recompense from Allah than that? Those whom Allah has cursed and with whom He is angry, and made some of them apes and swine, and those who worship the devil. The place of these is worse, and they have strayed further from the Right Path.'

[5.61] When they came to you they said, 'We are believers.' Indeed, they have entered with disbelief, and so they have departed with it; Allah knows best what they conceal.

[5.62] You see many of them race with one another in sin and transgression and devour the unlawful. Evil is what they do.

[5.63] Do those of the Lord and the rabbis not forbid them to speak sinfully and to devour what is unlawful? Evil indeed is what they were doing.

Blasphemy [5.64]

[5.64] The Jews say, 'The Hand of Allah is chained.' Their own hands are chained! And they are cursed for what they said! Rather, His Hands are both outstretched, He spends as He will. That which Allah has sent down to you will surely increase the tyranny and disbelief of many of them. We have stirred among them enmity and hatred up until the Day of Resurrection. Whenever they kindle the fire of war, Allah extinguishes it. They spread corruption in the land, and Allah does not love those who corrupt.

The Torah and the Gospel [5.65-66]

[5.65] If the People of the Book had believed and kept from evil, We would pardon them their sins and admit them to the Gardens of Delight.

[5.66] If they had established the Torah and the Gospel and what was sent down to them from their Lord they would be eating from above them and from beneath their feet. Some of them are a righteous nation; but many of them evil is what they do.

Prophet Muhammad is given the order to preach [5.67-68]

[5.67] O Messenger, deliver what is sent down to you from your Lord; if you do not, you will not have conveyed His Message. Allah protects you from the people. Allah does not guide the nation, the unbelievers.

[5.68] Say, 'People of the Book, you are not upon anything until you establish the Torah and the Gospel and that which is sent down to you from your Lord.' And that which is sent down to you (Prophet Muhammad) from your Lord will surely increase the tyranny and disbelief of many of them. But do not grieve for the unbelieving nation.

Acceptance of all the prophets [5.69]

[5.69] Those who believe, Jews, Sabaeans, and Nazarenes whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does good shall neither fear, nor shall they sorrow (as long as they do not reject any of the prophets).

The Children of Israel break the covenant belying and killing their prophets [5.70-71]

[5.70] We took a covenant with the Children of Israel and sent forth Messengers to them. But whenever a Messenger came to them with that which did not suit their fancies they belied some and killed others.

[5.71] They thought there would be no trial; so they were blind and deaf. Then Allah turned towards them; then again many of them were blind and deaf. And Allah is the Seer of what they do.

Prophet Jesus orders his followers to worship Allah alone [5.72-74]

[5.72] The unbelievers are those who say, 'Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary.’ But the Messiah said, 'Children of Israel, worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. He who associates anything with Allah, Allah has indeed forbidden Paradise to him, and his abode shall be in the Fire’. The harm doers shall have no helpers.

Trinity [5.73-74]

[5.73] Indeed those who say, 'Allah is the third of the Trinity' became unbelievers. There is but One God. If they do not desist in what they say, a painful punishment will afflict those of them that disbelieve.

[5.74] Will they not turn to Allah in repentance and ask His forgiveness? He is Forgiving, Merciful.

Jesus, the Messiah and his mother [5.75-77]

[5.75] The Messiah, the son of Mary, was not except a Messenger, other Messengers had gone before him. His mother was in the state of sincerity, they both ate food. See how We make plain to them Our signs. Then, see how perverted they are.

[5.76] Say, 'Will you worship instead of Allah that which owns neither harm, nor benefit for you? Allah is the Hearer, Knower.'

[5.77] Say, 'People of the Book! Do not exaggerate your religion, other than the truth, and do not follow the desires of a people who went astray before, and led many astray, and, (once again) have gone astray from the Straight Path.'

The unbelievers amongst the Children of Israel are cursed by Prophets David and Jesus [5.78-81]

[5.78] Those who disbelieved of the Children of Israel were cursed by the tongue of (Prophets) David and Jesus, the son of Mary, because they disobeyed and transgressed.

[5.79] They did not forbid one another from the wrongdoing they were committing. Evil is what they were doing.

[5.80] You see many of them taking the unbelievers as guides. Evil is that to which their souls forwarded them, that Allah is angered against them, and in the punishment they shall live for ever.

[5.81] Had they believed in Allah and the Prophet (Muhammad) and that which is sent down to him, they would not have taken them as guides. But many of them are evildoers.

The Nazarenes are the nearest in affection to Muslims [5.82-85]

[5.82] You will find that the most people in enmity to the believers are the Jews and idolaters, and that the nearest in affection to the believers are those who say, 'We are Nazarenes.' That is because amongst them there are priests and monks; and because they are not proud.

[5.83] When they listen to that which was sent down to the Messenger, you will see their eyes fill with tears as they recognize its truth. They say, 'Lord, we believe. Write us among the witnesses.

[5.84] Why should we not believe in Allah and in the truth that has come down to us? Why should we not hope for admission among the righteous?'

[5.85] For their words Allah has rewarded them with Gardens underneath which rivers flow, where they shall live for ever. Such is the recompense of the righteous.

[5.86] But those who disbelieve and belie Our verses shall be the companions of Hell.

[5.87] Believers, do not forbid the good things that Allah has made lawful to you. Do not transgress; Allah does not love the transgressors.

[5.88] Eat of the lawful and good things with which Allah has provided you. Have fear of Allah in whom you believe.

Oath taking [5.89]

[5.89] Allah will not take you to account for a slip in your oaths. But He will take you to account for the  oaths which you solemnly swear. Its expiation is the feeding of ten needy (people) with such food as you normally offer to your own people; or the clothing of them; or the freeing of a slave. He who does not have must fast three days. That is the expiation of your oaths when you have sworn; but keep your oaths. Allah makes plain to you His verses, in order that you are thankful.

Wine and gambling [5.90-91]

[5.90] Believers, wine and gambling, idols and divining arrows are abominations from the work of satan. Avoid them, in order that you prosper.

[5.91] satan seeks to stir up enmity and hatred among you by means of wine and gambling, and to bar you from the remembrance of Allah and from praying. Will you not abstain from them?

The mission of Prophet Muhammad [5.92]

[5.92] Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger. Beware; if you give no heed, know that Our Messenger's duty is only to give the clear delivery.

Good deeds [5.93]

[5.93] No blame shall be attached to those who believe and did good works in regard to any food they have eaten, so long as they ward off (the forbidden) and believe, and do good deeds, then they fear and believe, and again, so long as they fear and do fine deeds. Allah loves the generous.

Allah tests [5.94]

[5.94] Believers, Allah will test you by means of some hunting which you can catch with your hands and with your spears, in order that Allah knows those who fear Him in private. For he who transgresses thereafter shall be a painful punishment.

Pilgrimage and hunting [5.95-96]

[5.95] O believers, do not kill the hunted while you are in pilgrim sanctity. Whosoever of you kills it willfully there shall be a recompense, the like of what he has slain from cattle as shall be judged by two just men among you, an offering to reach the Ka'bah; or expiation food for needy persons or the equivalent of that in fasting, so that he may taste the weight of the recompense of his action. Allah has pardoned what is past; but whoever offends again, Allah will take vengeance on him. Allah is the Almighty, Owner of Vengeance.

[5.96] Made lawful to you is the fished of the sea and its food, an enjoyment for you and for travelers. But you are forbidden the hunted of the land whilst you are on pilgrimage. Have fear of Allah, before whom you shall all be assembled.

Pilgrimage [5.97-98]

[5.97] Allah has made the Ka'bah the Sacred House, as an establishment for people; and the Sacred Month, and the offering, and the necklaces, in order that you know that Allah has knowledge of all that is in the heavens and the earth; and that Allah has knowledge of all things.

[5.98] Know that Allah is Stern in retribution, and that Allah is the Forgiver and the Most Merciful.

The mission of Prophet Muhammad [5.99]

[5.99] The duty of the Messenger is only the delivery (of the Message). Allah knows what you reveal and what you hide.

Evil and good [5.100]

[5.100] Say, 'The evil and the good are not alike, even if the abundance of evil pleases you. Have fear of Allah, you who are possessed of minds, in order that you prosper.'

 [5.101-102]

[5.101] Believers, do not ask about things that if they appeared to you, would only upset you; but if you ask about them when the Koran is being sent down, they shall be made plain to you. Allah will pardon it; Allah is Forgiving, Clement.

[5.102] A nation asked about them before you, and with it they became unbelievers.

[5.103] Allah has not made cattle, a slit eared she-camel, nor a freely grazing she-camel, nor a she-camel that bore twins, nor an uncastrated camel (dedicated to idols), but those who disbelieve invent lies against Allah. Most of them do not understand.

The futility of following baseless traditions rather than the message and warning sent by Allah via His prophets [5.104]

[5.104] When it is said to them, 'Come to that which Allah has sent down, and to the Messenger,' they reply, 'Sufficient for us is what we have found our fathers upon,' even though their fathers knew nothing and were not guided.

Do not neglect your soul [5.105]

[5.105] Believers, look after your own souls, he who goes astray cannot harm you if you are guided. You shall all return to Allah, and He will inform you of what you have done.

Writing a will [5.106-108]

[5.106] Believers, if you are traveling in the land and the affliction of death befalls you, at the bequeathing testimony shall be two just men from among you, or two others from other than you. You shall detain both after the prayer, and they shall swear by Allah if you are doubtful, 'We will not sell it for a price, even though it were a near kinsmen, nor will we hide the testimony of Allah, because then we would surely be among the sinful.'

[5.107] But if it is discovered that both of them have been subject to sinning, then two others shall stand in their place, these being the nearest of those most concerned, and they shall swear by Allah, 'Our testimony is truer than their testimony, and we have not transgressed, because then we would surely be among the harm doers.'

[5.108] So it is likelier that they will bear testimony in proper form, or else they will be afraid that oaths may be rejected after their oaths. Fear Allah, and listen; Allah does not guide the people of the evildoers.

Questioning of the Messengers of Allah [5.109]

[5.109] On a Day, Allah will gather all the Messengers and ask them, 'How were you answered?' They will reply, 'We have no knowledge, You are the Knower of the unseen.'

Miracles given to Prophet Jesus [5.110]

[5.110] When Allah said, '(Prophet) Jesus, son of Mary, remember the favor upon you and on your mother; how I strengthened you with the Holy Spirit (Gabriel), to speak to people in your cradle and of age (when he descends and dies); how I taught you the Book and Wisdom, the Torah and the Gospel; and how, by My permission, you fashioned from clay the likeness of a bird, and breathed into it so that, by My permission, it became a living bird. How, by My permission, you healed the blind man and the leper, and by My permission you brought the dead forth; and how I protected you from the Children of Israel when you brought them clear signs; whereupon the unbelievers among them said, "This is nothing but plain magic."’

Disciples of Prophet Jesus bear witness to the Oneness of Allah [5.111]

[5.111] When I revealed to the disciples to believe in Me and in My Messenger they replied, "We believe, bear witness that we submit."

Prophet Jesus and the sign of the miraculous feast [5.112-115]

[5.112] When the disciples said, 'O (Prophet) Jesus, son of Mary, can your Lord send down to us a table from heaven?' He replied, 'Have fear of Allah, if you are believers.'

[5.113] 'We wish to eat of it,' they said, 'so that we can satisfy our hearts and know that what you said to us is true, and that we become witnesses to it.'

[5.114] 'Allah, our Lord,' said (Prophet) Jesus, the son of Mary, 'send down upon us a table out of heaven, that shall be a festival for us the first and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us; You are the Best of providers. '

[5.115] Allah replied, 'I am sending it to you. But whoever of you disbelieves thereafter I shall punish him with a punishment that I do not punish anyone from the worlds.'

The question Allah asked Jesus and his reply [5.116-119]

[5.116] And when Allah said, '(Prophet) Jesus, son of Mary, did you ever say to the people, "Take me and my mother for two gods, other than Allah?" 'Exaltations to You,' he said, 'how could I say that to which I have no right? If I had said that, You would have surely known. You know what is in my self, but I do not know what is in Yours. Indeed, You are the Knowledgeable of the unseen.

[5.117] I spoke to them of nothing except that which You ordered me, that you worship Allah, my Lord and our Lord. I witnessed them whilst living in their midst and ever since You took me to You, You have been the Watcher over them. You are the Witness of everything.

[5.118] If You punish them (for their disbelief), they surely are Your subjects; and if You forgive them, surely You are the Almighty, the Wise.'

[5.119] Allah will say, 'This is the Day the truthful shall benefit by their truthfulness. They shall live for ever in Gardens underneath which rivers flow. Allah is pleased with them, and they are pleased with Him. That is the great winning.'

Ownership of Allah [5.120]

[5.120] To Allah belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth and what is in them. He has power over all things.

 

6 The Cattle - Al-'An'am

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

The creation of Allah [6.1-2]

[6.1] Praise is due to Allah, who has created the heavens and the earth and made darkness and light. Yet the unbelievers make (others) equal with their Lord.

The creation of mankind [6.2]

[6.2] It is He who has created you from clay. He has decreed a term for you and another one set with Him. Yet you are still in doubt.

The knowledge of Allah [6.3]

[6.3] He is Allah in the heavens and earth. He has knowledge of all that you hide and all that you reveal. He knows what you earn.

Rejection of the truth [6.4-7]

[6.4] Yet every time a sign comes to them from the signs of their Lord, they turn away from it.

[6.5] They belied the truth when it came to them, but there shall come to them news of that they were mocking.

[6.6] Have they not seen how many generations We have destroyed before them whom We had established in the land in a way We never established you, sending down for them abundant water from the sky and made the rivers to flow underneath them? Yet because they sinned, We destroyed them and raised up other generations after them.

Those who mock and belie Prophet Muhammad [6.7-11]

[6.7] Had We sent down to you a Book on parchment and they touched it with their own hands, those who disbelieved would say, 'This is nothing but plain magic.'

[6.8] They ask, 'Why has no angel been sent down to him?' If We had sent down an angel, their fate would have been determined and they would never have been respited.

[6.9] If We had made him an angel, We would have given him the resemblance of a man, and would have as such confused them with that in which they are already confused.

[6.10] Other Messengers have been mocked before you. But those who scoffed at them were encompassed by that they had mocked.'

[6.11] Say, 'Travel the land and see what was the fate of those who belied.'

The ownership of Allah [6.12-13]

[6.12] Say, 'To whom belongs that which is in the heavens and the earth?' Say, 'To Allah. He has written for Himself mercy, and will gather you on the Day of

Resurrection in which there is no doubt. Those who have lost their souls, they do not believe.'

[6.13] His is whatever is at rest in the night and in the day. He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

The Originator of the heavens and earth [6.14]

[6.14] Say, 'Should I take any but Allah for a guardian? He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. He feeds and is not fed.' Say, 'I was commanded to be the first to submit to Him.' Do not be one of the idolaters.

Fear the punishment [6.15]

[6.15] Say, 'Indeed I fear, if I should disobey my Lord, the punishment of a great Day.'

Mercy of Allah [6.16]

[6.16] From whomsoever it is averted on that Day, He will have mercy on him; that is a clear triumph.

Power of Allah [6.17-18]

[6.17] If Allah visits you with affliction, none can remove it except He; and if He touches you with good, indeed, He has power over all things.

[6.18] He is the Conqueror over His worshipers. He is the Wise, the Aware.

Greatest  testimony [6.19]

[6.19] Say, 'What thing is greatest in testimony?' Say, 'Allah is a witness between me and you. This Koran has been revealed to me in order that I can warn you and all whom it reaches. Do you indeed testify that there are gods other than Allah?' Say, 'I do not testify!' Say, 'He is only One God, and I am quit of that which you associate.'

The Jews and Nazarenes recognized Prophet Muhammad by his description in the Torah and Gospel but most chose to reject him [6.20-6.21]

[6.20] Those to whom We have given the Book know him (Prophet Muhammad) as they know their own children. But those who have lost their own souls do not believe.

Lies about Allah [6.21-33]

[6.21] Who is more wicked than he who invents a lie about Allah or belies His verses? The harm doers shall never prosper.

[6.22] On the Day when We gather them all together We shall say to the idolaters, 'Where are your partners now, those whom you claimed?'

[6.23] Then it was not their trial, but they will say, 'By Allah, our Lord we have never been idolaters.'

[6.24] Look how they lie against themselves, and how that which they were forging has gone astray from them!

[6.25] Some of them listen to you. But We have cast veils over their hearts lest they understand it and in their ears heaviness; and if they see every sign they do not believe in it. When they come to you they argue, the unbelievers say, 'This is nothing but the tales of the ancient ones.'

[6.26] They forbid from it (the Koran) and keep away from it. They destroy none except themselves, though they do not sense it.

Punishment for those who belie the verses of Allah [6.27-28]

[6.27] If you could see them when they are set before the Fire! They will say, 'Would that we could return! Then we would not belie the verses of our Lord and would be believers.'

[6.28] Indeed, that which they concealed will appear to them. But if they were sent back, they would return to that which they have been forbidden. They are indeed liars.

Disbelief in the Everlasting Life [6.29-32]

[6.29] They say, 'There is only but our present life; we shall not be resurrected.'

[6.30] If you could see them when they are made to stand before their Lord! He will say, 'Is this not the truth?' 'Yes, by our Lord' they will reply, and He will say, 'Taste then the punishment, for that which you disbelieved!'

[6.31] They are lost indeed, those who belied the meeting with Allah. When the Hour overtakes them suddenly, they will say, 'Alas, for us, that we neglected it!' On their backs they shall be bearing their sinful loads; how evil is what they sin!

[6.32] The life of this world is but playing and an amusement. Surely, the Everlasting home is better for the cautious. Will you not understand?

Unbelievers deny the verses of Allah [6.33]

[6.33] We know what they say saddens you. It is not you that they belie; but the harm doers deny the verses of Allah.

None can change the Words of the Koran [6.34]

[6.34] Messengers indeed were belied before you, yet they became patient with that which they were belied, and were hurt until Our help came to them. There is none to alter the Words of Allah; and there has already come to you some news of the Messengers.

Do not be among the ignorant [6.35-36]

[6.35] If their turning away is hard upon you, seek if you can, a tunnel in the ground or a ladder to the sky by which you can bring them a sign. Had Allah willed, He would gather them to guidance. Do not then be among the ignorant.

[6.36] Those who listen will surely answer. As for the dead, Allah will revive them. To Him they shall return.

The ridicule of the unbelievers [6.37]

[6.37] They ask, 'Why has no sign been sent down to him from his Lord?' Say, 'Allah is Able to send down a sign.' But most of them do not know.

Each species is a nation [6.38]

[6.38] There is no crawling creature on the earth, nor a bird that flies with its two wings, but they are nations like you. We have neglected nothing in the Book. They shall all be gathered before their Lord.

Condition of those who belie the Koran [6.39]

[6.39] Those who belie Our verses are deaf and dumb, in darkness. Allah leaves in error whom He will, and guides to the Straight Path whom He pleases.

When hearts become hardened [6.40-45]

[6.40] Say, 'Do you see yourselves when the punishment of Allah smites you or the Hour overtakes you, will you call on any except Allah, if you are truthful?’

[6.41] No, on Him alone you will call, and He will remove that for which you call upon Him, if He will. Then you will forget what you associate (with Him).

[6.42] Before you We sent forth to other nations, and then seized them with misery and hardship so that they might humble themselves.

[6.43] If only they humbled themselves when Our scourge overtook them! But their hearts were hardened, and satan decorated to them what they were doing.

[6.44] And when they had forgotten that with which they have been admonished, We opened the gates of everything to them, until just as they were rejoicing in what they were given, We suddenly seized them and they were in utter despair.

[6.45] As such the harm doers were annihilated. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds!

The challenge to those who reject their Creator [6.46-47]

[6.46] Say, 'What would you see if Allah took away your hearing and your sight, and set a seal upon your hearts, who is a god, other than Allah, to bring it back to you?' Look how We make plain to them Our verses, and yet they turn away.

[6.47] Say, 'What do you see yourselves then, if the punishment of Allah overtook you suddenly or openly, would any perish but the harm-doing nation?'

The mercy of Allah [6.48]

[6.48] We send forth Our Messengers only to give glad tidings to mankind and to warn them. Those who believe and mend their ways shall have nothing to fear or to be saddened.

The punishment of those who belie the Koran [6.49]

[6.49] But those who belie Our verses, punishment shall touch them for their misdeeds.

Prophet Muhammad and the Revelation [6.50-51]

[6.50] Say, 'I do not tell you that I have the treasuries of Allah or know the unseen, nor do I claim to be an angel. I follow only that which is revealed to me.' Say, 'Are the blind and the seeing alike? Will you not think?'

[6.51] And warn with it those who fear to be brought before their Lord that they have no guardian or intercessor, other than Allah, in order that they are cautious.

Worshipers of Allah [6.52-54]

[6.52] Do not drive away those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking only His Face. Nothing of their account falls upon you, and nothing of your account falls upon them, that you should drive them away and so become one of the harm doers.

[6.53] As such We have made some of them a means for testing others, so that they should say, 'Are those whom Allah favors amongst us?' But does not Allah best know the thankful?

The mercy of Allah [6.54-55]

[6.54] When those who believe in Our verses come to you, say, 'Peace be upon you. Your Lord has decreed Mercy on Himself, if any one of you commits evil through ignorance, and then repents, and mends his ways, then He is Forgiving, the Most Merciful.'

[6.55] As such We make plain Our verses, so that the path of the wicked will be clear.

The worship of other than Allah is forbidden [6.56-58]

[6.56] Say, 'I am forbidden to worship whom you call upon instead of Allah.' Say, 'I will not yield to your wishes, for then I should have strayed and should not be of those guided.'

[6.57] Say, 'I am upon a clear proof from my Lord, yet you belie Him. I do not have that which you seek to hasten; judgement is for Allah alone. He narrates the truth and He is the Best of deciders.'

The knowledge of Allah [6.58-59]

[6.58] Say, 'If what you seek to hasten were with me, the matter between you and me would be decided, and Allah knows very well the harm doers.'

[6.59] With Him are the keys of the unseen, none knows them but He. He knows that which is in the land and sea. No leaf falls except He knows it, and there is no grain in the darkness of the earth, fresh or withered, but is recorded in a clear Book.

Sleep, guardian angels and death [6.60-62]

[6.60] It is He who makes you to die by night, knowing what you have gained by day, and then resurrects you so that an ordained term is realized. To Him you shall return, and He will tell you of what you have been doing.

[6.61] He is the Conqueror over His worshipers. He sends forth guardians who watch over you until death comes to one of you, when Our messengers take him, and they are not neglectful.

[6.62] Then, they are returned to Allah their Guardian, the True. Surely, the judgement is for Him, He is the Swiftest of reckoners.'

The mercy of Allah to the unbelievers during times of catastrophe and their ingratitude [6.63-65]

[6.63] Say, 'Who saves you from the darkness of the land and sea, when you call out to Him humbly and in secret (saying), "If You save us from this, we will be among the thankful."

[6.64] Say, 'Allah saves you from them, and from all afflictions. Then, you associate (with Him).'

[6.65] Say, 'He is Able to send forth upon you punishment from above you or beneath your feet, or to divide you into discordant factions, and to make some of you taste the affliction of the other.' Look how We make plain Our verses, in order that they understand.

[6.66] Your nation has belied it (the Koran), although it is the truth. Say, 'I am not a guardian over you.

[6.67] Every news has its appointed time; you will surely know.'

Do not sit with those who disbelieve or mock the verses of Allah [6.68-69]

[6.68] When you see those who plunge (scoffing) into Our verses, withdraw from them till they plunge into some other talk. If satan causes you to forget, leave the wrongdoing people as soon as you remember.

[6.69] Those who are cautious are not accountable for them in anything, but it is a reminder in order that they be cautious.

Those who take religion as an amusement [6.70]

[6.70] Avoid those who take their religion as playing and an amusement and are seduced by the life of this world. Admonish them hereby lest a soul be taken by what it has gained, for it has no guardian or intercessor before Allah, and though it offers every ransom, it shall not be taken from it. Those are they who are taken for that which they earned. For them a drink of boiling water, a stern punishment for their disbelief.

Submission to Allah [6.71-72]

[6.71] Say, 'Are we to call, other than Allah, what can neither help nor harm us? Are we to turn on our heels after Allah has guided us like him, who, being bewitched by devils, blunders aimlessly in the earth, although his friends call him to the guidance, (saying) “Come to us!”' Say, 'The guidance of Allah is the Guidance. We are commanded to submit to the Lord of the Worlds,

[6.72] and to establish prayer, and fear Him. Before Him you shall all be assembled.'

The Word of Allah is the Truth [6.73]

[6.73] It was He who created the heavens and the earth in truth. On the Day when He says, 'Be,' it shall be. His Word is the truth. His shall be the Kingdom on the Day when the Horn is blown. The Knower of the unseen and the visible, and He is the Wise, the Aware.

Abraham challenges Azar [6.74]

[6.74] (And remember) when Abraham said to his father Azar, 'Will you take idols for gods, surely I see you and your people are in clear error.'

The guiding of Abraham [6.75-79]

[6.75] And so We showed Abraham the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, so that he might be of those who are certain.

[6.76] When night drew over him, he saw a planet. 'This,' he said, 'is surely my Lord.' But when it set he said, 'I do not like the setting ones.'

[6.77] When he saw the rising moon, he said, 'This is my Lord.' But when it set, he said, 'If my Lord does not guide me, I shall surely be amongst the astray nation.'

[6.78] Then, when he saw the sun rise, shining, he said, 'This must be my Lord, it is larger.' But when it set, he said, 'O nation I am quit of what you associate (with Allah, the Creator),

Abraham was not an idolater [6.79]

[6.79] I have turned my face to Him who has created the heavens and the earth, uprightly, and I am not among the idolaters.'

The argument of Abraham with his nation [6.80-83]

[6.80] His nation argued with him. He said, 'Will you argue with me about Allah, indeed He guided me! Except by His will, I do not fear those you associate with Him. My Lord embraces all things in knowledge, will you not remember?

[6.81] And how should I fear what you have associated when you yourselves are not afraid that you have associated with Allah that which He did not send down for it upon you an authority. Which of the two parties is more deserving of safety, if you know?

[6.82] Those who believe and have not confounded their belief with harm security belongs to them; and they are guided.'

[6.83] Such is the argument that We gave Abraham against his nation. We raise whom We will to an exalted rank. Your Lord is Wise, Knowing.

Abraham’s lineage and some of his descendants [6.84-89]

[6.84] We gave him Isaac and Jacob and guided both; and We guided Noah before them, among his descendants were David and Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses and Aaron as such, We recompense the good doers,

[6.85] and (Prophets) Zachariah, John, Jesus and Elias, each was of the righteous,

[6.86] and Ishmael, Elisha, Jonah and Lot. Each We preferred above the worlds,

[6.87] as We did their fathers, their descendants, and their brothers. We chose them and guided them to a Straight Path.

[6.88] Such is the guidance of Allah by it He guides whom He will of His worshipers. Had they associated (others with Him), their labors would have indeed been annulled.

[6.89] Those, We have given them the Book, judgment, and prophethood. If these disbelieve it, We have entrusted it to others who do not disbelieve in it.

[6.90] Those were whom Allah guided. Follow then their guidance and say, 'I do not ask you a wage for it. Surely, it is a reminder to the worlds.'

The unbelievers amongst the Children of Israel hide the truth [6.91]

[6.91] They have not valued Allah with His true value, when they said 'Allah has never sent down anything to a mortal.' Say, 'Who, then sent down the Book which Moses brought, a light and guidance for people? You put it on to parchments, revealing them and hiding much, you have now been taught what neither you nor your fathers knew before!' Say, 'Allah.' Then leave them, playing in their plunging.

Allah confirms that He sent down the Holy Koran and that it confirms the previous, original Books given to other prophets [6.92]

[6.92] And this is a Blessed Book which We have sent down, confirming what came before it, in order that you warn the Mother of the Villages (Mecca) and those who (live) around it. Those who believe in the Everlasting Life believe in it and preserve their prayers.

Lies about Allah [6.93-94]

[6.93] Who is more harmful than he who invents a lie about Allah, or says, "It has been revealed to me," when nothing has been revealed to him? Or he who says, 'I will send down the like of what Allah has sent down!' Would that you could see the harm doers when death overwhelms them! With hands outstretched, the angels (will say), 'Yield up your souls. You shall be recompensed with a humiliating punishment this Day, for you have said of Allah what is untrue and you grew proud against His verses.

[6.94] Now you have returned to Us, alone, as We created you at first, leaving behind all that We have bestowed on you. Nor do We see with you your intercessors, those whom you asserted to be your associates. The ties which bound you are broken, and that which you asserted has gone astray from you.'

Allah makes plain His verses [6.95-97]

[6.95] It is Allah who splits the grain and the date-stone. He brings forth the living from the dead, and the dead from the living. So, that is Allah; how then are you perverted?

[6.96] He splits the sky into dawn. He has ordained the night for rest and the sun, and the moon for reckoning. Such is the ordinance of the Almighty, the Knowing.

[6.97] It is He who has created for you the stars, so that you can be guided by them in the darkness of land and sea. We have made plain Our verses to a nation who know.

Pregnancy and its stages [6.98]

[6.98] It is He who originated you from one soul, then a lodging (place), and then a repository. We have made plain the verses to a nation that understands.

The signs of Allah in the earth [6.99]

[6.99] He sends down water from the sky, and with it We bring forth the plant of every thing. From these We bring forth green foliage and composite grain, palm-trees laden with clusters of dates within reach, vineyards and olive groves and pomegranates alike and unlike. Behold their fruits when they bear fruit and ripen. Surely, in these there are signs for a nation who believe.

Ascribing sons and daughters to Allah [6.100-102]

[6.100] Yet they regard the jinn as the partners of Allah, although He created them, and without knowledge ascribe to Him sons and daughters. Exaltations to Him! He is above what they describe.

[6.101] He is the Creator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have a son when He had no female companion? He created all things and has knowledge of all things.

Worship Allah, the Creator of all things [6.102]

[6.102] That is Allah, your Lord. There is no god except He, the Creator of all things. Therefore, worship Him. He is the Guardian of all things.

Allah sees us [6.103]

[6.103] No eye can see Him, though He sees all eyes. He is the Subtle, the Aware.

Clear proofs [6.104-106]

[6.104] Clear proofs have come to you from your Lord. Whosoever sees clearly it is for himself, and whosoever is blind, it is against himself. I am not an overseer for you.

[6.105] As such We make plain Our verses, so that they can say, 'You have studied,' in order that We clarify it to a nation that knows.

[6.106] Therefore, follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord there is no god except Him, and avoid the idolaters.

[6.107] Had Allah willed, they would not have associated. We have not made you an overseer for them, nor are you their guardian.

Check list for Muslims and those who want to keep Muslims in check [6.108]

Muslims must not use crude words to people of other faiths [6.108]

[6.108] Do not say crude words to those who call upon other than Allah, lest they use crude words about Allah in revenge without knowledge. As such we have made the actions of each nation seem pleasing. To their Lord they shall return, and He will inform them of that they were doing.

The hearts of eyes of those who do not believe are blind to the signs of Allah [6.109-111]

[6.109] They solemnly swear by Allah that if a sign is given to them they would believe in it. Say, 'Signs are only with Allah.' And how can you tell if it comes they will not believe.'

[6.110] We will turn away their hearts and eyes since they refused to believe in it at first. We will leave them in their insolence wandering blindly.

[6.111] Even if We sent down the angels to them and the dead spoke to them, and assembled all things in front of them, they would still not believe, unless Allah willed it. But most of them are ignorant.

The enemies of the prophets [6.112-113]

[6.112] As such We have assigned for every Prophet an enemy; the satans of humans and jinn, revealing varnished speech to each other, all as a delusion. But had your Lord willed, they would not have done so. Therefore leave them and what they invent,

[6.113] so that the hearts of those who have no belief in the Everlasting Life are inclined to it and, being pleased, persist in their sinful ways.

Seeking judges other than Allah [6.114-115]

[6.114] Should I seek a judge other than Allah when it is He who has sent down the well distinguished Book for you? Those to whom We have given the Book know that it is the truth sent down from your Lord, so do not be among the doubters.

The truth and justice of Allah [6.115]

[6.115] Perfected are the words of your Lord in truth and justice, none can change His Words. He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

Guesswork [6.116-117]

[6.116] If you obeyed most of those on earth, they would lead you astray from the Path of Allah. They follow only supposition and they are but conjecturing.

[6.117] Your Lord knows best who stray from His Path and the guided.

Permitted food [6.118-119]

[6.118] Eat then of that over which the Name of Allah has been mentioned (when slaughtered), if you truly believe in His verses.

[6.119] And why should you not eat of that over which the Name of Allah has been pronounced when He has already made plain to you what is forbidden, except when you are constrained? Many are those who mislead through ignorance on account of their fancies, but your Lord best knows the transgressors.

Avoidance of  sin [6.120]

[6.120] Forsake the revealed and hidden sin. Those who earn sin shall be recompensed for what they have committed.

Forbidden food (including supermarket meat) [6.121]

[6.121] Do not eat from that which the Name of Allah has not been mentioned, for it is a sin. The satans will reveal to their guided ones to argue with you. If you obey them, you shall indeed become idolaters.

The delusion of the unbelievers [6.122]

[6.122] Is he who was dead whom We have revived and given a light with which he walks among people to be compared to him who blunders about in darkness from which he will never emerge? As such what the unbelievers have done appear decorated to them.

Arch-transgressors [6.123-124]

[6.123] And as such we have placed in every village its arch-transgressors to scheme there. But they scheme only against themselves, though they do not sense it.

The unbelievers reject the signs given to Prophet Muhammad [6.124]

[6.124] When a sign came to them they said, 'We will not believe in it unless we are given that which the Messengers of Allah have been given.' But Allah knows best where to place His Message. Humiliation with Allah shall befall the sinners as well as a terrible punishment for what they devised.

Those whom Allah guides [6.125-127]

[6.125] Whomsoever Allah desires to guide, He expands his chest to Islam (submission). Whomsoever He desires to lead astray, He makes his chest narrow, tight, as though he were climbing to heaven. As such Allah lays the scourge on the unbelievers.

[6.126] This is the Path of your Lord, a Straight Path. We have made plain Our verses to a nation who remember.

[6.127] Theirs is the abode of peace with their Lord. He is their Guardian for what they did.

The Day of Judgement [6.128-132]

[6.128] On the Day when He assembles them all together, 'O company of Jinn, you have seduced mankind in great numbers.' And their guided ones among the humans will say, 'Lord, we have enjoyed each other. But now we have reached the term which You have appointed for us.' He will say, 'The Fire shall be your lodging, and there you shall remain for ever except as Allah will.' Your Lord is Wise, Knowing.

[6.129] So We make the harm doers guides of each other for what they have earned.

The questioning of the unbelieving nations of jinn and humans on the Day of Judgement and their witnessing against themselves [6.130]

[6.130] 'Jinn and human, did there not come to you Messengers of your own who narrated to you My verses and warned you of encountering this Day?' They will reply, 'We bear witness against ourselves.' Indeed, the life of this world beguiled them. They will bear witness against themselves that they were unbelievers.

[6.131] That is because your Lord will not destroy villages unjustly, while their inhabitants were inattentive.

[6.132] They all have their degrees according to their deeds. Your Lord is not inattentive of their actions.

The mercy and power of Allah [6.133-135]

[6.133] Your Lord is Rich and the Owner of Mercy. He can destroy you if He will and replace you with whom He pleases, just as He raised you from the offspring

of other nations.

[6.134] That which you are promised is sure to come. You shall not frustrate Me.

Work for the Everlasting Life [6.135]

[6.135] Say, 'Work according to your station my people, for indeed I am working.' You shall know to whom will be the good end of the abode. The harm doers shall not be triumphant.

All or nothing for Allah [6.136-137]

[6.136] They set aside for Allah a share of what He has created of tilth and cattle saying, 'This is for Allah so they claim and this for our associates (gods).' The share of their associates never reaches Allah, but the share of Allah reaches their associates. How evil they judge!

Confusion of the unbelievers [6.137]

[6.137] As such their associates made it attractive to the idolaters to kill their children so that they ruin them and confuse them about their religion. But had Allah willed, they would not have done so. Therefore, leave them to their false inventions.

Hardship imposed upon the Jews because they lied about the provision of Allah [6.138-146]

[6.138] They say, 'These cattle, and these crops are forbidden. None can eat of them except those whom we permit' so they claim, 'and cattle whose backs are forbidden, and others over which they do not pronounce the Name of Allah.' As  such fabricating lies against Him. He will recompense them for their invented lies.

[6.139] They also say, 'What is in the bellies (wombs) of these cattle is reserved for our males but not for our wives.' But if it is stillborn, they all partake of it. He will recompense them for their describing. He is Wise, Knowing.

[6.140] Lost are those who, without knowledge, have foolishly slain their own children and made unlawful that which Allah has provided them, fabricating lies about Allah. They have gone astray and are not guided.

The mercy of Allah; do not be wasteful [6.141]

[6.141] He brings forth gardens, trellised and untrellised, palm-trees and crops, different to eat, and the olive and pomegranates alike and unlike. When it bears fruit eat of it and pay what is due (the zakat) of it upon the harvest day. But do not be wasteful; He does not love the wasteful.

Know your enemy [6.142]

[6.142] And of the cattle, some are for carrying burdens, and others for slaughter. Eat of that which Allah has provided you with and do not follow in satan's footsteps; he is your open enemy.

The self-imposed dietary restriction of the Jews [6.143-146]

[6.143] (He has given you) eight couples, a pair of sheep and a pair of goats. Say, 'Of these, has He forbidden you the males, the females, or what the wombs of the two females contain? Tell me with knowledge, if you are truthful.'

[6.144] Then a pair of camels and a pair of cattle. Say, 'Of these, has He forbidden you the males, the females, or what the wombs of the two females contain? Were you witnesses when Allah charged you with this? Who is more harmful than he who, without knowledge, invents a lie about Allah to mislead people? Allah does not guide the harm doers.’

[6.145] Say, 'I find nothing in what has been revealed to me that forbids any one to eat of any food except the dead, running blood, and the flesh of swine for these are unclean and that which has been hallowed in its slaughter to other than Allah. But whoever is constrained to eat of any of these, not intending to sin or transgress, then your Lord is Forgiving, the Most Merciful.’

[6.146] We forbade the Jews all with undivided hoofs and the fat of sheep and cattle, except what is on their backs and entrails, and what is mixed with their bones. As such We recompensed them for their transgressions. Indeed, We are truthful.

The mercy of Allah [6.147]

[6.147] If they belie you, say, 'Your Lord is the Owner of all Encompassing Mercy, but His Might cannot be withheld from the nation, the evildoers.'

The consequences of conjecture [6.148

[6.148] The idolaters will say, 'Had Allah willed, neither we nor our fathers would have associated (idols), nor would we have forbidden anything.’ As such, those who have gone before them belied until they tasted Our Might. Say, 'Have you any knowledge you can bring forth to us? You follow nothing but guessing and you are only speakers of conjecture.'

[6.149] Say, 'Allah alone has the conclusive proof. Had He willed, He would have guided you all.'

[6.150] Say, 'Bring those witnesses of yours who can testify that Allah has forbidden this.' If they testify to it, do not testify with them, nor follow the wishes of those who belie Our verses, and disbelieve in the Everlasting Life and ascribe equals to their Lord.

The order of Allah [6.151-153]

[6.151] Say, 'Come, I will recite to you what your Lord forbids you; that you shall associate anything with Him; that you shall be good to your parents, that you shall not kill your children because of poverty, We provide for you and for them, that you shall not commit foul deeds whether openly or in secret, and that you shall not kill the soul that Allah has forbidden except by right. With such Allah  charges you, in order that you understand.

Check list for Muslims and those who want to check Muslims [6.152]

Justice and fair trading [6.152]

[6.152] Do not touch the wealth of the orphan, except in the fairer manner until he reaches maturity. Give just weight and full measure, We never charge a soul with more than it can bear. When you speak, be just, even if it affects your own kinsmen. Fulfill the covenant of Allah. With such He charges you, in order that you remember.

Follow the Straight Path [6.153]

[6.153] This Path of Mine is straight. Follow it and do not follow other paths, for they will scatter you away from His Path. With such Allah charges you, in order that you be cautious.’

Moses is given the Torah [6.154]

[6.154] Then to Moses We gave the Book, complete for him who does good, and (to make) plain all things, and guidance, and mercy, so that they might believe in the ultimate meeting with their Lord.

Koran is mercy for all mankind  [6.155-159]

[6.155] And We have sent down this blessed Book (the Holy Koran). Follow it and be cautious in order that you receive mercy,

[6.156] lest you should say, 'The Book was sent down only to two parties before us; we are inattentive to their study.'

[6.157] Or (you say), 'Had the Book been sent down to us, we would have been better guided than they.' Indeed a clear sign has now come to you from your Lord; a guidance and a mercy. And who is more harmful than he who belies the verses of Allah and turns away from them! We shall recompense those who turn away from Our verses with an evil punishment for their turning away.

[6.158] Are they waiting for the angels or your Lord to come to them, or for some of the signs of your Lord? On the Day when some of the signs of your Lord come, no soul will be benefited by its belief had it not believed before or earned good in its belief. Say, 'Wait, we are waiting.'

[6.159] You have nothing to do with those who have made divisions in their religion and become sects. Their affair is with Allah and He will inform them of what they have done.

The reward of a good deed [6.160]

[6.160] He who brings a good deed shall have tenfold of its like, but he who brings a sin shall be recompensed only for its like. None shall be wronged.

The Creed of Abraham [6.161]

[6.161] Say, 'My Lord has guided me to a Straight Path, an upright religion, the creed of Abraham, he was upright, not from the idolaters.'

My life and death, all are for Allah [6.162-163]

[6.162] Say, 'My prayers and my worship (for example, pilgrimage and sacrifice), my life and my death, are all for Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.

[6.163] He has no partner, with that I am commanded, and I am the first of the submitters (Muslims).'

No soul shall bear the burden of another [6.164]

[6.164] Say, 'Should I seek a lord other than Allah, who is the Lord of all things? Every soul earns only to its account no soul shall bear another's burden. Then to your Lord you shall be returned, and He will inform you about that in which you differed.'

We are tried by the blessings we receive [6.165]

[6.165] It is He who has made you caliphs in the earth and raised some of you in rank above others, so that He might try you in what He has given you. Swift is your Lord in retribution; yet He is Forgiving, Merciful.

 

7 The Ramparts - Al 'A'raf

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful.

[7.1] AlifLaamMeemSaad.

Worship Allah alone [7.2-4]

[7.2] The Book has been sent down to you; so let your chest have no constriction because of it, in order to warn thereby and as a reminder to the believers.

[7.3] Follow that which is sent down to you from your Lord and do not follow guardians other than Him; little do you remember.

The realization of the harm doers [7.4-5]

[7.4] How many a village have We laid in ruin! In the night Our Might fell upon it, or at midday when they were drowsy.

[7.5] And when Our Might fell upon them they only said, 'We have indeed been harm doers.'

The Day of Judgement [7.6-9]

[7.6] We will question those to whom Our Message was sent, as We shall question the Messengers.

[7.7] With knowledge We will narrate to them, for We are never absent.

[7.8] On that Day, the weighing is true. He whose scales are heavy those are the prosperers,

[7.9] but he whose scales are light those have lost their souls because they were harmful towards Our verses.

Be thankful [7.10]

[7.10] We established you in the earth and made for you a livelihood but little is it that you give thanks.

The sin of satan and his hatred towards humanity [7.11-18]

The story of Adam and Eve [7.11-27]

[7.11] We created you then We shaped you, then We said to the angels, 'Prostrate yourselves before Adam.' They all prostrated themselves except iblis he was not among the prostrated.

[7.12] He (Allah) asked, 'What prevented you to prostrate, when I commanded you?' 'I am better than he,' he replied. 'You created me of fire and You created him of clay.'

[7.13] He (Allah) said, 'Descend from it! This is no place for you to be proud. Begone, you are of the humiliated.'

[7.14] he replied, 'Respite me till the Day of Resurrection.'

[7.15] Said He (Allah), 'you are among the respited,'

[7.16] he answered, 'Because You have caused me to go astray, I will waylay them as they walk on Your Straight Path,

[7.17] and come upon them from the front and from the rear, from their right and from their left. Then, You shall find most of them ungrateful.'

[7.18] 'Begone! ' said He, 'despised and outcast. (As for) those of them that follow you, I shall fill Gehenna (Hell) with all of you.'

Adam and Eve in Paradise [7.19-23]

[7.19] 'O Adam dwell with your wife in Paradise, and eat from whatever you please; but never approach this tree or you shall both become harm doers.'

[7.20] But satan whispered to them, so that he might reveal to them their shameful parts which had been hidden from them, he said, 'Your Lord has prohibited you from this tree lest you both become angels or become among the immortal.'

[7.21] he swore to both, 'Indeed, I am to you among the advisers.'

[7.22] So he cheated both by delusion. And when they had tasted the tree, their shameful parts became apparent to them, and they both covered themselves with the leaves of Paradise. (Then) their Lord called to them, saying, 'Did I not prohibit you to approach that tree, and did I not warn you that satan was your clear enemy?'

Adam and Eve ask Allah to have mercy and forgive them [7.23]

Adam and Eve descend to earth [7.23-25]

[7.23] Both replied, 'Lord, We have harmed ourselves. If You do not forgive us and have mercy on us, we shall surely be among the lost.'

[7.24] He said, 'Descend, each of you an enemy to each other. The earth will be a dwelling place for you and an enjoyment for a time.’

[7.25] He said, 'There you shall live and there you shall die, and from there you shall emerge.'

[7.26] Children of Adam! We have sent down to you clothing that covers your nakedness, and feathers. But the clothing of piety that is better. That is one of the signs of Allah, in order that they remember.

Do not let satan tempt you [7.27]

[7.27] Children of Adam! Do not let satan tempt you, as he brought your parents out of Paradise. He stripped them of their garments to show them their shameful parts. Indeed he and his descendants see you from where you cannot see them. We have made the satans supporters of those who do not believe.

Lies against Allah [7.28]

[7.28] When they commit an indecency, they say, 'This is what we found our fathers practicing, and with it Allah has ordered us.' Say, 'Allah does not order indecency. Would you tell of Allah what you do not know?'

Allah orders justice [7.29]

[7.29] Say, 'My Lord ordered justice. Turn your faces to Him in every place of prayer and supplicate to Him, making the religion sincerely to Him. As He originated you, you shall return.'

Supporters of satan [7.30]

[7.30] Some He has guided, and upon some justly is the straying; for they had chosen the satans for supporters instead of Allah and suppose themselves to be guided.

Conservation; Allah does not love the wasteful [7.31]

[7.31] Children of Adam, take your adornment at every place of prayer. Eat and drink, and do not waste. He does not love the wasteful.

The Day of Resurrection [7.32]

[7.32] Say, 'Who has forbidden the adornment that Allah has brought for His worshipers and the good provision?' Say, 'They are in this life for those who believe, and purely theirs on the Day of Resurrection.' As such We distinguish the verses to people who know.

Indecency, insolence and association [7.33]

[7.33] Say, 'My Lord has forbidden all indecent acts whether apparent or disguised and sin, and unjust insolence, and that you associate with Allah that for which He has never sent down an authority, or to say about Allah what you do not know.'

Everything is written [7.34]

[7.34] To every nation a term; when their term comes they shall not delay it by a single hour, nor yet hasten it.

Believers and unbelievers [7.35-36]

[7.35] Children of Adam, when Messengers of your own come to narrate to you My verses, those who are cautious and mend their ways will have nothing to fear neither shall they be saddened,

[7.36] but, those who belie and grow proud against Our verses shall be the inhabitants of the Fire, and there they shall remain for ever.

When false gods reject and forsake their worshipers [7.37-39]

[7.37] Who is more harmful than he who invents a lie about Allah or belies His verses? Such shall have their share of the Book, and when Our Messengers come to take them away, they shall say to them, 'Where now are those whom you invoked, other than Allah?' 'They have forsaken us,' they will answer, and will bear witness against themselves that they were unbelievers.

The day when the unbelievers ask Allah to double the punishment of their leaders [7.38-40]

[7.38] He will say, 'Enter the Fire and join the nations of jinn and humans that have gone before you.' As they enter, every nation will curse its sister-nation, and when all are gathered in the pit, the last of them will say of the first, 'These, Lord, are those who led us astray. Give them a double punishment of the Fire. He will answer, 'For each double, although you do not know it.'

[7.39] Then, the first will say to the last, 'You were no better than us.' So taste the punishment for what you have earned.

The inhabitants of the Fire [7.40-41]

[7.40] The gates of heaven shall not be opened for those who have belied and grew proud against Our verses; nor shall they enter Paradise until a camel shall pass through the eye of a needle. As such We shall recompense the sinners.

[7.41] Gehenna (Hell) shall be their cradle, and layers of fire shall cover them. As such We recompense the harm doers.

The inhabitants of Paradise [7.42-45]

[7.42] As for those who believe and do good works We never charge a soul with more than it can bear they are the companions of Paradise, and there they shall live for ever.

[7.43] We shall strip away all rancor from their chests. Rivers shall flow underneath them, and they shall say, 'Praise be to Allah who has guided us to this. Had Allah not given us guidance we should not have been guided. The Messengers of our Lord surely came with the truth.' Then they are called, 'This is the Paradise which you have inherited for what you did.'

The question the people of Paradise ask the people of the Fire [7.44-45]

The Day of Judgement [7.44-53]

[7.44] Then the companions of Paradise will call out to the companions of the Fire, 'What our Lord promised we have found to be true, have you too, found the promise of your Lord to be true?' 'Yes,' they shall answer, and a Caller will announce between them that the curse of Allah is upon the harm doers,

[7.45] who have barred others from the Path of Allah and sought to make it crooked, and who had no belief in the Everlasting Life.

[7.46] And between them is a veil, and on the ramparts there shall stand men who will know each by their marks. To the companions of Paradise they shall call, 'Peace be upon you!' Yet they did not enter it on account of their eagerness.

[7.47] And when they turn their eyes towards the companions of the Fire, they will say, 'Lord, do not cast us among the harm doers!'

[7.48] And the companions of the ramparts call to men whose marks they recognize, 'Neither your amassing nor your pride have availed you.

[7.49] Are these whom you swore that Allah would never have mercy upon them?' (To them it will be said) 'Enter Paradise. You have nothing to fear neither will you be saddened.'

The people of the Fire [7.50-53]

[7.50] The companions of the Fire will call out to the companions of Paradise, 'Pour upon us some water, or some of that which Allah has provided you.' But they shall reply, 'Allah has forbidden both to the unbelievers,

[7.51] who made their religion an amusement and play, and who were beguiled by their worldly life.' On this Day We will forget them as they forgot the meeting of that Day; for they denied Our verses.

[7.52] We have brought to them a Book which We have made plain based upon knowledge, a guidance and a mercy to believers.

[7.53] Are they waiting but for its fulfillment? On the Day when it is realized, those who have forgotten it will say, 'The Messengers of our Lord have surely come with the truth. Have we then any intercessors to intercede for us, or shall we be returned to do other than that we have done?' They have lost their souls, and that which they invented will have gone astray from them.

The creation of the heavens and earth was not a flux [7.54]

[7.54] Your Lord is Allah, who, in six days created the heavens and the earth, and then willed to the Throne. He throws the veil of night over the day. Swiftly they follow one another. The sun, the moon, and the stars are compelled to His order. His is the creation, His is the command. Blessed is Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.

Supplicate to Allah [7.55]

[7.55] Supplicate to your Lord with humility and in secret. He does not love the transgressors.

The mercy of Allah [7.56-58]

[7.56] Do not make mischief in the earth after it has been put right. Pray to Him with fear and hope; His Mercy is near to the righteous.

[7.57] He sends forth the winds as carriers of the glad tidings between the hands of His Mercy, and when they have carried up a heavy cloud, We drive it on to some dead land and therewith send down water bringing forth all manner of fruit. As such We will raise the dead, in order that you remember.

[7.58] Good land yields its vegetation by the permission of its Lord. While the  corrupted yields only the scanty. So We make plain the verses to those who are thankful.

The story of Prophet Noah [7.59-64]

[7.59] We sent forth Noah to his nation. He said, 'Worship Allah, my people for you have no god except He. I fear for you the punishment of a great Day.'

[7.60] But the assembly of his nation said, 'We can see that you are in clear error.'

[7.61] 'I am not in error, my nation,' he replied. 'I am a Messenger from the Lord of the Worlds

[7.62] (sent) to convey to you the messages of my Lord and to advise you, for I know from Allah what you do not know.

[7.63] Do you wonder that a Remembrance should come to you from your Lord to a man from yourselves in order that he may warn you and that you may be cautious so that mercy comes upon you?'

[7.64] (But) they belied him, so We saved him and those who were with him in the Ark, and We drowned those who belied Our verses. Surely, they were a blind nation.

The story of Prophet Hood [7.65-72]

[7.65] And to (the people of) Aad We sent their brother, Hood. He said, 'Worship Allah, my nation, for you have no god except He. Will you not then be cautious?'

[7.66] The disbelieving assembly of his nation said, 'We see you in foolishness, and think that you are of the liars.'

[7.67] 'My nation, there is no foolishness in me,' he replied. 'I am a Messenger of the Lord of the Worlds

[7.68] I deliver to you the messages of my Lord and I am your honest adviser.

[7.69] Do you wonder that a remembrance should come to you from your Lord to a man from yourselves in order that he may warn you? Remember, that He has made you the heirs of Noah's nation and increased you in broad stature, remember the favors of Allah in order that you prosper!'

Contempt of the unbelievers of Aad [7.70-71]

[7.70] They said, 'Have you come to us in order that we worship Allah alone and renounce that which our fathers worshipped? Bring down that with which you threaten us if you are from the truthful!’

[7.71] He answered, 'The punishment and wrath of your Lord has already fallen upon you. Would you dispute with me about names which you and your fathers have invented, and for which no authority has been sent down from Allah? Wait if you will, I am waiting with you.'

The mercy of Allah to Prophet Hood and his followers [7.72]

[7.72] We saved him and all who were with him through Our Mercy and annihilated those who belied Our verses. They were not believers!

The story of Prophet Salih [7.73-7.79]

[7.73] And to Thamood We sent their brother Salih. He said, 'Worship Allah, my nation, for you have no god except He. A clear proof has come to you from your Lord. Here is the she-camel of Allah, a sign for you. Leave her to graze in the earth of Allah and do not touch her with evil, lest a painful punishment seizes you.

[7.74] Remember, that He has made you the successor of  Aad, and lodged you in the land. You have built palaces on its plains and hewed out houses in the mountains. Remember the favor of Allah and do not act mischievously in the earth, corrupting.'

[7.75] The proud assembly of his nation said to the weak amongst them who believed, 'Do you really believe that Salih is sent from his Lord?' They answered, 'We believe in that with which he was sent.'

The people of Aad had no love for sincere advisors who tried to lead them to Allah [7.76-78]

[7.76] Those who were proud said, 'We disbelieve in that which you believed in.'

[7.77] (Then) they hamstrung the she-camel and defied the order of their Lord, saying to Salih, 'Bring down that which you have promised us if you truly are one of the Messengers.'

[7.78] Thereupon the earthquake seized them, at morning in their dwellings they were crouched, dead.

[7.79] He turned from them, saying, 'I conveyed to you, my nation the Message of my Lord and gave you counsel; but you had no love for sincere advisers.'

The story of Prophet Lot [7.80-84]

Sodomy [7.80-82]

[7.80] And Lot, who said to his nation, 'Do you commit such indecency (sodomy) in a way that no one has preceded you in the worlds?

[7.81] You approach men lustfully instead of women. Truly, you are a nation who exceed (in sin).'

[7.82] The only answer of his nation was, 'Expel them from your village. They are people who keep themselves purified.'

[7.83] We saved him and all his family, except his wife, who was made to remain,

[7.84] and We rained down upon them a rain. So look how was the end of the evildoers.

The story of Prophet Shu’aib [7.85-93]

Fair trading [7.85]

[7.85] And to Midian, their brother Shu'aib. He said, 'Worship Allah, my nation, for you have no god except He. A clear sign has come to you from your Lord. Give just weight, and full measure; and do not diminish the goods of people. Do not corrupt the land after it has been set right, that is best for you, if you are believers.

[7. 86] Do not sit in every road, threatening and barring from the Path of Allah those who believed it, nor seek to make it crooked. Remember how He multiplied you when you were few in number. Consider the end of the corrupters.

[7.87] If there are some among you who believe in that which I have been sent and others who disbelieve it, be patient until Allah shall judge between us. He is the best of judges.'

The contempt of the unbelievers of Midian [7.88]

[7.88] The proud assembly of his nation said, 'We will expel you Shu'aib and those who believe with you from our village unless you return to our creed.' He replied, 'Even though we hate it?

[7.89] We would have invented lies about Allah if we returned to your creed from which Allah has saved us, it is not for us that we return into it again except if Allah, our Lord wills. For our Lord has embraced everything with knowledge, and in Allah we have put our trust. Our Lord, open between us and our nation with truth, You are the Best of openers.'

[7.90] But the unbelieving assembly of his nation said, 'If you follow Shu'aib, you shall assuredly be losers.'

[7.91] So the earthquake seized them, at the morning they were crouched in their dwellings, dead.

[7.92] It seemed as if those who had belied Shu'aib had never lived there. Those who belied Shu'aib were the losers.

[7.93] He turned away from them saying, 'I conveyed to you, my nation, the messages of my Lord and advised you. How can I grieve for the unbelieving nation?'

The trials of Allah [7.94-96]

[7.94] We sent no Prophet to a village but seized its inhabitants with misfortune and adversity in order that they might be humble in supplication.

[7.95] Then We changed evil for good, until they multiplied and said, 'Our fathers were indeed touched by misfortune and adversity.' So We seized them suddenly while they were unaware.

[7.96] Had the people of the villages believed and been cautious, We would have opened upon them the blessings from heaven and earth. But they belied, and We seized them for what they earned.

Do you feel secure? [7.97-100]

[7.97] Do the inhabitants of the villages feel secure from Our Might coming to them at night whilst they sleep?

[7.98] Or do the inhabitants of the villages feel secure from Our Might coming to them in the midmorning while they play?

[7.99] (In reply to your devising) do they feel secure from the devising of Allah? None feels secure from the devising of Allah except the loosing nation.

[7.100] Is it not plain to those who inherit the earth after its inhabitants that if We willed We could smite them for their sins and set a seal upon their hearts, so that they do not hear.

The unbelievers [7.101-102]

[7.101] Those villages We narrate their news to you. Their Messengers came to them with clear proofs, yet they would not believe what they had belied before; as such Allah seals the hearts of the unbelievers.

[7.102] We did not find the covenant upheld by the majority of them, but We found most of them evildoers.

The story of Prophet Moses and Pharaoh [7.103-157]

[7.103] After those We sent forth Moses with Our signs to Pharaoh and his assembly, but with it they harmed. Look at the end of the corrupters.

[7.104] Moses said, 'Pharaoh, I am a Messenger from the Lord of the Worlds,

[7.105] incumbent upon me is that I say nothing of Allah except the truth. I bring you a clear proof from your Lord. So let the Children of Israel depart with me.'

The signs of the Prophethood of Moses [7.106-108]

[7.106] He answered, 'If you have come with a sign, show it to us if you are of the truthful.'

[7.107] He threw down his staff, and it was clearly a serpent.

[7.108] Then he drew out his hand and it was luminous to the onlookers.

Pharaoh accuses Moses of sorcery [7.109-112]

[7.109] The assembly of Pharaoh's nation said, 'This man is a well-versed sorcerer

[7.110] who seeks to drive you from your land what do you command?'

[7.111] Others said, 'Put them off a while, he and his brother, and send forth to your cities gatherers

[7.112] to summon every well-versed sorcerer to you.'

Prophet Moses and the sorcerers [7.113-126]

[7.113] The sorcerers came to Pharaoh. They said, 'Shall we be rewarded if we are the winners?'

[7.114] 'Yes,' he answered, 'and you will be among those near.'

[7.115] They said, 'Moses, will you throw first or shall we be the throwers?'

[7.116] 'Throw,' he replied. And when they threw, they bewitched the people's eyes and terrified them, and produced great sorcery.

[7.117] Then We revealed to Moses, 'Now, throw down your staff.' And thereupon it swallowed up their false invention.

[7.118] So, the truth prevailed and what they were doing was annulled;

[7.119] they were defeated and turned belittled,

Pharaoh’s sorcerers become believers [7.120-122]

[7.120] and the sorcerers prostrated themselves,

[7.121] saying, 'We believe in the Lord of the Worlds,

[7.122] the Lord of Moses and Aaron.'

[7.123] Pharaoh said, 'Do you believe in Him before I permit? This is a plot that you have contrived in the city in order to expel its people from it. Now you shall know!

[7.124] I will cut off on opposite sides a hand and a foot, and then crucify you all!'

[7.125] They replied, 'We shall surely turn to our Lord.

Supplication of the believing sorcerers [7.126]

[7.126] You would take revenge on us only because we believed in the signs of our Lord when they came to us. Lord, pour patience upon us and let us die as submitters (Muslims).'

[7.127] The assembly of Pharaoh's nation said, 'Will you allow Moses and his nation to corrupt in the land and to forsake you and your gods?' He replied, 'We will put their sons to death and spare their women, indeed we are conquerors over them.'

Moses tells his nation to seek help from Allah and to be patient [7.128]

[7.128] Moses said to his nation, 'Seek help from Allah and be patient. The earth belongs to Allah; He gives it as a heritage to whom He chooses amongst His worshipers. The outcome is for the cautious.'

The scorn of the Children of Israel [7.129]

[7.129] They replied, 'We were hurt before you came to us, and after you came to us.' He said, 'Your Lord may destroy your enemies and make you inheritors in the land. Then He will see how you conduct yourselves.'

Plagues afflict Pharaoh and his people [7.130-135]

[7.130] We seized Pharaoh's people with years of drought and scarcity of fruit so that they might remember.

[7.131] When good things came their way, they said, 'It is our due,' but when evil befell them they blamed their ill fortune on Moses and those with him. Indeed their ill fortune was with Allah, though most of them did not know.

[7.132] They said, 'Whatever sign you bring to us, to cast a spell upon us, we will not believe in you.'

[7.133] So We sent upon them floods, locusts, lice, frogs, and blood. (All these were) clear signs, yet they were proud against them, for they were wicked people.

[7.134] And when the plague smote them, they said, 'Moses, pray to your Lord for us invoking the promise He has made with you. If you lift the plague from us, we will believe in you and let the Children of Israel go with you.'

Pharaoh breaks his promise and is drowned [7.135-136]

[7.135] But when We had lifted the plague from them for a term which they had to reach, they broke their promise.

[7.136] So We punished them and drowned them in the sea, for they had belied Our signs and gave no heed to them.

The destruction of Pharaoh’s kingdom [7.137]

[7.137] We gave the persecuted nation dominion over the eastern and western lands which We had blessed. So the Word of your Lord, the finest, was fulfilled for the Children of Israel because of their patience; and We destroyed the edifices, and towers of Pharaoh and whatsoever they manufactured.

The Children of Israel’s miraculous crossing of the sea [7.138]

Even after the miraculous parting of the sea the Children of Israel want to worship idols [7.138-141]

[7.138] and We moved the Children of Israel from one side of the sea to the other, and they came upon a nation zealously devoted to the idols they had. They said to Moses, 'Make a god for us, as they have gods.' Moses replied, 'You are indeed an ignorant nation.

[7.139] That which they are engaged upon shall be shattered and all their works are vain.

[7.140] Should I seek any god for you except Allah? He has exalted you above the nations.

The Children of Israel saved from Pharaoh [7.141]

[7.141] And that We saved you from Pharaoh's family, who had oppressed you cruelly, putting your sons to death and sparing your women. Surely, that was a great trial from your Lord.'

Prophet Moses leaves his brother, Prophet Aaron, in charge of the Children of Israel for his appointment with Allah [7.142]

[7.142] We appointed for Moses thirty nights, and We completed them with ten more; so that the appointment with his Lord took forty nights. Moses said to Aaron, his brother, 'Take my place among my nation. Do what is right and do not follow the path of the corrupt doers.'

Allah speaks to Prophet Moses [7.143-144]

[7.143] And when Moses came at the appointed time and his Lord spoke to him, he said, 'Lord, let me see, that I can look at You.' He replied, 'You shall not see Me. But look at the mountain; if it remains firm in its place, then shall you see Me.' And when his Lord was revealed to the mountain and caused it to be crushed and leveled whereupon Moses fell down senseless, and when he recovered, he said, 'Exaltations to You! I repent to You. I am the first of believers.'

[7.144] He said, 'Moses, I have chosen you from all mankind with My Messages and My Words. Therefore, take what I have given you, and be among the thankful.'

Prophet Moses is given the Tablets [7.145]

[7.145] We inscribed for him upon the Tablets all kinds of exhortation and clear explanations of all things. So take it forcefully, and order your nation to take what is best of it. I shall show you the home of the wicked.

Those who belie the signs of Allah [7.146-147]

[7.146] From My signs I will turn away the unrightfully, arrogant in the land, so that even if they witness every sign they would not believe it. If they see the path of righteousness, they shall not take it as a path; but if they see the path of error, they shall take it for their path because they belied Our signs and were inattentive towards them.

[7.147] Vain are the deeds of those who belie Our signs and the Everlasting Life. Shall they not be recompensed except for what they used to do?

The Children of Israel worship the golden calf [7.148-

[7.148] In his absence, the nation of Moses made a calf from their ornaments, a body with a hollow sound. Did they not see that it could neither speak to them, nor guide them to a path? Yet they took it in worship and were harm doers.

[7.149] But when it landed in their hands and saw that they had strayed, they said, 'If our Lord does not have mercy on us and forgive us, we shall be lost.'

[7.150] And when Moses returned to his nation, angry and sorrowful, he said, 'Evil is what you have done in my absence! Would you hasten the retribution of your Lord?' He threw down the Tablets, and seizing his brother by the head, dragged him towards him. 'Son of my mother,' said (Aaron), 'the nation weakened me, and almost killed me. Do not let my enemies rejoice over me; do not number me among the harm doers.'

[7.151] 'Lord, ' said Moses, 'forgive me and forgive my brother. Admit us to Your Mercy, for You are Most Merciful of the merciful! '

[7.152] Those who worshipped the calf incurred the Anger of their Lord and abasement in this life, and as such We recompense the forgers.

[7.153] As for those who do evil and later repent and believe, your Lord is Forgiving, the Most Merciful thereafter.

[7.154] When his anger abated, Moses took up the Tablets upon which was inscribed guidance and mercy to those who fear their Lord.

[7.155] Moses chose from among his nation seventy men for Our appointment, and when the quake seized them, Moses said, 'My Lord, had it been Your Will, You would have destroyed them before, and me. Will You destroy us for that which the fools amongst us did? It is only Your trial by which You leave in error whom You will, and guide whom You will. You alone are our Guardian. Forgive us and have mercy on us, You are the Best of those who forgive.

[7.156] Write for us what is good in this life and in the Everlasting Life. To You alone we turn.' He replied, 'I will smite with My punishment whom I will; yet My mercy embraces all things. I will write it (My mercy) to those who are cautious, give the obligatory charity, and believe in Our verses;

Prophet Muhammad was mentioned in the original Torah and the Gospel of Jesus [7.157]

[7.157] and to those who shall follow the Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet (Muhammad) whom they shall find written with them in the Torah and the Gospel. He will order kindness upon them and forbid them to do evil. He will make good things lawful to them and prohibit all that is foul. He will relieve them of their burdens and of the shackles that weigh upon them. Those who believe in him and honor him, those who aid him and follow the light sent forth with him, shall surely prosper.'

The order to believe in the Oneness of Allah and His last prophet, Muhammad [7.158]

[7.158] Say, 'O mankind, I am the Messenger of Allah to you all. His is the kingdom in the heavens and the earth. There is no god except He. He revives and causes to die. Therefore, believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, who believes in Allah and His Words. Follow him in order that you are guided.'

The guided Children of Israel [7.159]

[7.159] Yet among the people of Moses there was a nation who preached the truth and acted justly.

Prophet Moses and the miraculous twelve springs [7.160]

[7.160] We divided them into twelve tribes, each a nation. And when his people demanded drink, We revealed to Moses, 'Strike the rock with your staff.' Thereupon twelve springs gushed from the rock and each tribe knew its drinking-place. We caused the clouds to cast their shadow over them, and sent down for them manna and quails, saying, 'Eat of the good things We have provided for you.' Indeed, they did Us no wrong, but they wronged themselves.

The disobedience of the Children of Israel [7.161-162]  

[7.161] When it was said to them, 'Dwell in this village, and eat of whatever you please; and say, "Unburdening" and enter the gate prostrating, We will forgive you your sins and increase the good doers.’ 

[7.162] The wicked amongst them changed what was said for other words. Therefore We sent down upon them from heaven a punishment for their evil doing.

The punishment of the Children of Israel who broke the Sabbath [7.163-167]

[7.163] Ask them about the village that overlooked the sea and what befell (its people) when they broke the Sabbath. Each Sabbath, their fish came swimming towards the shore, but on other days they did not come to them. As such We tempted them (the people) because they had done wrong.

[7.164] And when some asked, 'Why do you admonish a nation whom Allah will destroy or sternly punish?' They replied, '(Seeking) a pardon from your Lord, and in order that they may be cautious.'

[7.165] Therefore, when they forgot that of which they were reminded, We saved those who were forbidding evil, and seized the evildoers with an evil punishment for that which they used to do of evil.

[7.166] And when they had scornfully persisted in what they had been forbidden, We said to them, 'Be apes, despised.'

[7.167] Then your Lord declared He would send against them he who would oppress them cruelly till the Day of Resurrection. Swift is the retribution of your Lord, yet surely He is Forgiving, the Most Merciful.

Children of Israel tested [7.168-169]

[7.168] We dispersed them through the earth in nations some were righteous, others were not, and tested them with good and evil in order that they return.

[7.169] Then others succeeded them who inherited the Book and availed themselves of the vanities of this lower world, saying, 'It will be forgiven us.' But if similar vanities came their way, they would again take them. Have they not taken the covenant of the Book, which they have studied, to tell nothing of Allah except what is true? Surely, the Everlasting Life is better for the cautious, do you not understand!

The importance of prayer [7.170]

[7.170] As for those who hold fast to the Book and are steadfast in prayer, We do not waste the wage of the righteous.

The Children of Israel and the mountain [7.171]

[7.171] When We suspended the mountain over them as though it were a shadow and they feared that it was falling down on them, (We said) 'Take forcefully that which We have given you and remember what it contains, in order that you keep from evil.'

Witnessing [7.172-174]

[7.172] When your Lord brought forth descendants from the loins of Adam's children, and made them testify concerning themselves (He said), 'Am I not your Lord.' They replied, 'We bear witness (that You are).' Lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection, 'We had no knowledge of this,'

[7.173] or you say, 'Our forefathers were idolaters before, and we were the descendants after them, will You destroy us for the deeds of the vain-doers?'

[7.174] As such We make plain Our verses in order that they return.

Those who belie the verses of Allah [7.175-177]

[7.175] Recite to them the news of he to whom We gave Our verses and who turned away from them; how satan overtook him so he was led astray.

[7.176] Had it been Our will We would have raised with it, but he clung to this earthly life and succumbed to his fancies. His likeness was that of a dog, whether you chase it away or let it alone it pants. Such is the example of a nation who belie Our signs. Recount to them these narratives, in order that they reflect.

[7.177] Evil is the example of those who belied Our verses; they wronged themselves.

The guided and the lost [7.178]

[7.178] He whom Allah guides is one that is guided, but he whom Allah leaves in error shall surely be the lost.

Hell [7.179]

[7.179] For Gehenna, We have created many jinn and many humans. They have hearts, with which they cannot understand; eyes, with which they do not see; and ears, with which they do not hear. They are like cattle, rather, they are the more misguided. Such are the heedless.

The finest Names of Allah [7.180]

[7.180] To Allah belongs the Finest Names, so call Him by them, and keep away from those who pervert them. They shall be recompensed for the things they did.

Truth and justice [7.181]

[7.181] Among those whom We created there is a nation who guide with the truth and with it they are just.

Those who belie the verses of Allah [7.182-186]

[7.182] As for those who belie Our verses, We will draw them on little by little, from where they cannot tell;

[7.183] and I respite them, My stratagem is firm.

[7.184] Have they not reflected? There is no madness in their companion, he is but a plain warner.

[7.185] Will they not ponder upon the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and all that Allah created, and that it may be that their term is drawing near? So, in which speech will they believe thereafter?

[7.186] None can guide those whom Allah leaves in error. He leaves them in their insolence, wandering blindly.

When will the end of the world arrive? [7.187]

[7.187] They ask you about the Hour and when it is to come. Say, 'None knows except my Lord. He alone will reveal it at the appointed time. It is heavy in the heavens and earth. It will not come to you but suddenly.' They will question you, as though you had full knowledge of it. Say, 'Its knowledge is with Allah, though most people are unaware.'

Prophet Muhammad; a warner and bearer of glad tidings [7.188]

[7.188] Say, 'I do not have the power to acquire benefits or to avert harm from myself, except by the Will of Allah. Had I possessed knowledge of the unseen, I would have availed myself of much that is good, and no harm would have touched me. But I am only a warner and a bearer of glad tidings for a nation who believe.

The ingratitude of the unbelievers and the challenge of Allah [7.189-195]

[7.189] It is He who created you from a soul. From it He created its mate, so that he might reside with her. And when he had covered her, she conceived, and for a time her burden was light. She carried it with ease, but when it grew heavy, they both supplicated to Allah, their Lord, 'Grant us a goodly child and we will be among the thankful.'

[7.190] Yet when He gave both of them (the parents) a goodly child, they set up associates with Him, in return for what He had given them. Exalted be Allah above that they associate with Him.

[7.191] Will they associate that which cannot create a thing while they are created?

[7.192] They cannot help them, nor can they help themselves.

[7.193] If you call them to guidance, they will not follow you. It is the same whether you call them or you are silent.

[7.194] Those whom you invoke, other than Allah, are worshipers like yourselves. Call them, and let them answer you, if what you say is true!

[7.195] Have they feet to walk with? Have they hands to punish with? Have they eyes to see with? Have they ears to hear with? Say, 'Call on your partners and then try to scheme against me. Give me no respite.

Allah guards the righteous [7.196]

[7.196] My Guardian is Allah, who has sent down the Book. He guards the righteous.

False gods [7.197-198]

[7. 197] Those whom you invoke, other than Him, cannot help you, nor can they help themselves.'

[7.198] If you call them to guidance, they will not hear you. You see them looking towards you, but they cannot see.

The median way, justice and ignorance [7.199]

[7.199] Accept the easing, order with fine jurisprudence, and avoid the ignorant.

Provocation of satan [7.200-201]

[7.200] When satan provokes you seek refuge in Allah; He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

[7.201] Indeed, when a visitation of satan touches the cautious (worshipers) they remember, and then see clearly.

[7.202] And their brothers, they prolong them in error, and they will never stop.

Koran is not only a veritable proof but guidance and mercy [7.203-204]

[7.203] When you do not bring them a verse, they say, 'Why have you not chosen one?' Say, 'I follow only what is revealed to me from my Lord. This (Koran) is a veritable proof from your Lord, guidance and mercy for people who believe.'

Listen to the Koran in silence [7.204]

[7.204] When the Koran is recited, listen to it in silence in order that Allah has mercy upon you.

Remembrance and worship of Allah [7.205-206]

[7.205] Remember your Lord in your soul with humility and fear, and not with a loud voice, morning and evening, and do not be among the inattentive.

[7.206] Those who are with your Lord are not too proud to worship Him. They exalt Him and to Him they prostrate.

 

8 The Spoils - Al-'Anfal

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

Spoils of war [8.1]

[8.1] They ask you about the spoils (of war). Say, 'The spoils belong to Allah and the Messenger. Therefore, have fear of Allah and set things right between you.

Obey Allah and His Messenger, if you are believers.'

Check list for Muslims and those who want to check Muslims [8.2-8.4]

[8.2] Indeed the believers are those whose hearts quake at the mention of Allah, and when His verses are recited to them it increased them in faith. They are those who put their trust in their Lord.

[8.3] Those who pray steadfastly, and spend of that which We have provided them,

[8.4] those are, in truth, the believers. They shall have degrees with their Lord and forgiveness, and a generous provision.

Truth [8.5-6]

[8.5] It is like when your Lord caused you to leave your home with the truth, though some of the believers disliked it.

[8.6] They argued with you about the truth after it had been made clear, as though they were being led to certain death while looking.

The encounter at Badr [8.7-20]

[8.7] (Remember) when Allah promised to grant you one of the two parties (at Badr), and you wished for the one that was not strong. Allah wanted to establish the truth by His Words and to sever the unbelievers to the last,

[8.8] in order that He might verify the truth and annul the falsehood, even though the wrongdoers hated it.

The angels at Badr [8.9-10]      

[8.9] And when you (Prophet Muhammad) prayed to your Lord for help, He answered, 'I am sending to your aid a thousand angels in succession.'

[8.10] Allah only made it to be glad tidings and so that your hearts may be satisfied; victory comes only from Allah; He is Almighty, Wise.

[8.11] When you were overcome by sleep, as security from Him, He sent down water from the sky to cleanse you and to purify you of satan's filth, to strengthen your hearts and to steady your footsteps.

Angels fight at encounter of Badr [8.12]

[8.12] And when Allah revealed to the angels, saying, 'I shall be with you. Give courage to the believers. I shall cast terror into the hearts of the unbelievers. Strike them above the necks, smite their finger tips.'

[8.13] This is because they had made a breach with Allah and His Messenger. He who makes a breach with Allah and His Messenger indeed, Allah is stern in retribution.

[8.14] 'That for you, so taste it, the punishment of the Fire is for the unbelievers.'

[8.15] Believers, when you encounter unbelievers on the march do not turn your backs to them in flight.

[8.16] If anyone on that day turns his back to them in flight, except when maneuvering to fight, or to join another party, he shall be laden with the Anger of Allah and Gehenna shall be his refuge an evil arrival.

Allah slew the unbelievers at Badr [8.17]

[8.17] It was not you who killed them, but Allah slew them, neither was it you who threw at them. Allah threw at them in order that He confers on the believers a fair benefit. Indeed, Allah is Hearing, Knowing.

[8.18] Allah will surely weaken the guile of the unbelievers.

[8.19] If you were seeking a victory, victory has now come to you. If you desist, it will be better for you. If you resume We will return, and even if your forces are numerous, they shall not help you at all. And Allah is with the believers.

[8.20] Believers, obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not turn away from him when you are hearing.

Those who hear but do not listen [8.21-23]

[8.21] Do not be like those who say, 'We hear,' but they do not listen.

[8.22] The worst beasts before Allah are those who are deaf, dumb, and do not understand.

[8.23] Indeed, had Allah known any good in them, He would have let them hear. But even if He had made them hear, they would have turned away, swerving aside.

The nearness of Allah [8.24]

[8.24] Believers, respond to Allah and the Messenger when he calls you to that which revives you. Know that Allah is between the person and his heart, and that to Him you shall all be gathered.

Sedition [8.25]

[8.25] And be cautious against a sedition that will not smite the harm doers alone. Know that the punishment of Allah is Stern.

The support of Allah [8.26]

[8.26] And remember how He gave you shelter when you were few in number and considered weak in the land, ever fearing that the people would snatch you away; but He gave you refuge and supported you with His victory and provided you with goodness, so that you might give thanks.

Betrayal [8.27]

[8.27] Believers, do not betray Allah and the Messenger, nor knowingly betray your trust.

Temptation [8.28]

[8.28] Know that your children and your wealth are but a temptation, and that the reward with Allah is great.

The forgiveness of Allah [8.29]

[8.29] Believers, if you fear Allah, He will give you a criteria and cleanse you of your sins and forgive you. Allah is the Owner of great bounty.

The plot against Prophet Muhammad [8.30]

[8.30] And when the unbelievers plotted against you (Prophet Muhammad). They sought to either take you captive or have you killed, or expelled. They plotted but Allah (in reply) also plotted. Allah is the Best in plotting.

The contempt of the unbelievers [8.32-35]

[8.31] Whenever Our verses are recited to them, they say, 'We have heard them, if we wished, we could speak its like. They are but tales of the ancients.'

[8.32] When they say, 'O Allah, if this is indeed the truth from You, rain down upon us stones from heaven or bring us a painful punishment.'

[8.33] But Allah was not to punish them whilst you were living in their midst. Nor would Allah punish them if they repeatedly ask forgiveness of Him.

[8.34] And why should Allah not punish them, when they have barred others from the Sacred Mosque, although they were not its guardians? Its only guardians are the cautious, though most of them do not know.

[8.35] Their prayers at the Sacred House are nothing but whistling and clapping. Therefore, taste the punishment for your disbelief.

The people of the Fire [8.36-37]

[8.36] Those who disbelieve spend their wealth to bar (others) from the Path of Allah. They will spend it; but it will become a regret for them, then they will be overcome. The unbelievers shall be gathered in Gehenna,

[8.37] in order that Allah will separate the wicked from the good. He will heap the wicked one upon another, and then heap them together and cast them in Gehenna those shall be the losers.

Allah will forgive the unbelievers if they turn away from associating anyone or anything with Allah  [8.38]

[8.38] Tell the unbelievers that if they abandon their ways He will forgive them what is past; but, if they return, that was indeed the way of their forefathers who have passed away.

Allah is the best Guardian and best Giver of victory[8.39-40]

[8.39] Fight them until persecution is no more and the Religion of Allah reigns supreme. If they desist, Allah sees the things they do;

[8.40] but if they turn away, know that Allah is your guardian, (He is) the best Guardian and the best Giver of victory.

The spoils of war [8.41]

[8.41] And know that one fifth of whatever you take as spoils belong to Allah, the Messenger, kinsmen of the Messenger, the orphans, the needy, and the destitute traveler; if you believe in Allah and what We sent down to Our worshiper on the day of victory, the day when the two armies met. Allah has power over all things.

The encounter at Badr [8.42-48]

[8.42] And when you were encamped on the nearside and they (the unbelievers) on the farther side, with the caravan below, had you made an appointment with them, you would have surely failed to keep it; but Allah sought to accomplish what He had ordained, so that by clear evidence, he who was destined to perish might perish, and he who was destined to live might live. Surely, Allah is Hearing, Knowing.

[8.43] And when Allah made them appear to you in a vision as a small band, had He showed them to you as many, your courage would have failed you and you would have quarreled over the affair. But Allah saved; He knows the inner most thoughts in the chests.

[8.44] And when you met them, He showed them in your eyes as being few, and decreased (your number) in their eyes so that Allah might determine what was ordained. To Allah all matters return.

[8.45] Believers, when you meet an army stand firm and remember Allah abundantly, in order that you are prosperous.

Obey Allah and His Messenger [8.46]

[8.46] Obey Allah and His Messenger and do not dispute with one another lest you should lose courage and your resolve weaken. Have patience Allah is with those who are patient.

[8.47] Do not be like those who left their homes elated with insolence and showing off to people, barring others from the Path of Allah but Allah encompasses what they do.

[8.48] And when satan made their foul deeds seem fair to them. He said, 'No one shall conquer you this day. I shall be your savior.' But when the two armies came within sight of each other, he took to his heels, saying, 'I reject you, for I can see what you cannot. I fear Allah, Allah is Stern in retribution.’ 

Hypocrites and their death [8.49-51]

[8.49] And when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts was sickness said, 'Those, their religion has deceived them.' But whosoever puts his trust in Allah, indeed Allah is Mighty, Wise.

[8.50] If you could see the angels when they carry off the souls of the unbelievers, beating their faces and their backs, saying, 'Taste the punishment of Burning!

[8.51] That is for what your hands have forwarded, Allah is not unjust to His worshipers.'

The punishment of Pharaoh and his family [8.52-54]

[8.52] Like Pharaoh's family and those who have gone before them, they disbelieved the signs of Allah. Therefore, Allah seized them in their sinfulness. Mighty is Allah and stern in retribution.

The favor of Allah [8.53]

[8.53] This is because Allah would never change His favor that He bestowed upon a nation until they change what is in their hearts. Allah is Hearing, Knowing.

Those who belie the signs of Allah [8.54]

[8.54] Like Pharaoh's family and those who have gone before them, they belied the signs of their Lord, and so We destroyed them for their sins and drowned Pharaoh's family. They were all harm doers.

Basest of creatures before Allah [8.55]

[8.55] Indeed, the basest creatures before Allah are the unbelievers for they will not believe;

Breaking of treaties and treachery [8.56-58]

[8.56] those with whom you have made a treaty, then break their treaty with you every time; having no fear (of Allah),

[8.57] if you meet them in battle, cause their example to scatter those behind them so that they remember.

[8.58] If you fear treachery from any of your allies, you can dissolve with them equally. Allah does not love the treacherous.

Spending in the Name of Allah [8.59-60]

[8.59] Do not suppose that the unbelievers have outstripped (Allah). They cannot frustrate Me.

[8.60] Muster against them whatever you are able of force and tethers (ropes) of horses, so that you strike terror into the enemies of Allah and your enemy, and others besides them whom you do not know but Allah does. All that you spend in the Way of Allah shall be repaid to you. You shall not be wronged.

When an enemy inclines to peace Muslims must do likewise [8.61-63]

[8.61] If they incline to peace, incline to it also, and put your trust in Allah. Surely, He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

[8.62] Should they seek to deceive you, Allah is sufficient for you. It is He who supported you with His victory and with believers,

[8.63] and brought their hearts together. If you had given away all the riches of the earth, you could not have so united them, but Allah has united them. He is

Almighty, Wise.

[8.64] O Prophet, Allah suffices you and whosoever follows you of the believers.

[8.65] O Prophet, urge the believers to fight. If there are twenty patient men among you, you shall overcome two hundred, and if there are a hundred, they shall overcome a thousand unbelievers, for they are a nation who do not understand.

[8.66] Allah has now lightened it for you, for He knows that there is weakness amongst you. If there are a hundred patient men among you, they shall overcome two hundred; and if there are a thousand, they shall, by the permission of Allah, defeat two thousand. Allah is with the patient.

[8.67] It is not for any Prophet to have prisoners in order to slaughter many in the land. You want the gains of this life, and Allah wants the Everlasting Life, and Allah is Mighty, Wise.

[8.68] Had there not been a previous writing from Allah, you would have been afflicted by a mighty punishment.

[8.69] Eat of what you have taken from the spoils; such is lawful and good, and fear Allah. Allah is Forgiving and Most Merciful.

The treatment of prisoners [8.70-71]

[8.70] O Prophet, say to those you have taken captive in your hand, 'If Allah finds goodness in your hearts, He will give you that which is better than what has been taken from you, and He will forgive you. Allah is Forgiving, the Most Merciful.’ 

[8.71] But if they seek to betray you, they had betrayed Allah before, but He has let you overcome them. Allah is the Knower, the Wise.

The migrants from Mecca and their supporters in Madinah  [8.72]

[8.72] Those who believe and migrated, and fought for the Cause of Allah with their wealth and their persons; and those who sheltered them and helped them shall be guides to each other. And those who believe, but have not emigrated you have no guidance towards them till they emigrate. But if they seek your help in the cause of your religion, it is your duty to help them, except against a nation with whom you have a treaty. Allah sees the things you do.

[8.73] The unbelievers, they are guides of one another. Unless you do this, there will be persecution in the land and great corruption.

[8.74] Those who believe and migrated from their homes and fought for the Way of Allah, and those who have sheltered them and helped them they are truly the believers. Theirs shall be forgiveness and a generous provision.

[8.75] And those who believed afterwards and emigrated, and struggled with you they are of you. And in the Book of Allah, the near kinsmen deserve one another (in inheritance). Allah has knowledge of all things.

 

9 Repentance - Al-Tawba

 

The Creator’s response to the idolaters when they ask for it (punishment) [9.1-129]

[9.1] An acquittal from Allah and His Messenger to the idolaters with whom you have made agreements;

[9.2] 'For four months you shall journey freely in the land. But know that you shall not render Allah incapable, and that Allah will humiliate the unbelievers.'

Allah and His Messenger reject idolaters [9.3-4]

[9.3] A proclamation from Allah and His Messenger, to the people on the day of the Grand Pilgrimage; 'Allah rejects, and His Messenger (rejects) the idolaters. So if you repent, that will be better for you; but if you turn your backs, know that you cannot frustrate Allah. And give glad tidings to the unbelievers of a painful punishment,

Honor treaties [9.4]

[9.4] except those idolaters who have fully honored their treaties with you and aided none against you. With these fulfill your covenant till their term. Surely, Allah loves the righteous.

[9.5] When the sacred months are over, slay the idolaters wherever you find them. Take them and confine them, then lie in ambush everywhere for them. If they repent and establish the prayer and pay the obligatory charity, let them go their way. Allah is Forgiving and the Most Merciful.

When non-Muslims ask Muslims for asylum it is obligated upon Muslims to protect them and tell them about Islam [9.6]

[9.6] If an idolater seeks asylum with you, give him protection in order that he hears the Word of Allah, and then convey him to his place of safety, because they are a nation who do not know.

As long as those of another faith are straight with Muslims, Muslims are ordered to be straight with them [9.7]

[9.7] How can the idolaters have any treaty with Allah and His Messenger, except those with whom you have made treaties by the Sacred Mosque? So long as they are straight with you, so be straight with them. Allah loves the righteous.

Deception and hypocrisy in unbelievers and those who repent and convert [9.8-12]

[9.8] How? If they prevail against you they will respect neither agreements nor ties of kindred. They satisfy you with their tongues, but their hearts are averse; and most of them are wicked.

[9.9] They sell the verses of Allah for a small price and bar others from His Path. Evil is what they have been doing.

[9.10] They honor with the believers neither bonds nor treaties. Such are the transgressors.

[9.11] If they repent and establish the prayer and pay the obligatory charity, they shall become your brothers in the religion. So We make plain Our verses for a nation that knows.

[9.12] But if, after coming to terms with you, they break their oaths and revile your belief, fight the leaders of the disbelief for they have no oaths in order that they will desist.

For many years Muslims were persecuted for their belief in the Oneness of Allah but they did not retaliate, why, because they obeyed Allah and His Prophet and waited for a verse to be sent down that permitted them to take up arms against their aggressors [9.13-14]

[9.13] Will you not fight against those who have broken their oaths and conspired to expel the Messenger? They were the first to attack you. Do you fear them? Surely, Allah has better rights that you fear Him, if you are believers.

[9.14] Fight them, Allah will punish them with your hands and degrade them. He will grant you victory over them and heal the chests of a believing nation.

[9.15] He will take away all anger from their hearts, Allah turns to whomsoever He will. Allah is Knowing, Wise.

[9.16] Did you suppose that you would be left before Allah has known those of you who fought and did not take a confidant other than Allah, His Messenger, and the believers? Allah is Aware of what you do.

Only believers should enter the mosques of Allah [9.17-18]

[9.17] Idolaters should not inhabit the mosques of Allah bearing witness against themselves with disbelief. Those, their deeds have been annulled, and in the Fire they shall live for ever.

[9.18] None should inhabit the mosques of Allah except those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, establish their prayers and pay the obligatory charity, and fear none except Allah. May these be among the guided.

The deeds of the unbelievers are not equal to those who believe [9.19-22]

[9.19] Do you consider giving drink to the pilgrims and inhabiting the Sacred Mosque is the same as one who believes in Allah and the Last Day, and struggles in the Way of Allah? These are not held equal by Allah. Allah does not guide the harm doers.

[9.20] Those who believe, and migrated, and struggle in the Way of Allah with their wealth and their persons are greater in rank with Allah. It is they who are the winners.

[9.21] Their Lord gives them glad tidings of mercy from Him, and pleasure; for them await gardens in which there is eternal bliss.

[9.22] where they shall live for ever. The wage with Allah is great indeed.

Believers should take rightly guided Islamic authorities as guides rather than family members who do not believe [9.23]

[9.23] Believers, do not take your fathers or your brothers for a guide if they love disbelief rather than belief. Whosoever of you takes them for guides are the harm doers.

A Muslim should love Allah and His Messenger more than his family and possessions [9.24]

[9.24] Say, 'If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your tribes, the property you have acquired, the merchandise you fear will not be sold, and the homes you love, are dearer to you than Allah, His Messenger and the struggling for His Way, then wait until Allah shall bring His command. Allah does not guide the evildoers.'

Muslims should rely on Allah rather then themselves [9.25-27]

[9.25] Allah has helped you on many a battlefield. In the Battle of Hunain, when your numbers were pleasing you they availed you nothing; the earth, for all its vastness, seemed to close in upon you and you turned your backs and fled.

[9.26] Then, Allah caused His tranquility (sechina) to descend upon His Messenger and the believers; He sent legions you did not see and sternly punished the unbelievers. Such is the recompense of the unbelievers.

[9.27] Yet thereafter, Allah turns to whom He will. He is the Forgiving, the Most Merciful.

Allah forbids non-Muslims to enter the Sacred Mosque in Mecca [9.28]

[9.28] Believers, the idolaters are unclean. Do not let them approach the Sacred Mosque after this year. If you fear poverty, Allah, if He wills, will enrich you through His bounty. He is Knowing, Wise.

[9.29] Fight those who neither believe in Allah nor the Last Day, who do not forbid what Allah and His Messenger have forbidden, and do not embrace the religion of the truth, being among those who have been given the Book (Bible and the Torah), until they pay tribute out of hand and have been humiliated.

The false claims and desires of Jews and Christians [9.30-32]

[9.30] The Jews say Ezra is the son of Allah, while the Christians (who follow Paul) say the Messiah is the son of Allah. Such are their assertions, by which they imitate those who disbelieved before. Allah fights them! How perverted are they!

[9.31] They take their rabbis and monks as lords besides Allah, and the Messiah, son of Mary, though they were ordered to worship but one God, there is no god except He. Exalted is He above that they associate with Him!

[9. 32] They desire to extinguish the Light of Allah with their mouths; but Allah seeks only to perfect His Light, though the unbelievers hate it.

Allah sent Prophet Muhammad to raise Islam above all other religions [9.33]

[9.33] It is He who has sent forth His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to uplift it above every religion, no matter how much the idolaters hate it.

Corrupt rabbis and monks [9.34-35]

[9.34] Believers, many are the rabbis and monks who in falsehood defraud people of their possessions and bar people from the Path of Allah. Give glad tidings of a painful punishment to those who treasure gold and silver and do not spend it in the Way of Allah.

[9.35] On that Day they (the treasures) will be heated in the fire of Gehenna (Hell), and their foreheads, sides, and backs will be branded with them, and told. 'These are the things which you have treasured. Taste then that which you were treasuring!'

Fighting in the Sacred Months [9.36-37]

[9.36] The number of the months, with Allah, is twelve in the Book of Allah, the day when He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the right religion. Therefore, do not wrong yourselves in them and fight against the unbelievers all together as they themselves fight against you all together; know that Allah is with the cautious.

[9.37] The postponement of sacred months is an increase in disbelief in which the unbelievers are misguided. They allow it one year and forbid it another year, so that they can make up for the months that Allah has sanctified so making lawful what Allah has forbidden. Their foul acts seem fair to them Allah does not guide the unbelievers.

Turning the other cheek in personal affairs is often virtuous, however, when it affects the rights of a nation to exist, or if that nation is inflicted by external injustice, turning the other cheek spells social suicide. In these verses, when the early Muslims faced annihilation Allah told the believers to take up arms and support Prophet Muhammad [9.38-40]

[9.38] Believers, why is it that when it is said to you, 'March in the Way of Allah,' you linger with heaviness in the land? Are you content with this life rather than the Everlasting Life? Yet the enjoyment of this life in (comparison to) the Everlasting Life is little.

[9.39] If you do not go forth, He will punish you with a painful punishment and replace you by another nation. You will in no way harm Him; for Allah has power over all things.

[9.40] If you do not help him, Allah will help him as He helped him when he was driven out with one other (Abu Bakr) by the unbelievers. When the two were in the cave, he said to his companion, 'Do not sorrow, Allah is with us.' Then Allah caused His tranquility (sechina) to descend upon him and supported him with legions (of angels) you did not see, and He made the word of the unbelievers the lowest, and the Word of Allah is the highest. Allah is Mighty, Wise.

Hypocrisy and reluctance to rightfully take up arms [9.41-52]

[9.41] Whether lightly or heavily, march on and fight for the Way of Allah, with your wealth and your persons. This will be best for you, if you but knew.

[9.42] Had the gain been immediate or the journey easy, they would have followed you; but the distance seemed far to them. Yet they will swear by Allah, 'Had we been able, we would have gone out with you.' They bring destruction upon their souls. Allah knows that they are lying.

[9.43] Allah has forgiven you! Why did you give them leave (to stay behind) until it was clear to you which of them was truthful and knew those who lied?

[9.44] Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day will not ask your permission so that they may struggle with their wealth and their selves. Allah knows best the righteous.

[9.45] Only those who ask your permission do not believe in Allah and the Last Day and whose hearts are filled with doubt. And in their doubt, they waiver.

[9.46] Had they intended to set forth with you, they would have prepared themselves for it. But Allah did not like their going forth and held them back, and it was said, 'Stay back with those who stay back.'

[9.47] Had they gone forth among you, they would only have increased your burden, and run to and fro in your midst, seeking to stir up sedition between you; and some of you would listen to them; and Allah knows the harm doers.

[9.48] Beforehand they had already sought to stir up sedition, and turned things upside down for you, until the truth came, and the command of Allah appeared, although they were averse.

[9.49] Among them are some that say, 'Give us leave and do not expose us to temptation.' Surely, they have already succumbed to temptation. Gehenna shall encompass the unbelievers.

[9.50] If good comes to you, it grieves them; but if hardship befalls you, they say, 'We have taken our precautions,' and they turn away, rejoicing.

Allah is our Guardian, all matters are decreed by Him [9.51]

[9.51] Say, 'Nothing will befall us except what Allah has ordained. He is our Guardian. In Allah, let the believers put their trust.'

[9.52] Say, 'Are you waiting for anything to befall us except one of the two excellent things (victory or martyrdom)? We are waiting for the punishment of Allah to smite you, either from Him or at our hands. Wait if you will, we are waiting.'

The hypocrisy revealed [9.53-59]

[9.53] Say, 'Whether you spend voluntarily or reluctantly it shall not be accepted from you; for you are a wicked nation.'

[9.54] Nothing prevents their offerings from being accepted except that they do not believe in Allah and His Messenger. They do not come to the prayer except lazily and spend grudgingly.

[9.55] Let neither their wealth nor their children please you. Through these Allah seeks to punish them in this life, and that their souls depart while they are unbelievers.

[9.56] They swear by Allah that they belong with you, yet they are not of you. They are a nation that are afraid.

[9.57] If they could find a shelter or caverns, or any place to creep into they will turn stampeding to it.

[9.58] There are some among them who find fault with you concerning the distribution of charity. If a share is given to them they are contented, but if they receive nothing then they are angry.

[9.59] Would that they were well-pleased with what Allah and His Messenger have given them, and would say, 'Allah is sufficient for us. Allah will provide for us from His abundance, and so will His Messenger. To Allah, we hope.'

The distribution of the obligatory charity due at the end of Ramadan [9.60]

[9.60] The obligatory charity shall be only for the poor and the needy, and for those who work to collect it, and to influence hearts (to belief), for ransoming captives, and debtors in the Way of Allah and the destitute traveler. It is an obligation from Allah. Allah is Knowing, Wise.

Allah exposes and warns the hypocrites who say and do hurtful things against Him and His Prophet [9.61-69]

[9.61] And there are others among them who hurt the Prophet saying, 'He lends an ear (to everything).' Say, 'He lends an ear of good for you; he believes in Allah and trusts the believers, and he is a mercy to the believers among you. Those who hurt the Messenger of Allah for them there is a painful punishment.’ 

[9.62] They swear in the Name of Allah in order to please you. But it is more just that they should please Allah and His Messenger if they are believers.

[9.63] Are they not aware that whosoever opposes Allah and His Messenger shall live for ever in the Fire of Gehenna? That surely is the greatest degradation.

[9.64] The hypocrites are afraid lest a chapter be sent down against them telling them what is in their hearts. Say, 'Mock if you will; Allah will surely bring forth what you are fearing.'

[9.65] If you question them, they will say, 'We were only plunging and playing.' Say, 'Were you mocking Allah, His verses, and His Messenger?

[9.66] Do not make excuses. You have disbelieved after you believed. If we forgive some of you, We will punish others, for they were sinners.'

Description of the hypocrites [9.67-69]

[9.67] Be they men or women, the hypocrites are all alike. They order what is evil, forbid what is just, and tighten their purse strings. They forsook Allah, so Allah forsook them. Surely, the hypocrites are evildoers.

[9.68] Allah has promised the hypocrites, both men and women, and the unbelievers the Fire of Gehenna. They shall live in it for ever. It is sufficient for them. Allah has cursed them and for them is a lasting punishment.

[9.69] You are like those before you. They were stronger than you in might, and had greater riches and more children. They took enjoyment in their share, so do you take enjoyment in your share as those before you took enjoyment in their share. You have plunged as they plunged. Those, their works are annulled, failed in this world and in the Everlasting Life, those, they are the losers.

[9.70] Have they not heard the news of those who have gone before them? The news of the nations of Noah, Aad and Thamood, of Abraham's nation, and the people of Midian and the ruined cities? Their Messengers showed them clear signs. Allah did not harm them, but they harmed themselves.

Check list for Muslims and a check list for those who want to hold them in check [9.71-72]

[9.71] The believers, both men and women, are guides to each other. They order what is just and forbid what is evil; they establish their prayers and pay the obligatory charity and obey Allah and His Messenger. On these Allah will have mercy. He is Mighty, Wise.

[9.72] Allah has promised the believing men and women gardens underneath which rivers flow, in which they shall live for ever. Goodly mansions in the Gardens of Eden, and the pleasure from Allah which is greater. That is the greatest winning.

Characteristics of the unbelievers and hypocrites together with their status with Allah [9.73-80]

[9.73] O Prophet, struggle with the unbelievers and the hypocrites and be harsh with them. Gehenna shall be their refuge an evil arrival.

[9.74] They swear by Allah that they said nothing. Yet they did utter the word of disbelief and disbelieved after they had submitted. They intended what they never attained to, and took revenge only that Allah enriched them, and His Messenger, of His Bounty. If they repent, it will indeed be better for them; but if they turn away, Allah will sternly punish them both in this world and in the Everlasting Life. They have none on earth to protect or help them.

[9.75] Some of them have made a covenant with Allah, 'If Allah gives to us of His bounty, we will give charity and be of the righteous.'

[9.76] But when Allah had bestowed His bounty on them they became greedy and turned away, swerving aside.

[9.77] He has caused hypocrisy to be in their hearts till the Day they meet Him, because they have changed what they promised Allah and because they were liars.

[9.78] Did they not know that Allah knows their secret and what they conspire together, and that Allah knows all the unseen?

[9.79] As for those who taunt the believers who give charity voluntarily, and scoff at those who give according to their means, Allah will scoff at them. Theirs shall be a painful punishment.

[9.80] (It is the same) whether or not you beg forgiveness for them. If you beg forgiveness for them seventy times Allah will not forgive them, for they have disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger. Allah does not guide the evildoers.

The hypocrites that remained behind at the encounter of Tabuk [9.81-89]

[9.81] Those who were left behind were glad that they were left behind by the Messenger of Allah, for they disliked to struggle in the Way of Allah with their wealth and their persons. They said, 'Do not go forth in the heat.' Say, 'The Fire of Gehenna is more hot!' Would that they understood!

[9.82] They shall laugh but little and shed many tears. So shall they be recompensed for their earnings.

[9.83] If Allah brings you back to a party of them and they ask permission to march with you, say, 'You shall never march with me, nor shall you fight with me against any enemy. You were pleased to remain on the first occasion, therefore, you shall now stay with those who remain behind.'

[9.84] You shall never pray over any one of them when he is dead, nor stand over his tomb. For they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger and died whilst they were sinners.

[9.85] Let neither their riches nor their children please you. With it Allah wants to punish them in this life, so that their souls depart while they disbelieve.

[9.86] Whenever a chapter is sent down, saying, 'Believe in Allah and struggle with His Messenger,' the rich among them asked you to excuse them, saying, 'Leave us with those who are to stay behind.'

[9.87] They were content to be with those who stayed behind, a seal was set upon their hearts, so they do not understand.

[9.88] But the Messenger and those who believed with him struggled with their wealth and their selves For them awaits goodness and those are the winners.

[9.89] Allah has prepared for them gardens underneath which rivers flow, in which they shall live for ever. That is the greatest winning.

The believers who were unable to take part at the encounter of Tabuk [9.90-92]

[9.90] Some Arabs of the desert who had an excuse came asking permission to stay behind; whilst those who belied Allah and His Messenger remained behind. A painful punishment shall fall on those of them that disbelieved.

[9.91] There is no fault for the weak, the sick, and those lacking the means to spend (to stay behind), if they are true to Allah and His Messenger. There is no way against the righteous; Allah is Forgiving, the Most Merciful.

[9.92] Nor shall those who came to you to be provided with mounts. And when you said, 'I can find no mounts for you,' they turned back, their eyes streaming with tears grieving that they could not find the means to spend.

The hypocrites of Tabuk [9.93-96]

[9.93] But the blame is to be laid on those who asked permission of you whilst they are rich. They are content to remain with those who stay behind. Allah has set a seal upon their hearts so they do not know.

[9.94] When you return, they will apologize to you. Say, 'Make no excuses; we will not believe you. Allah has already told us of your news. Surely, Allah and His Messenger will see your work; then you will be returned to the Knower of the unseen and the visible, and He will inform you of what you were doing.'

[9.95] When you return to them, they will swear to you by Allah that you might turn aside from them. Let them alone, they are unclean. Gehenna shall be their refuge, a recompense for their earnings.

[9.96] They will swear to you in order to please you. But if you will be pleased with them, Allah will not be pleased with the evildoing nation.

The innermost thoughts of some Arab hypocrites  towards the Prophet [9.97-78]

[9.97] The Bedouin Arabs surpass (the city dwellers) in disbelief and hypocrisy, and are more likely not to know the bounds that Allah has sent down to His Messenger. But Allah is Knowing, Wise.

[9.98] Some Arabs (Banu Asad and Ghatfan tribes) regard what they spend as a (compulsory) fine and wait for some misfortune to befall you. Theirs shall be the evil turn! Allah is Hearing, Knowing.

The migrants, supporters and the believing tribes of Juhaina and Muszaina [9.99-100]

[9.99] Yet there are some Arabs (Juhaina and Muszaina tribes) who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and regard what they spend as a means of bringing them close to Allah and to the prayers of the Messenger. Indeed, they are an offering for them; Allah will admit them to His Mercy. He is Forgiving, Merciful.

[9.100] As for the first outstrippers among the migrants and supporters and those who followed them in doing good, Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. He has prepared for them gardens underneath which rivers flow, where they shall live for ever. That is the greatest winning. 

The Prophet is warned that there are some hypocrites in the Bedouin tribes and in the people of Madinah [9.101-106]

[9.101] Some of the Bedouin Arabs around you are hypocrites, and so are some of the people of Madinah who are well versed in hypocrisy. You do not know them, but We do. Twice We will punish them then they shall return to a mighty punishment.

[9.102] There are others who have confessed their sins; they intermixed good deeds with another evil. It may be that Allah will turn towards them in mercy. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

[9.103] Take charity from their wealth, in order that they are thereby cleansed and purified, and pray for them; for your prayer is a comforting mercy for them. Allah is Hearing, Knowing.

[9.104] Do they not know that Allah accepts the repentance of His worshipers and takes their charity, and that Allah is the Forgiving, the Merciful?

[9.105] Say, 'Allah will see your works and so will His Messenger and the believers; then you shall be returned to the Knower of the unseen and the visible, and He will inform you of what you were doing.'

[9.106] There are others who must wait for the Commandment of Allah. He will either punish or turn towards them. And Allah is Knowing, Wise.

Allah informs Prophet Muhammad that a mosque has been built to pervert the teachings of Islam, and it is there that the hypocrites congregate [9.107-110]  

[9.107] And there are those who have taken a mosque to cause harm, disbelief, and to divide the believers, and as a place of ambush for those who fought Allah and His Messenger before. They swear, 'We desired nothing but good', but Allah bears witness that they are liars.

[9.108] You shall never stand there. A mosque founded upon piety from the first day is worthier for you to stand in. In it are men who love to purify themselves. Allah loves those who purify themselves.

[9.109] Is he who founds his building on the fear of Allah and His pleasure, better or he who founds his building on the brink of a crumbling edge so that it will tumble with him into the Fire of Gehenna? Allah does not guide the harm doers.

[9.110] The buildings they have built will always cause doubt in their hearts, unless their hearts are torn into pieces. Allah is Knowing, Wise.

The promise of Allah to Muslims, the believing Jews during the time of Moses and before, and the believing Nazarenes who followed Jesus [9.111-112]

[9.111] Allah has purchased from the believers their selves and possessions, and for them is Paradise. They fight in the Way of Allah, slay, and are slain. That is a binding promise upon Him in the Torah, the Gospel and the Koran; and who is there that more truthfully fulfills his covenant than Allah? Therefore, rejoice in the bargain you have bargained with Him. That is the mighty winning.

[9.112] Those who repent, those who worship Allah and praise (Him); those who journey, those who bow, those who prostrate themselves; those who order righteousness and forbid evil, and those who observe the limits of Allah give glad tidings to the believers.

Asking for forgiveness [9.113-114]

[9.113] It is not for the Prophet or the believers to ask forgiveness for idolaters, even though they are near kindred, after it has become clear that they are the inhabitants of Hell.

[9.114] Abraham only asked for forgiveness for his father because of a promise he had made to him. But when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of Allah, he declared himself quit of him. Surely, Abraham was earnest in his supplication and tenderhearted.

The fulfillment of Jesus’ prophecy that the covenant would be taken away from the Jews if they did not follow the guidance he had been given [9.115-116]

[9.115] Nor will Allah lead a nation astray after He has given them guidance until He has made clear to them all that they should guard against. Allah has knowledge of all things.

[9.116] Indeed, to Allah belong the kingdom of the heavens and the earth; He gives life and causes death. Other than Allah, you have neither a guardian nor a helper.

The three sincere penitents that did not take part in the encounter of Tabuk [9.117-119]

[9.117] In the hour of adversity, Allah turned (in mercy) to the Prophet, the Emigrants (of Mecca) and the Supporters (of Madinah) who followed him when some of their hearts were about to swerve away. He turned to them, indeed, He is Gentle, the Most Merciful.

[9.118] And to the three who were left behind (at the Battle of Tabuk), until the earth became narrow with all its vastness, and their souls became narrow for them, they knew there was no shelter from Allah except in Him. Then He turned to them (in mercy) so that they might also turn (in repentance). Allah is the Turner, the Most Merciful.

[9.119] Believers, fear Allah and stand with the truthful.

Those who love Allah and His Prophet love them more than themselves [9.120-121]

[9.120] The people of Madinah and the Arabs who dwell around them have no cause to stay behind the Messenger of Allah, or to prefer their lives to his. They are neither stricken by thirst, nor by tiredness, nor yet by hunger in the Way of Allah, nor do they take steps that anger the unbelievers, nor gain any gain from an enemy, but that it is counted as a righteous deed. Allah does not waste the wage of the good doers.

[9.121] Each sum they spend, be it small or large, and each valley they cross is written to their account, so that Allah may recompense them for their best deeds.

Preaching Islam [9.122]

[9.122] The believers should not go forth altogether, rather, a party from each section should go forth to become well versed in the religion, and when they return to their people warn them in order that they may beware.

[9.123] Believers, fight the unbelievers who are near you. Let them find firmness in you. Know that Allah is with those who are cautious.

The purified heart and the diseased heart [9.123-127]

[9.124] Whenever a chapter is sent down to you, some ask, 'Which of you has it increased in belief?' It will surely increase the belief of the believers and they are joyful.

[9.125] As for those whose hearts are diseased, they will be increased in filth added to their filth, so that they die as unbelievers.

[9.126] Do they not see how once or twice every year they are tried? Yet still they neither repent nor remember.

[9.127] Whenever a chapter is sent down, they glance at each other, (asking), 'Does anyone see you?' Then they turn away. Allah has turned away their hearts, for they are a nation who do not understand.

An insight into the character of Prophet Muhammad [9.128-129]

[9.128] Indeed, there has come to you a Messenger from your own, he grieves for your suffering, and is anxious about you, and is gentle, merciful to the believers.

[9.129] Therefore, if they turn away, say, 'Allah is sufficient for me. There is no god except He. In Him I have put my trust. He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne.'

 

10 The Prophet Jonah - Yunus

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

Wise Book [10.1]

[10.1] AlifLaamRa. Those are the verses of the Wise Book.

The mission of Prophet Muhammad [10.2]

[10.2] Is it a wonder to the people that We revealed to a man from among themselves, 'Warn mankind, and bear the glad tidings to those who believe that they stand firm with their Lord?' (Yet) the unbelievers say, 'This is a clear sorcerer.'

The Creator and His creation [10.3-6]

[10.3] Indeed, your Lord is Allah, who, in six days created the heavens and the earth and then willed to the Throne, directing affairs. There is no intercessor except by His permission. Such is Allah your Lord, therefore worship Him. Will you not remember?

[10.4] To Him all of you will return together. This is, in truth, the promise of Allah. He originates creation, then He revives it so that He may recompense those who believe and do righteous deeds. As for the unbelievers, theirs is a drink of boiling water and a painful punishment for their disbelief.

The signs of Allah [10.5-8]

[10.5] It was He that made the sun a brightness and the moon a light, and determined it in phases so that you might know the number of years and the reckoning. Allah did not create them except in truth, and distinguishes the verses to a nation who know.

[10.6] In the alternation of the night and day, and in all that Allah has created in the heavens and the earth, surely there are signs for people who are cautious.

The people of Paradise and the people of the Fire [10.7-10]

[10.7] Those who do not expect to meet Us, and are well-pleased with this life and are satisfied with it, and those who are inattentive to Our signs,

[10.8] for them, their refuge is the Fire for what they have been earning.

[10.9] Indeed, those who believe and do righteous works, their Lord will guide them for their belief, beneath them rivers will flow in gardens of bliss.

The exaltation of the people of Paradise and its response [10.10]

[10.10] (In it) their supplication will be, 'Exaltations to You, Allah!' And their greeting will be, 'Peace!' They will end their supplication with 'Praise be to Allah, Lord of the all the Worlds!'

The earnest supplication of the unbeliever and his ingratitude [10.11-13]

[10.11] If Allah should hasten evil to people as they would hasten good, their term would already have been decided. But We leave those who do not expect to meet Us to wander blindly in their insolence.

[10.12] When affliction befalls a man, he supplicates to Us (lying) on his side, sitting or standing. But as soon as We relieve him from his affliction, he continues (in the same way), as though he never supplicated to Us when harm touched him. So it is, that which the sinners were doing seem fairly decorated to them.

[10.13] We destroyed generations before you when they did evil. (When) their Messengers came to them with clear verses they would not believe; so We recompense the sinning nation.

The successors in the earth [10.14]

[10.14] After them We made you their successors in the earth, so that We might see how you would do.

Prophet Muhammad followed only what was sent down to him [10.15-16]

[10.15] When Our verses, clear verses, are recited to them, those who do not reckon to meet Us say, 'Bring a Koran other than this, or make changes in it.' Say, 'It is not for me to change it by myself. I follow nothing, except what is sent down to me. Indeed, if I should rebel against my Lord I fear the punishment of a Great Day.'

[10.16] Say (Prophet Muhammad), 'Had Allah willed, I would not have recited it to you, nor would He have made it known to you. I lived among you all my life before it (was sent down). Will you not understand?’

Lies about Allah  [10.17]

[10.17] Who does greater evil than he who forges a lie about Allah or belies His verses? Indeed, the evildoers do not prosper.

The claim of the unbelievers [10.18]

[10.18] They worship, other than Allah, that which can neither harm nor benefit them, and say, 'These are our intercessors with Allah.' Say, 'Will you tell Allah of something He does not know about either in the heavens or earth? Exaltations to Him! Exalted be He above what they associate!'

The decree of Allah [10.19]

[10.19] (Before) mankind were but one nation, then they differed with one another. But for a Word that preceded from your Lord, it (the matters) over which they differed had already been decided.

Allah sends His signs at His determination [10.20]

[10.20] They say, 'Why has no sign been sent down to him from his Lord.' Say, 'The Unseen belongs to Allah alone. Wait if you will I am one of those who wait.'

The mercy of Allah [10.21-23]

[10.21] When We let people taste (Our) mercy after they had been afflicted by hardship, they devise against Our verses. Say, 'Allah is more swift in devising.' Indeed, Our Messengers (the angels) are writing down whatever you devise.

The supplication of the unbeliever in times of distress [10.22-23]

[10.22] It is He who conveys you by land and sea. When you are on board the ship and the ships run with them upon a fair breeze they are joyful. (But when) a strong wind and waves come upon them from every side, and they think they are encompassed, they supplicate to Allah, making their religion His sincerely, (saying), 'If You save us from this, we will indeed be among the thankful.'

[10.23] But when He has saved them, see how they become wrongfully insolent in the land. People, your insolence is only against yourselves; the enjoyment of this present life, then to Us you shall return and We shall tell you what you did.

The comparison of this life [10.24]

[10.24] This present life is like the water We send down from the sky. The plants of the earth mix with it and from it mankind and cattle eat; then when the earth has become lush and adorned, its inhabitants think they have power over it, Our command comes upon it by night or day, and We cause it to be stubble, just as though it had not flourished the day before. In this way We distinguish Our verses for those who reflect.

The House of Peace [10.25-26]

[10.25] Allah invites you to the House of Peace. He guides whom He will to a Straight Path

[10.26] for those who do good is a fine reward and a surplus. Neither dust nor shame shall cover their faces. Those are the companions of Paradise in it they shall live for ever.

The people of the Fire [10.27-30]

The day of Judgement [10.27-30[

[10.27] As for those who have earned evil deeds, evil shall be recompensed with its like. Abasement will cover them, they shall have none to defend them from Allah as though their faces were covered with parts of the blackness of night. Those, they are the companions of the Fire, in it they shall live for ever.

The day when false gods forsake their worshipers [10.28-30]

[10.28] And on the Day when We assemble them all together, We shall say to those who associated (other gods with Allah), 'Go to your place, you and your associates!' Then, We will separate them, and their associates will say (to them), 'It was not us that you worshipped.'

[10.29] Allah is a Sufficient witness between us and you, surely, we were heedless of your worship.

[10.30] There, each soul shall prove its past deeds. They shall be restored to Allah, their Guardian, the True, and that which they forged will escape from them.

The questioning of the unbelievers and their reply [10.31-36] 

[10.31] Say, 'Who provides for you from heaven and earth, or who owns the hearing and the sight? Who brings forth the living from the dead, and the dead from the living?' Who directs the affair? Surely, they will say, 'Allah.' Then say, 'Then, will you not be fearful?'

[10.32] Such is Allah, your Lord, the True. What, is there after truth, anything except error. Then how are you turned around (from faith)? '

[10.33] So the Word of your Lord is realized against the evildoers that they do not believe.

[10.34] Say, 'Is there any (among) your associates who originates creation, then cause it to be revived yet again?' Say, 'Allah, He originates creation, then revives it yet again. How is it that you are so perverted?'

[10.35] Say, 'Do any of your partners guide you to the truth?' Say, 'Allah, He guides to the truth. Who then is worthier to be followed He who guides to the truth or he who cannot guide unless he (himself) is guided? What is the matter with you, how then can you judge?'

[10.36] Most of them follow nothing except conjecture. But conjecture does not help against the truth. Allah knows the things they do.

The Holy Koran is sent by the Lord of all the worlds [10.37-40]

[10.37] This Koran could not have been forged by other than Allah. It confirms what was before it; a distinguishing Book, in which there is no doubt, from the Lord of all the worlds.

Challenge of Allah [10.38-40]

[10.38] Do they say, 'He has forged it'. Say, 'Compose one chapter like it, and call upon whom you will, other than Allah (to help you), if what you say is true! '

[10.39] They have belied that which they did not understand of its knowledge, nor  has its interpretation reached them. Those who were before also belied. But see how was the end of the harm doers.

[10.40] Some believe in it, while others do not believe it. Your Lord knows well the corrupters.

Those who are guided and those who are not [10.41-43]

[10.41] If they belie you, say, 'I have my work, you have your work. You are quit of what I do, and I am quit of what you do.'

[10.42] Some of them listen to you. But can you make the deaf hear you, even though they cannot understand?

[10.43] Some of them look to you. But can you guide the blind, even though they do not see?

Allah is Just [10.44]

[10.44] Indeed, Allah does not wrong mankind a thing, but they wrong themselves.

The Day of Judgement [10.45-46]

[10.45] The Day when He will gather them, (it will be) as though they had lingered but an hour of the Day and they will recognize one another. Lost are those who belied the meeting with their Lord and were not guided.

[10.46] Whether We let you see some of that with which We promised them, or We call you to Us, to Us they shall return. Allah is witness of the things they do.

The messengers of Allah and their doubting nations [10.47-53]

[10.47] Every nation has its Messenger. Then, when their Messenger comes the matter is justly decided between them; they are not wronged.

[10.48] They ask, 'If what you say is true, when will this promise come?'

[10.49] Say, 'I have no power to benefit or harm myself except as Allah wills. To every nation is a fixed term and when their term comes they cannot delay it for an hour, nor can they bring it forward.

[10.50] Say, 'Have you considered? Should His punishment come upon you by night or by day, what (part) of it would the sinners try to hasten?'

[10.51] And when it overtakes you, is it then that you will believe in it, now, when you already try to hasten it!

[10.52] Then it shall be said to the evildoers, 'Taste the punishment of eternity! Shall you be recompensed except according to what you earned?'

[10.53] They ask you to tell them if it is true. Say, 'Yes, by my Lord! It is true, and you cannot frustrate it!'

The condition of the unbelievers on the Day of Judgement [10.54-56]

[10.54] If each soul that has done evil had all that is in the earth, it would offer it for its ransom. And secretly they will feel regret when they see the punishment, and the matter is justly decided between them, and they are not wronged.

[10.55] Indeed, to Allah belongs everything in the heavens and the earth. Indeed, the promise of Allah is true though most of them do not have knowledge.

[10.56] It is He who gives life and causes death, and to Him you shall be returned.

The Holy Koran; a warning, blessing and mercy from Allah [10.57-58]

[10.57] People, an admonition has now come to you from your Lord, and a healing for what is in the chests, a guide and a mercy to believers.

[10.58] Say, 'In the Bounty of Allah and His Mercy let them rejoice, it (the Koran) is better than that which they hoard.'

The provision of Allah and forgery [10.59-60]

[10.59] Say, 'Have you considered the provision that Allah has sent down for you, and some you have made unlawful and some lawful?' Say, 'Has Allah given you His permission, or do you forge (falsehood) against Allah?'

[10.60] What will those who forged falsehood about Allah think on the Day of Resurrection? Allah is Bountiful to mankind; yet most of them do not give thanks.

Allah sees everything and nothing escapes Him [10.61]

[10.61] You are not engaged in any matter, neither do you recite any portion of the Koran, nor do you do any work, except that We are witnesses over you when you press upon it. Not even as much as the weight of an ant in earth or heaven escapes your Lord, nor is there anything smaller or greater, but it is (recorded) in a Clear Book.

The unchanging Word of Allah [10.62-65]

[10.62] Indeed, there shall be neither fear nor sorrow upon the guided by Allah.

[10.63] Those who believe and are cautious

[10.64] there is for them glad tidings in this present life and in the Everlasting Life. The Word of Allah is unchanging, that is the mighty triumph.

[10.65] Do not let their speech grieve you. All might belongs to Allah. He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

Assumption and lies about Allah [10.66]

[10.66] Attention, Indeed to Allah belongs everyone that is in the heavens and in the earth. Those who call upon associates, other than Allah, follow nothing but assumptions, (they are) only lying.

[10.67] It is He who has made the night for your rest and the day to see. Surely, in this there are signs for people who listen.

Allah does not have a son [10.68-70]

[10.68] They say, 'Allah has taken a son.' Exaltations be to Him (Allah)! Rich is He. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth you have no authority for this! What, do you say of Allah what you do not know?

[10.69] Say, 'Those who forge falsehoods against Allah shall not prosper.'

[10.70] (They take their) enjoyment in this world, but to Us they shall return, then, We shall let them taste the terrible punishment because they were unbelievers.'

The story of Prophet Noah [10.71-74]

[10.71] And recite to them the story of Noah. He said to his nation, 'O my nation, if my standing here, reminding you of the verses of Allah grieves you, and in Allah I have put my trust; decide upon your affair with your associates, then do not let your affair worry you. Come to a decision about me, and give me no respite.

[10.72] Then, if you turn your backs, I have not asked of you a wage. My wage falls only on Allah. I am commanded to be from those who surrender (Muslims).'

[10.73] But they belied him. Therefore We saved him and those who were with him in the Ark, and We made them caliphs, and We drowned those who belied Our verses. See what was the end of those who were warned!

[10.74] After him We sent Messengers to their nation. They brought them clear signs, but they were not of those to believe because they had belied it previously. So We seal the hearts of the evildoers.

The story of Prophets Moses, Aaron and Pharaoh [10.75-93]

[10.75] Then, after them We sent Moses and Aaron with Our signs to Pharaoh and his Council. But they were arrogant, for they were a sinful nation.

The response of Pharaoh to the miracles given to Moses [10.76-81]

[10.76] When the truth came to them from Us they said, 'This is indeed clear magic.'

[10.77] Moses said, 'Is this what you say of the truth when it has come to you? Is this sorcery? Sorcerers do not prosper!'

[10.78] They said, 'Have you come to turn us away from that which we found our fathers practicing (in order that) the domination of the land might belong to you two? We do not believe you!'

Pharaoh orders the most skilful sorcerers of Egypt to compete against Moses [10.79-82]

[10.79] (Then) Pharaoh said, 'Bring every skilled sorcerer.'

[10.80] When the sorcerers came, Moses said to them, 'Cast down what you will cast.'

[10.81] And when they had cast, Moses said, 'What you have brought is sorcery. Surely, Allah will render it as nothing. Allah does not put right the work of the corrupt.'

[10.82] Allah verifies the truth by His Words, even though the sinners hate it.

[10.83] So none believed Moses except a few of his nation because they feared that Pharaoh and their Council would persecute them. Pharaoh was mighty in the

land, and one of the evildoers.

Moses tells his nation to put their trust in Allah [10.84-87]

[10.84] Moses said, 'O my nation, if you believe in Allah, put your trust in Him, if you have surrendered (Muslims).'

[10.85] They said, 'We have put our trust in Allah. Our Lord, do not let us be a temptation to the harm-doing nation.

[10.86] Save us, through Your Mercy, from the unbelieving nation.'

[10.87] We revealed to Moses and his brother, 'Take certain houses for your people in Egypt. Make your houses a direction (for pray); establish the prayer; and give glad tidings to the believers.'

Moses supplicates against Pharaoh [10.88-89]

[10.88] 'Our Lord,' supplicated Moses. 'You have given Pharaoh and his Council adornments and possessions in this life. Our Lord, let them go astray from Your

Path. Our Lord, destroy their possessions and harden their hearts so that they shall not believe until they see the painful punishment.’

[10.89] He (Allah) said, 'Your supplication is answered; so go straight and do not follow the way of those who do not know.'

Don’t wait for the last minute to say you believe [10.90-92]

[10.90] We brought the Children of Israel through the sea, and Pharaoh and his legions pursued them arrogantly and frantically. But as he was drowning he cried out, '( Now) I believe that there is no god except He in whom the Children of Israel believe. I am of those that surrender (Muslims).'

[10.91] (Allah said), 'Now (you believe)! But before this you rebelled and were of the corrupt.

[10.92] We shall deliver you (Ramsis II) with your body this day, so that you may be a sign to those after you. Indeed many people pay no heed to Our signs!

[10.93] (Thereafter) We settled the Children of Israel in a blessed land and provided them with good things. They did not differ until knowledge was given them. Indeed, your Lord will decide between them on the Day of Resurrection.

Losers in the Everlasting Life [10.94-97]

[10.94] If you are in doubt of what We have sent down to you, ask those who recite the Book before you. The truth has come to you from your Lord, therefore do not be of the doubters.

[10.95] Do not be among those who belie the verses of Allah, for then you would be among the losers.

[10.96] Those against whom the Word of your Lord will be realized will not believe,

[10.97] even though every sign comes to them, until they see the painful punishment.

Prophet Jonah [10.98]

[10.98] Why, was there never a village that believed and its belief benefited them? Except Jonah's nation, when they believed, We spared them from a degrading punishment in this life and We gave them enjoyment for awhile.

[10.99] Had your Lord willed, whosoever is in the earth, all would have believed. Would you then constrain people until they believe?

[10.100] No soul can believe except by the permission of Allah. Upon those who do not understand lays His punishment.

The unbelievers are blind and deaf to the signs and warnings of Allah [10.101-102]

[10.101] Say, 'See what is in the heavens and the earth!' But neither signs nor warnings help the unbelievers.

[10.102] Do they watch and wait for anything except for days similar to those who passed away before them? Say, 'Wait; I shall be with you among those who are

waiting.'

The obligation of Allah to His Messengers and believers [10.103]

[10.103] Then we shall save Our Messengers and the believers. It is Our obligated duty, We shall save those who believe.

Worship Allah alone [10.104-106]

[10.104] Say, 'O people! If you are in doubt concerning my religion, I worship none of those you worship, other than Allah but I worship Allah, who will cause you to die, for I am commanded to be among the believers,

[10.105] and, set your face towards the religion, being of pure faith, and do not be among the idolaters.

[10.106] Do not pray to, other than Allah, to anything that can neither help nor harm you, for if you do, you will become a harm doer.

None can help you except Allah [10.107]

[10.107] If Allah touches you with an affliction none can remove it except He; and if He wills any good for you, none can repel His Bounty. He causes it to fall upon whosoever of His worshippers that He will. He is the Forgiving, the Most Merciful.'

The guided and the astray [10.108-109]

[10.108] Say, 'O people! The truth has come to you from your Lord. Whosoever is guided is guided only for himself, and whosoever goes astray, he is astray for himself. I am not a guardian over you. '

Allah is the Best of judges [10.109]

[10.109] Follow what is revealed to you, and be patient till Allah shall judge, and He is the Best of judges.

 

11 The Prophet Hood - Hood

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

Allah confirms the Koran is His Book [11.1]

[11.1] AlifLaamRa. (This is) a Book whose verses are clear, and then distinguished from Him, the Wise, the Aware.

The command to worship Allah alone [11.2]

[11.2] Worship none except Allah. I am for you, a warner sent from Him and a bearer of glad tidings.

All will return to Allah [11.3-4]

[11.3] And ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him. He will give you enjoyment till a stated term and will give of His Bounty to those of grace. But if you turn away, I fear for you the punishment of a Mighty Day.

[11.4] To Allah you shall all return. He has power over all things.

Allah knows the secrets of everyone [11.5]

[11.5] See, they cover their chests to conceal from Him. But when they wrap themselves in their clothes He knows what they hide and what they reveal. Indeed, He knows every thought within the chest.

The provision of Allah [11.6]

[11.6] There is not a crawling (creature) on the earth whose provision is not by Allah. He knows its resting place and its repository. All is in a Clear Book.

The claims, insolence and ingratitude of the unbelievers [11.7-14 ]

[11.7] It is He who created the heavens and the earth in six days and His Throne was upon the waters that He might try you, (and see) which of you excel in works. If you say, 'After death you shall be raised up,' the unbelievers will say, 'This is nothing but clear sorcery.'

[11.8] And if We delay the punishment till an appointed time, they will ask, 'What has detained it?' Indeed, the Day will come to them, it will not be turned away

from them, and that they mocked at will encompass them.

[11.9] If We let a human taste Our Mercy and then withhold it from him, he becomes desperate and ungrateful.

[11.10] And if after adversity had come upon him, We let him taste prosperity, he says, 'Evil has left me!' see, he is jubilant and boastful,

[11.11] except those who are patient and do good deeds, for them awaits forgiveness and a mighty wage.

[11.12] Perhaps you are leaving part of what has been sent down to you, and your chest is straitened by it, because they say, 'Why has no treasure been sent down to him, or an angel come with him?' You are only a warner, and Allah is a Guardian over everything.

The challenge of Allah to those who claim Prophet Muhammad wrote the Koran [11.13-14]

[11.13] Or do they say, 'He has forged it?' Say (to them), 'Then produce ten forged chapters like it. Call, if you are able, upon other than Allah, if what you say is true.'

[11.14] But if they do not answer you, know that it has been sent down with the knowledge of Allah, and that there is no god except He. So, have you surrendered (become Muslims)?

The good deeds of the unbelievers are repaid in this life [11.15-16]   

[11.15] We shall pay those who desire the present life and its adornments in full for the work they have done therein, they shall not be defrauded;

[11.16] those are they who in the Everlasting Life will have only the Fire. There, their deeds will have failed and their works will be void.

Most people disbelieve [11.17]

[11.17] Then what of he who stands upon a clear proof from his Lord, recited by a witness from Him and before him is the Book of Moses for a guide and a mercy? Those believe in it. But as for those partisans who disbelieve in it, their promised land shall be the Fire. Therefore do not doubt it. It is the truth from your Lord, yet most people do not believe.

Lies about Allah [11.18-22]

The greatest losers in the Everlasting Life [11.18-22]

[11.18] And who is greater in evil than he who forges a lie against Allah? Those, they shall be brought before their Lord, and witnesses will say, 'Those are they who lied against their Lord.' Indeed, the curse of Allah shall fall upon the evildoers,

[11.19] who bar others from the Path of Allah and seek to make it crooked, they disbelieve in the Everlasting Life.

[11.20] They are unable to frustrate Him on the earth; there is none to protect them, except Allah. Those, their punishment shall be doubled; they could neither hear nor see.

[11.21] Those are they that have lost their souls, and that which they forged has left them;

[11.22] without doubt they will be the greatest losers in the Everlasting Life.

The people of Paradise [11.23-24]

[11.23] Whereas those who believe and do good deeds and humble themselves before their Lord, they are the companions of Paradise, and there they shall live for ever.

[11.24] The likeness of the two parties is as one who is blind and deaf, and one that sees and hears, are they equally alike, will you not remember?

The story of Prophet Noah [11.25-48]

[11.25] We sent Noah to his nation. (He said,) 'I am a warner for you, and a bearer of glad tidings.

[11.26] Worship none except Allah. I fear for you the punishment of a painful Day.'

[11.27] The unbelieving Council of his nation said, 'We do not see you other than a human like ourselves. We see your followers are none but the lowliest amongst us, and their opinion is not to be considered. We do not see you superior to us, rather, we consider you liars.'

Noah debates his nation [11.28-35]

[11.28] He said, 'What do you think my nation! If I have a clear proof from my Lord and He has given me mercy from Him, though it is hidden from you, can we

compel you to accept it when you hate it?

[11.29] My nation, for this I do not ask you for your wealth for my wage is only with Allah. Nor will I drive away the believers, for they will surely meet their Lord.

But, I can see that you are ignorant.

[11.30] Were I to drive you away my nation, who would help me from Allah? Will you not remember?

[11.31] I do not say to you that I possess the treasuries of Allah, and I do not know the unseen. I do not say I am an angel, nor do I say to those whom you despise, Allah will not give them any good. Allah knows best what is in their hearts. Indeed, if this were so then I would be amongst the harm doers.'

[11.32] They said, 'O Noah, you have disputed, and disputed too much, with us. Bring (down) upon us that which you promised us, if what you say is true!'

[11.33] He replied, 'Allah will bring it (down) upon you if He will; you will never frustrate Him.

[11.34] Nor will my sincere counsel benefit you if I sincerely desire to counsel you if Allah desires to lead you astray. He is your Lord, and to Him you shall return.'

[11.35] Or do they say, 'He has fabricated it (himself)?' Say, 'If I had fabricated it, then the sin rests upon me. I reject the sins you do.'

[11.36] And it was revealed to Noah, 'None of your nation will believe except whosoever has already believed. Do not distress yourself with what they may do.

Noah builds and sails in the Ark [11.37-42]

[11.37] Build the Ark with Our seeing (and protection), and as We reveal. Do not speak to Me concerning the evildoers; they shall be drowned.'

[11.38] Whenever an assembly of his nation passed by him as he was building the Ark, they mocked him. Whereupon he said, 'If you mock us, we shall indeed

mock you, just as you mock.

[11.39] You shall know to whom a degrading punishment will come, and upon whom an everlasting punishment will fall.'

[11.40] And when Our command came and the oven gushed (forth with water), We said (to Noah), 'Take on board (the Ark) a pair from every species and your

family, except he of whom the word has already been spoken, and those who believe. And none except a few believed with him.

[11.41] He (Noah) said, 'Embark. In the Name of Allah will be its course and berthing. Indeed, my Lord is Forgiving, the Most Merciful.'

Noah’s unbelieving son [11.42-43]

[11.42] And so it (the Ark) ran with them amidst the mountainous waves, and Noah cried out to his son, who was standing apart, 'Embark with us, my son, do not be with the unbelievers!'

[11.43] But he replied, 'I shall seek refuge on a mountain, which will protect me from the water.' He (Noah) said, 'Today, there is no defender from the command of Allah, except those to whom He has mercy.' And the waves came between them, and he was drowned.

Noah’s Ark berths on Mount Al Judi [11.44]

[11.44] And it was said, 'Earth, swallow up your waters. Heaven, cease!' The water subsided and the matter was accomplished. And the Ark came to rest upon (the mountain of) Al Judi, and it was said, 'Be gone, evildoing nation!'

[11.45] Noah called out to his Lord, saying, 'O Lord, my son was of my family, and Your promise is surely the truth. You are the most Just of judges.'

[11.46] He said, 'Noah, he is not of your family. It is not a good deed. Do not ask Me about things of which you have no knowledge. I reproach you lest you become among the ignorant.'

[11.47] He said, 'My Lord, I seek refuge with You from asking You of that which I have no knowledge. If You do not forgive me and have mercy on me, I shall be among the losers.'

Noah and his nation are blessed and given peace [11.48]

[11.48] It was said, 'O Noah, descend with peace from Us and blessings on you and on the nations of those with you; and nations We shall give them enjoyment, and then from Us they shall be visited with a painful punishment.'

[11.49] That is from the news of the unseen which We reveal to you; neither you nor your nation knew this before now. Have patience; the outcome is for the cautious.

The story of Prophet Hood and the nation of Aad [11.50-60]

[11.50] To Aad (We sent) their brother Hood. He said, 'My nation, worship Allah; you have no god except He. You are only forgers.

[11.51] My nation, for this I ask of you no wage. My wage is only with He who created me. Will you not understand?

Rejection of Aad and Hood’s reply their disbelief [11.52-57]

[11.52] My nation, ask your Lord to forgive you and turn to Him in repentance. From the sky He will loose an abundance (of rain) upon you; He will add strength to your strength. Do not turn away as sinners.'

[11.53] They replied, 'Hood, you have not brought us a clear sign. We will not forsake our gods because of what you say. We do not believe you.

[11.54] We say nothing except our gods have afflicted you with some kind of evil.’ He said, 'I call Allah to witness, and you to bear witness, that I reject what you associate,

[11.55] other than Him, so all of you, scheme against me, then you shall give me no respite.

[11.56] In truth, I have put my trust in Allah, (who is) my Lord and your Lord. There is no crawling creature that He does not take by the forelock. Indeed, my Lord is on a Straight Path.

[11.57] If you turn away, I have delivered to you that with which I was sent, and my Lord will cause people other than you to be your successors. You cannot harm Him a thing. My Lord is the Guardian over every thing.'

Allah saves Hood and the believers from the harsh punishment [11.58]

[11.58] And when Our command came, We saved Hood, together with those who believed with him through Our Mercy, and saved them from a harsh punishment.

Aad are cursed in this life and the next for their disbelief [11.59]

[11.59] Such was Aad. They disbelieved the verses of their Lord, rebelled against His Messengers, and did the bidding of every rebellious tyrant .

[11.60] They were overtaken by a curse in this world, and (they shall be cursed) on the Day of Resurrection. Indeed, Aad disbelieved in their Lord. Gone are Aad, the nation of Hood.

The story of Prophet Salih and the nation of Thamood [11.61-68]

[11.61] And to Thamood, (We sent) their brother Salih. He said, 'My nation, worship Allah; you have no god except He. It is He who made you from the earth and let you live upon it. Ask His forgiveness then repent to Him. Indeed, my Lord is near and answers (prayers).'

Salih’s  nation disbelieve, preferring baseless traditions to the message and warnings sent to them from Allah via His prophet [11.62]

[11.62] They said, 'Salih, before this you were a source of hope to us. What, would you now forbid us to worship what our fathers worshipped? Indeed, we are disquieted, and doubt that to which you invite.'

Salih challenges his nation [11.63]

[11.63] He said, 'My nation, think! If I have a clear proof from my Lord and He has given me His Mercy, who would help me against Allah if I rebel against Him?

Indeed, you would do nothing for me except increase my loss.'

The punishment of Thamood for their disbelief [11.64-68]

[11.64] 'My nation, this is the she-camel of Allah, a sign for you. Leave her to graze upon the earth of Allah and do not touch her with evil lest you be seized by a punishment that is near.'

[11.65] Yet they hamstrung her. He (Salih) said, 'Take your enjoyment in your homes for three days! This is a promise that cannot be belied!'

[11.66] And when Our command came, We saved Salih together with those who believed with him through Our Mercy, and from the ignominy of that day. Your

Lord is Strong and Mighty.

[11.67] And the harm doers were seized by the Shout (of the angel), and in the morning, they were found crouched in their dwellings, dead,

[11.68] as though they had never lived there. Indeed, Thamood disbelieved in their Lord. So, begone Thamood.

The story of Prophet Abraham and the angels [11.69-76]

[11.69] Our Messengers came to Abraham with glad tidings. They said, 'Peace!' He replied 'Peace! ' and in a while brought them a roasted calf.

The angels tell Abraham they are on the way to punish the nation of Lot [11.70]

[11.70] But when he saw that their hands did not reach towards it, he was wary and became fearful of them, but they said, 'Do not be afraid. We are sent to the

nation of Lot.'

The angels tell Sarah she is to have a son called Isaac [11.71-74]

[11.71] His wife (Sarah), who was standing nearby, laughed. Thereupon, We gave her the good news of Isaac, and after Isaac of Jacob.

[11.72] She replied, 'Alas for me! Shall I bear (a child) when I am old woman and my husband is advanced in years? This is indeed a strange thing.'

[11.73] They said, 'What, do you marvel at the command of Allah? The Mercy of Allah and His Blessings be upon you, O people of the House. Indeed, He is

Praised, Exalted.'

Abraham is told that the nation of Lot is about to be punished because of their acts of sodomy [11.74-76]

[11.74] And when the wonderment departed from Abraham and the glad tidings reached him, he pleaded with Us for the nation of Lot;

[11.75] indeed, Abraham was forbearing, tenderhearted and penitent.

[11.76] (It was said,) 'Abraham, turn away from this; your Lord's command has indeed come, and there is coming upon them a punishment that will not be turned back.'

The Story of Prophet Lot and his nation [11.77-83]

Lot is ashamed of his homosexual nation and fears for his guests [11.77-80]

[11.77] And when Our messengers came to Lot, he was troubled and distressed for them, and said, 'This is a harsh day.'

[11.78] His nation came running towards him; whilst they were doing evil deeds. 'My nation,' he said, 'here are my daughters (take them in marriage), they are cleaner for you. Fear Allah and do not humiliate me by my guests. Is there not one man amongst you of right mind?'

[11.79] They replied, 'You know we have no right for your daughters. You know very well what we desire.'

[11.80] He said, 'Would that I were powerful over you, or might take refuge in a strong pillar!'

The angels tell Lot they are Messengers sent from Allah and that His punishment is about to fall upon his nation for their depravity [11.81-83]

[11.81] They (the angels) said, 'Lot, we are the Messengers of your Lord, they shall not touch you. Depart with your family in the watch of the night and let none of you turn round, except your wife. She shall be struck by that which strikes them. Their appointed time is the morning. Is it not that the morning is near?'

The punishment of the nation of Lot [11.82-83]

[11.82] And when Our command came, We turned it upside down, and rained on it, stone after stone of baked clay,

[11.83] marked with your Lord, and never far from the evildoers.

The story of Prophet Shu’aib and the nation of Midian [11.84-95]

Shu’aib tells his nation to worship Allah [11.84]

[11.84] And to Midian, (We sent) their brother Shu'aib. He said, 'My nation, worship Allah; you have no god except He. Do not reduce the measure nor the scale. I see you are prosperous, and fear the punishment of an encompassing day for you.

Shu’aib tells his nation to trade fairly and not to corrupt [11.85-86]

[11.85] My nation, be just in filling the measure and the scale. Do not reduce people's goods and do not corrupt the land with mischief.

[11.86] What remains with Allah is better for you, if you are believers. I am not your guardian.’

Shu’aib’s nation disbelieve, preferring baseless traditions to the message and warnings sent them via His prophet [11.87-93]

[11.87] 'Shu'aib, ' they replied, 'does your prayer command you that we should abandon that which our fathers worshipped or do as we please with our goods? You are clement and right-minded!'

[11.88] He said, 'Think, my nation! If I have a clear sign from my Lord and He has provided me with good provision, I do not desire to go behind you, taking for myself that which I forbid you. I seek but to reform as much as I can, my help comes only from Allah. In Him I have put my trust and to Him I turn in penitence.

Shu’aib warns his nation and reminds them of the demise of their ancestors [11.89-93]

[11.89] And my nation, do not let your breaking with me bring upon you something similar to that which struck the nation of Noah, Hood, and Salih and it is not long since the people of Lot (were punished).

[11.90] Ask the forgiveness of your Lord and turn to Him in repentance. Indeed, my Lord is the Most Merciful, Loving.'

[11.91] They said, 'Shu'aib, we do not understand much of what you say to us. Indeed, we see you weak among us. If it was not for your tribe we would have stoned you because you are not strong against us. '

[11.92] He said, 'My nation, is my tribe stronger against you than Allah? You have taken Him to be thrown behind you, my Lord encompasses all that you do.

[11.93] My nation, do according to your position; as I am doing; and certainly you will know to whom the degrading punishment will come and who is a liar. Be watchful; I shall be watching with you.'

Shu’aib and the believers find mercy with Allah as the unbelievers are punished [11.94-95]

[11.94] And when Our command came We saved Shu'aib through Our Mercy, together with those who believed. (Then) the evildoers were seized by a Shout, and when morning came they were crouched in their dwellings, dead,

[11.95] as if they had never have lived there. Begone, the nation of Midian, just as Thamood are gone.

Pharaoh will lead his nation into Hell for their disbelief [11.96-99]

[11.96] We sent Moses with Our signs and with clear authority

[11.97] to Pharaoh and his Council. But they followed the command of Pharaoh, and Pharaoh's command was not right-minded.

[11.98] He shall go before his nation on the Day of Resurrection and lead them into the Fire. Evil is the watering-place to be led down to!

[11.99] A curse was sent to follow them in this world and then upon them on the Day of Resurrection. Evil is the offering to be offered.

[11.100] That, which We have related to you, is the news of the villages; some of them still stand, whereas others are stubble.

The unbelievers wrong themselves [11.101-102]

[11.101] We did not wrong them, rather, they wronged themselves. Their gods that they called upon, other than Allah, did not help them when your Lord's command came they did not increased them except in their destruction.

[11.102] Such is the seizing of your Lord, when He seizes the evildoing villages. His seizing is painful, stern.

There is either happiness or wretchedness on the Day of Judgement [11.103-109]

[11.103] Indeed, for he who fears the punishment of the Everlasting Life that is a sign. That is a Day on which everyone shall be assembled. That shall be a witnessed Day.

[11.104] We shall not postpone it except until a counted term.

[11.105] When that Day arrives no soul shall speak except by His permission. Some shall be wretched, and others happy.

[11.106] The wretched shall be (cast) in the Fire where they will moan and sigh,

[11.107] and there they shall live for ever, as long as the heavens and the earth endure, and as your Lord wills. Indeed, your Lord accomplishes whatsoever He will.

[11.108] As for the happy, they shall live in Paradise for ever, so as long as the heavens and the earth endure, and as your Lord wills an unbroken gift.

The futility of following baseless traditions rather than the message and warning sent by Allah via His prophets [11.109]

[11.109] Therefore do no be doubtful as to what these worship. They worship only that which their fathers worshiped before them. We shall indeed pay them in full their undiminished measure.

The Jews doubt the Book given to Moses [11.110-111]

[11.110] We gave Moses the Book, but they differed regarding it, but for a word that preceded from your Lord, it had been decided between them; and they are in

disquieting doubt of it.

[11.111] Indeed, your Lord will pay each one of them in full for their deeds. He is aware of the things they do.

Be straightforward and do not be insolent [11.112]

[11.112] So you and whosoever repents with you go straight as you have been commanded and do not be insolent, indeed, He sees what you do.

Seek only the guidance of believing authorities [11.113]

[11.113] And do not incline to the wrongdoers lest you are touched by the Fire, for then you shall not be helped. You have no guardians other than Allah.

The importance of prayer and patience [11.114-115]

[11.114] And establish your prayer at the two edges of the day and in part of the night. Good deeds will repel evil deeds. That is a remembrance for those who

remember.

[11.115] Therefore have patience; Allah will not let the wage of the good doers go to waste.

Neglecting Allah [11.116]

[11.116] If (only) there had been except for a few among them whom We saved among the generations that have gone before you, some that remained forbidding corruption in the land, but the wrongdoers pursued the ease they had been given to delight in and became sinners.

Allah never destroys unjustly [11.117]

[11.117] Your Lord would never destroy the villages unjustly, whilst their people were reforming.

[11.118] Had your Lord willed, He would have made mankind a single nation. But they continue in their differences

[11.119] except those on whom your Lord shows mercy. For this end He has created them. The Word of your Lord shall be perfectly completed, 'I shall fill

Gehenna (Hell) with jinn and people, all together.'

Stories of the prophets and messengers strengthen and remind the believing heart [11.120]

[11.120] And all We relate to you of the tidings of the Messengers is that whereby We strengthen your heart and through these the truth has come to you, and an

admonition and a reminder to the believers.

Reply to the unbelievers [11.121-123]

[11.121] Say to those who disbelieve, 'Do according to your station; we are doing according to our station.

[11.122] Wait; we too are waiting.'

Worship Allah and put your trust in Him [11.123]

[11.123] To Allah belongs the unseen in the heavens and in the earth; to Him the matter, in its entirety, shall be returned. Worship Him, and put your trust in Him.

Your Lord is not inattentive of the things you do.

 

12 The Prophet Joseph - Yusuf

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

Allah, Himself sent the Koran for us to understand [12.1-2]

[12.1] AlifLaamRa. Those are the verses of the Clear Book.

[12.2] We have sent it down, an Arabic Koran, in order that you understand.

[12.3] In the sending down of this Koran, We will narrate to you (Prophet Muhammad) the best of narratives, of which you were previously unaware.

The story of Prophet Joseph [12.4-101]

The vision of Joseph [12.4-6]

[12.4] When Joseph said to his father, 'Father, I saw eleven planets, and the sun and the moon; I saw them prostrating themselves before me.'

[12.5] He said, 'O my son, say nothing of this vision to your brothers lest they should cunningly plot against you indeed, satan is the clear enemy of the human,

[12.6] so your Lord will choose you and teach you the interpretation of visions, and perfect His Favor upon you and upon the House of Jacob, as He perfected it on your fathers Abraham and Isaac before you. Your Lord is Knowing, Wise.

Joseph’s brothers become jealous and plot against him [12.7-18]

[12.7] Indeed, in Joseph and his brothers there were signs for those who inquire.

[12.8] They said, 'Joseph and his brother are dearer to our father than ourselves, even though we are many. Truly, our father is obviously wrong.

[12.9] (Let us) kill Joseph, or cast him away in some (far off) land, so that your father's face will be left for you, and afterwards you will be a righteous nation.'

[12.10] One of them said, 'No, do not kill Joseph, if you do anything, cast him into a dark pit, a traveler will pick him up.'

The concern of Jacob for Joseph [12.11-14]

[12.11] They said, 'Father, what is the matter with you, do you not trust us with Joseph? Indeed, we are sincere advisors.

[12.12] Send him with us tomorrow to frolic and play. We will look after him.'

[12.13] He said, 'It grieves me to let him go with you, for I fear lest the wolf should devour him when you are not paying attention to him.'

[12.14] They said, 'We are many, if a wolf devours him, then we are losers!'

Joseph is consoled in the well [12.15]

[12.15] When they went with him, they agreed to put him in the bottom of a well. We revealed to him, 'You shall tell them of what they did when they are not aware (it is you).'

Jacob disbelieves the lie of his sons [12.16-19]

[12.16] At nightfall, they returned weeping to their father.

[12.17] They said, 'We went racing and left Joseph with our things. The wolf devoured him, but you will not believe us, though we speak the truth.'

[12.18] And they brought his shirt (stained) with blood, a lie. He said, 'No, your souls have tempted you to do something. But come sweet patience! The help of

Allah is always there to seek against that which you describe.'

Joseph is discovered in the well and sold [12.19-20]

[12.19] Thereafter travelers came, and sent their waterman. And when he had let down his pail, (he cried,) 'Rejoice, a boy!' Then they concealed him among their merchandise, but Allah knew what they did.

[12.20] Then, they sold him for a trifling price, a number of dirhams, because they considered him to be of little value.

Joseph’s new home in Egypt [12.21]

[12.21] The Egyptian that bought him said to his wife, 'Make his stay honorable. He may benefit us, or take him for our son.' As such We established Joseph in the land, so that We might teach him the interpretation of visions. Allah prevails in His affairs, though most people do not know.

Allah gives Joseph judgment and knowledge [12.22]

[12.22] And when he reached maturity, We bestowed on him judgment and knowledge. As such We recompense those who do good.

Joseph refuses to be seduced by the governor’s wife [12.23-35]

[12.23] And she, in whose house he was, sought to seduce him and closed the doors saying, 'Come!' 'In Allah is my refuge!' he replied. 'My Lord has made my dwelling a good one. Harm doers never prosper.'

[12.24] She desired him, had he not been shown the proof of his Lord he would have taken her. But We turned him away from evil and abomination, for he was one of Our sincere worshipers.

[12.25] They raced to the door and she tore his shirt from behind. And by the door, they met her husband whereupon she said, 'What is the recompense of one whose intent is evil against your people other than being imprisoned, or sternly punished!'

[12.26] He (Joseph) said, 'It was she who sought to seduce me,' and a witness (an infant) of her people bore witness, saying, 'If his shirt is torn from the front, she is speaking the truth and he is one of the liars,

[12.27] but, if his shirt is torn from behind, she lied, and he is of the truthful.'

The governor believes that Joseph is innocent [12.28-29]

[12.28] And when he saw his shirt torn at the back, he said, 'This is one of your (women's) guiles. Your guile, (O woman), is great indeed!

[12.29] Joseph, turn away from this. And you, ask forgiveness for your sin. You are indeed one of the sinners.'

Joseph and the banquet [12.30-34]

[12.30] Certain women in the city said, 'The Governor's wife has sought to seduce her servant. He has made her heart stricken with love for him. Clearly, we perceive her to be in error.'

[12.31] When she heard of their sly whispers, she sent for them and prepared a banquet. To each she gave a knife, (then called Joseph saying,) 'Come and attend to them.' When they saw him, they were so taken with him that they cut their hands, and said, 'Allah save us! This is no mortal, he is no other but a noble angel!'

[12.32] Whereupon she said, 'Now you see, this is he on whose account you blamed me. Yes, I sought to seduce him, but he was unyielding. If he declines to do what I command, he shall be imprisoned and be one of the humiliated.'

The supplication of Joseph [12.33-34]

[12.33] He supplicated, 'Lord, prison is dearer to me than that to which they invite me. Yet if You do not shield me from their guile I shall yield to them and be one of the ignorant.'

[12.34] His Lord answered him and He turned their guile away from him. Indeed, He is the Hearer, the Knower.

The imprisonment of Joseph [12.35-54]

[12.35] Then it seemed good to them, even after they had seen the signs, that they should imprison him for some time.

Joseph interprets the visions of his fellow prisoners [12.36-42]

[12.36] Two young men went to prison with him. One of them said, 'I saw (in a vision) that I was pressing grapes.' And the other said, 'I saw (in a vision) that I was carrying bread upon my head, and that birds ate of it. Tell us its interpretation, for we can see you are among the good.'

Joseph rejects those who do not believe in Allah and the Everlasting Life [12.37-40]

[12.37] He said, 'Before any food comes to feed either of you, I will give you its interpretation. That which I will tell you has been taught to me by Allah. I reject the belief of a nation who do not believe in Allah and disbelieve in the Everlasting Life.

[12.38] I follow the creed of my fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. It is not for us to associate anything with Allah. Such is the favor of Allah to us, and to mankind. Yet most people do not give thanks.

[12.39] My fellow prisoners, say which is better, many gods at variance, or Allah the One, the Conqueror?

[12.40] That which you worship, other than Him, are nothing but names which you and your fathers have named and for which Allah has sent down no authority. Judgement rests with Allah alone. He has commanded you to worship none except Him. That is the right religion, yet most people do not know.

[12.41] My fellow prisoners, one of you will pour wine for his lord whereas the other will be crucified, and birds will peck at his head. The matter you inquired about has been decided.

[12.42] And he said to the one of the two who he knew would be saved, 'Mention me in the presence of your lord.' But satan made him forget to mention him to his master, so that he remained in prison for a certain number years.

Joseph interprets the vision of the king [12.43-49]

[12.43] The king said, 'I saw in a vision seven fatted cows being devoured by seven lean ones; and seven green ears of corn and seven others withered. My counselors, tell me the meaning of my vision, if you can interpret visions.'

[12.44] They said, 'They are confused nightmares, nor do we know anything of the interpretation of visions.'

[12.45] After all that time, the one of the two who had been saved remembered, he said, 'I will interpret it for you, so let me go.'

[12.46] (He said,) 'Joseph, the truthful, tell us of the seven fatted cows that were devoured by seven lean ones also of the seven green ears of corn and the other seven which were withered, so that I can go back to the people and then they will then know.'

[12.47] He replied, 'You shall sow for seven years as is your way. Leave in the ear (of corn) you reap, except a little which you eat.

[12.48] Thereafter, seven hard years will come upon you, which will consume all but little of that which you have stored.

[12.49] Then, there will come a year in which people are helped, in which the people will press.'

Joseph’s name is cleared [12.50-53]

[12.50] The king said, 'Bring him before me.' But when the king's envoy came to him, he said, 'Go back to your lord and ask him, "What about the women who cut their hands. Indeed, my Lord knows their guile.'

[12.51] 'What was your business, women,' he asked, 'when you solicited Joseph?’ 'Allah save us!' they replied, 'We know no evil against him.' The Governor's wife said, 'The truth has been discovered at last; I solicited him; he is among the truthful.

[12.52] This (I have done) so that he will know I did not secretly betray him, and that Allah does not guide the guile of the treacherous.

[12.53] Yet I do not consider my soul was innocent, surely the soul incites to evil except to whom my Lord has mercy; indeed, my Lord is Forgiving, the Most

Merciful.'

Joseph is made guardian of the storehouses of Egypt by the king [12.54-57]

[12.54] The king said, 'Bring him before me. I will assign him to myself.' And when he had spoken with him he said, 'Today, you are firmly established in both our favor and trust.'

[12.55] He (Joseph) said, 'Give me charge of the storehouses of the land, I am a knowledgeable guardian.'

Allah never wastes the wage of the righteous [12.56-57]

[12.56] And as such We established Joseph in the land to live wherever he liked. We bestow Our Mercy on whom We will, and We never waste the wage of the

righteous.

[12.57] Indeed, the reward of the Everlasting Life is better for those who believe and are cautious.

Joseph is not recognized by his brothers [12.58]

[12.58] Joseph's brothers came and presented themselves before him. He recognized them, but they did not know him.

Joseph tells his brothers to bring Benjamin to him [12.59-67]

[12.59] And when he had given them their provisions, he said, 'Bring me a certain brother from your father. Do you not see that I give just measure and am the best

of hosts?

[12.60] If you do not bring him to me, you shall receive no measure (of corn) from me, nor shall you come near me (again).'

[12.61] They replied, 'We will ask our father for him. This we will surely do.'

[12.62] Then he said to his attendants, 'Put their merchandise in their saddlebags, hopefully they will recognize it when they return to their people. Perhaps they will come back.'

Joseph’s brothers tell their father of Joseph’s request [12.63-68]

[12.63] When they returned to their father, they said, 'Father, we have been denied the measure. Send our brother with us and we shall receive our measure. We will indeed look after him.'

[12.64] He replied, 'Am I to trust you with him as I once trusted you with his brother? Why, Allah is the Best of guardians, and He is the Most Merciful of the

Merciful.'

[12.65] When they opened their saddlebags, they found that their merchandise had been given back to them. 'Father,' they said 'what more do we desire? Look, our merchandise has been returned to us. We will receive provisions for our family and we will look after our brother. We shall receive an extra camel-load, that is an easy measure.'

[12.66] He replied, 'I will never send him with you until you swear by Allah that you will bring him back to me, unless you are prevented.' And when they had given him their oath, he said, 'Allah is the Guardian of what we say.'

[12. 67] Then he said, 'My sons, do not enter from one gate. Enter through different gates. I cannot be of any help to you against Allah; judgement belongs to Allah alone. In Him I have put my trust. In Him let all put their trust.'

[12.68] And when they entered from where their father had instructed them, nothing helped them against (the decree of) Allah. It was but a need in Jacob's soul which he had fulfilled. He possessed knowledge because of what We had taught him, though most people do not know.

Joseph makes himself known to his brother [12.69]

[12.69] When they presented themselves before Joseph, he took his brother in his arms, and said, 'I am your brother. Do not grieve at what they did.'

Allah directs Joseph to hide a goblet in his brother’s saddlebag [12.70-79]

[12.70] And when he had given them their provisions, he hid a drinking-cup in his brother's saddlebag. Then a herald called out after them, 'Cameleers, you are thieves!'

[12.71] They turned back and asked, 'What have you lost?'

[12.72] 'We are missing the goblet of the king,' he replied. 'Whosoever restores it shall have a camel load, that I guarantee.'

[12.73] 'By Allah,' they said, 'you know we did not come to do evil in this land. We are not thieves.'

[12.74] They said, 'What shall be the recompense, if you prove to be lying?'

[12.75] They replied, 'Its recompense in whosoever’s saddle bag it is found, he shall be its recompense. As such we punish the harm doers.'

[12.76] He searched their bags before his brother's and then took out the goblet from his brother's bag. As such We directed Joseph. By the king's law he had no right to seize his brother unless Allah willed otherwise. We raise whom We will in rank; over every knowledgeable person is One who knows.

[12.77] They said, 'If he is a thief know then that a brother of his has committed theft before him.' But Joseph kept it secret and did not reveal it to them. He said,

'You are in a worse position. And Allah knows well what you describe.'

[12.78] They said, 'Mighty prince, his father is old, advanced in years, take one of us instead of him. We can see you are amongst the good doers.'

[12.79] He replied, 'Allah forbid that we should seize any but he with whom our property was found, for then we should be harm doers.'

Joseph’s brothers return to their father, Jacob [12.80-87]

[12.80] When they despaired of him, they went in private to confer together. The eldest said, 'Do you not know that your father took a pledge from you in the Name of Allah, and that you failed before regarding Joseph? I shall never stir from this land until my father gives me leave or Allah makes known to me His judgement, He is the Best of judges.

[12.81] Return, all of you to your father and say to him, “Father, your son has committed a theft. We testify only to what we know. How could we guard against the unforeseen?

[12.82] Ask the village where we were and the caravan in which we traveled, we speak the truth.”’

[12.83] 'No' he (Jacob) said, 'your souls have tempted you to do something. But come sweet patience. Allah may bring them all to me. He alone is the Knowing, the Wise.'

The grief of Jacob [12.84-87]

[12.84] And he turned away and said, 'Alas for Joseph!' His eyes turned white with the grief he repressed within him.

[12.85] They said, 'By Allah, will you not cease to mention Joseph until you are consumed, or are among the perishing?'

[12.86] He replied, 'I complain to Allah of my anguish and sadness. I know from Allah what you do not know.

[12.87] Go and seek news of Joseph and his brother. Do not despair of the Comfort of Allah, none but unbelievers despair of the Comfort of Allah.'

Joseph reveals his identity to his brothers [12.88-92]

[12.88] And when they presented themselves before him they said, 'O mighty prince, we and our people are afflicted with distress. We have brought but little merchandise. Fill up the measure, and be charitable to us; Allah rewards the charitable.’ 

[12.89] 'Do you know' he replied, 'what you did to Joseph and his brother in your ignorance?'

[12.90] They said, 'Are you Joseph?' 'I am Joseph,' he answered, 'and this is my brother. Allah has been gracious to us. Those who keep from evil and are patient, indeed, Allah does not let the wage of the good doers go to waste.'

[12.91] 'By Allah,' they said, 'Allah has preferred you above us all. We have indeed been sinful.'

[12.92] He replied, 'Let no reproach be on you this day. Allah will forgive you He is the Most Merciful of the merciful.

Joseph tells his brothers to return home and bring the rest of his family to Egypt [12.93-100]

[12.93] Go, take this shirt of mine and cast it over my father's face, he will recover his sight. Then return to me with all your family.'

Jacob smells Joseph’s fragrance before his brothers arrive with his shirt [12.94-98]

[12.94] As the caravan departed, their father said, 'I smell the scent of Joseph, unless you think I am foolish.'

[12.95] 'By Allah, 'they said, 'this is but your old illusion.'

[12.96] And when the bearer of glad tidings arrived, he laid Joseph's shirt over him, and he saw once again. He said, 'Did I not tell you that I know from Allah what you do not know?'

[12.97] His sons said, 'Father, ask forgiveness for our sins. We have indeed been sinners.'

[12.98] He said, 'I shall ask my Lord to forgive you. He is Forgiving, the Most Merciful.'

Joseph’s vision is fulfilled as his family are established in Egypt [12.99-101]

[12.99] And when they entered before Joseph, he took his father and mother into his arms and said, 'Welcome to Egypt, safe, if Allah wills!'

[12.100] He lifted his parents to the throne, and (the others) bowed before him. Joseph said to his father, 'This is the meaning of my vision of long ago, my Lord has verified it. He has been gracious to me. He brought me out of prison and brought you out of the desert after satan had corrupted (the relationship) between me and my brothers. My Lord is Gentle to whom He will. He alone is the Knower, the Wise.

Joseph supplicates to Allah to be permitted to die in submission (as a Muslim [12.101]

[12.101] Lord, You have given me the kingdom and taught me to interpret visions. Originator of the heavens and the earth, my Guardian in this world and in the Everlasting Life. Let me die in submission (as a Muslim) and let me join the righteous.'

[12.102] That is of the news We reveal to you of the unseen. You were not present when they agreed upon their plan, scheming.

Most people do not believe in Allah, but associate others with Him [12.103-107]

[12.103] Even though you are so eager, most people will not believe.

[12.104] You shall ask no wage for it. It is nothing except a reminder to all mankind.

The signs of Allah [12.105-106]

[12.105] How many signs in the heavens and earth do they pass by and turn away from.

[12.106] And most of them do not believe in Allah, but they associate others with Him.

[12.107] Do they feel secure that the punishment of Allah will envelop them, or that the Hour will overtake them suddenly when they are unaware?

Prophet Muhammad calls to Allah with sure knowledge [12.108-109]

[12.108] Say, 'This is my Path. I call to Allah with sure knowledge, I and my followers. Exaltations be to Allah! I am not among the idolaters. '

[12.109] We did not send any before you from the inhabitants of the village, but men to whom a revelation was sent. Have they not traveled in the land and seen what was the end of those before them? Better is the dwelling in the Everlasting Life for those who keep from evil. Do you not understand?

When the messengers of Allah were belied Allah sent down His help [12.110]

[12.110] And when at length Our Messengers despaired and reckoned that they would be belied, Our help came down to them, saving whom We pleased. Our

Might cannot be withheld from the guilty nation.

The stories in the Koran were sent as guidance and mercy [12.111]

[12.111] Indeed, in their stories is a lesson for those of understanding. This is no forged tale, rather, it is a confirmation of the previous, a distinguishing of all things, a guidance and a mercy to a nation who believe.

 

13 Thunder - Ar-Ra'd

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

Allah Himself informs us that the Koran is His truth [13.1]

[13.1] AlifLaamMeemRa. Those are the verses of the Book. That which is sent down to you (Prophet Muhammad) from your Lord is the truth, yet most people do not believe.

The signs of Allah and meeting Him [13.2-4]

[13.2] It is Allah who raised the heavens without pillars that you see. Then He willed to the Throne and subjected the sun and the moon, each pursuing an appointed course. He directs the affair. He makes plain His verses so that you will firmly believe in meeting your Lord.

[13.3] It is He who stretched out the earth and placed upon it firm mountains and rivers. And of all fruits, He has put in it two pairs and drew the veil of night over the day. Surely, in these there are signs for a nation who think.

[13.4] And in the land, there are adjoining plots, gardens of vines, sown fields and palm-trees in pairs and single that are watered with one water, yet We make some excel others in produce. Surely, in that are signs for a nation who understand.

Disbelief in life after death [13.5-7]

[13.5] If you would wonder, then wondrous is their saying, 'When we are dust, shall we be raised to life again, a new creation?' Such are those who disbelieve in their Lord. Their necks shall be fettered. They shall be the inhabitants of the Fire, in it they shall live for ever.

[13.6] They bid you to hasten the evil before the good, yet examples have passed away before them. Your Lord is Forgiving to people despite their evildoing; yet your Lord is Stern in retribution.

[13.7] The unbelievers say, 'Why has no sign been sent down to him from his Lord?' You are only a warner, and there is a guide for every nation.

Allah knows and sees all things [13.8-9]

[13.8] Allah knows what every female bears, and what shrinks and swells the womb. And everything with Him has its measure.

[13.9] (He is) the Knower of the unseen and the seen, the Great, the Exalted.

Everyone has attendant angels [13.10-13.11]

[13.10] Similar to yourself is he who conceals his saying, and he who proclaims it, he who hides himself in the night, and he who goes forth by day,

There is no guardian except Allah [13.12]

[13.11] he has attendant angels before him and behind him, who, by the Command of Allah watch over him. Allah does not change what is in a nation unless they change what is in themselves. Whenever Allah wants evil for a nation, none can ward it off. Other than Him, they have no guardian.

The signs of Allah [13.12]

[13.12] It is He who shows you the lightning, for fear and hope, and who produces laden clouds.

The thunder exalts Allah with His praise [13.13]

[13.13] The thunder exalts His praise, and so are the angels are in awe of Him. He looses the thunderbolts and smites whosoever He will. Yet they dispute about

Allah who is Mighty in power.

The prayers of the unbelievers go astray [13.14]

[13.14] To Him is the Call of truth. Those to whom they call, other than Him, give them no answer. They are like he who stretches out his hands to the water and

bids it rise to his mouth, it does not reach it! The prayers of the unbelievers go astray.

All will prostrate themselves before Allah [13.15]

[13.15] All who dwell in the heavens and earth shall prostrate themselves before Allah, either willingly or unwillingly; as do their shadows in the mornings and

evenings.

Allah tells us He is the Creator of everything and that He is One without associates [13.16]

[13.16] Say, 'Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth?' Say, 'Allah.' Say, 'Why then have you chosen guardians other than Him, even though they have neither the power to benefit nor harm themselves?' Say, 'Are the blind and the seeing equal? Are darkness and light equal? Or, have they ascribed to Allah associates who create as He creates so that all creation is alike to them?’ Say, 'Allah is the Creator of everything. He is the One, the Conqueror.'

The parables of Allah [13.17]

[13.17] He sends down water from the sky and the valleys (wadis) flow each in their measure, and the torrent carries a swelling scum; and fire from that which they kindle; desiring ornament or ware, from that rises a scum like it. As such, Allah strikes both the truth and the false. As for the scum it is cast away as jetsam, but, that which profits people remains on the earth. As such Allah strikes the parables.

The condition of those who answer their Lord and those who turn away [13.18]

[13.18] For those who answer their Lord is a most fine reward. But for those who do not answer Him if they possessed all that the earth contains, and as much besides, they would offer it for their ransom. Theirs shall be an evil reckoning. Gehenna (Hell) shall be their refuge, an evil cradling!

The description of believers and their reward in Paradise[13.19-24]

[13.19] Then is he who knows what is sent down to you from your Lord is the truth like he who is blind? Indeed, only those possessed with minds remember

[13.20] who fulfill their promise to Allah and do not break their pledge;

[13.21] who join together what Allah has bidden to be united; who fear their Lord and dread the evil reckoning.

[13.22] Patient men, desiring the Face of their Lord, establish their prayers, and spend of what We have given them in private and in public; and who ward-off evil with good. Theirs shall be the Ultimate Abode.

The reward that awaits patient believers [13.23-24]

[13.23] They shall enter the Gardens of Eden together with the righteous among their fathers, their wives, and their descendants. From every gate the angels will come to them,

[13.24] 'Peace be to you, for that you were patient.' Best is the Ultimate Abode.

The punishment of those who break the covenant of Allah [13.25]

[13.25] As for those who break the covenant of Allah after accepting it, who part what He has commanded to be united and worked corruption in the land, a curse shall be laid on them, and they shall have an evil abode.

Comparison between this life and the Everlasting Life [13.26]

[13.26] Allah gives abundantly and sparingly to whom He will. They rejoice in this present life; but this present life, beside the Everlasting Life, is nothing but a passing enjoyment.

The hearts of believers are satisfied when they remember Allah [13.27-28]

[13.27] And those who disbelieve say, 'Why has no sign been sent down to him by his Lord?' Say, 'Allah leads astray whom He will, and guides those who repent,

[13.28] those who believe, and whose hearts find comfort in the remembrance of Allah. Is it not with the remembrance of Allah that hearts are satisfied.

The reward for those who believe [13.29]

[13.29] For those who believe and do good works is blessedness and blessed resort.'

Put your trust in Allah [13.30]

[13.30] As such, We have sent you forth to a nation before whom others have passed away in order that you recite to them what We have revealed to you. Yet they disbelieve the Merciful. Say, 'He is my Lord. There is no god except He. In Him I have put my trust, and to Him I turn.'

Allah does not break His promise [13.31]

[13.31] If only a Koran whereby the mountains were set in motion, or the earth cleaved asunder, or the dead spoken to. No, but to Allah is the affair altogether. Do those who believe know that had Allah willed He could have guided all people? As for those who disbelieve, because of what they do, disaster will not cease to afflict them, or it alights near their home until the promise of Allah comes. Allah will not break His promise.

None shall defend the unbelievers from Allah [13.32-34] 

[13.32] Other Messengers were mocked before you but I respited the unbelievers, then I seized them. And how was My retribution!

[13.33] What, He who stands over every soul for what it has earned, yet they made partners for Allah. Say, 'Name them. Or would you tell Him of that which is unknown in the earth to Him? Or in outward speech only?' Indeed, their devising seems fair to the unbelievers, for they are barred from the Right Way. None can guide those whom Allah leads astray.

[13.34] They shall be punished in this life but the punishment of the Everlasting Life is more grievous. None shall defend them from Allah.

The command to worship Allah alone [13.35-36]

[13.35] The likeness of Paradise which the righteous have been promised beneath it rivers flow, its produce and shade are eternal. Such is the payment of the righteous. But the payment of the unbelievers is the Fire.

[13.36] Those to whom We have given the Book rejoice in what is sent down to you, while some factions reject a part of it. Say, 'I am commanded to worship Allah and to associate none with Him. To Him I supplicate, and to Him I turn.'

Seek only the guidance of believing authorities [13.37]

[13.37] And as such We have sent it down an Arabic judgment. And if you follow their desires, after the knowledge that has come to you, you shall have no guardian other than Allah, nor yet a defender.

No prophet or messenger could bring a sign or a miracle unless it was by the permission of Allah [13.38-39]

[13.38] We have sent forth other Messengers before you and given them wives and descendants. Yet none of them could bring a sign except by the permission of Allah. Every term has its Book.

[13.39] Allah blots out, and He establishes what He will. With Him is the Essence of the Book.

The duty of prophets and messengers [13.40]

[13.40] Whether We show you part of that We promise them, or We call you to Us, it is only for you to deliver the Message, and Ours is the accounting.

[13.41] Do they not see how We come to the land and reduce its extremities? Allah judges; none repel His judgement. Swift is His reckoning.

[13.42] Those who have gone before them devised, but to Allah is the devising altogether. He knows what every soul earns. The unbelievers shall know without doubt for whom is the Ultimate Abode.

Those who reject Prophet Muhammad [13.43]

[13.43] Those who disbelieve say, 'You are not a Messenger.' Say, 'Allah is a Sufficient witness between me and you, and whosoever possess knowledge of the Book.'

 

14 The Prophet Abraham - Ibrahim

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

Prophet Muhammad was given the Koran to bring mankind from darkness to light [14.1]

[14.1] AlifLaamRa. We have sent down to you (this Book) in order that you bring mankind from darkness to the light by the permission of your Lord, to the Path of the Almighty, the Praised.

Those who bar others from the way of Allah [14.2-3]

[14.2] Allah to whom belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. Woe to the unbelievers for a terrible punishment.

[14.3] Those who prefer this life more than the Everlasting Life, and bar others from the way of Allah and seek to make it crooked they are in far error.

[14.4] We have sent no Messenger except in the tongue of his own nation, so that he might make everything plain to them. But Allah leads astray whom He will and guides whom He will. He is the Almighty, the Wise.

Moses reminds his nation to be thankful to Allah [14.5-8]

[14.5] We sent Moses with Our signs, 'Bring your nation out of darkness into the light, and remind them of the Days of Allah.  Surely, in that are signs for every patient, thankful (person).

[14.6] Moses said to his nation, 'Remember the blessing of Allah to you when He saved you from Pharaoh's family, who had oppressed you cruelly, and who slew your sons and spared your women. Surely, that was a great trial from your Lord.

[14.7] And when your Lord proclaimed, "If you give thanks, I will increase you, but, if you are unthankful My punishment is indeed stern." '

[14.8] And Moses said, 'If you and all mankind are thankless, He is surely Rich, Praised.'

The rejection of truth [14.9-20]

[14.9] Have you not heard what befell the nations that have gone before you? The nations of Noah, Aad, and Thamood, and those who came after? None knows them but Allah. Their Messengers came to them with clear signs, but they thrust their hands into their mouths and said, 'Without doubt we disbelieve the Message you have been sent with. That which you call us to is disquieting.'

Allah forgives those who turn to Him [14.10]

[14.10] Their Messengers said, 'Is there any doubt about Allah, the Originator of the heavens and the earth? He calls you to Him in order that He forgives you your sins and defers you till a stated term.' They said, 'You are only mortals like us. You wish to bar us from that which our fathers worshipped. Give us some clear proof.'

All the messengers and prophets of Allah were humans [14.11-12]

[14.11] Their Messengers said to them, 'We are nothing except humans like you. But Allah bestows His Mercy on those of His worshipers whom He chooses. We cannot give you proof, except with the permission of Allah. In Allah, let believers put their trust.

Put your trust in Allah [14.12]

[14.12] And why should we not put our trust in Allah, when He has already guided us to our Paths? We will endure your hurt patiently. In Allah, let all who trust place their trust.'

The threat of the unbelievers and the reply of Allah [14.13-14]

[14.13] Those who disbelieved said to their Messengers, 'Return to our faith or we will banish you from our land.' But Allah revealed to them, 'We shall destroy the harm doers

[14.14] and let you live in the land after them. This is for him who fears My station and fears My threat.'

[14.15] They sought a judgment, then every tyrant was disappointed.

Description of Hell [14.16-17]

[14.16] Gehenna (Hell) is before him and he is given oozing pus to drink,

[14.17] which he gulps and can scarcely swallow. Death will come to him from every side, yet he cannot not die, and yet to come is a dreadful punishment.

What happens to the deeds of the unbelievers? [14.18]

[14.18] As for the likeness of those who disbelieve in their Lord, their works are like ashes which a strong wind scatters on a stormy day; they are powerless over that they have earned; that is the far error.

The Power of Allah [14.19-20]

[14.19] Do you not see that Allah has created the heavens and the earth with truth? He can put you away if He will and bring into being a new creation;

[14.20] indeed, that is no great thing for Allah.

The question the leaders of the unbelievers will be asked by their followers in Hell [14.21]

[14.21] Together they shall all come before Allah. Then the weak will say to those who were proud, 'We were your followers. Can you help us in anything against the punishment of Allah?' They will say, 'Had Allah guided us we would have guided you. It is now the same for us whether we cannot endure or bear patiently, we have no place of refuge.'

satan abandons his followers [14.22]

[14.22] And when the issue has been decided, satan will say (to them), 'The promise which Allah made you was true. I promised you, but failed to keep it. I had no authority over you except that I called you, and you answered me. Do not blame me, rather, blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I disbelieved in your associating me (with Allah) before.' Indeed, for the evildoers there is a painful punishment.

The people of Paradise [14.23]

[14.23] As for those who believe and do good works, they shall be admitted to gardens underneath which rivers flow in which, by the permission of their Lord, they shall live for ever. Their greeting shall be, 'Peace!'

The parable of a good deed and a corrupt word [14.24-26]

[14.24] Have you not seen how Allah sets forth a parable that a good deed is like a good tree, its roots are firm and its branches are in the heaven,

[14.25] yielding its fruit every season by the permission of Allah? Allah gives parables to mankind so that they might remember.

[14.26] The likeness of a corrupt word is like a corrupt tree uprooted from the earth having no stability.

Allah will strengthen believers with a steadfast Word [14.27]

[14.27] Allah will strengthen the believers with a steadfast Word, both in this life and in the Everlasting Life. Allah leads the evildoers astray. Allah does what He will.

The punishment of those who lead people astray [14.28-30]

[14.28] Have you not seen those who exchanged the favor of Allah with disbelief and landed their nation in a house of ruin?

[14.29] They shall be roasted in Gehenna; an evil establishment!

[14.30] They set up rivals with Allah to lead others astray. Say to them, 'Take your pleasure; your arrival shall be the Fire.'

The blessings and signs of Allah [14.31-34]

[14.31] Tell My worshippers, those who believe, who establish the prayer, and spend of what We have given them in private and in public, before the coming of that Day in which there is neither bargaining, nor the taking of friends,

[14.32] it is Allah who created the heavens and the earth, and sends down water from the heaven with which He brings forth fruits for your provision. He has subjected to you ships which, by His command, run upon the sea. He has subjected to you rivers,

[14.33] and He subjected to you the sun and the moon, which are constant in their courses. And, He has subjected to you the night and the day, and gave you all that you asked of Him.

You can never count the blessings of Allah [14.34]

[14.34] If you count the blessings of Allah, you will never number them. Indeed, the human is wicked and thankless.

The supplication of Abraham for his children and descendants [14.35-41]

[14.35] And when Abraham said, 'My Lord, make this a land secure. Turn me and my children away from worshipping idols.

[14.36] My Lord they have led many people astray. Whosoever follows me belongs to me. Whosoever rebels against me, You are surely Forgiving, the Most

Merciful.

Abraham supplicates for Lady Hagar and Ishmael as he leaves them by  the Ka’ba in Mecca according to the order of Allah [14.37]

[14.37] Our Lord, I have settled some of my offspring in a barren valley near Your Holy House; our Lord, in order that they establish the prayer. Make the hearts of people yearn towards them, and provide them with fruits, in order that they are thankful.

Allah has knowledge of all things, hidden or apparent [14.38]

[14.38] Our Lord, You have knowledge of all that we hide and all that we reveal; nothing in heaven or earth is hidden from Allah.

Abraham thanks Allah for Ishmael and Isaac [14.39-40]

[14.39] Praise be to Allah who has given me Ishmael and Isaac in my old age! Indeed, my Lord is the Hearer of the supplication.

[14.40] My Lord, make me and my descendants establishers of prayer. Our Lord, accept my prayer.

[14.41] Forgive me, our Lord, and forgive my parents and all the believers on the Day of Reckoning.'

The Day of Judgement and the plight of the unbelievers [14.42-52]

[14.42] Do not think that Allah is unaware of the harm doers work. He only gives them respite till the Day on which all eyes will stare,

[14.43] when they shall run with their necks outstretched and heads erect, their glances never return to themselves, their hearts are empty.

[14.44] Warn mankind of the Day when the punishment will overtake them, when the evildoers will say, 'Our Lord, grant us respite for awhile, we will answer Your call, and follow the Messengers.' Did you not once swear that you would never cease?

[14.45] You lived in the dwellings of those who wronged themselves, and it was clear to you how We dealt with them, and how We struck parables for you.

[14.46] They plotted their plots, but their plots are (known) to Allah, even though their plots were such as to move mountains.

[14.47] Do not think that Allah will break the promise He gave to His Messengers. Mighty is Allah, and Vengeful.

[14. 48] On the Day when the earth is changed into other than the earth and the heavens, all shall come before Allah, the One, the Conqueror.

[14.49] On that Day, you shall see the sinners coupled together in fetters;

[14.50] their garments shall be of melted tar, and their faces enveloped by the Fire.

[14.51] Allah will recompense each soul according to its earnings. Swift is the Reckoning of Allah.

Unlike the Torah which was sent for the Jews alone, the Holy Koran is a message for all mankind not just for the Arabs [14.52]

[14.52] This is a message to be delivered to mankind so that they may be warned by it, and know that He is (Allah) One God, and so all those possessed of minds may remember.

 

 

 

15 The Valley of Hijr - Al-Hijr

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

The power of Allah [15.1-8]

[15.1] AlifLaamRa. Those are the verses of the Book, the Clear Koran.

[15.2] It could be that those who disbelieve will wish that they were Muslims.

[15.3] Let them eat and enjoy; and let their hopes deceive them, soon they shall know.

[15.4] We never destroyed a village whose term had not already been decreed.

[15.5] No nation can outstrip its term, nor do they put it back.

The unbelievers mocked Prophet Muhammad [15.6-7]

[15.6] They say, 'You to whom the Remembrance is sent down, you are indeed mad.

[15.7] Why do you not bring down the angels, if what you say is true.'

[15.8] We do not send angels except with the truth. Then they shall have no respite.

Allah protects the Holy Koran Himself [15.9]

[15.9] It is We who sent down the Koran, and We watch over it.

As Prophet Muhammad was mocked so were the previous Messengers [15.10-11]

[15.10] We have sent forth before you Messengers among the factions of the ancients.

[15.11] But no Messenger came to them except he was mocked.

[15.12] So We make it enter the hearts of the sinners.

[15.13] They do not believe in it even though the practice of the ancients has already gone.

[15.14] If We opened a gate in the heaven and they kept ascending through it,

[15.15] still they would say, 'Our eyes were dazzled; truly, we must have been a bewitched people.'

The signs of Allah in the creations in the heavens and earth [15.16-25]

[15.16] We have set constellations in the heavens and made them pleasing to the beholders,

[15.17] and guarded them from every stoned satan.

[15.18] Except for he who steals the listening and is then pursued by a visible flame.

[15.19] We have spread out the earth and set upon it firm mountains. Everything We have caused to grow therein is justly weighed;

[15.20] and there appointed for you is a livelihood, and for those you do not provide.

[15.21] And there is not a thing but with Us are its treasuries, and We do not send it down except in a known measure.

[15.22] We send the winds fertilizing, and We send down out of heaven water, from which you drink and you are not its treasurers.

[15.23] And surely, it is We who give life and make to die. We are the Inheritor.

[15.24] We know those of you who press forward, and We know the laggards,

[15.25] and it is your Lord who will gather them. He is Wise, Knowing.

Mankind are not descended from monkeys [15.26]

[15.26] We created mankind from clay, molded from mud,

Jinn were created from smokeless fire [15.27]

[15.27] and before him We created the jinn from smokeless fire.

The story of Prophet Adam [15.28-50]

[15.28] When your Lord said to the angels, 'See, I am creating a mortal from clay of molded mud.

[15.29] When I have shaped him and ran My created soul in him fall down prostrating towards him'.

[15.30] All the angels prostrated themselves,

The pride of satan and the declaration of his intention to mislead and  pervert mankind [15.31-44]

[15.31] except iblis (father of the jinn) who refused to be one of those who prostrated themselves.

[15.32] He said, 'iblis, what is the matter with you, that you do you not prostrate yourself? '

[15.33] He replied, 'I will not prostrate to a mortal You have created of clay, from molded mud.'

[15.34] (Allah) said, 'Begone, you are accursed!

[15.35] A curse shall be on you till the Day of Recompense.'

[15.36] He said, 'My Lord, reprieve me till the Day they are raised.'

[15.37] He answered, 'You are among those reprieved

[15.38] till the appointed time.’

[15.39] (satan) said, 'My Lord, for Your perverting me, I shall make (matters) in the earth seem most fair to them and I shall pervert all,

[15.40] except the devoted amongst Your worshippers.

[15.41] He (Allah) said, 'This is for Me the Right Path

[15.42] over My worshipers you have no authority, except the perverse that follow you.

[15.43] Gehenna (Hell) will be the promise for all of them.

Hell has seven gates [15.44]

[15.44] It has seven gates, and through each gate a portion of them belong.

The people of Paradise [15.45-50]

[15.45] But the cautious shall live amongst gardens and fountains,

[15.46] 'In peace and security, enter them!'

[15.47] We shall remove all rancor from their hearts, and as brethren they shall recline on couches face to face.

[15.48] There, no fatigue shall smite them, nor shall they ever be driven from it.'

[15.49] Tell My worshipers that I am the Forgiving, the Most Merciful,

[15.50] and that My punishment is the painful chastisement.

The story of Prophet Abraham and the news of his first born son, Ishmael [15.51-60]

[15.51] Tell them of Abraham's guests.

[15.52] They entered to him and said, 'Peace,' but he replied, 'We are afraid of you.'

[15.53] 'Do not be afraid,' they answered. 'We come to give you glad tidings of a knowledgeable child.'

[15.54] He said, 'What is this, do you bring me glad tidings even though I am old?' Of what do you give me glad tidings?'

[15.55] They replied, 'In truth we have given you glad tidings, do not be one of those who despair.'

[15.56] He replied, 'And who despairs of the mercy of his Lord, except those that are astray?’

The story of Prophet Lot and the destruction of his nation [15.57-77]

[15.57] He asked, 'Messengers, what is your errand?'

[15.58] They replied, 'We are sent to sinful nation,

[15.59] except Lot's family, of whom we shall save all,

[15.60] except his wife. We decreed that she should be amongst those who remain behind.

[15.61] And when the envoys came to the family of Lot,

[15.62] he said to them, 'I do not know you.'

[15.63] 'No,' they replied, 'We bring you (news) of that concerning which they were doubting.

[15.64] We bring you the truth, and indeed we are truthful.

Lot is told to depart during the night from the evil doing city [15.65-66]

[15.65] Depart with your family in a part of the night and walk behind them and let none of you turn round. Go to a place where you are commanded.'

[15.66] And We made known to him this decree that the wrongdoers were to be utterly cut off in the morning.

Lot pleads with his people not to shame him [15.67-71]

[15.67] The people of the city came to him rejoicing.

[15.68] He said, 'These are my guests; do not shame me.

[15.69] Fear Allah and do not disgrace me.'

[15.70] They replied, 'Have we not forbidden you (the people of) the worlds?'

[15.71] He said, 'Here are my daughters; take them (in marriage), if you would be doing.'

The dreadful punishment that came upon Lot’s nation [15.72-77]

[15.72] By your life, they wandered blindly in their dazzlement.

[15.73] At sunrise a dreadful Shout seized them.

[15.74] We laid it (the city) upside down and rained stones of baked clay upon them.

[15.75] Surely, in that there are signs for those who contemplate.

[15.76] Indeed, it is on a way which still exists.

[15.77] Surely, in that there is a sign for those who believe.

The story of the dwellers of the Thicket and Al Hijr [15.78-84]

[15.78] The dwellers of the Thicket were harm doers.

[15.79] On them, too, We took vengeance, and they are both on a clear roadway.

[15.80] And the dwellers of Al Hijr also belied the Messengers.

[15.81] We brought them signs, but they turned away.

[15.82] They hewed their dwellings out of the mountains in safety.

[15.83] But the Shout seized them in the morning,

[15.84] and that which they had earned did not help them.

Allah alone is the Creator of the heavens and the earth [15.85-86]

[15.85] We did not create the heavens and the earth, and what is between them except in truth. The Hour is sure to come, therefore, forgive them with a gracious

pardon.

[15.86] Your Lord is the Creator, the Knower.

[15.87] We have given you the seven dual (verses, Al Fatihah) and the Mighty Holy Reading (Koran).

[15.88] Do not stretch your eyes to that We have given pairs of them to enjoy, nor sorrow for them, and lower your wing to the believers.

Prophet Muhammad was sent as a warner to mankind [15.89-99]

[15.89] And say, 'I am the plain warner.'

[15.90] So We sent it down to the partitioners,

[15.91] who have broken the Koran into parts,

[15.92] so by your Lord, We will question them all

[15.93] about what they did.

[15.94] Proclaim then, what you are commanded and turn away from the unbelievers.

[15.95] We suffice you against those who mock,

[15.96] and those who set up other gods with Allah, indeed, they will soon know.

[15.97] Indeed, We know your chest is straitened by that they say.

[15.98] Exalt with the praise of your Lord and be one of those who prostrate.

[15.99] Worship your Lord till the certainty (death) comes to you.

 

16 The Bees - An-Nahl

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

Allah is above all that is associated with Him [16.1-29]

[16.1] The Command of Allah will surely come; do not seek to hasten it. Highly exalted is He above that they associate with Him.

[16.2] He sends down the angels with the Spirit (Gabriel) by His command to those of His worshipers whom He chooses, (saying,) 'Warn, there is no god except Me, therefore fear Me.'

[16.3] He created the heavens and the earth with truth. Exalted is He above what they associate (with Him)!

The blessings and mercy of Allah [16.4-18]

[16.4] He created mankind from a sperm drop, yet he is a clear adversary.

[16.5] And the cattle He created for you. In them, you have warmth and other uses, and of them you eat.

[16.6] In them there is beauty for you when you bring them home and when you lead them to pasture.

[16.7] They carry your loads to a land which you could not otherwise reach except by painful toil to oneself. Your Lord is the Clement, the Most Merciful.

[16.8] (He has created for you) horses, mules, and donkeys, which you ride and as an adornment; and He creates what you do not know.

[16.9] It is for Allah to show the way. Some swerve from it, but had He willed, He would have guided all of you.

[16.10] It is He who sends down water from heaven, which provides drink for you and brings forth trees on which your herds feed.

[16.11] And thereby He brings forth crops and olives, palms and vines, and all the fruits. Surely, in this there is a sign for a nation who think.

[16.12] He has subjected to you the night, the day, the sun and the moon. The stars are subjected by His Command. Surely, in that there is a sign for a nation who understands.

[16.13] And what He has multiplied for you in the earth is of various hues; surely, in that there is a sign for a nation who remember.

[16.14] It is He who has subjected the sea to you, so that you eat of its soft flesh and bring up from it ornaments which you wear. And you see the ships plowing

their course through it in order that you seek His bounty and give thanks.

[16.15] He set firm mountains upon the earth lest it should shake with you; and rivers, and roads, in order that you are guided.

[16.16] And waymarks; and by the star they are guided.

[16.17] Is He who creates as he who does not create? Will you not remember?

[16.18] If you count the favors of Allah, you could not number them. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and the Most Merciful.

It is only Allah who creates, your God is One God [16.19-25]

[16.19] Allah has knowledge of all that you hide and all that you reveal.

[16.20] But those whom you invoke, other than Allah do not create anything they are themselves created.

[16.21] They are dead, not living; and they do not know when they will be raised (to life).

[16.22] Your God is One God. Those who do not believe in the Everlasting Life their hearts disbelieve, and are puffed up with pride.

[16.23] Allah knows without doubt what they hide and what they make known. He does not love the proud.

[16.24] And if they are asked, 'What has your Lord revealed?' they say, 'Tales of the ancients, fairytales!'

[16.25] They shall carry their sins completely on the Day of Resurrection, and some of the sins of those who were led astray by them without knowledge. Evil is that which they sin.

[16.26] Those who have gone before them also plotted. Then, Allah came upon their building from the foundations, and the roof fell down on them from above them. And the punishment overtook them from where they did not know.

[16.27] He will degrade them on the Day of Resurrection. He will say, 'Where are My partners, for whose sake you opposed?' And those to whom knowledge has been given will say, 'Degradation today and evil are on the unbelievers,

[16.28] whom the angels take while they were still harming themselves.' Then they will offer submission, saying, 'We have done no evil!' No, surely Allah knows what you have done.

[16.29] Enter the gates of Gehenna (Hell) to be in it for ever. Evil is the lodging of the proud.

The reward of believers [16.30-32]

[16.30] It is said to the cautious, 'What has your Lord revealed?' They will reply, 'Good! ' For those who did good in this world is goodness; indeed the lodging in the Everlasting Life is better an excellent dwelling for the cautious.

[16.31] They shall enter the Gardens of Eden, under which rivers flow, and there they shall have all they desire. So Allah recompenses the cautious,

[16.32] whom the angels take while they are goodly, saying, 'Peace be on you. Enter Paradise for what you were doing.'

Those who reject, belie and mock the Word of Allah [16.33-40]

[16.33] Are they looking for the angels to come down or the order of your Lord to come? As such did those who have gone before them. Allah did not wrong them, but they wronged themselves,

[16.34] so the evil things which they did coiled around them, and they were encompassed by that they mocked.

[16.35] The idolaters say, 'Had Allah willed, neither we nor our fathers would have worshipped anything other than Him, nor would we have forbidden anything without Him', as such did those before them. Yet what should Messengers do but give a clear deliverance?

[16.36] We sent a Messenger to every nation, saying, 'Worship Allah and avoid the idols.' Amongst them were some whom Allah guided, and some justly disposed to error. Travel in the land and see what was the end of those who belied (the Revelation and the prophets)!

[16.37] Though you are ever so eager to guide them, Allah will not guide those who mislead (others). There shall be none to help them.

[16.38] They solemnly swear by Allah that Allah will never raise the dead to life. No, surely the promise of Allah is binding upon Him, though most people do not know.

[16.39] This is in order that He may make clear to them that which they differed upon, and in order that those who disbelieve might know that they were indeed lying.

The decree of Allah [16.40]

[16.40] When We decree a thing, We only say, 'Be,' and it is.

Those who are patient and put their trust in Allah [16.41-42]

[16.41] And those who after they have been wronged emigrated for the Cause of Allah, We will lodge them with a good (life) in this world, but greater still is the wage of the Everlasting Life, if they but knew;

[16.42] such are those who are patient, and put their trust in their Lord.

[16.43] We never sent but men before you to whom We revealed, ask the people of the Remembrance, if you do not know.

[16.44] (We sent them) with clear signs and the Psalms. And We sent down to you the Remembrance so that you can make clear to people what has been sent down to them, in order that they reflect.

Those who do evil and do not fear Allah [16.45-48]

[16.45] Do those who do evil feel secure that Allah will not make the earth to swallow them, or that the punishment will not fall upon them from where they do not know?

[16.46] Or, that He will not seize them in their going to and fro, and they will not be able to frustrate Him?

[16.47] Or, that He will not seize them, a little at a time and destroy them? Indeed, your Lord is Clement, the Most Merciful.

Every created thing prostrates to Allah [16.48-50]

[16.48] Do they not see how every thing Allah created casts its shadow right and left, prostrating itself before Allah in all humility?

[16.49] Everything in the heavens and every crawling creature on earth, and the angels prostrate to Allah and they are not proud;

[16.50] they fear their Lord from above them and do as they are commanded.

Allah warns His creation not to associate anyone with Him [16.51-62]

[16.51] Allah says, 'Do not take to yourself two gods. He is only One God; so have awe of Me.'

[16.52] To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. His is the Religion for ever. Would you then fear any but Allah?

The ingratitude of the unbeliever [16.53-62]

[16.53] Whatever favor you have is from Allah. Whenever you are afflicted you groan to Him.

[16.54] When He removes your affliction then some of you set up associates to their Lord

[16.55] that they may show ingratitude for what We gave them. So, take your pleasure, you shall soon know.

[16.56] They set aside a share of that which We have provided them for what they did not know. By Allah, you shall be questioned about your forgeries!

[16.57] They ascribe daughters to Allah exaltations to Him! But they themselves would have what they desire!

[16.58] When good news of the birth of a female is given to any of them, his face grows dark and inwardly he chokes.

[16.59] Because of the evil of the good news he hides himself from people, (pondering) whether he will keep her and be humiliated, or trample her into the dust. Evil is their judgement!

[16.60] Those who do not believe in the Everlasting Life, theirs is the evil likeness; and for Allah is the highest likeness. He is the Mighty, the Wise.

[16.61] If Allah punished people for their sins, He would not leave one creature that crawls on the earth. He reprieves them to an appointed term; when their term is come, they shall neither delay it by a single hour nor can they hasten it.

[16.62] They ascribe to Allah what they themselves dislike. Their tongues utter falsehoods (when they say) the finest of wages shall be theirs. Without doubt, the Fire shall be theirs and they will be hastened to it.

The trickery of satan [16.63]

[16.63] Indeed, by Allah, We have sent Messengers before you to other nations. But satan made their deeds seem fair to them so that today he is their guardian, and a painful punishment awaits them.

The Koran was sent to clarify and as guidance and mercy [16.64]

[16.64] We have not revealed to you (Prophet Muhammad) the Book except that you may clarify for them that upon which they differ, and as guidance and mercy to a nation who believe.

The signs and mercy of Allah [16.65-70]

[16.65] Allah sends down water from the sky with which He revives the earth after its death. Surely, in this there is a sign for people who listen.

[16.66] Indeed, in the cattle there is a lesson for you. We give you to drink of that which is in their bellies, between the filth (bowels) and blood, pure milk, which is sweet to those who drink.

[16.67] And the fruits of the palm and of the vine, from which you derive intoxicants and wholesome provisions. Surely, in this there is a sign for nation who understand.

[16.68] Your Lord revealed to the bee, 'Build your homes in the mountains, in the trees, and in what they are building.

[16.69] Eat every kind of fruit, and follow the easy ways of your Lord.' From its belly comes forth a drink (honey) of many hues in which there is healing for people. Surely, in this there is a sign for a nation who reflect.

[16.70] Allah created you, and causes you to die. There are some of you who, after knowing something, will be kept back to the vilest state of life, knowing nothing. Allah is the Knowing, Powerful.

Denying the favors of Allah and greed [16.71-72]

[16.71] In your provisions Allah has preferred some of you above others. But, those who have been preferred do not give their provisions to those whom their right hand possess so that they might be equal therein. What, do they vainly disbelieve the favor of Allah?

[16.72] Allah has given you wives from among yourselves, and has given you and your wives, sons and grandsons and He has provided you with good things. What, do they believe in vanity; do they disbelieve in the favor of Allah?

[16.73] Do they worship, other than Allah, that which has no power to provide them with anything either from the heavens or earth, and can do nothing!

[16.74] Therefore, do not strike parables for Allah; Allah knows, but you do not!

The parable of the servant and his master [16.75-76]

[16.75] Allah strikes a parable. A servant owned by his master, having no power over anything, and one to whom We have given from Us a fine provision who spends it secretly and openly, are they equal? Praise be to Allah! No, most of them do not know!

[16.76] And Allah strikes a parable. Two men, one is dumb and powerless, a burden to his master wherever he sends him he returns with no good. Is he equal with one who orders justice and follows the Straight Path?

The duration of the Final Hour [16.77]

[16.77] To Allah belongs the unseen of the heavens and the earth. The matter of the Final Hour shall be like the twinkling of an eye, or even less. Allah has power over all things.

The signs and mercy of Allah [16.78-83]

[16.78] Allah brought you out of your mothers' wombs, and gave you hearing, sight and hearts, in order that you be thankful.

[16.79] Have they not seen the birds that are subjected in the air of the heaven? Nothing holds them except Allah. Surely, in this are signs for those who believe.

[16.80] And it is Allah who has given you houses in which to rest, and from the hides of cattle homes so they are light for you on the day you travel and on the day of settling; while from their wool, fur, and hair (He has given you) furnishing and enjoyment for a while.

[16.81] From the things He created, Allah has given you a covering shade, and He has made for you refuges in the mountains. He has given you garments to protect you from the heat, and garments to protect you from your own violence. As such it is that He perfects His favors upon you, in order that you submit.

The mission of Prophet Muhammad [16.82]

[16.82] But, if they turn away, your mission is only to give plain warning.

[16.83] They recognize the favors of Allah, then they disbelieve them; most of them are unbelievers.

The unbelievers will not be allowed to make restitution of the Day of Judgement [16.84-89]

[16.84] On the Day We shall raise up from every nation a witness, then permission will not be given to the unbelievers, nor shall they be allowed to make restitution.

[16.85] And when the harm doers see their punishment, it shall never be lightened, nor shall they ever be respited.

The rejection of the unbelievers by their associates [16.86-89]

[16.86] And when the idolaters see their associates they will say, 'Our Lord, these are our associates on whom we called other than You.' But they will throw back at them saying, 'Surely, you are truly liars.'

[16.87] On that Day they shall offer to submit to Allah, and what they forged will forsake them.

[16.88] Those who disbelieve and bar others from the Path of Allah, We shall add punishment upon their punishment because they were corrupting.

[16.89] And on that Day We shall raise up from every nation a witness from their own against them, and We shall bring you (Prophet Muhammad) as a witness against those. And We have sent down to you the Book making everything clear, as a guidance, and mercy, and glad tidings to those who submit.

Allah orders us to be just [16.90]

[16.90] Allah orders justice, and good deeds, and giving to one's kindred. He forbids indecency, dishonor and insolence. He admonishes you in order that you take heed.

Swearing in the Name of Allah [16.91-96]

[16.91] Fulfill the covenant of Allah, when you make a covenant and do not break your oaths after they have been confirmed (by swearing in His Name) for you make Allah your surety. Allah has knowledge of what you do.

[16.92] Do not be like the woman who breaks her thread, after it is firmly spun into fibers, by taking your oaths as mere mutual deceit, one nation being more numerous than the other. Allah tries you with it. On the Day of Resurrection, He will clarify to you everything on which you were at variance.

[16.93] Had Allah willed, He would have made you one nation. But He leads astray whomsoever He will and gives guidance to whomsoever He will. You shall be questioned about what you did.

[16.94] Do not take oaths to deceive each other, lest your foot should slip after its firmness, lest you should taste evil, for you barred others from the Path of Allah, and lest a mighty punishment awaits you.

[16.95] Do not sell the covenant of Allah for a trifling price. What is with Allah is better for you if you but knew.

[16.96] That which you have is transitory, but that which is with Allah endures. We shall reward the patient according to the best of their deeds,

Believers will be recompensed for their good deeds [16.97]

[16.97] For whosoever does a righteous deed, be they believing men or women, We shall recompense them with their wage according to the best of their deeds.

Seek refuge in Allah from satan [16.98-100]

[16.98] When you recite the Koran, seek refuge in Allah from the stoned satan,

[16.99] he has no authority over the believers who put their trust in their Lord.

[16.100] He has authority over those who are guided by him, and those who ascribe associates to Him (Allah).

The Holy Spirit brought the Koran down from Allah to Prophet Muhammad [16.101-105]

[16.101] When We exchange a verse for another and Allah knows best what He is sending down they say, 'You are but a forger.' No, most of them do not know.

[16.102] Say, 'The Holy Spirit (Gabriel) brought it down from your Lord in truth to confirm those who believe, and to give guidance and glad tidings to those who surrender.'

[16.103] We know very well that they say, 'A mortal teaches him.' The tongue of him at whom they hint is a non-Arab; and this is a clear Arabic tongue.

[16.104] Those who disbelieve in the verses of Allah, Allah does not guide them for them is a painful punishment.

[16.105] None forge lies except those who disbelieve the verses of Allah those, they are the liars.

Disbelief after belief [16.106-109]

[16.106] Whosoever disbelieves in Allah after believing except he who is forced while his heart remains in his belief but he who opens his chest for disbelief, shall receive the Anger of Allah and for such awaits a mighty punishment.

[16.107] That is because they loved this present life above the Everlasting Life. Allah does not guide the unbelievers.

[16.108] They are those whose hearts, hearing and sight are sealed by Allah; they are the heedless.

[16.109] In the Everlasting Life, they shall assuredly be the losers.

[16.110] Then indeed your Lord – to those who emigrated, after they were persecuted, and then strove and were patient, surely, your Lord is thereafter  Forgiving, the Most Merciful.

No one will be wronged on the Day of Judgement [16.111]

[16.111] On the Day when every soul will come pleading for itself and when every soul will be recompensed in full for what it did they shall not be wronged.

Ingratitude to Allah [16.112-113]

[16.112] Allah strikes a parable of the village which was safe and peaceful. Its provisions came in abundance from everywhere; but it was thankless for the favors of Allah. Therefore, for what they were doing, Allah let it taste the garment of hunger and fear.

[16.113] A Messenger from their own was sent to them, but they belied him. So while they were harm doers they were seized by the punishment.

[16.114] Eat of the lawful and good things with which Allah has provided you and be thankful for the favors of Allah if it is He you worship.

The forbidden food of the Muslims [16.115-117]

[16.115] These things alone He has forbidden to you, what is already dead, blood, the flesh of swine, what has been offered-up to other than Allah. But to whoever is forced to eat any of these, neither desiring nor wanting to transgress, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

[16.116] And do not say what your tongues falsely describe 'This is lawful, and that is forbidden,' in order to forge a lie about Allah. Indeed, those who forge a lie about Allah shall never prosper.

[16.117] Brief (is their) enjoyment, after which a painful punishment awaits them.

The forbidden food of the Jews [16.118]

[16.118] We have forbidden the Jews what We have already related to you. We did not wrong them, but they wronged themselves.

The mercy and forgiveness of Allah [16.119]

[16.119] Surely, your Lord to those who commit evil through ignorance and afterwards repent, and mend their ways your Lord thereafter is surely Forgiving,

Merciful.

Abraham was a man of pure faith [16.120-123]

[16.120] Abraham was (equal to) a nation, obedient to Allah, of pure faith and was not among the idolaters,

[16.121] ever thankful for His favors. He chose him and He guided him to a Straight Path.

[16.122] We gave goodness to him in this world, and in the Everlasting Life he shall be amongst the righteous.

[16.123] Then, We revealed to you, 'Follow the Creed of Abraham, he of pure faith, he was not among the idolaters.'

The Sabbath [16.124]

[16.124] The Sabbath was ordained only for those who differed about it. On the Day of Resurrection, your Lord will decide the differences that were between them.

Invite people to Islam with wisdom in the best manner [16.125]

[16.125] Call to the Path of your Lord with wisdom and fine admonition. Dispute with them in the best manner. Your Lord is well aware of those who have gone astray from His Path and He is well aware of those who are guided.

Patience is best [16.126-128]

[16.126] If you punish, let your punishment be proportionate to the punishment you received. But if you are patient, it is better for the patient.

[16.127] Be patient; yet your patience is only by the help of Allah. Do not grieve for them (the unbelievers), nor distress yourself because of their devising.

[16.128] Allah is with the cautious and those who do good.

 

17 The Night Journey - Al-'Isra'

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

Allah shows some of His special signs to Prophet Muhammad on his miraculous night journey between Mecca and Jerusalem [17.1]

[17.1] Exalted is He who carried His worshiper (Prophet Muhammad) to travel in the night from the Sacred Mosque to the Furthest Mosque which We have blessed around it so that We might show him some of Our signs. He is the Hearer, the Seer.

The excessive corruption of the Children of Israel [17.2-8]

[17.2] We gave Moses the Book and made it a guide for the Children of Israel. 'Take no guardian other than Me.

[17.3] (You are) the descendants of those whom We carried (in the Ark) with Noah. He was a truly thankful worshiper.'

[17.4] And We decreed for the Children of Israel in the Book, 'You shall corrupt the land twice, and you shall ascend exceedingly high.'

[17.5] And when the promise of the first came, We sent against you Our worshipers, those of great might, and they went through the habitations, and the promise was accomplished.

[17.6] Then, We gave the turn back to you to prevail over them, and We helped you with wealth and children, and made you the greater host.

[17.7] (We said), 'If you do good, it shall be for your own souls; but if you do evil it is likewise.' And when the second promise came (We sent them against you), to sadden your faces and to enter the Mosque as they entered it the first time, they utterly destroyed whatever they came across.

[17.8] Perhaps Allah will have mercy on you. But if you return, We will return. We have made Gehenna (Hell) a prison for the unbelievers.

The Koran guides to the straightest way [17.9-11]

[17.9] This Koran guides to the straightest way. It gives glad tidings of a great wage to the believers who do good deeds,

[17.10] and for those who do not believe in the Everlasting Life We have prepared for them a painful punishment.

[17.11] Yet the human prays for evil as he prays for good, mankind is always hasty.

The signs of Allah [17.12-13]

[17.12] We appointed the night and the day as two signs. Then, We blotted out the sign of the night and made the sign of the day to see, so that you seek the bounty of your Lord and that you know the number of years and the reckoning. And We have clearly distinguished everything.

Your book of deeds on the Day of Judgement [17.13-14]

[17.13] And to every human – We have fastened to him his bird of deeds upon his neck; and on the Day of Resurrection We shall bring forth to him a book spread open wide.

[17.14] 'Read your book. Your self suffices you this Day as a reckoner against you.’

No soul bears the burden of another [17.15]

[17.15] Whosoever is guided is only guided for his own self, and whosoever goes astray it is only against it. No soul shall bear another's burden. Nor do We punish until we have sent a Messenger.

Why the destruction of villages and areas occur [17.16-17]

[17.16] When We desire to annihilate a village, We command those who live in ease, but they commit evil therein, then the Word is realized against it and it is utterly annihilated.

[17.17] How many generations have We destroyed since Noah! Your Lord suffices as One who is Aware of and sees the sins of His worshipers.

[17.18] For whosoever desires this fleeting life We hasten for him whatever We will and to whom We want. Then, We have prepared Gehenna for him where he will be roasted, condemned and rejected.

The striving of believers will be thanked [17.19-21]

[17.19] Whosoever, being a believer, desires the Everlasting Life and strives for it as he should, those, their striving will be thanked.

[17.20] We help these and those, a gift from your Lord; and your Lord's gift is not restricted.

[17.21] See how We have preferred some above others. Yet the Everlasting Life is greater in rank and greater in preferment.

Kindness and mercy towards parents, family and those in need are among the orders of Allah [17.22-30]

[17.22] Do not set up with Allah another god, or you will sit condemned and forsaken.

[17.23] Your Lord has ordered you to worship none except Him, and to be good to your parents. If either or both of them attain old age with you, do not say, "Fie

on you", nor rebuke them, but speak to them with words of respect.

[17.24] And lower to them the wing of humbleness out of mercy and say, 'My Lord, be merciful to them, as they raised me since I was little.'

[17.25] Your Lord knows very well what is in your hearts. If you are good, He is forgiving to those who are penitent.

[17.26] Give to the near of kin, the needy and the destitute traveler their rights and do not squander,

[17.27] for the wasteful are the brothers of satan; and satan is ungrateful to his Lord.

[17.28] But if you turn away from them to seek the Mercy of your Lord, hoping to attain it, then speak to them with gentle words.

[17.29] And do not keep your hand chained to your neck (when spending), nor open it completely, so that you will sit blamed and destitute.

[17.30] Your Lord gives to whom He will His provisions both abundantly and sparingly. He is aware and sees His worshipers.

Abortion [17.31]

[17.31] Do not kill your children because you fear poverty. We will provide for you and them. Killing them is a great sin.

Fornication [17.32]

[17.32] Do not draw near to fornication, for it is an indecency, and its way is evil.

Killing [17.33]

[17.33] Do not kill the soul whom Allah has forbidden except by right. If he is slain unjustly, We have given his heir authority. But let him not exceed the limit in slaying, for he will be helped.

Muslims are ordered to treat orphans well [17.34]

[17.34] Do not draw near the wealth of the orphan except in the best manner, until he reaches maturity. And keep your promise. Surely, the promise will be questioned.

Fair trading is an obligation upon Muslims [17.35]

[17.35] Give full measure when you measure, and weigh with even scales. That is better, and fairer in the end.

Follow certainty [17.36]

[17.36] Do not follow what you do not know. The hearing, sight and heart about all these you shall be questioned.

Pride is hated by Allah [17.37]

[17.37] Do not walk proudly in the earth. Indeed, you will never tear open the earth, nor attain the height of mountains.

[17.38] The wickedness of all this is hateful with your Lord.

The price for associating another with Allah [17.39-42]

[17.39] That is of the wisdom your Lord has revealed to you. Do not set up with Allah another god, or you will be cast into Gehenna, condemned and rejected.

[17.40] What! Has your Lord favored you with sons and taken to Himself females from among the angels? Indeed, you utter a monstrous thing!

[17.41] In this Koran We have clarified so that they may remember; but it has only increased their aversion.

[17.42] Say, 'If there had been other gods with Him, as they say, they would surely have sought a way to the Lord of the Throne.'

There is nothing, either in the heavens or earth that does not exalt Allah [17.43-44]

[17.43] Exaltations be to Him! High indeed be He exalted above what they say!

[17.44] The seven heavens, the earth, and whosoever in them, exalt Him. There is nothing that does not exalt with His praise, but you do not understand their exaltation. Surely, He is Clement, Forgiving.

The recitation of the Koran and the response of the unbelievers to Prophet Muhammad [17.45-52]

[17.45] When you recite the Koran, We place between you and those who do not believe in the Everlasting Life an obstructing barrier.

[17.46] We lay veils upon their hearts and heaviness in their ears, lest they understand it. When you (Prophet Muhammad) mention your Lord alone in the Koran, they turn their backs in aversion.

[17.47] When they listen to you, We know very well how they listen. When they conspire, when the evildoers declare, 'You are only following a man who is bewitched!'

[17.48] See what they compared you to. They have surely gone astray and cannot find a Path.

[17.49] 'What! ' they say. 'When we are (turned to) bones and broken bits, shall we be raised again in a new creation?'

[17.50] Say, 'Let you be stones or iron,

[17.51] or any other creation yet more monstrous in your minds.' They will ask, 'Who will restore us?' Say, 'He who originated you at first.' They will shake their

heads and ask, 'When will this be?' Say, 'Maybe it is near,

[17.52] on that Day, He will summon you, and you shall answer Him with praise and you shall think you have stayed but for a little.'

Allah tells His worshipers to speak with the finest words [17.53]

[17.53] Tell My worshipers, that they should say words that are the finest, satan would arouse discord among them; he is the clear enemy of mankind.

[17.54] Your Lord knows you very well. He will have mercy on you if He will, or punish you if He will. We have not sent you to be their guardian.

The prophets have different ranks [17.55]

[17.55] Your Lord knows very well all who are in the heavens and the earth. We have preferred some Prophets above others, and to David We gave the Psalms.

Allah alone has the power to remove affliction [17.56-57]

[17.56] Say, 'Call to those whom you assert, other than Him. They have neither the power to remove your affliction nor to transfer it.'

[17.57] Those, they call upon are themselves seeking a means to come to their Lord, competing with each other to be nearer; they hope for His Mercy and fear His punishment. Indeed, the punishment of your Lord is the subject of caution.

[17.58] There is no village except that it shall be destroyed or that We will punish it with a stern punishment before the Day of Resurrection. That is inscribed in the

Book.

Signs and trials [17.59-60]

[17.59] Nothing prevented Us from sending the signs but that the ancients belied them. To Thamood, We brought the she-camel as a visible (sign), yet they wronged her. We do not send signs except to frighten.

[17.60] When We said to you, 'Indeed, your Lord encompasses all people.' We did not make the vision which We showed to you, and the tree cursed in the Koran except to be a trial for people, and We frighten them, but it only increases them in great insolence.

Pride the great sin of satan, the avowed enemy of mankind [17.61-65]

[17.61] When We said to the angels, 'Prostrate yourselves before Adam,' they all prostrated themselves, except iblis (father of the jinn), who said, 'Shall I prostrate to him whom You have created from clay?

[17.62] What do You think?' he said, 'This whom You have honored above me, if You defer me until the Day of Resurrection, I will root out all but a few of his seed (by misleading them).'

The recompense of satan and his followers [17.63-65]

[17.63] 'Begone!' said He. 'Indeed, Gehenna is your recompense, and the reward of those who follow you, an ample recompense.

[17.64] Rouse with your voice whoever you are able from among them. Rally against them your cavalry and those on foot. Share their wealth and children with them, and promise them.' But satan promises them nothing except delusion.

[17.65] 'Over My worshipers you shall have no authority.' Your Lord is their Sufficing Guardian.

The Mercy of Allah and the ingratitude of humans [17.66-70]

[17.66] It is your Lord who drives your ships at sea so that you may seek His bounty. He is indeed the Most Merciful towards you.

[17.67] When misfortune befalls you at sea, all except He of those to whom you supplicate forsake you; yet when He delivers you safely to the land, you turn away. The human is unthankful.

The Ability of Allah [17.68-70]

[17.68] Do you feel secure that He will not cause the shore to swallow you, or let loose a squall of pebbles upon you? Then you shall find no guardian for yourself.

[17.69] Or, do you feel secure that He will not send you back into it a second time, and send against you a violent tempest and drown you because of disbelief? Then you shall find no prosecutor (to help) you against Us.

[17.70] We have honored the children of Adam and carried them on both land and sea. We have provided them with good things and greatly preferred them above much of Our creation.

Your final report card [17.71-72]

[17.71] On the Day when We call all the people with their record, whosoever is given his book in his right hand shall read their book, and they shall not be wronged by as much as a single date-fiber.

[17.72] But he who is blind in this life, shall be blind in the Everlasting Life and will be further astray from the Path.

The Mercy of Allah, there is no change in the way of Allah [17.73-77]

[17.73] Indeed, they were near to seducing you from that We revealed to you, so that you might forge against Us another, and then they would surely have taken you as a friend;

[17.74] and if We had not fortified you, you would have been very slightly inclining towards them;

[17.75] then We would have let you taste the double of life and death; and you would have found none to help you against Us.

[17.76] They very nearly provoked you to drive you out of the land, but they would have only lingered for a little while after you.

[17.77] Such was Our way with those whom We sent before you. You shall find no change in Our way.

The importance of prayer and its reward [17.78-79]

[17.78] Establish the prayer at the decline of the sun till the darkening of the night and the Koran recital at dawn. Surely, the Koran recital at dawn is witnessed.

[17.79] As for the night there is a voluntary deed for you to keep vigil in part it. Perhaps your Lord will raise you to a praiseworthy station.

A great supplication [17.80]

[17.80] Say, 'Lord, grant me an entrance of sincerity and an exit of sincerity, and give me from Yours a victorious power.'

Allah established His truth [17.81]

[17.81] Say, 'Truth has come and falsehood has vanished. Indeed, falsehood will certainly vanish.'

The Koran was sent down as a healing and a mercy [17.82]

[17.82] We sent down of the Koran that which is a healing and a mercy to believers, but to the harm doers it does not increase them, except in loss.

Ingratitude of mankind [17.83-84] ggg

[17.83] Yet when We bestow favors upon mankind he turns his back and withdraws to one side. But when evil befalls him, he despairs.

[17.84] Say, 'Each human works in his own manner. But your Lord knows very well who is best guided on the way.'

Knowledge of the spirit [17.85]

[17.85] They question you about the spirit. Say, 'The spirit is from the command of my Lord. Except for a little knowledge you have been given nothing.'

The Mercy and Favor of Allah [17.86-87]

[17.86] If We pleased We could take away that which We have revealed to you then you should find none to guard you against Us,

[17.87] except for Mercy from your Lord; for His favor to you is great indeed.

The inability of mankind and jinn combined to produce an Arabic Koran [17.88]  

[17.88] Say, 'If mankind and jinn combined together to produce the like of this Koran, they would never be able to produce one like it, not even if they were to help one another.'

The Koran contains many parables of guidance [17.89]

[17.89] Indeed, We have set forth for mankind in this Koran every kind of parable, yet most people refuse all except disbelief.

The rebelliousness of the Koraysh to message brought by Prophet Muhammad [17.90-96]

[17.90] They say, 'We will not believe in you until you make a spring gush from the earth for us,

[17.91] or, until you own a garden of palms and vines and cause rivers to gush forth with abundant water in them;

[17.92] or, until you cause the sky to fall upon us in pieces, as you have claimed, or, as a surety bring Allah with the angels in front;

[17.93] or, until you possess an ornate house of gold, or ascend into the heavens; and we will not believe in your ascension until you have brought down for us a book which we can read.' Say, 'Exaltations to my Lord! Am I anything except a human Messenger?'

[17.94] Nothing prevented people from believing when guidance came to them but (the excuse), 'Has Allah sent a human as a Messenger?'

[17.95] Say, 'Had there been angels walking at peace in the earth, We would have sent down an angel from heaven to them as a Messenger.'

[17.96] Say, 'Allah is sufficient as a witness between me and you. He knows and observes His worshipers.'

The people of Paradise and the people of Hell [17.97-100]

[17.97] Those whom Allah guides are rightly guided; but for those whom He leads astray you shall find no guardian, other than Him. On the Day of Resurrection We shall gather all of them upon their faces, blind, dumb, deaf. Gehenna shall be their refuge, whenever it dwindles, We will increase the Blaze for them.

[17.98] That will be their recompense because they disbelieved Our verses and said, 'When we are turned to bones and broken bits, shall we really be raised up once more as a new creation?'

[17.99] Have they not seen that Allah, who has created the heavens and the earth, has power to create their like? There is no doubt that He has appointed for them a term, yet the unbelievers refuse all but disbelief.

The greed of mankind [17.100]

[17.100] Say, 'If you possessed the treasuries of my Lord's Mercy, you would hold them back for fear of spending and mankind is ever grudging!’

The disbelief of Pharaoh [17.101-104]

[17.101] To Moses We gave nine clear signs. Ask the Children of Israel about how he came to them. When Pharaoh said to him, 'Moses, I think you are bewitched.'

[17.102] 'You know,' he replied, 'that none except the Lord of the heavens and the earth has sent down these as clear proofs. Pharaoh, I believe you are destroyed.'

[17.103] Pharaoh sought to provoke them so that they would leave the land, but We drowned him, together with all who were with him.

[17.104] And thereafter We said to the Children of Israel, 'Dwell in the land. When the promise of the Everlasting Life comes We shall bring you all together.'

The true followers of previous prophets weep in humility when they hear the recitation of  the Koran because they know it is the truth from Allah [17.105-111] 

[17.105] We have sent it down with the truth, and with the truth it has come down. We have not sent you except a bearer of glad tidings and a warner,

[17.106] and We have divided the Koran for you to recite at intervals to mankind and We have sent it down successively.

[17.107] Say, 'Believe in it, or do not believe. When it is recited to those to whom knowledge was given before they fall prostrate upon their faces

[17.108] and say, "Exaltations be to our Lord! The promise of our Lord is done."'

[17.109] They fall down upon their chin, weeping and it increases them in humility.

[17.110] Say, 'Call upon Allah, or call upon the Merciful; whichever (Name) you call upon, to Him belong the Most Beautiful Names.' Pray neither loudly nor to quietly, rather, seek a middle course between them.

Allah instructs us to exalt Him with His exaltations repeatedly – Dhikr [17.111]

[17.111] Say, 'Praise be to Allah who has not taken a son; who has no associate in the Kingdom; nor out of humility any guardian.' And exalt Him repeatedly with exaltations.

 

18 The Cave -Al-Kahf

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

There is no crookedness in the Koran [18.1]

[18.1] Praise belongs to Allah who has sent down the Book to His worshiper (Prophet Muhammad) and has not made any crookedness in it,

[18.2] unswerving. To warn of great violence from Him, and to give good tidings to the believers who do good deeds that theirs shall be a goodly wage

[18.3] and they will live for ever therein.

The Koran warns those who say that He has taken a son that their saying is a lie against Allah [18.4-6]

[18.4] And it (the Koran) warns those who say, 'Allah has taken a son.'

[18.5] Surely, of this they have no knowledge, neither they nor their fathers; it is a monstrous word that comes from their mouths, they say nothing but a lie.

[18.6] Yet perchance, if they do not believe in this tiding, you will consume yourself with grief and follow after them.

[18.7] We have appointed all that is on the earth an adornment for it, in order that We try which of them is finest in works.

[18. 8] We will surely reduce all that is on it to barren dust.

The story of the companions of the cave and the tomb stone [18.9-26]

[18.9] Or, do you think the companions of the Cave and the tomb stone were a wonder among Our signs?

[18.10] When the youths sought refuge in the Cave, they said, 'Lord give us from Your Mercy and furnish us with rectitude in our affair.'

[18.11] For many years We sealed up their hearing in the Cave,

[18.12] and thereafter We revived them to find out which of the two parties could best calculate the length of their stay.

Why the men of the cave left their people [18.13-15]

[18.13] In truth We tell to you their news. They were young men who believed in their Lord, and We increased them in guidance.

[18.14] We strengthened their hearts when they stood up and said, 'Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth. We will call on no other god except Him; (for if we did), we would have spoken outrageously (in disbelief).

[18.15] These, our nation have taken to themselves gods, other than Allah. Why do they not bring some clear authority regarding them! Who does greater evil than he who forges a lie against Allah?'

[18.16] When you depart from them and from what they worship, other than Allah, seek refuge in the Cave. Allah will extend His Mercy to you and will furnish you with a gentle issue of your affair.

[18.17] You might have seen the rising sun incline towards the right of their Cave, and, as it set go past them on the left, while they stayed within an open space in the Cave. That was one of the signs of Allah. He whom Allah guides is rightly guided; but he whom He leads astray you shall not find for him a guardian to guide him.

[18.18] You might have thought them awake, though they were sleeping. We turned them about to the right and to the left, while their dog stretched its paws at the entrance. Had you seen them you would surely have become filled with terror and turned your back on them in flight.

[18.19] As such We revived them so that they might question one another. 'How long have you stayed here?' asked one of them. 'We have been here a day, or part of it, ' they replied. They said, 'Your Lord knows best how long we have stayed here. Let one of you go to the city with this silver (coin) and let him search for one who has the purest food and bring provision from it. Let him be courteous, but let no one sense it is you.

[18.20] For, if they appear in front of you, they will stone you to death or restore you to their religion. Then you will never prosper.'

[18.21] And so We made them (the unbelievers) stumble upon them, so that they might know that the promise of Allah is true and that there is no doubt about the

Hour. They argued among themselves over their affair, then (the unbelievers) said, 'Build a building over them (their remains). Their Lord knows best who they were. 'But those who prevailed over the matter said, 'We will build around them a Mosque.'

[18.22] Some will say, 'They were three; their dog was the fourth.' Others, guessing at the Unseen, will say, 'They were five and their dog was the sixth.' And yet others, 'Seven; their dog was the eighth.' Say, 'My Lord knows best their number. Except for a few none know their number.' Therefore, do not dispute with them except in outward disputation, and do not ask any of them concerning them.

Plan in the Name of Allah by saying InshaAllah, Allah willing [18.23-24]

[18.23] Do not say of anything, 'I will do it tomorrow,'

[18.24] unless (you add) 'if Allah wills.' And remember your Lord when you forget and say, 'It may be that my Lord will guide me to something nearer to rectitude than this.'

[18.25] And they stayed in the Cave three hundred years and to that they added nine more.

[18.26] Say, 'None but Allah knows how long they stayed. To Him belong the Unseen in the heavens and the earth. How well He sees, and how well He hears!

They have no other guardian, other than Him, and He allows no one (to share) His rule.'

No one can change the Words of Allah [18.27]

[18.27] Recite what is revealed to you in the Book of your Lord. No one can change His Words. You shall find no refuge other than Him.

Patience with the worshippers of Allah [18.28]

[18.28] And be patient with those who call to their Lord in the morning and evening, desiring His Face. And do not turn your eyes away from them desiring the good things of this life, nor obey he whose heart We have made neglectful of Our remembrance; so that he follows his own lust, and his affair has become excessive.

The people of Hell [18.29]

[18.29] Say, 'This is the truth from your Lord. Let whosoever will, believe, and whosoever will, disbelieve it.' For the harm doers, We have prepared a Fire, the pavilion of which encompasses them. When they cry out for relief, they shall be showered with water as hot as molten copper, which will scald their faces; how evil a drink, and how evil a resting-place!

The people of Paradise [18.30-31]

[18.30] As for those who believe and do good works We do not waste the wage of whosoever does good works.

[18.31] Those, they shall live in the Gardens of Eden, underneath which rivers flow. They shall be adorned with bracelets of gold and arrayed in green garments of silk, and brocade, reclining therein on couches; how excellent is their reward and how fine is their resting place!

The parable of the two gardens [18.32-44]

[18.32] Give them the parable of two men. To one we gave two gardens of vines and surrounded them with palm trees and in between the two we placed a sown

field.

[18.33] Each of the two gardens yielded its produce and did not fail in the least and We made a river to gush through them,

[18.34] so he had fruit. As he spoke with his companion, as he was conversing with him, 'My wealth is more abundant than yours and men have a greater respect for me.'

[18.35] And when, having wronged himself, he entered his garden, he said, 'I do not think that this will ever perish!

[18.36] Nor do I think that the Hour will come. Even if I returned to my Lord, I should surely find a better place than this.'

[18.37] His companion said, during his conversation with him, 'What, do you disbelieve in Him who created you from dust, then from a sperm-drop, and then fashioned you into a man!

[18.38] He is Allah, my Lord, and I will not associate anyone with My Lord.

[18.39] When you entered your garden why did you not say, "If Allah wills; there is no power except by Allah." Though you see me lesser than yourself in wealth and children,

[18.40] maybe my Lord will give me a garden better than yours, and send down a thunderbolt from heaven, so that in the morning it will be a slope of dust,

[18.41] or, in the morning its water will be drained into the earth so that you will not have a means to reach it.'

[18.42] And all his fruit were destroyed, and in the morning he wrung his hands with grief at all he had spent on it, for it had collapsed upon its trellises, and he said, 'Would that I had not associated anyone with my Lord!'

[18.43] He had no host to help him besides Allah, and he was helpless

[18.44] that Day. Supremacy belongs only to Allah, the True. He is the best to reward and the best ending.

The parable about this present life [18.45-46]

[18.45] Give to them a parable about this present life. It is like water We have sent down from the sky with which the plants of the earth mingle, and in the morning it is straw the wind scatters. Allah is Powerful over all things.

[18.46] Wealth and children are the ornament of this present life. But the things that last and good deeds, are better with your Lord in reward and hope.

Events on the Day of Judgement [18.47-49]

[18.47] And on the Day when We shall set the mountains in motion and you shall see the earth a leveled plain; when We gather them together, and would not leave even one behind,

[18.48] and they shall be presented in ranks before your Lord (who will say to them,) 'You have returned to Us as We created you the first time. No, you claimed We would not appoint a meeting for you!

[18.49] And the Book shall be set in place, and you will see the sinners fearful of what is in it.' They shall say, 'Woe to us! How is it, this book omits nothing small or great, all are counted! ' And they shall find what they did is present, and Your Lord will wrong no one.

satan is the father of jinn and not an angel, and he and his descendants are the clear enemy of mankind [18.50-51]

[18.50] When We said to the angels, 'Prostrate yourselves before Adam, ' all prostrated themselves except iblis, who was one of the jinn, disobedient to the command of his Lord. Would you then take him and his descendants to be your guardians, other than Me, when they are your clear enemy? How evil is the exchange for the harm doers!

[18.51] Neither did I make them witnesses at the creation of the heavens and the earth, nor at their own creation. I would never take those who lead others astray to be My supporters.

The questioning on the Day of Judgement [18.52]

[18.52] And the Day He will say, 'Call on those whom you claimed to be My associates.' They will invoke them, but they will receive no answer, for We shall place a gulf between them.

[18.53] And when the evildoers see the Fire of Hell they will reckon it is there they shall fall. They shall find no escape from it.

[18.54] We have set forth for people in this Koran all manner of parables; the human is the most disputatious of things.

There is nothing to prevent people from believing and asking Allah to forgive them [18.55]

[18.55] Nothing prevented people from believing and seeking the forgiveness of their Lord when guidance came to them, unless they are waiting for the fate of the ancients to overtake them, or that the punishment should come upon them face to face.

The mission of the Messengers [18.56]

[18.56] We send Our Messengers only to proclaim glad tidings and to give warning. But the unbelievers dispute with false arguments so that they may belie the truth. They have taken My verses and warnings in mockery.

Those who will not be guided [18.57]

[18.57] Who is greater in evil than he who, when reminded of the verses of his Lord, turns away from them and forgets what his hands have sent before him? We have placed veils over their hearts lest they should understand it, and there is heaviness in their ears. Even if you call them to guidance, they will never be guided.

Allah is the Forgiver, the Owner of Mercy [18.58]

[18.58] Your Lord is Forgiving, Owner of Mercy. Had it been His will to take them to task for what they earned, He would have hastened their punishment; but they have an appointed hour from which they will never escape.

[18.59] And those villages! When they became evil We destroyed them and appointed a meeting for their destruction.

The story of Prophets Moses and Al Khidr, the Green Man [18.60-83]

[18.60] When Moses said to his (assisting) youth, 'I will not give up until I reach the point where the two seas meet even though I should go on for many years.'

[18.61] But when they came to the point where the two met, they forgot their fish, which made its way burrowing into the sea.

[18.62] And when they had gone further, he said to his assisting youth; 'Bring us our breakfast; we are worn out from our journey.'

[18.63] He replied, 'What do you think, I forgot the fish when we were resting on the rock. None but satan made me forget to mention this it made its way into the sea in a marvelous fashion.'

[18.64] 'This is what we have been seeking!' said he, and they retraced their footsteps

[18.65] and found one of Our worshipers to whom We had given from Our Mercy, and to whom We had taught knowledge of Ours.

[18. 66] Moses said to him, 'May I follow you so that you can teach me of that you have learned of righteousness?'

[18.67] 'You will not bear patiently with me,' He replied.

[18.68] 'For how can you bear patiently with that which you have never encompassed in your knowledge?'

[18.69] He (Moses) said, 'If Allah wills, you shall find me patient, I shall not disobey your order.'

[18.70] He said, 'If you follow me, you must not question me about anything till I myself speak to you concerning it.'

[18.71] So they departed. When they boarded a ship, he bored a hole in it. 'What, have you made a hole in it,' he said, 'is it to drown its passengers? You have done a dreadful thing.'

[18.72] 'Did I not I tell you,' he replied, 'that you would not bear patiently with me?’

[18.73] Moses said, 'Do not blame me for what I forgot, nor press me to do something which is too difficult,'

[18.74] and so they departed. Thereafter they met a boy and he killed him. He (Moses) exclaimed, 'What, have you killed a pure soul and it was not done (in retaliation) for a soul you have done a terrible thing.'

[18.75] 'Did I not tell you,' he replied, 'that you would not be able to bear patiently with me?'

[18.76] He (Moses) said, 'If I question you again do not let me be your companion; you already have enough excuse.'

[18.77] So they departed and thereafter they came to the inhabitants of a village. They asked its inhabitants for some food, but they declined to host them. There, they found a wall about to fall down whereupon his companion restored it. He (Moses) said, 'Had you wished, you could have taken payment for that.'

[18.78] He said, 'This is the parting between me and you. But now I will tell you the interpretation of that which you could not patiently bear.

[18.79] As for the ship, it belonged to poor people working on the sea. I rendered it imperfect because behind them there was a king who was taking every ship by brutal force.

[18.80] As for the boy, his parents are believers, and we were afraid lest he should impose on them with his insolence and disbelief.

[18.81] It was our wish that their Lord should grant them another in exchange, another better in purity and tenderness.

[18.82] As for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys in the city. Beneath it was (buried) a treasure which belonged to them. Their father had been a righteous person and your Lord willed that when they reach manhood to bring out their treasure as a mercy from your Lord. What I did was not done by my own command. That is the interpretation of what you could not bear with patience.'

The story of Thul-Karnain [18.83-101]

[18.83] They will ask you about Thul-Karnain (the pious and chosen). Say, “I will recite to you something of his story.

[18.84] We established him in the land and gave him means to all things.

[18.85] He journeyed on a way

[18.86] until, when he reached the setting of the sun, he found it setting in a muddy spring, and nearby he found a nation. 'Thul-Karnain, ' We said, 'you must either punish them or show them kindness.'

[18.87] He replied, 'The evildoer we shall punish. Then he shall return to his Lord and He will punish him with a stern punishment.

[18.88] As for he who believes and does good works he shall receive a fine reward in recompense and we shall speak to him with a mild command.'

[18.89] Then he followed the road,

[18.90] until he reached the rising of the sun, he found it rising upon a nation for whom We provided no veil against it to shade them.

[18.91] So, We encompassed in knowledge what was with him.

[18.92] Then he followed the road,

[18.93] when he reached between the two barriers he found on one side of them a nation who could barely understand speech.

Gog and Magog are barricaded behind a barrier but will be let loose just before the end of the world [18.94-99]

[18.94] 'Thul-Karnain, ' they said, 'Look, Gog and Magog are corrupting the earth. Build for us a barrier between us and them, and we will pay you a tribute.'

[18.95] He replied, 'That which my Lord has given me is better, therefore help me with all your power, and I will build a barrier between you and between them.

[18.96] Bring me ingots of iron.’  After he had leveled between the two cliffs, he said, 'Blow.' And when he made it a fire, he said, 'Bring me molten copper so that I may pour over it.'

[18.97] Thereafter they could neither scale it, nor could they pierce it.

[18.98] He said, 'This is a mercy from my Lord. But when my Lord's promise is come, He will make it dust. The promise of my Lord is true.'

[18.99] On that day, We will let them surge on one another, and the Horn shall be blown, and We will gather them all together.

[18.100] On that Day We shall present Gehenna (Hell) to the unbelievers,

[18.101] whose eyes were blinded to My remembrance and they were not able to hear. “

Seek the guidance of believing authorities [18.102]

[18.102] Do the unbelievers think that they can take My worshipers as guides other than Me? We have prepared Gehenna to be the hospitality of the unbelievers.

Those whose deeds are lost  [18.103-106]

[18.103] Say, 'Shall we tell you of those who are the greatest losers in deeds?'

[18.104] (They are) those whose striving in this world go astray, while they think that what they are doing are good deeds.

[18.105] Those are they who disbelieve the verses of their Lord and deny that they will ever meet Him their deeds have failed. On the Day of Resurrection, We shall not give any weight to them.

[18.106] Gehenna is their recompense; because they disbelieved and mocked My verses, and My Messengers.

Those whose deeds win [18.107-108]

[18.107] The hospitality of those who believe and do good works shall be the Gardens of Paradise

[18.108] where they will live for ever and never wish that they should be removed from it.

The magnitude of the Words of Allah [18.109]

[18.109] Say, 'If the sea were ink for the Words of my Lord, the sea would surely be spent before the Words of my Lord are spent, even if We brought its like for replenishment.'

How to meet Allah [18.110]

[18.110] Say, 'I am only a human like you, revealed to me is that your God is One God. Let him who hopes for the encounter with his Lord do good work, and not associate anyone with the worship of his Lord.'

 

19 Mary -Maryam

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

[19.1] KaafHaYa'aeenSaad.

The story of Prophet Zachariah and the birth of his son John [19.2-15]

[19.2] A mention of the Mercy of your Lord to his worshiper Zachariah,

[19.3] when he called upon his Lord in secret,

[19.4] saying, 'O my Lord, my bones are enfeebled, and my head glows silver with age. Yet, never Lord, have I been unblessed in prayer to You.

[19.5] Indeed, I fear my kinsmen who will succeed me, for my wife is barren. Grant me a kinsman

[19.6] who will be my heir and an heir to the House of Jacob, and make him, my Lord, satisfied.'

[19.7] 'O Zachariah, We give you good tidings of a son, and he shall be called John (Yahya); a name We have never given before.'

[19.8] 'How shall I have a son, Lord,' he asked, 'when my wife is barren, and I am advanced in years?'

[19.9] He replied, 'It shall be so; your Lord says, "It is easy for Me, indeed, I created you before time when you were not a thing."

[19.10] He (Zachariah) said, 'Lord, make for me a sign.' He replied, 'Your sign is that you shall not speak to people for three nights being without fault.'

[19.11] Then he came out from the Sanctuary to his nation, and gestured to them to exalt (their Lord) at the dawn and at the evening.

[19.12] (We said), 'O John, hold fast to the Book', and We bestowed on him judgment while yet a child

[19.13] and tenderness from Us and purity, and he was cautious;

[19.14] honoring his parents, being neither arrogant nor rebellious.

[19.15] Peace be upon him on the day he was born and the day he dies, and on him the day when he is raised up alive.

The story of the Virgin Mary; the conception and birth of Prophet Jesus [19.16-36]

[19.16] And mention in the Book, Mary, how she withdrew from her people to an eastern place and she took a veil apart from them;

The conception of Prophet Jesus [19.17-21]

[19.17] We sent to her Our Spirit (Gabriel) in the resemblance of a perfect human.

[19.18] (And when she saw him) she said, 'I take refuge in the Merciful from you! If you are fearful.'

[19.19] 'I am the Messenger of your Lord,' he replied, 'and have come to give you a pure boy.'

[19.20] 'How shall I bear a son,' she answered, 'when I am not touched by a human and not unchaste?'

[19.21] "Even so" he replied, "as such your Lord has said, 'Easy it is for Me. And We shall make him a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us. It is a matter decreed.'"

The birth of Prophet Jesus [19.22-26]

[19.22] Thereupon she carried him, and retired to a far off place.

[19.23] And when the birth-pangs came upon her by the trunk of a palm-tree, she said, 'Oh, would that I had died before this and become a thing forgotten!'

[19.24] He called from below to her, 'Do not sorrow, look, your Lord has provided a rivulet below you,

[19.25] and shake the trunk of this palm-tree it will drop fresh ripe dates upon you.

[19.26] Therefore eat and drink and rejoice with your eyes. If you meet any human say to him, "I have vowed a fast to the Merciful and will not speak with anyone today."'

Mary presents her son to her people [19.27-33]

[19.27] She came to her nation, carrying him; and they said, 'O Mary, you have committed a monstrous thing.

[19.28] O sister of Aaron, your father was never an evil man, nor was your mother unchaste.'

[19.29] So she pointed to him (Prophet Jesus). But they replied, 'How can we speak with a baby in the cradle?'

The baby Jesus speaks to his family [19.30-33]

[19.30] He (the baby) said, 'I am the worshiper of Allah. Allah has given me the Book and made me a Prophet.

[19.31] He made me to be blessed wherever I am, and He has charged me with prayer and charity for as long as I shall live.

[19.32] (He has made me) kind to my mother; He has not made me arrogant, unprosperous.

[19.33] Peace be upon me on the day I was born, and on the day I die; and on the day when I shall be raised up alive.'

[19.34] Such was (Prophet) Jesus, the son of Mary. A saying of truth, concerning what they doubt.

The variance between Nazarenes and Christians [19.35-40]

[19.35] It is not for Allah to take a son! Exaltations to Him! When He decrees a thing He only says, 'Be,' and it is.

[19.36] Indeed, Allah is my Lord and your Lord therefore worship Him. That is the Straight Path.

[19.37] But the parties have fallen into variance among themselves, then woe to those who disbelieve for the scene of a Dreadful Day.

[19.38] How well they will hear and see on the Day when they come before Us! The evildoers are today in clear error.

[19.39] Warn them of that Day of Anguish, when the matter is determined whilst heedlessly they disbelieve.

[19.40] For We shall inherit the earth and all that are on it. To Us, they shall return.

The story of Prophet Abraham and his family [19.41-50

[19.41] Mention in the Book Abraham; He was truthful and a Prophet.

[19.42] He said to his father, 'O father, why worship that which can neither see nor hear, nor helps you in anything?

[19.43] Father, knowledge has come to me which has not come you, therefore, follow me. I will guide you to a Level Path.

[19.44] Father, do not worship satan; for satan has rebelled against the Merciful.

[19.45] Father, I fear that the punishment of the Merciful will fall upon you and you will become a guide of satan.'

[19.46] But he replied, 'Do you shrink away from my gods, Abraham? Surely, if you do not cease I will stone you, so leave me for awhile.'

[19.47] 'Peace be on you, ' he (Abraham) said, 'I shall call upon my Lord to forgive you, for to me He has been gracious.

Abraham leaves his people on account of their idolatry and is blessed with sons [19.48-50]

[19.48] Now I will go away from you and that you call upon, other than Allah. I will call on my Lord. Perhaps I shall not be unblessed in calling my Lord.'

[19.49] So when he turned away from them and those they worshipped, other than Allah, We gave him Isaac and Jacob. Each of them We made a Prophet,

[19.50] and We gave them of Our Mercy and We appointed to them a truthful, highly sincere tongue.

Allah speaks to Moses [19.51-52] 

[19.51] Mention in the Book, Moses. He was devoted, a Messenger, and a Prophet.

[19.52] We called out to him from the right side of the mountain, and drew him near in (Divine) conversation.

Aaron is made a prophet [19.53]

[19.53] From Our Mercy We gave him, his brother Aaron, a Prophet.

Ishmael was a messenger and a prophet [1954-56]

[19.54] And mention in the Book, Ishmael; he too was true to his promise, a Messenger and a Prophet.

[19.55] And he ordered his people to pray and to give charity and his Lord was pleased with him.

Idris was a prophet [19.56-57]

[19.56] And mention in the Book, Idris; he too was of the truth and a Prophet,

[19.57] We raised him to a high place.

All the prophets are descended from Adam [19.58]

[19. 58] These are whom Allah has blessed among the Prophets from among the seed of Adam and of those whom We bore with Noah; the descendants of

Abraham, of Israel, and of those whom We have guided and chose. For when the verses of the Merciful were recited to them, they fell down prostrate, weeping.

Those who waste their prayers and those who repent [19.59-60]

[19.59] But the generation that succeeded them wasted their prayers and followed their desires, so they shall encounter error

The peace of Paradise [19.60-63]

[19.60] except he who repents and believes and does good works; those shall be admitted to Paradise and shall not be wronged in any way.

[19.61] (They shall enter the) Gardens of Eden, which the Merciful has promised His worshipers in the Unseen. Indeed, His promise shall come.

[19.62] There, they shall hear no idle talk, but only peace. And there they shall be given their provision at dawn and at the evening.

[19.63] That is the Paradise which We shall give the cautious worshipers to inherit.

The angel Gabriel only descends by the command of Allah [19.64]

[19.64] (Gabriel said,) 'We do not descend except at the command of your Lord. To Him belongs all that is before us and all that is behind us, and all that lies between. Your Lord does not forget.

Allah is Lord of the heavens and earth [19.65]

[19.65] Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, so worship Him, be patient in His worship. Do you know any that can be named with His Name!'

The people of Hell [19.66-70]

[19.66] The human says. 'What, when I am dead, shall I be raised to life?'

[19.67] Will the human not remember that We created him before when he was not a thing.

[19.68] By your Lord, We will gather them and the satans, and We shall parade them hobbling on their knees in Gehenna,

[19.69] from every party We will pluck out whichever of them was the most hardened in disdain of the Most Merciful.

[19.70] We alone know who deserves most to be burned therein.

All will experience Hell but the cautious believers will be saved [19.71-72]

[19.71] There is not one of you who shall not go down to it: such is a thing decreed, determined by your Lord.

[19.72] Then, We will save those who were cautious of Us, but the harm doers shall be left there hobbling on their knees.

[19.73] When Our clear verses are recited to them the unbelievers say to the believers, 'Which of the two parties has a better position or company?'

[19.74] How many generations have We destroyed before them, who were far greater in riches and more boastful!

[19.75] Say, 'Whosoever is in error, let the Most Merciful prolong his life span until they see that which they were threatened, be it a punishment, or the Hour. Then shall they know whose is the worst place and who is weaker in hosts.'

Good deeds are rewarded [19.76]

[19.76] Allah will increase those who were guided in guidance and things that abide. Good deeds are better in reward with your Lord, and, better in return.

Unfounded conjecture [19.77-80]

[19.77] Have you seen he who disbelieves Our verses and yet says, 'I shall surely be given wealth and children! '

[19. 78] Has he gained knowledge of the Unseen? Or taken a covenant with the Merciful?

[19.79] On the contrary, We will write down what he says and prolong the length of his punishment.

[19.80] We shall inherit that of which he speaks and he will come before Us alone.

The associates will renounce their followers [19.81-82]

[19.81] And they have taken gods, other than Allah, that they might be a power from them.

[19.82] Indeed no! They will renounce their worship and turn against them.

Leave those who do not believe to Allah [19.83-87]

[19.83] Have you not seen how We send down to the unbelievers satans who prick them?

[19.84] Therefore, do not hasten (things) against them, for We count out to them a number,

[19.85] and on the Day when We will ceremonially gather the righteous to the Merciful,

[19.86] and drive the evildoers as herds, into Gehenna

[19.87] who have no power of intercession, except those who have taken a covenant with the Merciful.

There is none in the heavens and earth that will not come before Allah as a worshipper, but for some it will be to late [19.88-95]

[19.88] And they say, 'The Merciful has taken a son.'

[19.89] Surely, you have brought a monstrous thing!

[19.90] Thereby the heavens are nearly torn and the earth split asunder, and mountains fall crashing down

[19.91] because they have ascribed a son to the Merciful.

[19.92] It is not for the Merciful to take a son!

[19.93] There is none in the heavens and earth except he comes to the Merciful as a worshiper.

[19.94] He has counted them and exactly numbered all;

[19.95] and each one shall come to Him on the Day of Resurrection, alone.

Allah loves those who believe and do righteous deeds [19.96]

[19.96] Those who believe and do righteous deeds, the Merciful will assign for them love.

The Koran and its message [19.97]

[19.97] We have made it easy in your own tongue in order that you proclaim the glad tidings to the cautious and give warning to a stubborn nation.

The demise of disbelieving generations [19.98]

[19.98] How many generations have We destroyed before them! Do you sense even one of them, or hear a whisper from them?

 

20 Taha -Taahaa

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

[20.1] TaHa.

Allah is the Owner of all creation [20.2-8]

[20.2] We have not sent down the Koran to you for you to be tired,

[20.3] but as a reminder to he who fears.

[20.4] It is a sending down from Him who has created the earth, and the high heavens,

[20.5] the Merciful willed to the Throne.

[20.6] To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth, and all that lies between them, and underneath the soil.

[20.7] If you speak loudly; He has indeed knowledge of the secret and the hidden.

[20.8] Allah, there is no god except He. To Him belong the most Beautiful Names.

The story of Prophet Moses and his prophethood [20.9-99]

[20.9] Has the story of Moses reached you?

[20.10] When he saw a fire, he said to his family, 'Stay here, for I can see a fire. Perhaps I can bring you a lighted torch or find at the fire guidance.'

[20.11] When he reached it, he was called. 'O Moses,

[20.12] I am your Lord. Take off your shoes, for you are in Towa, the sacred valley.

[20.13] I have chosen you. Therefore, listen to what shall be revealed.

[20.14] Indeed, I am Allah. There is no god except Me. Worship Me, and establish the prayer of My remembrance.

[20.15] The Hour is coming. I almost conceal it, so that every soul will be recompensed for its labors.

[20.16] Do not let those who disbelieve in it and follow their desires bar you from it, or you will perish.

The signs of Allah given to Moses [20.17-36]

[20.17] What is that in your right hand, Moses?'

[20.18] 'It is my staff,’ Moses replied, ‘upon it I lean and with it I beat down leaves to feed my sheep and for me there are other uses in it.'

[20.19] He said, 'Moses, cast it down.'

[20.20] So he cast it down, and thereupon it turned into a sliding serpent.

[20.21] 'Take it, and do not fear,' He said, 'We will restore it to its former state.

[20.22] Now, put your hand under your armpit. It shall come out white, without evil, a second sign.

[20.23] But We shall show you some of Our greatest signs.

[20.24] Go to Pharaoh, he has become insolent.'

[20.25] 'Lord,' said Moses, 'expand my chest,

[20.26] and ease my task for me.

[20.27] Unloose the knot upon my tongue,

[20.28] that they may understand my speech.

[20.29] Appoint for me a minister from my family

[20.30] Aaron, my brother.

[20.31] By him confirm my strength

[20.32] and let him share my task,

[20.33] so that we exalt You

[20.34] and remember You abundantly.

[20.35] You are surely seeing us.’ 

[20.36] He replied, 'Moses, your request is granted.

The favor of Allah to Moses when he was a baby [20.37-40]

[20.37] We had already shown you favor

[20.38] when We revealed what was to be made known to your mother,

[20.39] saying, ‘Put him in the box and cast it into the river. The river will cast him on to the bank, and he shall be taken up by an enemy of Mine and an enemy of his.’ I lavished My Love on you, and to be formed in My Sight.

[20. 40] Your sister went (to them) and said, 'Shall I guide you to one who will nurse him?' And so We restored you to your mother, so that her eyes might rejoice and that she might not sorrow. And when you killed a soul We saved you from grief and then We tried you with many trials. You stayed among the people of Midian for a number of years, and then, Moses, you came here according to a decree.

Moses becomes a prophet [20.41]

[20.41] I have chosen you for Me.

Moses and Aaron go to Pharoah with the warning signs of Allah [20.42-70]

[20.42] Go, you and your brother with My signs, and do not be negligent of My Remembrance.

[20.43] Go to Pharaoh, for he has become insolent.

Invite people to Allah with gentle words [20.44]

[20.44] Speak to him with gentle words; perhaps he will ponder or fear.'

[20.45] 'O our Lord,' both said, 'We fear lest he may be excessive against us or become insolent.'

[20. 46] He replied, 'Have no fear I shall be with you, both hearing and seeing.

[20.47] Both of you go to him (Pharaoh) and say, "We are the Messengers of your Lord. Let the Children of Israel depart with us, and do not punish them. We have come to you with a sign from your Lord; peace be on him who follows guidance!

[20.48] It is revealed to us that a punishment will fall on those who belie and turn away."

Pharaoh asks Moses and Aaron who their Lord is [20.49-54]

[20.49] He (Pharaoh) said, 'Moses, who is the Lord of you both?'

[20.50] 'Our Lord,' he replied, 'is He Who gave everything its creation and then guided it.'

[20.51] He (Pharaoh) asked, 'How was it then, with the former generations?'

[20.52] He (Moses) answered, 'The knowledge of them is in a Book with My Lord. My Lord neither goes astray, nor forgets.

[20.53] It is He who has made for you the earth as a cradle and threaded roads for you and sends down water from the sky with which We bring forth every kind of plant.

[20.54] You eat and let your cattle graze.' Surely, in this there are signs for those of understanding.

[20.55] We created you from it (the earth), and to it We shall restore you; and from it We will bring you forth yet a second time.

[20.56] So We showed him (Pharaoh) Our signs, all of them, but he belied and refused them.

[20.57] He said, 'Moses, have you come to drive us from our land with your sorcery?

[20.58] We will indeed bring sorcery similar to yours. Appoint a meeting place between us and you, in a place which is agreeable to both which neither we nor you shall not fail (to keep).'

[20.59] He (Moses) replied, 'Your meeting shall be on the day of the feast, and let the people be assembled by midmorning.'

[20.60] So Pharaoh withdrew and gathered his guile, then returned,

[20.61] and Moses said to them, 'Alas! Do not forge a lie against Allah lest He destroys you with a punishment. Indeed, whosoever forges has failed.'

[20.62] They disputed upon their plan with one another, and spoke in secret

[20.63] saying, 'These two are sorcerers whose aim is to drive you from your land by their sorcery and destroy your noble ways.

[20.64] Gather your guile and then lineup a rank those who gain the upper hand today shall indeed prosper.'

[20.65] They said to Moses, 'Will you throw down or shall we be the first?’

[20.66] Moses replied, 'No, you throw first.' And by their sorcery it seemed to him that their ropes and staffs were sliding.

[20.67] Moses became fearful within himself.

[20.68] But We said to him, 'Do not be afraid; you shall surely be the uppermost.

[20.69] Throw that which is in your right hand. It will swallow up that which they have made, for that which they made is but the guile of a sorcerer. Wherever he goes the sorcerer does not prosper.'

Despite the tyranny of Pharaoh, the sorcerers surrender to Allah [20.70-73]

[20.70] Thereafter the sorcerers threw themselves down, prostrating, saying, 'We believe in the Lord of Aaron and Moses.'

[20.71] 'Have you believed him before I have given you permission!' he (Pharaoh) said. 'Indeed, he (must be) your chief, the one who taught you sorcery. I will cut off on opposite sides a hand and a foot then crucify you on the trunks of palm-trees. Indeed, you shall know whose punishment is more stern, and more lasting!'

[20.72] Their reply was, 'We will not prefer you over the clear signs that have come to us, nor over Him who has created us. So decide upon whatever you decide, you can only decided upon things in this present life.

[20.73] We believe in our Lord so that He forgives us our sins and the sorcery you have forced us to practice. Allah is Better, and Everlasting.'

Hell and Paradise [20.74-76]

[20.74] Gehenna (Hell) awaits whosoever comes before his Lord as a sinner, there he shall neither die nor live.

[20.75] But for whosoever comes before Him as a believer and having done good works there awaits the most highest degree;

[20.76] living for ever in the Gardens of Eden, underneath which rivers flow. Such shall be the recompense of he who purifies himself.

Moses leads the Children of Israel out of Egypt [20.77-79]

[20.77] To Moses we also revealed, 'Set forth with My worshipers by night and strike for them a dry path in the sea. Do not fear that you will be overtaken, neither be afraid.'

[20.78] Pharaoh pursued them with his legions so they were overwhelmed from the sea with that which drowned them.

[20.79] For Pharaoh had misled his nation, and did not guide them.

The Mercy of Allah to the Children of Israel [20.80-82]

[20.80] Children of Israel! We saved you from your enemies and made a covenant with you on the right side of the Mountain. We sent down manna and quails.

[20.81] 'Eat of the good things with which We have provided you and do not transgress therein lest My Anger should fall upon you, and upon whosoever My Anger falls has assuredly fallen,

[20.82] but to whosoever repents, believes and does good deeds, and is at last guided, I am Forgiving.'

The disbelief of the Children of Israel [20.83-91]

[20.83] 'Moses, why have you come with such haste from your nation?'

[20.84] Moses replied, 'They are following me. My Lord, I made haste only so that I might please You.'

[20.85] He (Allah) said, 'We tempted your nation in your absence, and the Samaritan has misled them into error.'

The ungratefulness of the Children of Israel when they disbelieved and forsook the worship of Allah for the golden calf [20.86-91]

[20.86] With great anger and sorrow, Moses returned to his nation. 'My nation,’  he said, 'did your Lord not make you a fine promise? Did the time of the covenant seem long to you? Or did you desire that the anger of your Lord should fall upon you so that you failed in your coming to my appointment?'

[20.87] They replied, 'We have not failed in our promise to you through our choosing. We were laden with fardels, even the ornaments of the nation, and threw them just as the Samaritan had thrown them (into the fire),

[20.88] and made a calf for them, a figure that lowed. "This," they said, "is your god and the god of Moses but whom he has forgotten."

[20.89] What! Did they not see that it did not speak a word to them in return, and for them it could own neither harm nor benefit?

The Children of Israel reject Aaron’s attempts to stop them worshiping the golden calf [20.90-94]

[20.90] Aaron had said to them before, 'My nation, you have been tempted by it. Your Lord is the Merciful. Follow me and obey my order.'

[20.91] They replied, 'We will not stop; we will cling to it until Moses returns to us.'

[20.92] He (Moses) said to Aaron, 'When you saw them in error, what prevented you,

[20.93] from following after me, did you disobey my order?'

[20.94] 'Son of my mother,' he replied, 'Do not seize my beard nor my head. I was afraid that you might say, "You have divided the Children of Israel and did not uphold my word."

Moses questions the Samaritan [20.95-98]

[20.95] 'You, Samaritan, ' said he (Moses), 'what was your business? '

[20.96] He replied, 'I saw what they did not see and seized a handful of dust from the foot print of the messenger and so I cast it this my soul prompted me to do.'

[20.97] 'Begone! Your lot in this life is to cry, "untouchable!" ' said he (Moses). 'An appointment awaits you that you cannot fail to keep. Look at your god which you clung to indeed we will burn it and scatter its ashes upon the sea.'

Allah knows all things [20.98]

[20.98] Your God is only One, Allah. There is no god, except He, alone. His knowledge encompasses all things.

[20.99] And so We narrate to you the stories of the past, and We have given you a remembrance from Us.

The Day of Resurrection [20.100-113]

[20.100] Whosoever has turned away from it shall bear a burden on the Day of Resurrection.

[20.101] and live in it for ever; how evil will that burden be for them on the Day of Resurrection.

[20.102] The Day when the Horn shall be blown. On that Day, We shall assemble all the sinners with blued eyes,

[20.103] and they shall murmur among themselves, 'You have stayed away but ten (days and nights).'

[20.104] We know well what they will say. The most just among them in the matter will declare, 'You have stayed away but one day.'

[20.105] They will question you about the mountains. Say, 'My Lord will scatter them as ashes

[20.106] and leave them a desolate waste,

[20.107] with neither crookedness nor any curving to be seen therein.'

[20. 108] On that Day, they will follow the Summoner, who is not crooked, their voices hushed before the Merciful, and you shall hear nothing except a murmuring.

[20.109] On that Day intercession will not benefit them except him that has received the permission of the Merciful and whose words are pleased by Him.

[20.110] He knows what is before them and behind them, and they do not comprehend Him in knowledge.

[20.111] (All) faces shall be humbled before the Living One, the Eternal. Those who are burdened with wrong doing shall have failed,

[20.112] but those who have believed and done good works shall fear neither wrong nor injustice.

[20.113] As such We sent it down, an Arabic Koran, and explained in it threats in order that they be cautious, or, that it prompts the Remembrance in them.

Ask Allah to increase you in knowledge [20.114]

[20.114] Highly exalted be Allah, the true King! Do not hasten with the Koran before its revelation has been completed to you, but say, 'Lord, increase me in knowledge.'

The story of Prophet Adam and Eve and their expulsion from the Garden [20.115-127]

[20.115] We made a covenant with Adam, but he forgot and We found in him no constancy.

[20.116] And when We said to the angels, 'Prostrate yourselves before Adam,' they all prostrated themselves except iblis, who refused.

[20.117] 'Adam,' We said, 'This is you and your wife's enemy. Do not let him expel you from the Garden, so that you (Adam) will be tired.

[20.118] It has been given to you so that you shall neither become hungry nor naked therein;

[20.119] there, (you shall) neither thirst, nor suffer from the sun.'

The whispering of satan to Adam [20.120-121]

[20.120] But satan whispered to him saying, 'Adam, shall I direct you the Tree of Eternity and a kingdom which never decays?'

[20.121] They both ate of it, and their shameful parts appeared to them, whereupon they began to stitch upon themselves leaves from the Garden. And so it was, Adam erred and disobeyed his Lord.

[20.122] But afterwards his Lord chose him; He turned again towards him and guided him.

[20.123] 'Both of you, together, go down out of it (the Garden) each of you an enemy to the other,’  He said, 'but, if My Guidance comes to you, whosoever follows My Guidance shall neither go astray nor be unprosperous;

[20.124] but whosoever turns away from My remembrance, his life shall be narrow and on the Day of Resurrection We shall raise him blind.'

[20.125] 'My Lord, ' he will say, 'why have You raised me blind when I was able to see?'

[20.126] He (Allah) will say, 'It is so, Our verses came to you and you forgot them. So this Day you are forgotten.'

[20.127] In this way We recompense the prodigal who disbelieves the verses of his Lord. But the punishment of the Everlasting Life is more terrible and everlasting.

The signs of Allah [20.128-129]

[20.128] Is it not a guidance to them, how many generations We destroyed before them in whose dwelling places they walk? Surely, in this there are signs for those of reason.

[20.129] Except for a Word that preceded from your Lord, and a stated term, it had been fastened.

Exalt Allah so that you will be pleasing to Him [20.130]

[20.130] Therefore, be patient with what they say, and exalt with the praise of your Lord before sunrise and before sunset. And in the watches of the night and at the edges of the day, exalt Him, so that you will be pleasing.

Life is a trial [20.131]

[20.131] Do not stretch your eyes at the flower of this life which We have given couples to enjoy, it is with this that We might try them; and the provision of your

Lord is better, and more enduring.

Allah is not in need of us, but we are in need of Him [20.132]

[20.132] Order your family to pray and be patient in it. We do not ask you for provisions, rather, it is We who provide for you. And the final outcome is for the cautious.

The Jews rejected the signs of their prophets in the preceding Scrolls yet now they ask Prophet Muhammad for a sign [20.133-135]

[20.133] They say, 'Why does he not bring us a sign from his Lord?' Did not a clear sign come to them in the preceding Scrolls?

[20.134] Had We destroyed them with a punishment before this, they would have said, 'Our Lord, why did You not send us a Messenger so that we could have followed Your verses before we were humiliated and degraded.'

[20.135] Say, 'Everyone is waiting; so wait. Indeed, you shall know who are the companions of the Even Path, and those who are guided.'

 

21 The Prophets - Al-'Anbiya'

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

Time is running out yet mankind persists in the neglect of the Word of Allah [21.1-2

[21.1] The Reckoning for mankind is drawing near, yet they are heedless and turn away.

[21.2] No recent revival of the remembrance comes to them from their Lord, except that they play with it as they listen

The argument of the unbelievers and their disregard for the signs of Allah [21.3-6]

[21.3] their hearts are diverted. The harm-doers mutter to one another, 'Is this anything else but a human like yourself? What, will you follow sorcery with your eyes open?'

[21.4] He said, 'My Lord has knowledge of what is said in the heavens and on earth. He is the Hearer, the Knower.'

[21.5] Some say, 'No, it is only mixed dreams.' 'No, he has forged it himself', or, 'no, he is a poet! Let him bring us a sign, just as the ancient ones were sent as

Messengers.'

[21.6] Of the villages We destroyed, there was not one that believed. What, will they not believe?

All the prophets and messengers of Allah were human [21.7-9]

[21.7] We never sent (anyone) before you except men to whom We revealed to them. 'Ask the people of the Remembrance if you do not know.'

[21.8] Nor did We make them bodies that ate no food, nor were they immortal.

[21.9] Then We were true to the promise, We saved them together with those whom We willed, and destroyed the transgressors.

The challenge and questioning of Allah [21.10-15]

[21.10] Now, We have sent down to you a Book in which is your Remembrance. Will you not understand?

[21.11] How many harm-doing villages have We shattered and replaced them with another nation.

[21.12] And when they felt Our Might they fled from it.

[21.13] 'Do not run away. Return to your luxury that you rejoiced in, and your homes in order that you be questioned! '

[21.14] They said, 'Alas for us we were harm doers!'

[21.15] And this they did not stop crying out until We made them stubble, silent, and still.

The creation of Allah has a purpose [21.16-17]

[21.16] It was not in play that We created the heavens and the earth and all that lies between them.

[21.17] Had We wished to take to Us an amusement We would have taken it to Us from Ours had We done so.

Truth will conquer falsehood [21.18]

[21.18] No, We hurl truth at falsehood, and it shall conquer it, and see, falsehood vanishes. Woe to you for all you have described.

Description of those who believe [21.19-20]

[21.19] To Him belongs whosoever is in the heavens and the earth. Those who are with Him are not too proud to worship Him, nor are they ever wearied.

[21.20] They never fail to exalt Him either at night or in the day.

Allah is above all that is associated with Him [21.21-35]

[21.21] Or, have they taken earthly gods who revive the dead?

[21.22] Had there been gods in heaven or earth, other than Allah, both would indeed have been ruined. Exalted be Allah, Lord of the Throne, above that they describe.

[21.23] He is not to be questioned about what He does, but they shall be questioned.

[21.24] Have they taken gods, other than Him? Say, 'Bring us your proof! Here is the Remembrance of he who is with me and the Remembrance of those before me.' But no, most of them do not know the truth, therefore they turn away.

[21.25] We never sent a Messenger before you except that We revealed to him saying, 'There is no god except Me, therefore, worship Me.'

[21.26] They say, 'The Merciful has taken a son.' Exaltations to Him! No, they are only His honored worshipers,

[21.27] who do not surpass Him in speech, and do as He commands.

[21.28] He knows what is before them and what is behind them. They intercede for none except for him whom He is well pleased, and they tremble in awe of Him.

If anyone claims that they are God they will be recompensed with Hell [21.29]

[21.29] If any one of them says, 'I am a god other than Him,' We will recompense him with Gehenna (Hell). As such We recompense the harm doers.

Signs of Allah in the heavens and earth [21.30-33]

[21.30] Have the unbelievers not seen that the heavens and the earth were sewn up as one (solid) mass, then We unstitched them, and that We made every living thing of water? Will they not believe!

[21.31] We set firm mountains upon the earth lest it should shake with them, and We placed therein ravines to be paths so that they might be guided.

[21.32] We established the heaven as a well protected roof, yet they still turn away from its signs.

[21.33] It is He who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon; each floating in an orbit.

[21.34] We have never assigned immortality to a human before you, therefore, if you yourself die, will they live for ever?

Everyone will be tried with good and evil [21.35]

[21.35] Every soul shall taste death. We will try you with a trial of evil and good. Then, to Us you shall be returned.

Allah shows the unbelievers where they go astray [21.36]

[21.36] When the unbelievers see you, they take you only for mockery, saying, 'Is this he who talks about your gods?' While they are unbelievers in the Remembrance of the Merciful.

The warning to those who do not believe [21.37-46]

[21.37] The human was created of haste. Indeed, I will show you My signs; so do not ask Me to hasten them.

[21.38] They say, 'If you are truthful, when will this promise come?'

[21.39] If the unbelievers only knew when they will be unable to shield either their faces or their backs from the Fire; when they will not be helped!

[21.40] It will overtake them suddenly, dumbfounding them. They shall be unable to ward it off, and they shall not be respited.

[21.41] Before you, other Messengers were mocked, but the mockers were encompassed by the very thing they mocked.

[21.42] Say, 'Who will guard you, by night and by day from the Merciful?' But no, they turn away from their Lord's remembrance.

[21.43] Or have they gods to defend them, other than Us? Indeed, they are unable to help themselves, neither shall they be guarded in safety from Us.

[21.44] We gave days of enjoyment to them and their fathers until their life became long. Are they unable to see how We come to their land and reduce its borders. Or, is it they who are the victors?

[21.45] Say, 'I warn you only by the Revelation.' But the deaf hear nothing when they are warned.

[21.46] But if just a breath of your Lord's punishment were to touch them, they would say, 'Woe for us, we were harm doers!'

No one will be wronged on the Day of Resurrection [21.47-50]

[21.47] On the Day of Resurrection We shall set up just scales, so that no soul shall in the least be wronged, even though it be the weight of a grain of mustard seed We will bring it We Suffice as reckoners.

[21.48] We gave Moses and Aaron the Criterion, and gave them a light and a Remembrance for the cautious;

[21.49] those who fear Allah in the Unseen, tremble because of the Hour.

[21.50] This is a blessed Remembrance which We have sent down. Do you disbelieve it?

Abraham proves the worthlessness of idolatry [21.51-67]

[21.51] Before this We gave Abraham his virtue, for We knew him.

[21.52] He said to his father and to his nation, 'What, are these the statues to which you cling?'

[21.53] They replied, 'We found our fathers worshipping them.'

[21.54] He said, 'Truly, you and your fathers are in clear error.'

[21.55] They said, 'Is it the truth you have brought us, or are you one of those that play?'

[21.56] 'No,' he answered, 'your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Originator of them, and I am among those bearing witness to it.

[21.57] By Allah, I will certainly outwit your idols as soon as you have turned your backs and gone.'

[21.58] He broke them all into pieces, except their great one so that they might return to it.

[21.59] 'Who has done this to our gods?' they exclaimed. 'He must surely be a harm doer.'

[21.60] 'We have heard a young man called Abraham mention them' they replied.

[21.61] They said, 'Then bring him here so that the people may see, so that they may bear witness.'

Even though the unbelievers recognize the truth most will not admit it because of their position in society [21.62-67]

[21.62] 'Abraham,' they said, 'was it you who did this to our gods?'

[21.63] 'No,' he replied. 'It was their great one amongst them that did it. Ask them, if they are able to speak.'

[21.64] So they returned one to another saying, 'Surely, it is you who are the harm doers!'

[21.65] But then they reversed their minds, 'You know they do not speak.'

[21.66] He said, 'Would you then worship that, instead of Allah, which can neither help nor harm you?

[21.67] Shame on you and on that you worship other than Allah! Have you no understanding?'

Allah protects Abraham when his people try to kill him and saved Lot [21.68-71]

[21.68] They said, 'Burn him and help your gods, if you are going to do anything!'

[21.69] 'O Fire,' We said, 'be coolness and safety for Abraham.'

[21.70] They sought to outwit him, but We made them the worst of losers.

[21.71] We saved him and Lot, and brought them to the land which We had blessed for all the worlds.

Abraham’s children and some of his descendants were prophets [21.72-73]

[21.72] We gave him, in excess, Isaac, and Jacob (for a grandson); and We made each righteous

[21.73] and appointed them leaders to guide by Our Command and We revealed to them to do good deeds, and to establish the prayer, and the giving of charity, and they were for Us worshipers.

The Mercy of Allah to Lot [21.74-75]

[21.74] To Lot, We gave judgment and knowledge and saved him from the village that had been committing corrupt deeds; for they were an evil nation and were debauched.

[21.75] We admitted him to Our Mercy, he was among the righteous.

The Mercy of Allah to Noah [21.76-77]

[21.76] And (remember) Noah, when he supplicated to Us, We answered him, and We saved him and his nation from great distress,

[21.77] and helped him against the nation who had belied Our signs. They were an evil nation; We drowned them all.

The story of Prophets David and Solomon [21.78-82]

[21.78] And David and Solomon they passed judgment upon the tilled land on which the people’s sheep had strayed. We bore witness to their judgment, and

[21.79] We made Solomon to understand it, and to both We gave judgment and knowledge. And with David We subjected the mountains and birds to exalt (Allah). All this We have done.

[21.80] We taught him the craft of making garments that fortify you against your own violence. Are you thankful?

[21.81] To Solomon the raging wind ran at his command to the land which We had blessed. We have knowledge of all things.

[21.82] And some of the satans dived for him and others did work as well. We were watching over them.

The Mercy of Allah to Prophets Job [21.83-84]

[21.83] And Job when he called to his Lord, 'Affliction has befallen me, and You are the Most Merciful of the merciful.'

[21.84] We answered him and removed his affliction, and We gave his people, and those like them that were with them, mercy from Us, as a reminder to those who worship.

The mercy of Allah to Prophets Ishmael, Idris and Thul-Kifl [21.85-86]

[21.85] And Ishmael, Idris, and Thul-Kifl (the son of Job) each were patient.

[21.86] We admitted them to Our Mercy, for they were of the righteous.

The mercy of Allah to Prophet Jonah [21.87-88]

[21.87] And Thul-Nun (Prophet Jonah), he went away in anger thinking We had no power over him. But in the darkness he cried, 'There is no god except You.

Exaltations to You! I was among the harm doers.'

[21.88] We heard his prayer and saved him from grief. As such We shall save the believers.

The Mercy of Allah to Zachariah [21.89-90]

[21.89] And Zachariah when he called to his Lord saying, 'Lord, do not let me remain by myself; You are the Best of inheritors.'

[21.90] So We answered him, and gave him John, curing his wife (of sterility). They raced with each other in good works and called on Us out of yearning and awe, and they were humble to Us.

Mary and Jesus are among the great signs of Allah [21.91-93]

[21.91] And she (Mary) who guarded her virginity. We breathed into her of Our spirit (Gabriel), and made her and her son a sign for the worlds.

[21.92] Indeed, this nation of yours is one nation, and I am Your Lord, therefore worship Me.

[21.93] But they (the Christians and Jews) split their affair between them all shall return to Us.

[21.94] The endeavors of he who believes and does good works shall not go unthanked. We write it down for him.

The time of Gog and Magog [21.95-97]

[21.95] (It is ordained that) no village We have destroyed shall return

[21.96] till Gog and Magog are let loose and slide down out of every slope;

[21.97] when the true promise draws near; the eyes of the unbelievers will stare (and they will say), 'Alas for us! Of this we have been heedless. We have been

harm doers.'

The people of Hell and the people of Paradise [21.98-104]

[21.98] You and all those who you were worshipping, other than Allah, shall be the fuel of Gehenna; there you shall all go down to it.

[21.99] If those had been gods, they would never have gone down to it, but in it they shall live for ever.

[21.100] There is groaning for them therein, and they do not hear.

[21.101] But those whom We have surpassed with the finest (rank) from Us shall be far removed from it,

[21.102] neither shall they hear any of its whisper, but shall live for ever in that their souls desired.

[21.103] The greatest terror shall not grieve them, and the angels will receive them, 'This is the Day you have been promised.'

[21.104] On that Day, We shall roll up the heaven like a written scroll is rolled. As We originated the first creation, so will We bring it back again. This is a binding promise on Us which We shall assuredly fulfill.

The Psalms of David [21.105-106]

[21.105] We have written in the Psalms, after the Remembrance, 'The righteous among My worshipers shall inherit the earth.’ 

[21.106] Surely, in this is a proclamation to a worshiping nation.

Allah sent Prophet Muhammad as a mercy to all the worlds [21.107-112]

[21.107] We have not sent you (Prophet Muhammad) except as a mercy to all the worlds.

[21.108] Say, 'It is revealed to me that your God is One God, do you then surrender?'

[21.109] If they turn back, say, 'I have warned you all alike, though I cannot tell whether what you are promised is imminent or distant.

[21.110] He knows your spoken words and what you hide.

[21.111] And I do not know if this is a trial for you and an enjoyment for a time.'

[21.112] He said, 'My Lord, judge in truth. Our Lord is the Merciful whose help is ever to be sought against what you describe.'

 

 22 The Pilgrimage -Al-Hajj

 

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful

The end of the world [22.1-4]

[22.1] O people, have fear of your Lord. The earthquake of the Hour shall be a great thing.

[22.2] On that Day you will see every one that suckles shall forsake her suckling, and every carrier shall miscarry, and you shall see mankind drunk although they are not drunk; dreadful will be the punishment of Allah.

[22.3] Among people there are those, who without knowledge, dispute about Allah and follow every rebel satan,

[22.4] against whom it is written down that whosoever takes him for a guide, he guides astray, and leads him to the punishment of the Blaze.

The miracle of the unknown stages of conception and birth at the time of the revelation of the Koran [22.5-6]

[22.5] O people, if you are in doubt about the Resurrection, remember that We first created you from dust, then, from a sperm drop, then from a clot, and then from a bite-size tissue formed and unformed, so that We might clarify for you. We establish in the wombs whatever We will for an appointed term, and then We bring you forth as infants, then you come of age. Some of you die, and some of you are kept back to the vilest state of life, after knowing somewhat, they know nothing. And you see the earth dry; but no sooner do We send down rain upon it than it begins to quiver and swell, putting forth every fine variety (of herbage).

[22.6] That is because Allah is the Truth; He revives the dead and has power over all things.

[22.7] And the Hour is sure to come there is no doubt. And Allah will raise up those in the graves.

Those who abandon the Revelation in preference to their own ideas [22.8-10]

[22.8] Some dispute about Allah, though they have neither knowledge nor guidance, nor an illuminating Book.

[22.9] There is for him who turns his side to lead (others) astray from the Path of Allah, degradation in this life and We shall let him taste the punishment of the

burning on the Day of Resurrection.

[22.10] 'This, is the reward for what your hands have forwarded. Allah is not unjust to the worshipers.'

Those who recant [22.11-13]

[22.11] There are among the people such who worship Allah and (yet stand) on the very edge. When goodness comes to him, he is content, but if a trial befalls him he falls upon his face, he loses this world and the Everlasting Life; that is indeed a clear loss.

[22.12] He calls to other than Allah, to that which neither hurts him, nor benefits him; that is indeed far error.

[22.13] He calls upon him whose harm is nearer than his benefit, an evil guide and an evil friend.

The people of Paradise [22.14]

[22.14] As for those who believe and do good works Allah will admit them to gardens underneath which rivers flow. Allah indeed does what He will.

Allah will give Prophet Muhammad victory in this world and the next [22.15]

[22.15] If any one thinks that Allah will not give him (Prophet Muhammad) victory in this present world and in the Everlasting Life, let him stretch a rope to heaven, and let him sever it. Then, let him see if his guile does away with that which has enraged him.

[22.16] As such We have sent it in clear verses. Indeed, Allah gives guidance to whom He will.

Allah will judge everyone on the Day of Resurrection [22.17]

[22.17] Surely, they that believe, and those of Jewry, the Sabaeans, the Nazarenes, the Magians, and the unbelievers, Allah will judge them on the Day of Resurrection. Surely, Allah is witness over everything.

All creation prostrate to Allah [22.18]

[22.18] Have you not seen that to Allah prostrate all who are in the heavens and all who are in the earth, the sun and the moon, the stars and the mountains, the trees and the beasts, and many people? And many deserve the punishment. He who is abased by Allah has none to honor him. Allah does what He will.

The people of Hell [22.19-22]

[22.19] Those are two who disputed concerning their Lord. Garments of fire have been prepared for the unbelievers. Boiling water shall be poured over their heads,

[22.20] and that which is in their bellies and their skins shall be melted;

[22.21] for them are hooked rods of iron.

[22.22] Whenever in their anguish they try to get out of it, they are restored to it. (It will be said), 'Taste the punishment of burning.'

The people of Paradise [22.23-24]

[22.23] Allah will admit those who believe and do good works to gardens underneath which rivers flow. They shall be adorned therein with bracelets of gold and with pearls, and their garments shall be of silk.

[22.24] For they shall be guided to good speech and guided to the praised path.

The Holy Mosque [22.25]

[22.25] The unbelievers who bar from the Way of Allah and from the Holy Mosque which We made equal for all peoples, he who cleaves to it and the tent-dweller alike, and whosoever seeks to violate it wrongfully, We shall let him taste a painful punishment.

Abraham and Ishmael are ordered proclaim the pilgrimage and establish its rites [22.26-38]

[22.26] And when We settled for Abraham (and Ishmael) the place of the Holy Mosque, (We said), 'You shall not associate with Me anything. Purify My House for those who circumambulate it and those who stand, for those who bow and prostrate.

[22.27] Proclaim the pilgrimage to the people. They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, they shall come from every deep ravine;

[22.28] that they witness profitable things for them and mention the Name of Allah on well known days over the flocks which He has provided them. Eat thereof, and feed the wretched poor.

[22.29] Then, let the pilgrims accomplish their acts of cleansing, and let them fulfill their vows, and circumambulate the Ancient House.

[22.30] All that; and whosoever venerates the sacred rites of Allah it shall be better for him with his Lord. The flocks are lawful to you, except that which is recited to you. Therefore, avoid the filth of idols and avoid speaking falsely,

[22.31] being of pure faith to Allah, not associating anything with Him. He who associates others with Allah is like he who falls from heaven and is snatched away by the birds or carried by the wind to some far-off place.

[22.32] All that; and, he who venerates the waymarks of Allah, surely it is from the piety of the hearts.

[22.33] In them, you have benefits until an appointed time. After their place of sacrifice is at the Ancient House.

[22.34] For every nation We have appointed a holy ritual, that they pronounce the Name of Allah over the beast of flocks which He has provided them. Your God is

One God; to Him surrender yourselves. Give glad tidings to the humble,

[22.35] whose hearts, when Allah is mentioned, quake, who endure their misfortunes with patience, and establish their prayers, and spend of that which We have provided them.

[22.36] And the camels We have made a part of the waymarks of Allah. In them is good for you. Pronounce over them the Name of Allah, when they are hobbled;

and when they have fallen down on their sides, eat of them and feed the impoverished non-requestor and the requestor. As such We have subjected them to you, in order that you give thanks.

[22.37] Their flesh and blood does not reach Allah rather it is piety from you that reaches Him. As such He has subjected them to you, in order that you exalt Allah

for guiding you. And give glad tidings to the generous.

Allah does not love those who cheat [22.38]

[22.38] Allah will defend those who believe. Verily, Allah does not love the ungrateful cheat.

Defending the right to believe in Allah when one is prevented [22.39-41]

[22.39] Permission is given to those who fight because they were wronged. Allah has power to grant them victory:

[22.40] those who have been unjustly driven from their homes, just because they said, 'Our Lord is Allah.' Had Allah not repelled some people by the means of

others, the monasteries and churches, the synagogues and mosques in which the Name of Allah is remembered would have been destroyed. But whoever helps Allah shall be helped by Him. Allah is the Strong, the Almighty,

[22.41] those who, if We established them in the land, will establish the prayers and pay the obligatory charity, order with honor and forbid dishonor, and to Allah is the end of all affairs.

Prophets Muhammad, Noah, Salih, Hood, Abraham, Lot, Moses and the people of Midian were belied [22.42-48]

[22.42] If they belie you, so too before them, the nation of Noah belied, and Aad and Thamood

[22.43] and the nation of Abraham and the nation of Lot;